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【antecedent】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: antécédent

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English antecedent, borrowed from Old French antecedent, from Latin antecēdēns (going before), from antecēdō (to precede; excel; surpass).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˌantɪˈsiːdənt/

形容词(Adjective)

antecedent (not comparable)

  1. Earlier, either in time or in order.
    an event antecedent to the Biblical Flood
    an antecedent cause
  2. Presumptive.
    an antecedent improbability

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

Examples (linguistics: expression referred to by pronoun)
  • In “The policeman asked the boy what he was doing.”, the phrase “the boy” is the antecedent of the pronoun “he”.
  • In the sentence “I saw my girlfriend yesterday wearing her old jacket which is odd because she almost never wears it.”, the phrase “my girlfriend” is the antecedent of “her” and “old jacket” is the antecedent of “it”.

antecedent (plural antecedents)

  1. Any thing that precedes another thing, especially the cause of the second thing.
  2. An ancestor.
    • 1931, H. P. Lovecraft, The Whisperer in Darkness, chapter 3:
      The Boston agent added that this clerk was a young man of wholly unquestioned veracity and reliability, of known antecedents and long with the company.
  3. (grammar) A word, phrase or clause referred to by a pronoun.
    • H. W. Fowler, A Dictionary of Modern English Usage
      [W]hereas it might seem orderly that, as who is appropriated to persons, so that should have been appropriated to things [] the antecedent of that is often personal.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 117:
      One such condition can be formulated in terms of the c-command relation defined in (9) above: the relevant condition is given in (16) below:
      (16) C-COMMAND CONDITION ON ANAPHORS
      An anaphor must have an appropriate c-commanding antecedent
  4. (logic) The conditional part of a hypothetical proposition, i.e. , where is the antecedent, and is the consequent.
  5. (logic) The first of two subsets of a sequent, consisting of all the sequent's formulae which are valuated as true.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  6. (mathematics) The first term of a ratio, i.e. the term a in the ratio a:b, the other being the consequent.
  7. (chiefly in the plural) Previous principles, conduct, history, etc.

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

Holonyms

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

查看更多(See also)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French antecédent, from Latin antecēdēns (go before), from antecēdere (to go or come before).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɑn.tə.səˈdɛnt/
  • Hyphenation: an‧te‧ce‧dent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

名词(Noun)

antecedent n (plural antecedenten, diminutive antecedentje n)

  1. antecedent (thing that precedes; prior fact, background fact)
  2. (linguistics) antecedent (referent of a word, esp. of a pronoun)
  3. (logic) antecedent (condition part of a proposition)

反义词(Antonyms)

  • (logic): (consequent)
  • (linguistics): (anafoor)

Latin

动词(Verb)

antecēdent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of antecēdō

[[Category:ante- +‎]]


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