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【Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰer-】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

Root

*bʰer- (imperfective)[1]

  1. to bear, carry

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • *bʰér-e-ti (thematic root present)
  • *bʰér-ti-s (the act of carrying, bearing)
  • *bʰor-éye-ti (causative-iterative)
  • *bʰr̥-yé-ti (yé-present)
    • Germanic: *burjaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰṓr (thief)
  • *bʰor-id-eh₂[2]
    • Italic: *for(i)dā
      • Latin: forda (cow in calf)
  • *bʰor-éh₂
  • *bʰēr-eh₂
  • *bʰer-h₁dyeh₂[3]
  • *bʰér-mn̥ ~ *bʰr̥-mén-s
    • Hellenic: *pʰérmə
      • Ancient Greek: φέρμᾰ (phérma)
    • Indo-Iranian: *bʰárma
  • *bʰer-H-men[4]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *bèrmę (load, burden) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *bʰárHmā
  • *bʰer-no-s
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latgalian: bārns (child)
      • Latvian: bērns (child)
      • Lituanian: bernas (young, unmarried man; child; boy; servant)
      • Sudovian: barnaj (children)
  • *bʰor-no-m
    • Germanic: *barną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰr̥-tew-no-
  • Unsorted formations:

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “forda”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 232
  3. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1974), “*berdja”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 01, Moscow: Nauka, page 188
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “bèrmę”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37

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