万维词典

【expletive】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: explétive

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Late Latin explētīvus (serving to fill out), from Latin explētus, the perfect passive participle of expleō (fill out), itself from ex (out, completely) + *pleō (fill).

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

expletive (comparative more expletive, superlative most expletive)

  1. Serving to fill up, merely for effect, otherwise redundant.
    • 1839, Henry Hallam, Introduction to the Literature of Europe, volume 3, London: John Murray, OCLC 834184226, page 501:
      No one entered more fully than Shakespeare into the character of this species of poetry, which admits of no expletive imagery, no merely ornamental line.
    • 1683, Isaac Barrow, The Works of the Learned Isaac Barrow, London: M. Flesher for B. Aylmer, OCLC 184765987, Against vain and raſh Swearing:
      deprecating being taken for ſerious, or to be underſtood that he meaneth any thing by them; but only that he uſeth them as expletive phraſes ... to plump his ſpeech, and fill up ſentences.
  2. Marked by expletives (phrase-fillers).

同义词(Synonyms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


Examples (syntactic filler)

It is snowing.

Examples (strengthener)

I'll give you a bloody good hiding

名词(Noun)

expletive (plural expletives)

  1. A profane, vulgar term, notably a curse or obscene oath.
    If we don't take advantage of any [expletive] in any way, then it's our loss.
  2. (linguistics) A word without meaning added to fill a syntactic position.
  3. (linguistics) A word that adds to the strength of a phrase without affecting its meaning; an intensifier.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

来源参考(References)

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

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