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【an】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (stressed)
    • IPA(key): /æn/
    • Rhymes: -æn
  • (unstressed)
    • IPA(key): /ən/
  • Homophone: in (in some accents)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English an, from Old English ān (a, an, literally one).

Article

an (indefinite)

  1. Form of a (all article senses).
    1. Used before a vowel sound.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
        Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
    2. (now quite rare) Used before /h/ in an unstressed syllable.
    3. (nonstandard) Used before /h/ in a stressed syllable.
    4. (obsolete) Used before one and words with initial u, eu.
    5. (nonstandard, Britain, West Country) Used before all consonants.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In standard English, the article an is used before vowel sounds, while a is used before consonant sounds. Alternatively, an can be found before an unstressed syllable beginning with an h-sound, as in an historic. The h may then become silent or is at least very weakly articulated. This usage is favoured by only 6% of British speakers, and is only slightly more common in writing.[1]
  • Historically, an could also be found before one and many words with initial u, eu (now pronounced with initial /juː/, /jʊ/, /jə/), such as eunuch, unique, or utility. This is as these words formerly started with a vowel sound, though the writing of an before words spelt with initial u, eu continued up into the 19th century, long after these words had acquired initial consonant sounds in standard English.[2]
  • In the other direction, a can rarely be found before a vowel in nonstandard (often dialectal) speech and written representations thereof, as in "ain't this a innerestin sitchation" (Moira Young, Blood Red Road).
  • The various article senses of a are all senses of an.
翻译(Translations)

See an/translations § Article.

数字化(Numeral)

an

  1. (nonstandard, Britain, West Country) one

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English Usage (2015, →ISBN, page 2: "Before words beginning with h [...] the standard modern approach is to use a (never an) together with an aspirated h [...], but not to demur if others use an with minimal or nil aspiration given to the following h (an historic /әn (h)ɪsˈtɒrɪk/, an horrific /әn (h)ɒˈrɪfɪk/, etc.)." Fowler's goes on to source the 6% figure to Wells (third edition, 2008).
  2. ^ a, adj.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, June 2008.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English an.

Conjunction

an

  1. (archaic) If
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act I Scene 2:
      [] An the worst fall that ever fell, I hope I shall make shift to go without him.
    • 1886-88, Richard F. Burton, The Supplemental Nights to the Thousand Nights and a Night:
      Thereupon, quoth he, "O woman, for sundry days I have seen thee attend the levée sans a word said; so tell me an thou have any requirement I may grant."
  2. (archaic) So long as.
    An it harm none, do what ye will.
  3. (archaic) As if; as though.
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Borrowed from Georgian ან (an).

名词(Noun)

an (plural ans)

  1. The first letter of the Georgian alphabet, (Mkhedruli), (Asomtavruli) or ⴀ (Nuskhuri).

词源4(Etymology 4)

From the Old English an, on (preposition).

Preposition

an

  1. In each; to or for each; per.
    I was only going twenty miles an hour.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • This is the same as the word a in such contexts, modified because of preceding an unpronounced h. The train was speeding along at a mile a minute.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

Preposition

an

  1. Obsolete form of aan.

Albanian

词源(Etymology)

Possibly a metaphorical use of anë (vessel).

名词(Noun)

an m (definite singular ani)

  1. (anatomy) womb, caul
    Synonym: mitër
  2. (anatomy) joint
  3. (dialectal) room, vessel
  4. (dialectal, Italy) ship

关联词(Related terms)


Arin

名词(Noun)

an

  1. haunch

Aromanian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus. Compare Romanian an.

名词(Noun)

an n (plural anji)

  1. year

Azerbaijani

词源(Etymology)

From Arabic آن(ʾān).

名词(Noun)

an (definite accusative anı, plural anlar)

  1. moment

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • hər anda
  • anlıq

Bambara

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

an

  1. we

Bikol Central

Article

an

  1. the

代词(Pronoun)

an

  1. (dialectal) that, it (near the person spoken to, but away from the speaker)
    Synonym: iyan

Bourguignon

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. year
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • annaie

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin in

Preposition

an

  1. in
同义词(Synonyms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Latin inde

代词(Pronoun)

an

  1. used to indicate an indefinite quantity, of it, of them
    J'an veus deus
    I want two of them
    J'an seus seur
    I am sure of it

Breton

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Article

an

  1. the

Chuukese

Determiner

an

  1. third person singular possessive; his, hers, its (used with general-class objects)

关联词(Related terms)


名词(Noun)

an

  1. path, road

Cimbrian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • a (Luserna)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz. Cognate with German ein, Dutch een, English one, Icelandic einn.

Article

an

  1. (Sette Comuni) a, an
    an gamègalndar manna married man
  2. (Luserna) oblique masculine of a
    I hån an pruadar un a sbestar.I have a brother and a sister.

变化形式(Declension)

Cimbrian indefinite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative an an an
Accusative an an an
Dative aname anara aname

Conjunction

an

  1. (Sette Comuni) that (introduces a subordinate clause)
    Khömme an dar sbaighe.
    Tell him that he needs to shut up.

来源参考(References)

  • “an” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo
  • “an” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Cornish

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Article

an

  1. the (definite article)

Crimean Tatar

词源(Etymology)

Ultimately from Arabic آن(ʾān).

名词(Noun)

an

  1. moment

变化形式(Declension)

来源参考(References)

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from Middle Low German an and Danish an, from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at), cognate with English on and Danish å, Danish .

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

an

  1. on (only used in lexicalized expressions)

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

an

  1. imperative of ane

Elfdalian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse hann. Cognate with Swedish han.

代词(Pronoun)

an m

  1. he

Emilian

Emiliano-Romagnolo Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eml

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m

  1. year

French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French, from Latin annus, from Proto-Italic *atnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂et-no-, probably from *h₂et- (to go).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. year

同义词(Synonyms)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Friulian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural agns)

  1. year

Fula

Determiner

an (singular)

  1. (possessive) Alternative form of am (my).

用法注意(Usage notes)

来源参考(References)


Fuyug

名词(Noun)

an (plural aning)

  1. man

来源参考(References)

  • Robert L. Bradshaw, Fuyug grammar sketch (2007)

German

词源(Etymology)

From Old High German ana.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

an (+ dative)

  1. (local) on; upon; at; in; against
    Das Bild hängt an der Wand.The picture hangs on the wall.
  2. by; near; close to; next to
  3. (temporal) on; in; at
    Am Dienstag.On Tuesday.
  4. (temporal) a; per; only used with the word Tag (day), otherwise use in
    zweimal am Tagtwice a day

an (+ accusative)

  1. on; onto
    Ich hänge das Bild an die Wand.I hang the picture on the wall.
  2. at; against
    Schauen Sie an die Tafel.Look at the blackboard.
  3. to; for
    Ein Brief an Anna.A letter for Anna.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Usually used to refer to something being on a vertical surface, as opposed to auf, which usually points to a horizontal surface.
  • When followed by the masculine/neuter definite article in the dative case (i.e. dem (the)), the two words can contract to am (on the).
  • When followed by the neuter definite article in the accusative case (i.e. das (the)), the two words can contract to ans (on the).

副词(Adverb)

an

  1. onward; on
    von heute anfrom today on

形容词(Adjective)

an (not comparable)

  1. (predicative) on
    Ist der Schalter an oder aus? [= Ist der Schalter an- oder ausgeschaltet?]
    Is the switch on or off. [Is the switch switched on or off.]

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • (an + dem) am
  • (an + das) ans
  • anhin
  • wohlan, wolan

变位词(Anagrams)


Girawa

名词(Noun)

an

  1. water

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Patricia Lillie, Girawa Dictionary

Gothic

罗马化(Romanization)

an

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌽

Haitian Creole

词源1(Etymology 1)

From French un.

Article

an

  1. the (definite article)
用法注意(Usage notes)

Use this word when:

  • It modifies a singular noun, and
  • It is preceded by a word that ends with either:

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From French an (year)

名词(Noun)

an

  1. year
同义词(Synonyms)

Ido

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English onGerman an. Decision no. 759, Progreso V.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

an

  1. at, on (indicates contiguity, juxtaposition)
    Me pendis pikturi an la parieto.I hung paintings on the wall.

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • dorso an dorso (back to back)
  • an-

来源参考(References)

  • Progreso IV (in Ido), 1911–1912, pages 409, 523, 591, 622
  • Progreso V (in Ido), 1912–1913, page 659

Irish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish in, from Proto-Celtic *sindos.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ənˠ/, (between consonants) /ə/, (before a/á, o/ó, u/ú) /ə.nˠ-/, (before e/é, i/í) /ə.n̠ʲ-/

Article

an

  1. the
    an t-uiscethe water
    an bheanthe woman
    an pháisteof the child
    ag an gcailín/chailínat the girl
变化形式(Declension)
Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative anT anL naH
Genitive anL naH naE
Dative anD anD naH
D: Triggers lenition after de, do, and i (except of d, t), no mutation with idir, and eclipsis otherwise (varies by dialect);
s lenites to ts; s always lenites with feminine nouns, even with prepositions that normally trigger eclipsis, but does
not lenite at all with masculine nouns
E: Triggers eclipsis
H: Triggers h-prothesis
L: Triggers lenition (except of d, t; s lenites to ts)
T: Triggers t-prothesis

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Irish in.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (preverbal particle): IPA(key): (before a consonant) /ə/, (before a/á, o/ó, u/ú) /ə.nˠ-/, (before e/é, i/í) /ə.n̠ʲ-/
  • (copular particle): IPA(key): /ənˠ/, (before é, ea, í, iad) /ə.n̠ʲ-/

Particle 1

an (triggers eclipsis; takes the dependent form of irregular verbs if available; not used in the past tense except of some irregular verbs)

  1. Used to form direct and indirect questions
    An bhfuil tú ag éisteacht?Are you listening?
    Níl a fhios agam an bhfuil sé anseo.I don’t know if/whether he is here.
关联词(Related terms)
  • ar (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

Particle 2

an

  1. used to introduce copular questions, both direct and indirect, in the present/future tense
    An maith leat bainne?Do you like milk?
    Níl a fhios agam an é Conchúr a chonaic mé.I don’t know if it’s Connor whom I saw.
关联词(Related terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

an (present analytic anann, future analytic anfaidh, verbal noun anacht, past participle anta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of fan (stay, wait, remain)
动词变化形式(Conjugation)

词源4(Etymology 4)

Particle

an

  1. Alternative form of a (used before numbers when counting)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
an n-an han not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)


Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

an

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あん

Ladin

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ani)

  1. year

Latin

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Italic *an, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en. Cognate with Lithuanian angu (or), Gothic 𐌰𐌽 (an, so? now?). May also be related to Ancient Greek ἄν (án, particle), Sanskrit अना (anā́), Avestan 𐬀𐬥𐬁(anā), Lithuanian anàs, Albanian a, Proto-Slavic *onъ.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

an

  1. or, or whether (A conjunction that introduces the second part of a disjunctive interrogation, or a phrase implying doubt.)
    1. in disjunctive interrogations
      1. direct
        1. (introduced by utrum (whether))
        2. (introduced by -ne (interrogative enclitic))
        3. (introduced by nonne ([is it] not))
        4. (introduced by num (interrogative particle))
        5. (without an introductory particle)
      2. indirect
        1. (introduced by utrum (whether))
        2. (introduced by -ne, interrogative enclitic)
        3. (introduced by an)
        4. (without an introductory particle)
      3. or rather, or on the contrary (where the opinion of the speaker or the probability inclines to the second interrogative clause, and this is made emphatic, as a corrective of the former)
        1. hence, in the comic poets, as an potius
      4. or, or rather, or indeed, or perhaps (where, as is frequent, the first part of the interrogation is not expressed, but is to be supplied from the context, an begins the interrogation, but it does not begin an absolute – i.e., non-disjunctive – interrogation)
      5. (in the phrase an nōn) or not
        1. in direct questions
        2. in indirect questions
      6. (in the phrase an ne) pleonastic usage for an
        1. in direct questions
        2. in indirect questions
    2. (in disjunctive clauses that express doubt) or
      1. ?
      2. denoting uncertainty by itself, without a verb of doubting
      3. (chiefly in and after the Augustean period) standing for sīve
      4. where the first disjunctive clause is to be supplied from the general idea or where an stands for utrum or necne
      5. Since in such distributive sentences expressive of doubt, the opinion of the speaker or the probability usually inclines to the second, i.e. to the clause beginning with an, the expressions haud sciō an, nesciō an, and dubitō an incline to an affirmative signification, “I almost know”, “I am inclined to think”, “I almost think”, “I might say”, “I might assert that”, etc., for “perhaps”, “probably”.
      6. Sometimes the distributive clause beginning with an designates directly the opposite, the more improbable, the negative; in which case nesciō an, haud sciō an, etc., like the English I know not whether, signify “I think that not”, “I believe that not”, etc.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Used with utrum (whether) in the construction utrum...an (whether...or):
    Nescio quid intersit, utrum nunc veniam, an ad decem annos.
    I know not what matter it is, whether I come now or after ten years.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • ăn in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • an in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to offer a person the alternative of... or..: optionem alicui dare, utrum...an
    • it is a debated point whether... or..: in contentione ponitur, utrum...an
    • it is a difficult point, disputed question: magna quaestio est (followed by an indirect question)
    • to keep, celebrate a festival: diem festum agere (of an individual)
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Loniu

名词(Noun)

an

  1. fresh water

来源参考(References)

  • Malcolm Ross, Andrew Pawley, Meredith Osmond, The Lexicon of Proto-Oceanic →ISBN, 2007)
  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary (as ʔan)

Low German

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Low German an, from Old Saxon an, ana, from Proto-Germanic *an, *ana.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Rhymes: -an
  • IPA(key): /an/, /aːn/, /ɒːn/, /ɔːn/

Preposition

an

  1. on
  2. to, at

Inflection

Neither the spelling nor grammar of these forms applies to all, or even necessarily the majority, of dialects.

副词(Adverb)

an

  1. on

查看更多(See also)


Luxembourgish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old High German indi.

Conjunction

an

  1. and

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Germanic *in.

Preposition

an

  1. in

Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

an

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of án.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ǎn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of àn.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

an

  1. Alternative form of āne

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English in.

Preposition

an

  1. Alternative form of in

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English and.

Conjunction

an

  1. Alternative form of and

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old English an.

数字化(Numeral)

an

  1. Alternative form of oon

Middle French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French an, from Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. year

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: an

Middle Welsh

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

an

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mirandese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin in.

Preposition

an

  1. in
  2. on

Mòcheno

Article

an

  1. oblique masculine of a

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Norman

词源(Etymology)

From Old French an, from Latin annus.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. (Guernsey, Jersey) year

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Northern Kurdish

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

an

  1. or

同义词(Synonyms)

  • yan (after a vowel-ending word)

Norwegian Bokmål

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɑːn/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːn
  • Hyphenation: an

动词(Verb)

an

  1. imperative of ane

变位词(Anagrams)


Novial

Preposition

an

  1. at, on, next to or contiguous with something

Occitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Occitan an, from Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. year

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Also used with the verb aver (to have) to indicate age

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

an

  1. third-person plural present indicative of aver

Old English

Old English numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → 
    Cardinal: ān
    Ordinal: forma
    Adverbial: ǣne
    Multiplier: ānfeald

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *ain.

Germanic cognates include Old Frisian ān, Old Saxon ēn, Old High German ein, Old Norse einn, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 (ains). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin ūnus, Ancient Greek οἶος (oîos), Old Irish oen.

发音(Pronunciation)

数字化(Numeral)

ān

  1. one
    Ġif weorold on būtan ānum þinge stōde and on nāwihte elles, meahte man cweðan þæt ān þing wǣre?
    If the world consisted of one thing and nothing else, could we say that there was one thing?
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Mark 14:37
      Þā cōm hē and fand hīe slǣpende, and cwæþ tō Petre, "Simon, slǣpst þū? Ne meahtest þū āne tīd wacian?"
      Then he came and found them asleep, and said to Peter, "Simon, are you asleep? Couldn't you stay awake for one hour?"
    • early 12th century, the Peterborough Chronicle, year 1100
      On morgen æfter Hlāfmæssedæġe wearþ sē cyning Willelm on huntoþe fram his ānum menn mid āne flāne ofsċoten.
      On the morning after Lammas day, King William was out hunting when he was shot with an arrow by one of his servants.

变化形式(Declension)

Article

ān

  1. a; an (indefinite article)

形容词(Adjective)

ān

  1. only
    Nān ġemǣru ne sind, ac menn āne.
    There are no borders, only people.
    Mæġ man sprecan be talum ġif þing ān sind?
    Can we speak of numbers if there are only things?
    • Durham Proverbs, no. 22
      Earg mæġ þæt ān þæt hē him ondrǣde.
      A coward can only do one thing: fear.
    • c. 995, Ælfric, Extracts on Grammar in English
      Āne twā word sind þǣre fēorðan ġeþīednesse: eō ("iċ gange"), īs ("þū gǣst"); queō ("iċ mæġ"), quīs ("þū meaht").
      Only two words follow the fourth declension: eo ("I go"), is ("you go"); queo ("I can"), quis ("you can").
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, John 5:18
      Þæs þe mā þā Iudēiscan sōhton hine tō ofslēanne, næs nā for þon āne þe hē þone restedæġ bræc, ac for þon þe hē cwæþ þæt God wǣre his fæder, and hine selfne dyde Gode ġelīcne.
      That made the Jews try even harder to kill him, not just for breaking the Sabbath, but for saying God was his father, and making himself equal to God.
  2. alone
    Ne eart þū ġenōg eald þæt þū āna on sund gā.
    You're not old enough to go swimming by yourself.
    Sē ūðwita, swā swā sē bēatere, sċeal standan āna.
    A philosopher, like a boxer, must stand alone.
    Hē stōd æt þǣre sǣ rande, āna, sundor fram his swǣsum.
    He stood at the edge of the sea, alone, apart from his family.
    Sē mōna ēode tō setle and þæt seofonstierre. Hit is midniht, and sēo tīd āgǣþ, ac iċ slǣpe āna.
    The moon and the Pleiades have set. It is midnight, and the time is passing, but I sleep alone.
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, "St. Benedict, Abbot"
      Gang nū tō mynstre ġif þū mæġe, and mē āna forlǣt.
      Now go to the monastery if you can, and leave me alone.
    • c. 995, Ælfric, Extracts on Grammar in English
      Foresetnessa ne bēoþ nāhwǣr āna, ac bēoþ ǣfre tō sumum ōðrum worde ġefēġeda.
      Prepositions never occur by themselves: they are always attached to some other word.

用法注意(Usage notes)

In the above senses ("only" and "alone"), this word was often used in the weak declension, often indeclinably as āna.

变化形式(Declension)

名词(Noun)

ān n

  1. one (digit or figure)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)


Old French

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (oblique plural anz, nominative singular anz, nominative plural an)

  1. year

关联词(Related terms)

  • anee

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle French: an
    • French: an
  • Norman: an

Old Frisian

发音(Pronunciation)

数字化(Numeral)

ān

  1. Alternative form of ēn

来源参考(References)

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old Irish

代词(Pronoun)

an (triggers eclipsis, takes a leniting relative clause)

  1. Alternative form of a
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112b13
      Is demniu liunn a n-ad·chiam hua sulib ol·daas an ro·chluinemmar hua chluasaib.
      What we see with the eyes is more certain for us than what we hear with the ears.

动词(Verb)

·an

  1. third-person singular preterite conjunct of anaid

an

  1. second-person singular imperative of anaid

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
an unchanged n-an
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus (year).

名词(Noun)

an m (oblique plural ans, nominative singular ans, nominative plural an)

  1. year

派生词(Descendants)


Old Saxon

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *an.

Preposition

an

  1. on, in

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus (year), from Proto-Italic *atnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂et-no-, probably from *h₂et- (to go).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ani)

  1. year

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Romansch

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) onn
  • (Sutsilvan, Vallader) on

词源(Etymology)

From Latin annus.

名词(Noun)

an m (plural ans)

  1. (Puter) year

Scots

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English and, ond, end (and), from Proto-Germanic *andi, *anþi, *undi, *unþi (and, furthermore), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (facing opposite, near, in front of, before). Cognate with English and, North Frisian en (and), West Frisian en, in (and), Low German un (and), Dutch en (and), German und (and), Danish end (but), Swedish än (yet, but), Icelandic enn (still, yet), Albanian edhe (and) (dialectal ênde, ênne), ende (still, yet, therefore), Latin ante (opposite, in front of), and Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, opposite, facing).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

an

  1. and
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English oon, from Old English ān (one), from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Cognate to English an.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

an

  1. (before a vowel) a, an
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In colloquial usage mostly replaced by a. However, still widely used in literature, probably due to English influence. [1]
同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

  • ^ https://dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/a_indef_art

  • Scottish Gaelic

    发音(Pronunciation)

    词源1(Etymology 1)

    From Old Irish in.

    Article

    an

    1. the

    变化形式(Declension)

    Masculine Singular Definite Article Begins with f Begins with m, p, b Begins with c, g Begins with sV, sl, sn, sr Begins with d, t, l, n, r, sg, sm, sp, st Begins with a vowel
    Nominative am am an an an an t-
    Dative/Genitive an+L a'+L a'+L an t- an an
    Feminine Singular Definite Article Begins with f Begins with m, p, b Begins with c, g Begins with sV, sl, sn, sr Begins with d, t, l, n, r, sg, sm, sp, st Begins with a vowel
    Nominative/Dative an+L a'+L a'+L an t- an an
    Genitive na na na na na na h-
    Plural Definite Article Begins with f, m, p , b Begins with any other consonant Begins with a vowel
    Nominative/Dative na na na h-
    Genitive nam nan nan

    用法注意(Usage notes)

    An is the most common singular form. The most common plural form is na.

    查看更多(See also)

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    From Old Irish a.

    代词(Pronoun)

    an

    1. their
    用法注意(Usage notes)
    • This form of possessive pronoun is not used before nouns beginning with b, f, m or p, where am is used instead.

    词源3(Etymology 3)

    From Old Irish i, from Proto-Celtic *en.

    Preposition

    an

    1. in
    用法注意(Usage notes)
    • This form is not used before nouns beginning with b, f, m or p, where ann am is used instead.
    同义词(Synonyms)
    衍生词(Derived terms)
    • The following prepositional pronouns (or ‘conjugated prepositions’):
    Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
    Singular 1st annam annamsa
    2nd annad annadsa
    3rd m ann annsan
    3rd f innte inntese
    Plural 1st annainn annainne
    2nd annaibh annaibhse
    3rd annta anntasan

    来源参考(References)


    Siraya

    词源(Etymology)

    From Proto-Austronesian *-an.

    名词(Noun)

    an

    1. place

    Swedish

    词源(Etymology)

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    副词(Adverb)

    an

    1. used as a verb particle, similar to German preposition an (at, in, on, to)

    关联词(Related terms)

    • gå an
    • komma an
    • lägga an
    • ta sig an

    Preposition

    an

    1. (accounting) to

    变位词(Anagrams)


    Torres Strait Creole

    词源(Etymology)

    From English hand.

    名词(Noun)

    an

    1. hand, lower arm
    2. flipper

    Turkish

    词源1(Etymology 1)

    From Arabic آن(ʾān).

    名词(Noun)

    an (definite accusative anı, plural anlar)

    1. moment
    变化形式(Declension)
    Inflection
    Nominative an
    Definite accusative anı
    Singular Plural
    Nominative an anlar
    Definite accusative anı anları
    Dative ana anlara
    Locative anda anlarda
    Ablative andan anlardan
    Genitive anın anların
    Possessive forms
    Singular Plural
    1st singular anım anlarım
    2nd singular anın anların
    3rd singular anı anları
    1st plural anımız anlarımız
    2nd plural anınız anlarınız
    3rd plural anları anları

    查看更多(See also)

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    动词(Verb)

    an

    1. second-person singular imperative of anmak

    Vietnamese

    词源(Etymology)

    Sino-Vietnamese word from (tranquil).

    发音(Pronunciation)

    形容词(Adjective)

    an

    1. (only in compounds) safe, secure

    衍生词(Derived terms)

    Derived terms

    查看更多(Further reading)


    Vilamovian

    发音(Pronunciation)

    Conjunction

    an

    1. and

    关联词(Related terms)

    数字化(Numeral)

    ān

    1. one

    关联词(Related terms)


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