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【ablaut】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Ablaut

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from German Ablaut (sound gradation), which is from ab- or ab (down, off), + Laut (sound).[1] Ab is used here in the sense of “deviating, varying” as in Abgott (god other than the true God), Abart (different sort, variety, anomality).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑbˌlaʊt/, /ˈɑpˌlaʊt/, /ˈæbˌlaʊt/

名词(Noun)

ablaut (countable and uncountable, plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get and got; sing and song; hang and hung, distinct from the phonetic influence of a succeeding vowel. [Mid 19th century.][2]

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

动词(Verb)

ablaut (third-person singular simple present ablauts, present participle ablauting, simple past and past participle ablauted)

  1. (intransitive, linguistics, of a vowel-containing linguistic component) To undergo a change of vowel.
    • 1983, Stephanie W. Jamison, Function and Form in the -áya-formations of the Rig Veda and ..., page 209:
      This root must once have ablauted, given the associated nominal derivatives prthii- 'broad', prthivl- 'earth'. However, it does not ablaut at all in its verbal forms.
    • 1985, Michael E. Krauss, Yupik Eskimo prosodic systems: descriptive and comparative studies, page 241:
      What we find is that one cannot predict which members of V a given member of E will cause to ablaut
    • 2006, Felix K. Ameka, Alan Charles Dench, Nicholas Evans, Catching language: the standing challenge of grammar writing, page 536:
      It is these co-opted verbs that tend to ablaut variably in the different Dakotan dialects and that forced morphological restructuring
    • 2012, Bernard Comrie, Zarina Estrada Fernández, Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview, page 219:
      This allomorph also causes the back vowel to ablaut to a low vowel.
  2. (transitive, linguistics) To cause to change a vowel.

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Morris, William, editor (1969) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, NY: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., published 1971, →ISBN, page 3
  2. ^ “ablaut” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 5.

变位词(Anagrams)


Finnish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑblɑut/, [ˈɑblɑut̪]
  • Rhymes: -ɑblɑut
  • Syllabification: ab‧la‧ut

名词(Noun)

ablaut

  1. (linguistics) ablaut

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of ablaut (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative ablaut ablautit
genitive ablautin ablautien
partitive ablautia ablauteja
illative ablautiin ablauteihin
singular plural
nominative ablaut ablautit
accusative nom. ablaut ablautit
gen. ablautin
genitive ablautin ablautien
partitive ablautia ablauteja
inessive ablautissa ablauteissa
elative ablautista ablauteista
illative ablautiin ablauteihin
adessive ablautilla ablauteilla
ablative ablautilta ablauteilta
allative ablautille ablauteille
essive ablautina ablauteina
translative ablautiksi ablauteiksi
instructive ablautein
abessive ablautitta ablauteitta
comitative ablauteineen
Possessive forms of ablaut (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person ablautini ablautimme
2nd person ablautisi ablautinne
3rd person ablautinsa

Portuguese

名词(Noun)

ablaut m (plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) ablaut (substitution of one root vowel for another)

Serbo-Croatian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from German Ablaut.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

àblaut m (Cyrillic spelling а̀блаут)

  1. (linguistics) ablaut (substitution of one root vowel for another)

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)


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