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【a】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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(Translingual)

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
A.

词源1(Etymology 1)

Approximate form of Greek upper case Α (a, “alpha”) that was the source for both common variants of a Modification of capital A.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter, most languages): IPA(key): /ɑː/, /a/

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. (IPA) Used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent an open front unrounded vowel.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation of atto-, from Danish atten (eighteen).

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. atto-, prefix for 10-18 in the International System of Units.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Latin annus.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. Year as a unit of time, specifically a Julian year or 365.25 days.

词源4(Etymology 4)

Abbreviation of are, from French are.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. An are, a unit of area, a hundredth of a hectare; ares.

Etymology 5

Abbreviation of acceleration

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. (physics) acceleration

Other representations of A:

演示(Gallery)


英语(English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Runic letter ᚫ (a, “ansuz”), source for Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letters replaced by a

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter a and split of Middle English and Old English lower case letter æ.

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚪ (a, “āc”) Old English lower case letter a from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case letter a of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (a, āc), derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚫ (æ, “æsc”) Old English lower case letter æ from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ, æsc), also derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter name)
    The current pronunciation resulted from the Great Vowel Shift. Before the early part of the 17th century, the pronunciation was similar to that in other languages.
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /æ/, /ɑː/, /eɪ/, etc.

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A, plural a's)

  1. The first letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

用法注意(Usage notes)

In English, the letter a usually denotes the near-open front unrounded vowel (IPA(key): /æ/), as in pad, the open back unrounded vowel (IPA(key): /ɑː/) as in father, or, followed by another vowel, the diphthong IPA(key): /eɪ/, as in ace.

a is the third most common letter in English.

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

数字化(Numeral)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The ordinal number first, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a (plural aes)[1]

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

查看更多(See also)

翻译(Translations)

See a/translations § Noun.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English a, from Old English ān (one; a; lone; sole). The "n" was gradually lost before consonants in almost all dialects by the 15th century.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /ə/
  • Homophone: her (non-rhotic, unstressed)

Article

a (indefinite)

  1. One; any indefinite example of; used to denote a singular item of a group. [First attested prior to 1150][2]
    There was a man here looking for you yesterday.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get []
    • 2005, Emily Kingsley (lyricist), Kevin Clash (voice actor), “A Cookie is a Sometime Food”, Sesame Street, season 36, Sesame Workshop:
      Hoots the Owl: Yes a, fruit, is a [sic], any, time, food!
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      Anna, do you have a pen? — Yes. I have a pen in my bag. I have a (stressed) …
  2. Used in conjunction with the adjectives score, dozen, hundred, thousand, and million, as a function word.
    I've seen it happen a hundred times.
  3. One certain or particular; any single. [First attested between around 1150 and 1350][2]
    We've received an interesting letter from a Mrs. Miggins of London.
  4. The same; one. [16th Century][2]
    We are of a mind on matters of morals.
  5. Any, every; used before a noun which has become modified to limit its scope;[1] also used with a negative to indicate not a single one.[3]
    A man who dies intestate leaves his children troubles and difficulties.
    He fell all that way, and hasn't a bump on his head?
  6. Used before plural nouns modified by few, good many, couple, great many, etc.
  7. Someone or something like; similar to;[3] Used before a proper noun to create an example out of it.
    The center of the village was becoming a Times Square.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • In standard English, the article a is used before consonant sounds, while an is used before vowel sounds; for more, see the usage notes about an.

翻译(Translations)

See an/translations § Article.

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. (archaic) To do with position or direction; In, on, at, by, towards, onto. [First attested before 1150][2]
    Stand a tiptoe.
  2. To do with separation; In, into. [First attested before 1150][2]
    Torn a pieces.
  3. To do with time; Each, per, in, on, by. [First attested before 1150][2]
    I brush my teeth twice a day.
    • 1601, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, IV-v
      A Sundays
    • 2019 February 3, “UN Study: China, US, Japan Lead World AI Development”, in Voice of America[2], archived from the original on 7 February 2019:
      Patent requests for machine learning activities grew on average by 28 percent a year between 2013 and 2016, the study found.
  4. (obsolete) To do with method; In, with. [First attested before 1150][2]
  5. (obsolete) To do with role or capacity; In. [First attested before 1150][2]
  6. To do with status; In. [First attested before 1150][2]
    King James Bible (II Chronicles 2:18)
    To set the people a worke.
  7. (archaic) To do with process, with a passive verb; In the course of, experiencing. [First attested before 1150][2]
    1964, Bob Dylan, The Times They Are a-Changin’
    The times, they are a-changin'.
  8. (archaic) To do with an action, an active verb; Engaged in. [16th century][2]
    • 1605~1608 Shakespeare
      It was a doing.
    1611, King James Bible, Hebrews 11-21
    Jacob, when he was a dying
  9. (archaic) To do with an action/movement; To, into. [16th century][2]

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • (position, direction): Can also be attached without a hyphen, as aback, ahorse, afoot. See a-
  • (separation): Can also be attached without hyphen, as asunder. See a-
  • (status): Can also be attached without hyphen, as afloat, awake. See a-.
  • (process): Can also be attached with or without hyphen, as a-changing

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Middle English a, ha contraction of have, or haven.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (archaic or slang) Have. [between 1150 and 1350, continued in some use until 1650; used again after 1950]
    I'd a come, if you'd a asked.

衍生词(Derived terms)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Now often attached to preceding auxiliary verb. See -a.

Etymology 5

From Middle English a, a reduced form of he (he)/ha (he), heo (she)/ha (she) and ha (it) (as well as of hie, hie (they)).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (obsolete outside England and Scotland dialects) He, or sometimes she, it. [1150-1900][2] (clarification of this definition is needed)
    • 1599, Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, III-ii:
      a’ brushes his hat o’ mornings.
    • 1874, Thomas Hardy, Far from the Madding Crowd (Barnes & Noble Classics reprint [reset], 2005, chapter 5, page 117; from "Hardy's 1912 Wessex edition"):
      "And how Farmer James would cuss, and call thee a fool, wouldn't he, Joseph, when 'a seed his name looking so inside-out-like?" continued Matthew Moon, with feeling. / "Ay — 'a would," said Joseph meekly.
    • 1893, February, in Littell's Living Age, page 737:
      Martha quietly finished knitting the white stockings she meant to wear at Harry's and her wedding, knitting the more quickly when the two mothers were most dismal. Harry was hers now, she felt. "He was that set, a wudn't a gived in ef a 'adn't lost a lemb," she thought. And she felt sure she would never have given in; so it was 'all for the best.'

Etymology 7

From Middle English of, with apocope of the final f and vowel reduction.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. (archaic or slang) Of.
    The name of John a Gaunt.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Often attached without a hyphen to preceding word.

Etymology 8

From Northern Middle English aw, alteration of all.

发音(Pronunciation)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

副词(Adverb)

a (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) All. [First attested from 1350 to 1470.]

形容词(Adjective)

a (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) All. [First attested from 1350 to 1470.]

Etymology 9

Symbols

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. Distance from leading edge to aerodynamic center.
  2. specific absorption coefficient
  3. specific rotation
  4. allele (recessive)

Etymology 10

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. (crosswords) across
    Do you have the answer for 23a?

Etymology 11

Particle

a

  1. Alternative form of -a (empty syllable added to songs, poetry, verse and other speech)
    • 2001, Louis F. Newcomb, Car Salesman: A Legacy, iUniverse (→ISBN), page 91:
      “I show a you right a here I can fuck a you.” “Is she crazy?” I asked Wyman.

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • “a” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 1.
  • Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN)
  • “a” in Christine A. Lindberg, editor, The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, 2002, →ISBN, page 1.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Gove, Philip Babcock, (1976)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Brown, Lesley, (2003)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lindberg, Christine A. (2007)

查看更多(Further reading)


Anguthimri

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (transitive, Mpakwithi) to pull

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 184

Abau

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

名词(Noun)

a

  1. house

Afar

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

á

  1. this, these (masculine; proximal to the speaker)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[4], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Albanian

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. or
  2. there

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Albanian *(h)an, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en (there). Cognate with Latin an (yes, perhaps). Interrogative particle, usually used proclitically in simple sentences.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a

  1. probably, perhaps
  2. whether

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Standard Albanian Latin-script alphabet.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “a part. ('whether'), conj. ('or')”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 1

Ama

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. tree

Aragonese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illa.

Article

a f sg

  1. the
    a luenga aragonesathe Aragonese language

Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to, towards

衍生词(Derived terms)

名词(Noun)

a f

  1. a (name of the letter A, a)

Azerbaijani

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a lower case (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Bambara

Article

a

  1. the (definite article).

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah (expression of surprise)
  2. eh (expression of reluctance)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. they, them (plural)
  2. he, she (singular)

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (they): u

Basque

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Basque alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

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Bavarian

Article

a

  1. a

Belizean Creole

Preposition

a

  1. of

来源参考(References)

  • Crosbie, Paul, ed. (2007), Kriol-Inglish Dikshineri: English-Kriol Dictionary. Belize City: Belize Kriol Project, p. 19.

Catalan

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • no saber ni la a
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at).

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. in, at; indicating a particular time or place
    Sóc a Barcelona.
    I am in Barcelona.
  2. to; indicating movement towards a particular place
    Vaig a Barcelona.
    I'm going to Barcelona.
  3. to; indicating a target or indirect object
    Escric una carta a la meva àvia.
    I'm writing my grandmother a letter.
  4. per
  5. by
    dia a dia.
    day by day.
用法注意(Usage notes)

When the preposition a is followed by a masculine definite article, el or els, it is contracted with it to the forms al and als respectively. If el would be elided to the form l’ because it is before a word beginning with a vowel, the elision to a l’ takes precedence over contracting to al.

The same occurs with the salat article es, to form as except where es would be elided to s’.

衍生词(Derived terms)

Chayuco Mixtec

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

a

  1. or

来源参考(References)

  • Pensinger, Brenda J. (1974) Diccionario mixteco-español, español-mixteco (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 18)‎[5] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: El Instituto Lingüístico de Verano en coordinación con la Secretaría de Educación Pública a través de la Dirección General de Educación Extraescolar en el Medio Indígena, pages 3, 110

Chuukese

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it

形容词(Adjective)

a

  1. he is
  2. she is
  3. it is

关联词(Related terms)

Present and past tense Negative tense Future Negative future Distant future Negative determinate
Singular First person ua use upwe usap upwap ute
Second person ka, ke kose, kese kopwe, kepwe kosap, kesap kopwap, kepwap kote, kete
Third person a ese epwe esap epwap ete
Plural First person aua (exclusive)
sia (inclusive)
ause (exclusive)
sise (inclusive)
aupwe (exclusive)
sipwe (inclusive)
ausap (exclusive)
sisap (inclusive)
aupwap (exclusive)
sipwap (inclusive)
aute (exclusive)
site (inclusive)
Second person oua ouse oupwe ousap oupwap oute
Third person ra, re rese repwe resap repwap rete



Cimbrian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • an (Sette Comuni)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, a). Cognate with German ein, English one.

Article

a (oblique masculine an)

  1. (Luserna) a, an
    Maria iz a lavròunaren.Maria is a Lavaronese.

来源参考(References)

  • “a” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Cornish

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a

  1. Marks the following verb to the preceding subject.

Preposition

a

  1. of (Expresses separation, origin, composition/substance or a quality)
  2. of (Comes between a preceding large number and a following plural noun to express quantity)
  3. from (Indicates provenance)

Inflection


Corsican

词源(Etymology)

From the earlier la. Compare Portuguese a and Aragonese a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

a f (masculine u, masculine plural i, feminine plural e)

  1. the (feminine)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Before a vowel, a turns into l'

代词(Pronoun)

a f

  1. her, it (direct object)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Before a vowel, a turns into l'

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)


Czech

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. and

查看更多(Further reading)


Dalmatian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. at

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Danish alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

名词(Noun)

a n (singular definite a'et, plural indefinite a'er)

  1. The name of the letter A or a.
Inflection

词源3(Etymology 3)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (unofficial but common)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/, [ˈaˀ]
  • Rhymes: -a, Rhymes: -æː

Preposition

a

  1. of, of...each, each containing
  2. at
  3. to, or

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

动词(Verb)

a

  1. imperative of ae

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /aː/

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

From Middle Dutch â, from Old Dutch ā, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • aa (especially in names)
  • ie

名词(Noun)

a f (plural a's, diminutive aatje n)

  1. (archaic) a stream or water
关联词(Related terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Middle Dutch jou, from Old Dutch *jū, a northern (Frisian?) variant of *iu, from Proto-Germanic *iwwiz, a West Germanic variant of *izwiz. Doublet of u.

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (Brabant) you

同义词(Synonyms)


Egyptian

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Manuel de Codage transliteration of .

Emilian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ego (I).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a (personal, nominative case)

  1. I
  2. we
  3. you (plural)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Becomes aj- before a vowel (proclitic).
  • Becomes -ja when acting as an enclitic.

关联词(Related terms)


Esperanto

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Esperanto alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a (accusative singular a-on, plural a-oj, accusative plural a-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

查看更多(See also)


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Estonian alphabet, called aa and written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a

  1. Abbreviation of aasta; year

Conjunction

a

  1. (colloquial, in fast speech) but

查看更多(See also)


Fala

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Portuguese á, from Latin illa (that).

Article

a f (plural as, masculine o, masculine plural os)

  1. feminine singular of definite article o
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin ad (to), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near, at).

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

Faroese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin a

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Finnish

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Finnish alphabet, called aa and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. (music) A (note)

用法注意(Usage notes)

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

变化形式(Declension)


French

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a m or f (plural as)

  1. a, The name of the Latin-script letter A.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Quebec eye-dialect spelling of elle.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a f

  1. (Quebec, colloquial) alternative form of elle (she)
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

词源3(Etymology 3)

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. are (100 square metres)

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir
    Elle a un chat.
    She has a cat.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Fula

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

用法注意(Usage notes)

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (second person singular subject pronoun; short form)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • Used in all conjugations except the affirmative non-accomplished, where the long form is used instead.

查看更多(See also)

  • aɗa (second person singular subject pronoun; long form), hiɗa (variant used in the Pular dialect of Futa Jalon)
  • aan (emphatic form)

Galician

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad (to, toward).

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a̝/

Preposition

a

  1. to, toward; indicating direction of motion
  2. introduces indirect object
  3. used to indicate time of an action
  4. (with de) to, until; used to indicate the end of a range
    de cinco a oitofrom five to eight
  5. by, on, by means of; expresses a mode of action
    aon foot
  6. for; indicates price or cost
用法注意(Usage notes)

The preposition a regularly forms contractions when it precedes the definite article o, a, os, and as. For example, a o ("to the") contracts to ao or ó, and a a ("to the") contracts to á.

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin illa, feminine of ille (that).

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a̝/

Article

a f (masculine singular o, feminine plural as, masculine plural os)

  1. (definite) the
用法注意(Usage notes)

The definite article o (in all its forms) regularly forms contractions when it follows the prepositions a (to), con (with), de (of, from), and en (in). For example, con a (with the) contracts to coa, and en a (in the) contracts to na.

Also, the definite article presents a second form that could be represented as <-lo/-la/-los/-las>, or either lack any specific representation. Its origin is in the assimilation of the last consonant of words ended in -s or -r, due to sandhi, with the /l/ present in the article in pre-Galician-Portuguese period. So Vou comer o caldo or Vou come-lo caldo are representations of /ˈβowˈkomelo̝ˈkaldo̝/ ("I'm going to have my soup"). This phenomenon, rare in Portuguese, is already documented in 13th century Medieval Galician texts, as the Cantigas de Santa Maria.[1]

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /ˈa/

名词(Noun)

a m (plural as)

  1. a (name of the letter A, a)

词源4(Etymology 4)

See the etymology of the main entry.

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. accusative of ela

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Vaz Leão, Ângela (2000) , “Questões de linguagem nas Cantigas de Santa Maria, de Afonso X”, in Scripta[1], volume 4, issue 7, DOI:10.5752/P.2358-3428, retrieved 16 November 2017, pages 11-24

German

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the German alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a n (genitive a or as, plural a or as)

  1. Alternative form of A
变化形式(Declension)
用法注意(Usage notes)

The genitive and plural forms as are colloquial.

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. Abbreviation of a-Moll.
  2. Abbreviation of Ar.

Gilbertese

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Oceanic *pat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

数字化(Numeral)

a

  1. four

Gothic

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Romanization of 𐌰

Grass Koiari

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Haitian Creole

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

Article

a

  1. the: definite article

用法注意(Usage notes)

This term only follows words that end with an oral (non-nasal) consonant and an oral vowel in that order, and can only modify singular nouns.

查看更多(See also)


Hawaiian

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /aː/

Conjunction

a

  1. and (used between sentences)
  2. until, up to

Preposition

a

  1. of, belonging to

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Used for acquired possessions, while o is used for possessions that are inherited, out of personal control, and for things that can be got into (houses, clothes, cars).

Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

See az.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

a (definite)

  1. the
    a hölgythe lady
  2. (before some time phrases) this
    a héten(during) this week

用法注意(Usage notes)

Used before words starting with a consonant.

关联词(Related terms)

  • az, for words starting with a vowel

代词(Pronoun)

a (demonstrative)

  1. (rare, except before postpositions) that
    A mellett a ház mellett vártam rá.I waited for him/her next to that house.

Determiner

a (demonstrative)

  1. (very rare, only in some fixed phrases beginning with a consonant, as a counterpart of az, followed by no article) that
    Foglalja össze, miről szóltak az a heti beszédek és leckék.Summarize what that week's sermons and lessons were about.
    [1]
    Meg nem erősített hírek szerint november 12-én, az a havi frissítőkedden jelenhet meg.According to unconfirmed reports, it may be released on November 12th, on the Patch Tuesday of that month.
    Kérjük szíves tájékoztatásukat a tekintetben, hogy… (equivalent to abban a tekintetben, see az)We kindly request your information in that aspect what…

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ a heti at e-nyelv.hu

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)

Icelandic

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a ?

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

查看更多(See also)


Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (context pronunciation, letter name) IPA(key): /a/

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a (plural a-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

查看更多(See also)

Preposition

a

  1. Apocopic form of ad

关联词(Related terms)

  • e (and)
  • o (or)

Indo-Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese a.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Sri Lankan Creole) IPA(key): /a/, /ə/

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3 (in German):
      [] , que da-cá su quião que ta pertencê a êll.
      [] , to give him his share which belongs to him.

Interlingua

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. to, at
  2. to, for (indicating purpose)
    sala a attenderwaiting room

衍生词(Derived terms)


Inupiaq

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. listen, hark
  2. oops (used to acknowledge an error)
  3. oh (used to express surprise)

Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish a, from Proto-Celtic *esyo (the final vowel triggering lenition), feminine Proto-Celtic *esyās (the final -s triggering h-prothesis), plural Proto-Celtic *eysom (the final nasal triggering eclipsis), all from the genitive forms of Proto-Indo-European *éy. Cognate with Welsh ei.

Determiner

a (triggers lenition)

  1. his, its
    a athair agus a mháthairhis father and mother
    Chaill an t-éan a chleití.
    The bird lost its feathers.

Determiner

a (triggers h-prothesis)

  1. her, its
    a hathair agus a máthairher father and mother
    Bhris an mheaig a heiteog.
    The magpie broke its wing.

Determiner

a (triggers eclipsis)

  1. their
    a n-athair agus a máthairtheir father and mother
    a dtithetheir houses
    a n-ainmneachatheir names
  2. (Connacht) our
  3. (Connacht) your (plural)
查看更多(See also)

Determiner

a (triggers lenition)

  1. how (used with an abstract noun)
    A ghéire a labhair sí!
    How sharply she spoke!
    A fheabhas atá sé!
    How good it is!

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

(Is this form from Proto-Indo-European *h₁énos?)

From the older form "an"

a (triggers lenition except of d’ and of past autonomous forms)

  1. Introduces a direct relative clause, takes the independent form of an irregular verb
    an fear a chuireann síolthe man who sows seed
    an síol a chuireann an fearthe seed that the man sows
    an síol a cuireadhthe seed that was sown
    nuair a bhí mé ógwhen I was young
    an cat a d'ól an bainnethe cat that drank the milk

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers eclipsis, takes the dependent form of an irregular verb; not used in the past tense except with some irregular verbs)

  1. Introduces an indirect relative clause
    an bord a raibh leabhar airthe table on which there was a book
    an fear a bhfuil a mhac ag imeachtthe man whose son is going away
关联词(Related terms)
  • ar (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers eclipsis, takes the dependent form of an irregular verb; not used in the past tense except with some irregular verbs)

  1. all that, whatever
    Sin a bhfuil ann.
    That's all that is there.
    An bhfuair tú a raibh uait?
    Did you get all that you wanted?
    Íocfaidh mé as a gceannóidh tú.
    I will pay for whatever you buy.
关联词(Related terms)
  • ar (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. Introduces a vocative
    A Dhia!
    O God!
    A dhuine uasail!
    Sir!
    Tar isteach, a Sheáin.
    Come in, Seán.
    A amadáin!
    You fool!

词源4(Etymology 4)

Particle

a (triggers h-prothesis)

  1. Introduces a numeral
    a haon, a dó, a trí...one, two, three...
    Séamas aJames the Second
    bus a seachtbus seven

Etymology 5

Originally a reduced form of do.

Preposition

a (plus dative, triggers lenition)

  1. to (used with verbal nouns)
    síol a churto sow seed
    uisce a ólto drink water
    an rud atá sé a scríobhwhat he is writing
    D’éirigh sé a chaint.
    He rose to speak.
    Téigh a chodladh.
    Go to sleep.

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
a n-a ha not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)


Istriot

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. at
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      A poûpa, a prùa a xì doûto bandere,
      At the stern, at the bow everything is flags,

Particle

a

  1. emphasises a verb; mandatory with impersonal verbs
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      A poûpa, a prùa a xì doûto bandere,
      At the stern, at the bow everything is flags,

Italian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/, [ä]
  • Hyphenation: a

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ā (the name of the letter A).

名词(Noun)

a f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.; a

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at). In a few phrases, a stems from Latin a, ab.[1]

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to
  4. Indicates the direct object, mainly to avoid confusion when it, the subject, or both are displaced, or for emphasis
    A me non importa.
    It doesn’t matter to me.
    (literally, “To me it doesn’t matter.”)
    A lei non piace, ma a lui piace molto.
    She doesn't like it, but he likes it very much.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • When followed by a word that begins with a vowel sound, the form ad is used instead.
  • When followed by the definite article, a combines with the article to produce the following combined forms:
a + article Combined form
a + il al
a + lo allo
a + l' all'
a + i ai
a + gli agli
a + la alla
a + le alle

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. Misspelling of ha.

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

K'iche'

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

a

  1. masculine youth indicator

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. (interrogatory) indicator of question

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. your

来源参考(References)


Kabuverdianu

字母(Letter)

a (uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Kabuverdianu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

来源参考(References)

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, →ISBN

Kabyle

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

a

  1. this
    a rgaz a
    this man

Kalasha

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit अहम् (aham), from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂om.

代词(Pronoun)

a (Arabic آ‎)

  1. I (1st-person personal pronoun)

查看更多(See also)


Koitabu

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Krisa

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

名词(Noun)

a m

  1. pig
    Nana a doma.
    I shot your pig.

来源参考(References)

  • Donohue, Mark and San Roque, Lila. I'saka: a sketch grammar of a language of north-central New Guinea. (Pacific Linguistics, 554.) (2004).

Ladin

词源(Etymology)

From Latin a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to

衍生词(Derived terms)


Lashi

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. not

来源参考(References)

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[6], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis).

Latgalian

词源(Etymology)

Shortened from an older Baltic form , which cognates with Lithuanian o (the same meaning).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a f

  1. but, however, while, signal

Particle

a f

  1. and, but, so, well

Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), likely through Etruscan.

发音(Pronunciation)

(letter name):

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. (sometimes with littera) the first letter of the Latin alphabet.
    littera athe letter a

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Etruscan [Term?].

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ā f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter A.
相关搭配(Coordinate terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32
    Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū — each, again, with a long vowel sound.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Alternative form of ab by apocope (not used before a vowel or h).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (earlier in New Latin)
  • ab

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

ā (+ ablative)

  1. (indicating ablation): from, away from, out of
  2. (indicating ablation): down from
  3. (indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of
  4. (indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with
  5. (indicating association): to, with
  6. (indicating location): at, on, in
  7. (time) after, since

用法注意(Usage notes)

Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent.

  • Liber ā discipulō aperītur.
    The book is opened by the student.
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源4(Etymology 4)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

ā

  1. ah

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

词源(Etymology)

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

A

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

查看更多(See also)


Ligurian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Ligurian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine o i
feminine  a e

Article

a f sg (plural e)

  1. the

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near”, “at).

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to
    Vàddo a câza.I'm going home. (literally, “I go to home.”)
  4. Indicates the direct object, mainly to avoid confusion when it, the subject, or both are displaced, or for emphasis
    A mæ seu ghe fa mâ 'n bràsso.My sister's arm hurts. (literally, “To my sister an arm hurts.”)
a + article Combined form
a + o a-o
a + a a-a
a + i a-i
a + e a-e

Livonian

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.



Louisiana Creole French

词源(Etymology)

From French avoir (to have)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. to have

Lower Sorbian

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. and

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • a in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Lushootseed

字母(Letter)

a

  1. The second letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as an open back unrounded vowel.

Malay

发音(Pronunciation)

(letter name): IPA(key): /a/

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Maltese

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /aː/ (long phoneme)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

a (Zhuyin ˙ㄚ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of

a

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ā.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of á.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ǎ.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of à.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mandinka

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. he, him (personal pronoun)
    A m busaHe/she struck me.
    Y a busaThey struck him/her.
  2. she, her (personal pronoun)
  3. it (personal pronoun)

查看更多(See also)


Maori

Particle

a

  1. of
  2. (determinative particle for names)
  3. (particle for pronouns when succeeding ki, i, kei, and hei)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • When used in the sense of of, suggests that the possessor has control of the relationship (alienable possession).

Mezquital Otomi

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. Expresses satisfaction, pity, fright, or admiration.

词源2(Etymology 2)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (transitive) wake, awaken

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Proto-Otomi *ʔɔ, from Proto-Otomian *ʔɔ.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. flea

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • aꞌni
  • mfoxꞌa

来源参考(References)

  • Andrews, Enriqueta (1950) Vocabulario otomí de Tasquillo, Hidalgo[7] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 1
  • Hernández Cruz, Luis; Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 45)‎[8] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 3

Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Old Dutch ā, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekʷeh₂.

名词(Noun)

â f

  1. (rare) river, stream, water

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: a

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (late) Alternative form of I

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of heo

来源参考(References)

词源3(Etymology 3)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of he

来源参考(References)


Middle French

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old French [Term?], from Latin ad.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (after 1550)

Preposition

a

  1. to; towards

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old French [Term?], from Latin habet.

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir

Middle Welsh

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. O (vocative particle)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers lenition)

  1. who, which, that

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. inserted before the verb when the subject of direct object precedes it

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. used to introduce a direct question
  2. whether (used to introduce an indirect question)

词源4(Etymology 4)

Reduction of o (from).

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. used between a focused adjective and the noun it modifies
    • Pwyll Pendeuic Dyuet:
      bychan a dial oed yn lloski ni, neu yn dienydyaw am y mab
      it will be small vengeance if we are burnt or put to death because of the child

Etymology 5

From Old Welsh ha.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a (triggers aspiration)

  1. and

Etymology 6

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a (triggers aspiration)

  1. with

Etymology 7

From Proto-Celtic *ageti, third-person singular present indicative of *ago-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of mynet

Mutation

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal H-prothesis
a unchanged unchanged ha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Min Nan

For pronunciation and definitions of a – see .
(This character, a, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Mopan Maya

Article

a

  1. the

来源参考(References)

  • Hofling, Charles Andrew (2011). Mopan Maya–Spanish–English Dictionary, University of Utah Press.

Mountain Koiari

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Mòcheno

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, a). Cognate with German ein, English one.

Article

a (oblique masculine an)

  1. a, an

来源参考(References)


Nauruan

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. I (first person singular pronoun)
    • 2000, Lisa M Johnson, Firstness of Secondness in Nauruan Morphology (in English):
      a pudun
      1sing fall+Vn
      I fell
      []
      a nuwawen
      1pers.sing. go+Vn
      I did go. (I left.)
      []
      a kaiotien aem
      [1pers.sing.] [hear+Vn] [your words]
      I hear what you said.
      []
      a nan imoren
      1pers.sing. FUT health+Vn
      I shall be cured (get better).

Navajo

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Navajo alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    a = /a˨/
    ą = /ã˨/
    á = /a˥/
    ą́ = /ã˥/
    aa = /aː˨˨/
    ąą = /ãː˨˨/
    áa = /aː˥˨/
    ą́ą = /ãː˥˨/
    aá = /aː˨˥/
    ąą́ = /ãː˨˥/
    áá = /aː˥˥/
    ą́ą́ = /ãː˥˥/

查看更多(See also)


Neapolitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin de ab.

Preposition

a

  1. from (referring to a place)
  2. by (introducing the actor in the passive voice)
  3. to (implying necessity)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. in (locative: staying in a place of relative width)
  2. to (locative: moving towards a place of relative width)
  3. to (dative)

Norman

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (Guernsey) third-person singular present indicative of aver

Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
The letter a from the Norwegian alphabet.

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin a, from Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), likely through the Etruscan language.

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lowercase, uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (definite singular a-en, indefinite plural a-er, definite plural a-ene)

  1. the letter a, the first letter of the Norwegian alphabet
    • 1999, Lars Roar Langslet, I kamp for norsk kultur, page 234:
      bruken av a i bestemt form i hunkjønnsord
      the use of a in the definite form of feminine words
  2. indicates the first or best entry of a list, order or rank
    • 1919, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Samlede digter-verker I, page 454:
      [bokstavene begynte] at gaa sammen, to og to: a stod og hvilte under et træ, som hedte b
      [the letters began] to go together, two by two: a stood and rested under a tree called b
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker V, page 389:
      begynde paa Ø istedet for A
      start with Ø instead of A
    • 1886, Arne Garborg, Mogning og manndom I, page 172:
      jeg traf sammen med et par generalbanditter, gamle gutter, storartede ranglefanter, 1ste klasse 1 A med stjerne, deilige herremænd
      I met a couple of general bandits, old boys, great revelers, 1st class 1 A with a star, lovely gentlemen
    • 1939, Knut Hamsun, Artikler, page 99:
      historie er hvad A mener til forskel fra B, og hvad C igen mener til forskel baade fra A og B om den samme sag
      story is what A thinks differently from B and what C again thinks differently from both A and B about the same case
    oppgang Aapartment entrance A
    blodgruppe Ablood group A
    førerkort i klasse A(motorcycle) driver's license in class A
    øl i klasse Abeer in class A (with 0,0-0,7 volume percent alcohol)
    A postA post / priority mail
    A-aksjeclass A-share
    hepatitt Ahepatitis A
    Synonyms: A-, a-
  3. the highest grade in a school or university using the A-F scale
    • 2019, Helene Uri, Stillheten etterpå, page 14:
      jeg har gode karakterer. Bare A-er og B-er
      I have good grades. Only A's and B's
    få A til eksamen
    to receive an A on your exam
  4. (music) designation of the sixth note from C and the corresponding tone
    • 1944, Børre Qvamme, Musikk, page 10:
      synge en riktig A uten hjelp av et instrument eller stemmegaffel
      sing a correct A without the aid of an instrument or tuning fork
    • 1973, Finn Havrevold, Avreisen, page 127:
      han slår énstrøken a på klaveret
      he strikes one stroke A on the piano
    • 1997, Tove Nilsen, G for Georg, page 42:
      så gal at man virkelig tror at svaler er g-nøkler og bass-nøkler og a’er og c’er som svever rundt hverandre og lager konsert i himmelen
      so crazy that you really think swallows are g-keys and bass-keys and a's and c's floating around each other and making a concert in the sky
    A-dur
    A major
    A-moll
    A minor
  5. (physics) symbol for ampere
  6. (physics) symbol for nucleon number
  7. (horology) symbol for avance
  8. symbol for anno
  9. short form of atom-
    a-bombe
    atom bomb (a-bomb)
    Synonym: a-

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation of atto-, from Danish atten (eighteen), from Old Norse áttján (eighteen), from Proto-Germanic *ahtōutehun (eighteen).

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. atto-, prefix for 10-18 in the International System of Units.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Abbreviation of ar, from French are (are), from Latin area (piece of level ground)

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. An are, a unit of area, a hundredth of a hectare; ares.
    Synonym: ar

词源4(Etymology 4)

From French à (to, on, in), from Old French a (to, towards), from Latin ad (to, towards), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at).

Preposition

a

  1. to, up to
    ett a to år
    one to two years
  2. in
    tolv perioder a ca. fire uker
    twelve periods in ca. four weeks
  3. (Used in French expressions, before a consonant) up to, in
    a jour, a la, a la carte, a la grecque, a la mode

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Etymology 5

From Latin a (from, away from, out of).

Preposition

a

  1. (Used in Latin expressions, before a consonant) from, of
    a posteriori, a prima vista, a priori, a tempo, a verbo, a viso, a vista

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Etymology 6

From Italian a (in, at, to), from Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at).

Preposition

a

  1. (Used in Italian expressions, before a consonant) from, of, with
    a battuta, a cappella, a due, a dato, a konto
  2. weak form of av (of)

Etymology 7

From Old Norse hana (her), accusative form of hón (she).

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (dialectal, used enclitically after a conjunction or subjunction), she
    • 1948, Helge Krog, Skuespill I, page 43:
      jagu slår a ja. Og det så det kjens. Forleden dag ga hun meg en knallende ørefik
      she can certainly punch. And so you feel it. The other day she gave me a popping slap to the ear
    • 1989, Bergljot Hobæk Haff, Den guddommelige tragedie:
      hu kunne ikke henge på seg så mye som et enrada perlebånd, uten at a måtte skotte opp i skyene for å høre hva den aller høyeste mente
      she could not put on as much as a single string of pearls, without having to shoot up into the clouds to hear what the very highest one meant
  2. (dialectal, about grammatically feminine animals or objects) it, she
    • 1899, Sfinx, Vi og Voreses, page 45:
      hos Hansens laa dem te klokka var ni, og 10 var a mange ganger ogsaa
      at Hansen's they laid until nine o'clock, and 10 she was many times too
    • 1954, Agnar Mykle, Lasso rundt fru Luna, page 476:
      hvor ligger a [duskeluen] henne?
      where is the hat?
    hvor er a katta di?
    where is your cat?
    Synonym: hun
  3. (dialectal, used enclitically) her; object form of hun (=she)
    hva gjorde du med a?
    what did you do to her?
    • 1847–1868, Halfdan Kjerulf, Av hans efterladte papirer, page 245:
      jeg [skrev] klaverstykker … en lille scherzo med nordisk motiv … «gjenta» og «Jørgen Matros», som gjør kur til ’a og «Ola Spelman» som hun foretrækker
      I [wrote] piano pieces… a small scherzo with a Nordic motif… «gjenta» and «Jørgen Matros», which makes cure for her and «Ola Spelman» which she prefers
    • 1875, Alexander Erbe, Fra skjærgaarden, page 23:
      [klokkeren] skulle da koste paa a amen
      [the clockmaker] would then cost her amen
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden I, page 6:
      jeg kan da gjerne skjære litt mat til a
      I could happily cut some food for her
    • 1931, Aksel Sandemose, En sjømann går i land, page 19:
      han stakk henne med kniven, riktig kylt’n midt i magan på a
      he stabbed her with the knife, really threw in the middle of her stomach
    • 2010, Helene Guåker, Kjør!:
      flere enn deg i hvert fall, di lørje, svarte jeg og så a midt i aua
      more than you at least, you skank, I answered and looked her in the eye
  4. (dialectal, about grammatically feminine animals or objects) it, her
    hvis katta stikker av, må du fange a!
    if the cat runs away, you need to catch her!
    • 1895, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Over Ævne II, page 136:
      naar kjærka ikke kan holde arbejderne i ave [age], aa faen skal vi saa me’a
      when the church can not keep the workers in duty, what the hell do we do with her then
    Synonym: henne
  5. (dialectal, used proclitically with a woman's name or female relation) she, her
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden V, page 96:
      ta a Guldborg
      consider Guldborg
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden V, page 64:
      har du glemt a mamma
      did you forget about mom
    • 2015, Rudolf Nilsen, Samlede dikt, page 88:
      a Paula kom plystrende hjem
      Paula came home whistling
    • 2015 March 12, Oppland Arbeiderblad[oa.no]:
      a tante Karen, mor hennes Reidun, hadde ordne med sengeplasser i stua, Booken på en divan og a Rita på flatseng på golvet
      aunt Karen, her mother Reidun, had arranged beds in the living room, Booken on a daybed and Rita on a flat bed on the floor

Etymology 8

From Danish ah (oh), likely from German ach (oh). Also see ah and akk.

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. Expression of surprise or horror
    • 1888, Herman Colditz, Kjærka, et Atélierinteriør:
      a, det er bare noe drit til han terracottaen
      oh, that is just some crap for that terracotta guy
    a, for noe tøv!
    oh, such nonsense!
  2. Expression of admiration or happiness
    • 1897, Fridtjof Nansen, Fram over Polhavet I, page 345:
      a, kunde vi bare gi «Fram» slige vinger
      oh, if only we could give "Fram" wings like that
    a, det gjorde godt!
    oh, that felt good!
  3. Used with the words yes and no to give a sense of impatience or rejection
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Fru Inger til Østråt, page 99:
      a nej, det kan være det samme
      oh no, it does not matter
    • 1874-1878, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Brytnings-år I, page 25:
      a ja, lad Schirmer tegne staburet
      oh yes, let Schirmer draw the storehouse
    • 1988, Arild Nyquist, Giacomettis forunderlige reise:
      verden er vakker, bestemor. Selv når det regner og blåser. A ja da.
      the world is beautiful, grandma. Even when it's raining and windy. Oh yes.
    a jo, men hold nå fred!
    oh yes, but keep quiet now

Etymology 9

Mostly likely from Norwegian ad (against, on), from Danish ad, from Old Danish at, from Old Norse at, from Proto-Germanic *at.

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. Expression of anger or sorrow, especially with a personal pronoun
    uff a meg!
    oh, my!
    huff a meg!
    oh, no!

替代形式(Alternative forms)

来源参考(References)

  • “a” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “a” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • a” in Store norske leksikon

Norwegian Nynorsk

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lowercase, uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Nynorsk alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (definite singular a-en, indefinite plural a-ar, definite plural a-ane)

  1. the letter a

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah!
    Synonyms: ah, å

来源参考(References)


Novial

Preposition

a

  1. to

用法注意(Usage notes)

When followed by the definite article li, a may optionally be combined with the article to give al.


Occitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. at
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a f (plural as)

  1. a (the letter a)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of aver

Old Danish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • aa (Jutlandic)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse á, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō.

名词(Noun)

ā (genitive ār, plural ār)

  1. (Scania) stream, river
派生词(Descendants)
  • Danish: å

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse á, from Proto-Germanic *ana.

Preposition

ā

  1. (Scania) on, in, at
派生词(Descendants)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

ā

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of ēgha

Old Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *ahwō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekʷeh₂.

名词(Noun)

ā f

  1. river, stream, water

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle Dutch: â
    • Dutch: a

查看更多(Further reading)

  • ā, ē”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz (eternity, age), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyu- (vitality). Cognate with Old Saxon eo, Old High German io, eo (German je), Old Norse ei, ey (English aye), Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍅 (aiw).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

ā

  1. ever, always

派生词(Descendants)


Old French

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Old French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • ad
  • à (not in manuscripts; occasionally used by scholars to differentiate between the preposition and the verb form)

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. towards
  3. belonging to
    fil a putainson of a whore
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • French: à
    • Norwegian Bokmål: à, a

词源3(Etymology 3)

From the verb avoir, aveir.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir

Old Irish

Due to Lua limitations, this entry may not be visible. See a/Old Irish for a readable version.

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Celtic *sindom (this).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (relative pronoun): an

Article

a

  1. nominative/accusative singular neuter of in
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 15b28
      A mbás tiagme-ni do·áirci bethid dúib-si.
      The death to which we go causes life unto you.

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers eclipsis, takes a leniting relative clause)

  1. that which, what
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112b13
      Is demniu liunn a n-ad·chiam hua sulib ol·daas an ro·chluinemmar hua chluasaib.
      What we see with the eyes is more certain for us than what we hear with the ears.
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

词源2(Etymology 2)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

a (triggers eclipsis, takes a nasalizing relative clause)

  1. when
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 55d11
      Ícaid-som didiu anisin, a n-as·mbeir “iudicia Domini abyssus multa”.
      He solves that then, when he says “iudicia Domini abyssus multa”.
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112b17
      a nonda imbide
      and when you sg are hedged in

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Proto-Celtic *esyo (m and n), *esyās (f), and *esōm (pl), from Proto-Indo-European *ésyo, genitive singular of *ís and *íd; compare Welsh ei (his, her, its), eu (their); Old High German iro (their); and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its), अस्यास् (asyā́s, her), and एषाम् (eṣā́m, their).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

a (predicative or áe) (triggers lenition in the masculine and neuter singular, an unwritten prothetic /h/ before a vowel in the feminine singular, and eclipsis in the plural)

  1. his, its
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 5a23
      Cossóit a thuaithe fri Dia inso.
      This is a slandering of his folk before God.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 5d10
      Bad hi forcitul .i. a chomalnad condib desimrecht do chách.
      Let it be in teaching, that is, to fulfill it [lit. "its fulfillment"] so that he may be an example to everyone.
  2. her, its
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 32b6
      A mmuntar-sidi ad·rothreb-si lee, it he con·rótgatar in cathraig.
      Her folk whom she had with her, it is they who built the city.
  3. their
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 24a38
      Ní epur a n-anman sund.
      I do not say their names here.
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a (his, her, its, their)
  • Scottish Gaelic: a (his, her, its); an (their)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Proto-Celtic (compare Welsh a, from Proto-Indo-European (compare Ancient Greek (ô), Latin ō).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. O (vocative particle)
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 134d3
      Ar·troídfe-siu inna drochdaíni, a Dǽ, dia n-anduch, air is fechtnach a n-andach mani erthroítar húa Día.
      Thou wilt restrain the evil men, O God, from their iniquity, for their iniquity is prosperous if it be not restrained by God.
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

Etymology 5

Particle

a (triggers an unwritten prothetic /h/ before a vowel)

  1. introduces a numeral
    a deichten
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

Etymology 6

From Proto-Celtic *exs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs.

Preposition

a (combined with plural article asnaib, combined with 1st singular possessive determiner asmo, combined with 3rd person possessive determiner assa)

  1. out of
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 127d6
      in tan ro·mmemaid re n-Abrachan forsna coíc riga bertar Loth a Sodaim
      when the five kings who carried Lot out of Sodom had been routed by Abraham
Inflection
关联词(Related terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: as
  • Manx: ass
  • Scottish Gaelic: à

来源参考(References)


Old Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad (to), from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at).

Preposition

a

  1. to; towards
派生词(Descendants)
  • Fala: a
  • Galician: a
  • Portuguese: a
    • Indo-Portuguese: a

词源2(Etymology 2)

Article

a

  1. Alternative spelling of á

Palauan

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Pre-Palauan *a, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *a.

Article

a

  1. a, the

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Pre-Palauan *a, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *a, from Proto-Austronesian *a.

Conjunction

a

  1. linking particle

Polish

词源(Etymology)

Probably from Proto-Slavic *a (and, but), from Proto-Balto-Slavic , from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ōd (presumed to be the ablative of *éy, h₁e). Cognate with Lithuanian õ (and, but), Russian а (a, and, but).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. and; but
    A ty?And you?
    Wolisz tabletki, a ja wolę zastrzyki.You prefer pills and I prefer injections.
  2. and
    walka między dobrem a złembattle between good and evil

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • a in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

letter
article, pronoun

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin a, form of A, from Etruscan 𐌀 (a), from Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), from Phoenician 𐤀(ʾ, aleph), from Egyptian 𓃾.

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (plural as)

  1. Alternative spelling of á
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a.

关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin illa (with the disappearance of an initial l; compare Spanish la).

Article

a

  1. feminine singular of o
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:o.

查看更多(See also)
Portuguese articles (edit)
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Definite articles
(the)
o a os as
Indefinite articles
(a, an; some)
um uma uns umas

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Her, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ela).
    Lua error: not enough memory
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Becomes Lua error: not enough memory after verb forms ending in -r, -s, or -z, the pronouns Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory, and the adverb Lua error: not enough memory; the final letter causing the change disappears.
    After Lua error: not enough memory: Posso vê-la? — “May I see her/it?”|inline=1}}
    After Lua error: not enough memory: Ele pô-la ali. — “He put her/it there.”
    After Lua error: not enough memory: Fi-la ficar contente. — “I made her/it become happy.”
    After Lua error: not enough memory: Ela deu-no-la relutantemente. — “She gave her/it to us reluctantly.”
    After Lua error: not enough memory: Ei-la! — “Behold her/it!”
  • Becomes Lua error: not enough memory after a nasal vowel or diphthong: -ão, -am [ɐ̃w̃], -õe [õj̃], -em, -êm [ẽj̃].
    Detêm-na como prisioneira. — “They detain her/it as a prisoner.”
  • In informal Brazilian Portuguese, the nominative form Lua error: not enough memory is more commonly used.
    Eu a vi.Eu vi ela.: “I saw her/it.”
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see [[Citations:a#Lua error: not enough memory|Citations:a]].

查看更多(See also)

See Template:Portuguese personal pronouns for more.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory.

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory to Lua error: not enough memory
    • Lua error: not enough memory
      Lua error: not enough memory
    • Lua error: not enough memory
      Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  2. Lua error: not enough memory to; towards Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  3. Lua error: not enough memory away Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  4. Lua error: not enough memory with; by means of Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  5. Lua error: not enough memory with; on Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  6. Lua error: not enough memory by Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  7. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory by Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  8. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory; a la
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  9. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory at Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  10. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory at; in Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  11. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  12. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  13. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory to Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
用法注意(Usage notes)

When followed by a definite article, a is combined with the article to give the following combined forms:

  • a + Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory
  • a + Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory
  • a + Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory
  • a + Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory

In the sense of to (introducing the indirect object) usage with a personal pronoun can be replaced with an indirect pronoun (Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory):

  • Deram um livro a ele.Deram-lhe um livro.

In the sense of at (during the specified period) it can be used with:

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • specific hours

Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory use Lua error: not enough memory instead, which can optionally be used for tarde, noitinha and noite as well. Names of months, days of the month and of the week use Lua error: not enough memory.

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see [[Citations:a#Lua error: not enough memory|Citations:a]].

派生词(Descendants)
  • Lua error: not enough memory
查看更多(See also)
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源4(Etymology 4)

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory oh Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see [[Citations:a#Lua error: not enough memory|Citations:a]].

Etymology 5

From homophone Lua error: not enough memory

动词(Verb)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see [[Citations:a#Lua error: not enough memory|Citations:a]].

Etymology 6

From homophone Lua error: not enough memory

Contraction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see [[Citations:a#Lua error: not enough memory|Citations:a]].


Rapa Nui

Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory; of

用法注意(Usage notes)

Inserted before the relevant pronoun. Only for possessions like houses or beliefs that have the ability to no longer be yours; otherwise, use ,.


Romani

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. oh, ah

来源参考(References)

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018) , Lua error: not enough memory”, in Lua error: not enough memory [Lua error: not enough memory] (in Lua error: not enough memory), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBNLua error: not enough memory, page 134



Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, called [[a#Lua error: not enough memory|a]] and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

Article

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. of
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory to
    Lua error: not enough memory
  2. Lua error: not enough memory at (now almost completely replaced by Lua error: not enough memory)
  3. Lua error: not enough memory like

词源3(Etymology 3)

From proto-Romanian, from a late Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory[1].

动词(Verb)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory
    (he/she) has...
    Lua error: not enough memory
用法注意(Usage notes)

Lua error: not enough memory is used instead of Lua error: not enough memory to form the third-person singular perfect compus.

关联词(Related terms)
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

来源参考(References)


Satawalese

发音(Pronunciation)

Lua error: not enough memory

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory (third-person singular)

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it

来源参考(References)

Kevin M. Roddy (2007), "A Sketch Grammar Of Satawalese, The Language Of Satawal Island, Yap State, Micronesia"


Scots

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, called [[aw#Lua error: not enough memory|aw]] and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Article

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. a, an Lua error: not enough memory

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Unlike English, this form can be used before both consonant and vowel sounds. However, this is not often the case in written Scots, probably due to the influence of English. [1]

同义词(Synonyms)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

词源3(Etymology 3)

Determiner

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

副词(Adverb)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

来源参考(References)


Scottish Gaelic

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. his
  2. her
  3. its
  4. who, which, that

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • As his/its lenites the following word.
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  • As his/its is omitted if the following word begins with a vowel or fh followed by a vowel.
    athair - a father or his father Lua error: not enough memory

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. to Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  2. Used before cardinal numbers which are not followed by a noun.
    Lua error: not enough memory
  3. Used before the vocative form.
    Lua error: not enough memory

Serbo-Croatian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

See Translingual section.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The 1st letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), followed by Lua error: not enough memory.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. but, and (compare Lua error: not enough memory)
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  2. while (on the contrary), whereas
    Lua error: not enough memory
  3. Lua error: not enough memory without (usually after negative verbs)
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
  4. (Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory) and yet
    Lua error: not enough memory
  5. (Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory) not to mention, let alone
    Lua error: not enough memory
  6. (Lua error: not enough memory + Lua error: not enough memory + Lua error: not enough memory) even if
    Lua error: not enough memory
  7. (Lua error: not enough memory + Lua error: not enough memory) and so, and also, and too
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory

词源3(Etymology 3)

Attested since the 15th century. Probably of onomatopoeic origin. Compare Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory. These could all derive from Proto-Indo-European interjection Lua error: not enough memory, but each form in individual languages could easily be an independent, expressive formation.

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. oh, ah
    Lua error: not enough memory

来源参考(References)

  • a” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • a” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Lua error: not enough memory (in Lua error: not enough memory), volume 1, Zagreb: JAZU, page 1

Skolt Sami

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Slovak

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Lua error: not enough memory, form of Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory. Cognates include Lua error: not enough memory|tr=a, Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory.

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. and
衍生词(Derived terms)

Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. oh
同义词(Synonyms)
  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. but

Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory, particle used to form a yes- no question.

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. to
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Tenía en su casa una ama que pasaba de los cuarenta y una sobrina que no llegaba a los veinte, y un mozo de campo y plaza que así ensillaba el rocín como tomaba la podadera.
      He had in his house a housekeeper past forty, a niece under twenty, and a lad for the field and market-place, who used to saddle the hack as well as handle the billhook.
  2. by
  3. at
  4. Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Personal Lua error: not enough memory is not translated into English.
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(See also)


Sranan Tongo

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. it

<span id="attentionseekingsrn" class="attentionseeking" lang="srn" title="Lua error: not enough memory">Lua error: not enough memory


Swahili

This section is transcluded from a/sw to work around Lua module out-of-memory errors. Please click the link to a/sw if there are Lua out-of-memory errors on this page.


Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The genitive particle; adjectival particle; of

用法注意(Usage notes)

  1. This particle agrees in class with the noun preceding it
  2. When used as an adjectival particle, the particle itself is untranslated:
  • Lua error: not enough memory (lit. "laundry clothing")
  • Lua error: not enough memory
  1. When used as a genitive particle, the particle is sometimes untranslated:
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Inflection

查看更多(See also)


Swedish

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. from Lua error: not enough memory
用法注意(Usage notes)

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Tagalog

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. ah: Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

<span id="attentionseekingtl" class="attentionseeking" lang="tl" title="Lua error: not enough memory">Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Tarantino

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to

Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

Imitative or onomatopoeia.

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. eh?
    • Lua error: not enough memory
      Lua error: not enough memory
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Lua error: not enough memory is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Turkish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, called [[a#Lua error: not enough memory|a]] and written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(See also)


Turkmen

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Upper Sorbian

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. and
  2. the Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Lua error: not enough memory

Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

Lua error: not enough memoryLua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, called [[a#Lua error: not enough memory|a]] and written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[A#Lua error: not enough memory|A]].Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

Votic

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

词源2(Etymology 2)

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. ah!, oh!
  2. oops!
  3. ouch!

词源3(Etymology 3)

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. but (Following a negative clause or sentence) On the contrary, but rather
  2. However, although, nevertheless, on the other hand

词源4(Etymology 4)

感叹语(Interjection)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. ah!, oh!
  2. oops!
  3. ouch!

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • "Lua error: not enough memory" in Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory

Walloon

词源(Etymology)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory.

Preposition

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. at

Welsh

词源1(Etymology 1)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Lua error: not enough memory: Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory: Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory: Lua error: not enough memory
  • Lua error: not enough memory: Lua error: not enough memory

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, called [[a#Lua error: not enough memory|a]] and written in the Latin script. It is followed by Lua error: not enough memory.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter [[A#Lua error: not enough memory|A]].Lua error: not enough memory
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • Digraph sequences: Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory

Mutation

Lua error: not enough memory

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory
  • (Latin-script letter names) Lua error: not enough memory; Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory/Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory/Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory, Lua error: not enough memory (Category: cy:Latin letter names)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

动词(Verb)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory
同义词(Synonyms)
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory, from Lua error: not enough memory (compare Lua error: not enough memory and Lua error: not enough memory).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

Conjunction

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. and
同义词(Synonyms)
  • Lua error: not enough memory Lua error: not enough memory

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory that, which, who (used in 'direct' relative clauses, i.e. where the pronoun refers to the subject or the direct object of an inflected verb (as opposed to a periphrastic construction with bod, to be)).
    Lua error: not enough memory

用法注意(Usage notes)

  1. a is not used with the third person singular present of the verb bod, where the relative verb form sydd is used instead
    Lua error: not enough memory
    Not *Y dyn a yw'n ifanc but Y dyn sydd yn ifanc
  2. a is not used in indirect relative clauses, where the pronoun is part of a genitive or periphrastic construction. Instead the second relative pronoun y is used
    Lua error: not enough memory
    "The man whose sister was here": not *Y dyn a oedd ei chwaer yma but Y dyn yr oedd ei chwaer yma

Yola

Article

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. a

来源参考(References)

  • Jacob Poole (1867) , William Barnes, editor, Lua error: not enough memory, J. Russell Smith, →ISBNLua error: not enough memory

Yoruba

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. we Lua error: not enough memory

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Zazaki

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

代词(Pronoun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. she

Zhuang

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

词源1(Etymology 1)

Compare Lua error: not enough memory.

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. crow
同义词(Synonyms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory mother

词源3(Etymology 3)

Particle

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. Lua error: not enough memory

Zou

名词(Noun)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. hen
  2. brother

来源参考(References)


Zulu

字母(Letter)

Lua error: not enough memory

  1. The Lua error: not enough memory letter of the Lua error: not enough memory alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

  • Lua error: not enough memory

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