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【figure】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: figuré

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A figure showing some relationships between variables.
An advertisement promising to improve women's figures.
A sports figure.
A skating figure.

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English figure, borrowed from Old French figure, from Latin figūra (form, shape, form of a word, a figure of speech, Late Latin a sketch, drawing), from fingō (to form, shape, mold, fashion), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeyǵʰ- (to mold, shape, form, knead). Cognate with Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teîkhos), Sanskrit देग्धि (degdhi), Old English dāg (dough). More at dough. Doublet of figura.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

figure (plural figures)

  1. A drawing or diagram conveying information.
    • 2004, Joshua Tree National Park 2004 Visitor Study:
      For example, while Figure 1 shows information for 516 visitor groups, Figure 3 presents data for 1,625 individuals. A note above each graph or table specifies the information illustrated. ... For example, although Joshua Tree NP visitors returned 525 questionnaires, Figure 1 shows data for only 516 respondents.
  2. The representation of any form, as by drawing, painting, modelling, carving, embroidering, etc.; especially, a representation of the human body.
    a figure in bronze; a figure cut in marble
  3. A person or thing representing a certain consciousness.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. When a series of bank failures made this impossible, there was widespread anger, leading to the public humiliation of symbolic figures.
  4. The appearance or impression made by the conduct or career of a person.
    He cut a sorry figure standing there in the rain.
  5. (obsolete) Distinguished appearance; magnificence; conspicuous representation; splendour; show.
    • 1729, William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life
      that he may live in figure and indulgence
  6. A human figure, which dress or corset must fit to; the shape of a human body.
    • 1919, B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols, Searchlights on Health:
      The origin of the corset is lost in remote antiquity. The figures of the early Egyptian women show clearly an artificial shape of the waist produced by some style of corset.
    • 1966, James Workman, The Mad Emperor, Melbourne, Sydney: Scripts, page 53:
      She was cunningly dressed in a black, sheer gown with gold ornaments showing her figure to perfection.
  7. A numeral.
  8. A number, an amount.
    • 1996, David Irving v. Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt:
      (i) in the 1966 edition of The Destruction of Dresden Irving contended that 135,000 were estimated authoritatively to have been killed and further contended that the documentation suggested a figure between 100,00 and 250,000;
  9. A shape.
    • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries.[], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee[], OCLC 1044372886:
      Flowers have all exquisite figures.
    • 1908, Algernon Blackwood, John Silence, Physician Extraordinary:
      And these were not human shapes, or the shapes of anything I recognised as alive in the world, but outlines of fire that traced globes, triangles, crosses, and the luminous bodies of various geometrical figures.
  10. A visible pattern as in wood or cloth.
    The muslin was of a pretty figure.
  11. Any complex dance moveW.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      Although the Celebrity was almost impervious to sarcasm, he was now beginning to exhibit visible signs of uneasiness, [] . It was with a palpable relief that he heard the first warning notes of the figure.
  12. A figure of speech.
  13. (logic) The form of a syllogism with respect to the relative position of the middle term.
  14. (astrology) A horoscope; the diagram of the aspects of the astrological houses.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  15. (music) Any short succession of notes, either as melody or as a group of chords, which produce a single complete and distinct impression.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Grove to this entry?)
  16. (music) A form of melody or accompaniment kept up through a strain or passage; a motif; a florid embellishment.

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Japanese: フィギュア (figyua)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

figure (third-person singular simple present figures, present participle figuring, simple past and past participle figured)

  1. (chiefly US) To calculate, to solve a mathematical problem.
  2. (chiefly US) To come to understand.
    I can’t figure if he’s telling the truth or lying.
  3. To think, to assume, to suppose, to reckon.
  4. (chiefly US, intransitive) To be reasonable.
    It figures that somebody like him would be upset about the situation.
  5. (intransitive) To enter into; to be a part of.
    • 2005, Paul Beckerman, Andean Exchange-rate Regimes, 1994-2003:
      The exchange rate figures heavily in several other aspects of Venezuela's economy.
  6. (obsolete) To represent by a figure, as to form or mould; to make an image of, either palpable or ideal; also, to fashion into a determinate form; to shape.
  7. To embellish with design; to adorn with figures.
  8. (obsolete) To indicate by numerals.
    • 1698 , John Dryden, Epitaph of Mary Frampton
      As through a crystal glass the figured hours are seen.
  9. To represent by a metaphor; to signify or symbolize.
  10. (obsolete) To prefigure; to foreshow.
  11. (music) To write over or under the bass, as figures or other characters, in order to indicate the accompanying chords.
  12. (music) To embellish.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

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French

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin figūra.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

figure f (plural figures)

  1. face
  2. figure

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

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Italian

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

figure f

  1. plural of figura

Portuguese

动词(Verb)

figure

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of figurar
  3. third-person singular negative imperative of figurar
  4. third-person singular imperative of figurar

Spanish

动词(Verb)

figure

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of figurar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of figurar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of figurar.

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