万维词典

【bait】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /beɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English bayte, bait, beite, from Old Norse beita (food, bait), from Proto-Germanic *baitō (that which is bitten, bait), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (to cleave, split, separate). Cognate with German Beize (mordant, corrosive fluid; marinade; hunting), Old English bāt (that which can be bitten, food, bait). Related to bite.

名词(Noun)

bait (countable and uncountable, plural baits)

  1. Any substance, especially food, used in catching fish, or other animals, by alluring them to a hook, snare, trap, or net.
  2. Food containing poison or a harmful additive to kill animals that are pests.
  3. Anything which allures; something used to lure or entice someone or something into doing something
    • 2017 June 7, Adam Lusher, “Adnan Khashoggi: the 'whoremonger' whose arms deals funded a playboy life of decadence and 'pleasure wives'”, in The Independent[1], London:
      One of the “girls” used in this way, Pamella Bordes, later spoke of being “part of an enormous group … used as sexual bait.”
  4. A portion of food or drink, as a refreshment taken on a journey; also, a stop for rest and refreshment.
    • 1818, Jane Austen, Northanger Abbey, chapter 20 page 70
      The tediousness of a two hours' bait at Petty-France, in which there was nothing to be done but to eat without being hungry, and loiter about without any thing to see, next followed[…]
    1. (Tyneside) A packed lunch.
    2. (East Anglia) A small meal taken mid-morning while farming.
    3. (Northern England) A miner's packed meal.
    4. A light or hasty luncheon.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)
来源参考(References)
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]
  • The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, →ISBN
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[3]
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

动词(Verb)

bait (third-person singular simple present baits, present participle baiting, simple past and past participle baited)

  1. (transitive) To attract with bait; to entice.
  2. (transitive) To affix bait to a trap or a fishing hook or fishing line.
    • (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      a crooked pin [] baited with a vile earthworm

翻译(Translations)

用法注意(Usage notes)
  • This verb is sometimes confused in writing with the rare verb bate, which is pronounced identically; in particular, the expression with bated breath is frequently misspelled *with baited breath by writers unfamiliar with the verb bate.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English bayten, baiten, beiten, from Old Norse beita (to bait, cause to bite, feed, hunt), from Proto-Germanic *baitijaną (to cause to bite, bridle), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (to cleave, split, separate). Cognate with Icelandic beita (to bait), Swedish beta (to bait, pasture, graze), German beizen (to cause to bite, bait), Old English bǣtan (to bait, hunt, bridle, bit).

动词(Verb)

bait (third-person singular simple present baits, present participle baiting, simple past and past participle baited)

  1. (transitive) To set dogs on (an animal etc.) to bite or worry; to attack with dogs, especially for sport.
    to bait a bear with dogs;  to bait a bull
  2. (transitive) To intentionally annoy, torment, or threaten by constant rebukes or threats; to harass.
  3. (transitive, now rare) To feed and water (a horse or other animal), especially during a journey.
    • 1485 July 31, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum ix”, in [Le Morte Darthur], (please specify the book number), [London: [] by William Caxton], OCLC 71490786; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur[], London: Published by David Nutt,[], 1889, OCLC 890162034:
      And than they com into a lowe medow that was full of swete floures, and there thes noble knyghtes bayted her horses.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, Canto 1, p. 12,[4]
      The Sunne that measures heauen all day long,
      At night doth baite his steedes the Ocean waues emong.
  4. (intransitive) (of a horse or other animal) To take food, especially during a journey.
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 22, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes,[], book II, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount[], OCLC 946730821:
      King Cyrus, that he might more speedily receave news from al parts of his Empire (which was of exceeding great length), would needs have it tried how far a horse could in a day goe outright without baiting, at which distance he caused stations to be set up, and men to have fresh horses ready for al such as came to him.
  5. (intransitive) (of a person) To stop to take a portion of food and drink for refreshment during a journey.
    • 1671, John Milton, Samson Agonistes, in Paradise Regain’d, to which is added Samson Agonistes, London: John Starkey, p. 89, line 539,[5]
      For evil news rides post, while good news baits.
    • 1677, John Evelyn, Diary entry for 13 September, 1677, in Memoirs of John Evelyn, London: Henry Colburn, 1827, Volume 2, p. 433,[6]
      My Lord’s coach convey’d me to Bury, and thence baiting at Newmarket, stepping in at Audley End to see that house againe, I slept at Bishops Strotford, and the next day home.
    • 1743, Robert Drury, The Pleasant, and Surprizing Adventures of Mr. Robert Drury, during his Fifteen Years Captivity on the Island of Madagascar, London, p. 62,[7]
      At Break of Day we arose, and after a short Repast march’d on till Noon, when we baited among some shady Trees near a Pond of Water []
查看更多(See also)

词源3(Etymology 3)

French battre de l'aile or des ailes, to flap or flutter.

动词(Verb)

bait (third-person singular simple present baits, present participle baiting, simple past and past participle baited)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To flap the wings; to flutter as if to fly; or to hover, as a hawk when she stoops to her prey.

词源4(Etymology 4)

Etymology unknown.

形容词(Adjective)

bait (comparative more bait, superlative most bait)

  1. (MLE) Obvious; blatant.
    • 2008, “Power”, in Famous?, performed by Jamie "Jme" Adenuga and Tim Westwood:
      I've been at home all day / Cloning £50 notes, this is sick / But it's a bit bait / Cause all the serial numbers are the same / So I can't spend them in the same place
  2. (MLE) Well-known; famous; renowned.
同义词(Synonyms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Cimbrian

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German wīt, from Old High German wīt, from Proto-Germanic *wīdaz (wide, broad). Cognate with German weit, Dutch wijd, English wide, Icelandic víður.

形容词(Adjective)

bait (comparative baitor, superlative dar baitorste) (Sette Comuni)

  1. wide, broad
    an baitar bèga wide road
    Dar bèg is bait.
    The road is wide.
  2. distant

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • “bait” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Lashi

名词(Noun)

bait

  1. week

动词(Verb)

bait

  1. hit

来源参考(References)


Malay

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Arabic بَيْت(bayt), from Proto-Semitic *bayt-.

名词(Noun)

bait (Jawi spelling بيت‎, plural bait-bait, informal 1st possessive baitku, impolite 2nd possessive baitmu, 3rd possessive baitnya)

  1. house (abode)
  2. home (house or structure in which someone lives)
  3. (literature) couplet (a pair of lines in poetry)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From English byte.

名词(Noun)

bait (Jawi spelling باءيت‎, plural bait-bait, informal 1st possessive baitku, impolite 2nd possessive baitmu, 3rd possessive baitnya)

  1. byte

中古英语(Middle English)

名词(Noun)

bait

  1. Alternative form of bayte

Welsh

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

bait

  1. (literary) second-person singular imperfect subjunctive of bod

同义词(Synonyms)

  • byddit
  • byddet

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bait fait mait unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

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