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【Chinese】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: chinese

英语(English)

Wiktionary
Min Nan edition of Wiktionary

词源(Etymology)

From China +‎ -ese. Doublet of chinois.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) enPR: chī-nēzʹ, IPA(key): /t͡ʃaɪˈniːz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪniːz/
  • (US) enPR: chī'nēzʹ, IPA(key): /ˌt͡ʃaɪˈniz/; (sometimes) enPR: chīʹnēz', IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪˌniz/
  • Rhymes: -iːz

专有名词(Proper noun)

Chinese

  1. (uncountable) Any of several Sinitic languages spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, or Min Nan.
    Peter is from Hong Kong and speaks Chinese.
  2. (uncountable) The class of Sino-Tibetan dialects including Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min Nan and others.
    Wu and Hakka are lesser-known varieties of Chinese.
  3. (uncountable) The logographic writing system shared by this language family.
    Hong Kong uses traditional Chinese.
  4. (uncountable) Standard Mandarin or Putonghua, the standard variety of Chinese.
    Nǐ hǎo” means “hello” in Chinese.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

名词(Noun)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Chinese (countable and uncountable, plural Chinese or Chineses)

  1. (uncountable, collective) The people of China.
    The Chinese have an incredible history.
  2. (uncountable, collective) All people of Chinese descent or self-identity
    The Chinese are present in all parts of the world.
  3. (countable) A person from China or of Chinese descent.
    • 1999, Lydia Laube, Bound for Vietnam[1], →ISBN, page 24:
      But I had the unmitigated pleasure of watching a family of four Chinese struggle to use knives and forks to [eat] their bacon and eggs.
  4. (Britain, Canada, US, Australia, uncountable, informal) Chinese food or cuisine.
    • 1958, A.G. Yates, The Cold Dark Hours, Sydney: Horwitz, published 1963, page 73:
      "Do you like to eat Chinese?
    Please don't eat the Chinese: I'm saving it for later.
  5. (Britain, countable, informal) A Chinese meal.
    We're going out tonight for a Chinese.

用法注意(Usage notes)

As with other nationalities formed with -ese, the countable singular noun in reference to a person (as in "I am a Chinese", "writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese") is uncommon and often taken as incorrect. In its place, the adjective is used, by itself (as in "I am Chinese") or with a word like person, man, or woman ("writing about Chinese cuisine as a Chinese person"). However, it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonym written 中國人中国人 (zhōngguórén) in Chinese or 中国人 (chūgokujin) in Japanese.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (Chinese person): Han (ethnic Chinese regardless of the residence), Chinaman (properly of a man only, now usually considered an offensive slur); Chinee (archaic, offensive); chink (offensive slur); Sinese (rare, historical)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

形容词(Adjective)

Chinese (not generally comparable, comparative more Chinese, superlative most Chinese)

  1. Of China, its languages or people
    • 1928, Otto Jespersen, An International Language, page 82
      The construction of a verbal system which is fairly regular and at the same time based on existing languages is a most difficult task, because in no other domain of the grammar do languages retain a greater number of ancient irregularities and differ more fundamentally from one another. Still an attempt will be made here to conciliate the two points of view and to bring about something which resembles the simple Chinese grammar without, however, losing its European character or the power of expressing nuances to which we are accustomed in our own languages.
  2. Exotic; unfamiliar; unexpected; used in phrases such as Chinese whispers, Chinese handcuffs, and Chinese checkers.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (of China, its language or people): Sinic, Sino- (prefix)

翻译(Translations)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Chinees +‎ -e.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ʃiˈneː.sə/
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ne‧se
  • Rhymes: -eːsə

名词(Noun)

Chinese f (plural Chinesen, masculine Chinees)

  1. woman from China

关联词(Related terms)

形容词(Adjective)

Chinese

  1. Inflected form of Chinees

变位词(Anagrams)


German

词源(Etymology)

China +‎ -ese

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /çiˈneːzə/, /ʃiˈneːzə/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /kiˈneːzə/
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧ne‧se

名词(Noun)

Chinese m (genitive Chinesen, plural Chinesen)

  1. person from China

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


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