万维词典

【backwards】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From backward +‎ -s. See also -s (used in the formation of certain adverbs: backwards, downwards, inwards, etc.).

形容词(Adjective)

backwards (comparative more backwards, superlative most backwards)

  1. Oriented toward the back.
    The battleship had three backwards guns at the stern, in addition to the primary complement.
  2. Reversed.
    The backwards lettering on emergency vehicles makes it possible to read in the rear-view mirror.
  3. (derogatory) Behind current trends or technology.
    Modern medicine regards the use of leeches as a backwards practice.
  4. Clumsy, inept, or inefficient, especially in learning.
    He was a very backwards scholar, but he was a marvel on the football field.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In senses 3 and 4, and often in American English, backward is preferred.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From back +‎ -wards

副词(Adverb)

backwards (comparative more backwards, superlative most backwards)

  1. Toward the back.
    The cabinet toppled over backwards.
    Life is lived forwards, but understood backwards.—Søren Kierkegaard
  2. In the opposite direction to usual.
    The clock did not work because the battery was inserted backwards.
  3. In a manner such that the back precedes the front.
    The tour guide walked backwards while droning on to the bored seniors.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In written American English, backward is more common.
  • Strictly speaking, backwards is an adverb and backward is an adjective in British English; in American English, the rule may be reversed. This follows the same usage for similar words ending in -ward/-wards and -way/-ways. See also -wise.
    It was a backward move vs He moved backwards
  • Also, even though an adverb may be used in adjectival combinations (eg a quickly moving car), only the -ward forms are commonly used in adjectival combinations, e.g.:
    A backward-facing statue. / A backward facing statue.
同义词(Synonyms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


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