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【bag】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: bağ

英语(English)

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词源(Etymology)

From Middle English bagge, borrowed from Old Norse baggi (bag, pack, satchel, bundle), related to Old Norse bǫggr (harm, shame; load, burden), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰak- (compare Welsh baich (load, bundle), Ancient Greek βάσταγμα (bástagma, load)).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: băg, IPA(key): /ˈbæɡ/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /ˈbæːɡ/
  • (US, some dialects) IPA(key): /ˈbɛɡ/
  • (US, Upper Midwest) IPA(key): /ˈbeɪɡ/,
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

名词(Noun)

bag (plural bags)

  1. A flexible container made of cloth, paper, plastic, etc.
    Synonyms: poke (obsolete), sack, tote
    Hyponym: bindle
  2. (informal) A handbag
    Synonyms: handbag, purse (US)
  3. A suitcase.
  4. A schoolbag, especially a backpack.
  5. (slang) One’s preference.
    Synonyms: cup of tea, thing; see also Thesaurus:predilection
    Acid House is not my bag: I prefer the more traditional styles of music.
  6. (derogatory) An ugly woman.
    Synonyms: dog, hag
  7. (baseball) The cloth-covered pillow used for first, second, and third base.
    The grounder hit the bag and bounced over the fielder’s head.
  8. (baseball) First, second, or third base.
    He headed back to the bag.
  9. (preceded by "the") A breathalyzer, so named because it formerly had a plastic bag over the end to measure a set amount of breath.
  10. (mathematics) A collection of objects, disregarding order, but (unlike a set) in which elements may be repeated.
    Synonym: multiset
    • If one has a bag of three apples and the letter 'a' is taken to denote 'apple', then such bag could be represented symbolically as {a,a,a}. Note that in an ordinary context, when talking about a bag of apples, one does not care about identifying the individual apples, although one might be interested in distinguishing apples by species, for example, letting 'r' denote 'red apple' and 'g' denote 'green apple', then a bag of three red apples and two green apples could be denoted as {r,r,r,g,g}.
  11. A sac in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance.
    the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents
    the bag of a cow
  12. (now historical) A pouch tied behind a man's head to hold the back-hair of a wig; a bag wig.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. II, ch. 54:
      [H]e had once lost his bag, and a considerable quantity of hair, which had been cut off by some rascal in his passage through Ludgate, during the lord mayor's procession.
    • 1774, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, 1 December:
      He had on a suit of Manchester velvet, Lined with white satten, a Bag, lace Ruffles, and a very handsome sword which the King had given to him.
  13. The quantity of game bagged in a hunt.
  14. (slang, vulgar) A scrotum.
  15. (Britain) A unit of measure of cement equal to 94 pounds.
  16. (chiefly in the plural) A dark circle under the eye, caused by lack of sleep, drug addiction etc.
    • 2013, Ken Ilgunas, Walden on Wheels: On the Open Road from Debt to Freedom, page 14:
      With gravel stuck to my cheek, I pulled myself back in the car, looked in the rearview mirror, and saw, looking back at me, a young man with a pale face and a purple bag under each eye. I looked pitiful []
  17. (slang) A small envelope that contains drugs, especially narcotics.
  18. (MLE, slang) £1000, a grand.
    • 2017 May 2, Figure Flows ft. Purple (lyrics and music), “Money Right”, in Big Figures, from 1:18:
      Coulda got a bag last year
      But now I get a bag for a verse
  19. (informal) A large number or amount.

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Korean: (baek)
  • Norwegian: bag

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

动词(Verb)

bag (third-person singular simple present bags, present participle bagging, simple past and past participle bagged)

  1. To put into a bag.
  2. (informal) To catch or kill, especially when fishing or hunting.
    We bagged three deer yesterday.
    • 1909, John Claude White, Sikhim and Bhutan, page 55:
      He was a fine specimen, very large and with a beautiful coat, and I wish I had had the luck to bag him.
  3. To gain possession of something, or to make first claim on something.
  4. (transitive) To furnish or load with a bag.
    • c. 1690, John Dryden, Don Sebastian, King of Portugal
      a bee bagged with his honeyed venom
  5. (slang, African American Vernacular) To bring a woman one met on the street with one.
    • 2020, “Those Kinda Nights”, in Music to Be Murdered By, performed by Eminem ft. Ed Sheeran:
      When we hit the club to go and hell-raise / Probably end up baggin' the cocktail waitress
  6. (slang, African American Vernacular) To laugh uncontrollably.
  7. (Australia, slang) To criticise sarcastically.
  8. (transitive, medicine) To provide with artificial ventilation via a bag valve mask (BVM) resuscitator.
  9. (transitive, medicine) To fit with a bag to collect urine.
    • 1985, Sol S. Zimmerman, ‎Joan Holter Gildea, Critical Care Pediatrics (page 205)
      The patient was bagged for a urine analysis and stat electrolytes were drawn.
  10. (obsolete, transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) swell or hang down like a full bag.
    The skin bags from containing morbid matter.
    The brisk wind bagged the sails.
  11. To hang like an empty bag.
    • 1934, George Orwell, Burmese Days, Chapter 3,[1]
      [...] he was dressed in a badly fitting white drill suit, with trousers bagging concertina-like over clumsy black boots.
    • 2004, Andrea Levy, Small Island, London: Review, Chapter Eleven, p. 125,[2]
      And this uniform did not even fit me so well. But what is a little bagging on the waist and tightness under the arm when you are a gallant member of the British Royal Air Force?
    His trousers bag at the knees.
  12. (nautical, intransitive) To drop away from the correct course.
  13. (obsolete, intransitive) To swell with arrogance.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
  14. (obsolete, intransitive) To become pregnant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Warner. (Alb. Eng.) to this entry?)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

变位词(Anagrams)


Antillean Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French bague.

名词(Noun)

bag

  1. ring

Aromanian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Either of substratum origin or from a Vulgar Latin *begō, from Late Latin bīgō, from Latin bīga. Less likely from Greek βάζω (vázo, put in, set on). May have originally referred to putting animals under a yoke. Compare Romanian băga, bag.

动词(Verb)

bag (past participle bãgatã)

  1. I put, place, apply.

关联词(Related terms)

  • bãgari / bãgare
  • bãgat

查看更多(See also)


Breton

词源(Etymology)

Probably tied to Old French bac (flat boat), itself of obscure origin.

名词(Noun)

bag f

  1. boat

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse bak n (back), from Proto-Germanic *baką, cognate with {cog|no|bak}}, Swedish bak, English back. The preposition is a shortening of Old Norse á bak (on the back of), compare English back from aback, from Old English onbæc.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ], (as a preposition or adverb always) IPA(key): [ˈb̥æˀ]

名词(Noun)

bag c (singular definite bagen, plural indefinite bage)

  1. (anatomy) behind, bottom, butt, buttocks
  2. seat (part of clothing)
Inflection
同义词(Synonyms)

Preposition

bag

  1. behind

副词(Adverb)

bag

  1. behind

词源2(Etymology 2)

From the verb to bake

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ]

名词(Noun)

bag n (singular definite baget, plural indefinite bage)

  1. (rare) pastry
    Synonym: bagværk
Inflection

词源3(Etymology 3)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /baːˀɣ/, [ˈb̥æˀj], [ˈb̥æˀ]

动词(Verb)

bag

  1. imperative of bage

Haitian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French bague (ring).

名词(Noun)

bag

  1. ring

Meriam

名词(Noun)

bag

  1. cheek

Norwegian Bokmål

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • bagg

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bag m (definite singular bagen, indefinite plural bager, definite plural bagene)

  1. A purse more or less similar to a bag or sack.
  2. (on a baby carriage) a detachable part of the carriage to lie on.

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • bagg

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi. Doublet of bagge.

名词(Noun)

bag m (definite singular bagen, indefinite plural bagar, definite plural bagane)

  1. A purse more or less similar to a bag or sack.
  2. (on a baby carriage) a detachable part of the carriage to lie on.

来源参考(References)


Old Frisian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *baugaz (ring) Cognate to Old English bēag

名词(Noun)

bāg m

  1. a ring

Inflection


Rohingya

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit व्याघ्र (vyāghra).

名词(Noun)

bag

  1. tiger

Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

bag

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of băga

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English bag, from Old Norse baggi.

名词(Noun)

bag c

  1. A kind of large bag; a duffel bag

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of bag 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bag bagen bagar bagarna
Genitive bags bagens bagars bagarnas

Torres Strait Creole

词源(Etymology)

From Meriam bag.

名词(Noun)

bag

  1. (anatomy, eastern dialect) cheek

同义词(Synonyms)

  • masa (western dialect)

Turkmen

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

名词(Noun)

bag (definite accusative bagy, plural baglar)

  1. garden

Welsh

词源(Etymology)

From English bag.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bag m (plural bagiau)

  1. bag

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bag fag mag unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “bag”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

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