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【had】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: -had and háð

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English hadde (preterite), yhad (past participle), from Old English hæfde (first and third person singular preterite), ġehæfd (past participle), from Proto-Germanic *habd-, past and past participle stem of *habjaną (to have), equivalent to have +‎ -ed. Cognate with Dutch had, German hatte, Swedish hade, Icelandic hafði.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

had

  1. simple past tense and past participle of have.
  2. (auxiliary) Used to form the pluperfect tense, expressing a completed action in the past (with a past participle).
    • 2011 April 15, Ben Cooper, The Guardian, London:
      Cooper seems an odd choice, but imagine if they had taken MTV's advice and chosen Robert Pattinson?
  3. (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: would have.
    • 1499, John Skelton, The Bowge of Courte:
      To holde myne honde, by God, I had grete payne; / For forthwyth there I had him slayne, / But that I drede mordre wolde come oute[].
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 4, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes[], book II, London: [] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount[], OCLC 946730821:
      Julius Cæsar had escaped death, if going to the Senate-house, that day wherein he was murthered by the Conspirators, he had read a memorial which was presented unto him.
    • 1849, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, 24:
      If all was good and fair we met, / This earth had been the Paradise / It never look’d to human eyes / Since our first Sun arose and set.

衍生词(Derived terms)

形容词(Adjective)

had

  1. (informal) Duped.
    We've been had.
  2. (obsolete) Available.
    • 1485, William Caxton, The Preface to Le Morte d'Arthur:
      Which be not had in our maternal tongue.

用法注意(Usage notes)

Had, like that, is one of a very few words to be correctly used twice in succession in English, e.g. “He had had several operations previously.”

关联词(Related terms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

动词(Verb)

had

  1. preterite of ; had

Breton

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Celtic *satos, from *sh₁-tó-, past participle of Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

名词(Noun)

had m (plural hadoù)

  1. (botany) seed

Central Cagayan Agta

代词(Pronoun)

had

  1. (interrogative) where

Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

had m

  1. snake

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Danish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂d- (hate).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

had n (singular definite hadet, not used in plural form)

  1. hate, hatred

关联词(Related terms)

  • fremmedhad n
  • hadegave c
  • had-kærlighed c
  • had-kærligheds-forhold n
  • racehad n
  • selvhad n
  • hade
  • hadefuld
  • hadfyldt
  • hadsk

动词(Verb)

had

  1. imperative of hade

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

had

  1. singular past indicative of hebben

Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Hungarian hodu, from Proto-Ugric *kontə, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kunta.[1] Cognate with Finnish kunta.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

had (plural hadak)

  1. (military) army

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative had hadak
accusative hadat hadakat
dative hadnak hadaknak
instrumental haddal hadakkal
causal-final hadért hadakért
translative haddá hadakká
terminative hadig hadakig
essive-formal hadként hadakként
essive-modal
inessive hadban hadakban
superessive hadon hadakon
adessive hadnál hadaknál
illative hadba hadakba
sublative hadra hadakra
allative hadhoz hadakhoz
elative hadból hadakból
delative hadról hadakról
ablative hadtól hadaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
hadé hadaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
hadéi hadakéi
Possessive forms of had
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hadam hadaim
2nd person sing. hadad hadaid
3rd person sing. hada hadai
1st person plural hadunk hadaink
2nd person plural hadatok hadaitok
3rd person plural haduk hadaik

衍生词(Derived terms)

Compound words

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ András Róna-Tas & Árpád Berta, West Old Turkic: Turkic Loanwords in Hungarian. Part 2: L-Z, Conclusions, Apparatus (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2011), 1277.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • had in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Jersey Dutch

动词(Verb)

had

  1. had
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      En kääd'l had twî jongers; []
      A man had two sons. []

Matal

动词(Verb)

had

  1. to walk, go
    Kamkam, kahad à Urusalima aw! (Sləray 21:21)[1]
    Don't go to Jerusalem! (Acts 21:12)

来源参考(References)


中古英语(Middle English)

名词(Noun)

had

  1. Alternative form of hod

Novial

动词(Verb)

had

  1. past of ha

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *haiduz (state, condition, rank, person). Akin to Old Norse heiðr (dignity, honor), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (haidus, manner).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

hād m (nominative plural hādas)

  1. person, individual
  2. a character
    • c. 1011, Byrhtferth, Manual
      Þonne se sċop inn ġebringþ ōðre hādas þe wiþ hine wordliġen swelċe hīe him andswariġen, þonne biþ sēo ġesetnes "ġemǣne" oþþe "ġemenġed" ġeċīeġed.
      When the poet introduces other characters who talk to him as if they're answering him, the composition is called "common" or "mixed."
  3. individuality
  4. rank, status
  5. a person of the Trinity
    • 10th century, Ælfric, "Of the Catholic Faith"
      Nis se Fæder āna Þrīnes, oþþe se Sunu Þrīnes, oþþe se Hālga Gāst Þrīnes, ac þās þrī hādas sind ān god on ānre godcundnesse.
      The Trinity is not the Father alone, or the Son, or the Holy Spirit; these three persons are one god in one godhead.
  6. honor, dignity
  7. office (esp religious)
  8. state, condition; nature, manner
  9. gender
    • 10th century, Ælfric, "On the Nativity of the Holy Virgins"
      Sēo ġelaðung is ġegaderod of ǣġðres hādes mannum, þæt is, werhādes and wīfhādes.
      The church is gathered from people of each gender, that is, the male sex and the female sex.
  10. (grammar) grammatical person
    • c. 995, Ælfric, Excerptiones de Arte Grammatica Anglice
      Þrī hādas sind worda. Se forma hād is þe spricþ be him selfum ānum ("iċ seċġe", oþþe mid ōðrum mannum on maniġfealdum ġetæle, "wē seċġaþ"). Se ōðer hād is þe se forma spricþ tō ("þū sæġst", oþþe maniġfealdlīċe "ġē seċġaþ"). Se þridda hād is be þǣm þe se forma hād spricþ tō þǣm ōðrum hāde ("hē sæġþ", oþþe maniġfealdlīċe "hīe seċġaþ").
      Verbs have three persons. The first person talks about himself alone ("I say", or with other people in the plural, "we say"). The second person is whoever the first person talks to ("you say", or in the plural "y'all say"). The third person is whoever the first person talks about to the second person ("he says", or in the plural "they say").
  11. race; kindred, family; tribe, group
  12. choir

变化形式(Declension)

关联词(Related terms)

  • -hād

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle English: hod, hode, had, hade, hede
    • English: hade, hede (obsolete)
    • Scots: hade (obsolete)

Slovak

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

had m (genitive singular hada, nominative plural hady, genitive plural hadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. snake, serpent

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • had in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Turkish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Arabic حَدّ(ḥadd).

名词(Noun)

had (definite accusative hadı, plural hadlar)

  1. limit
  2. boundary

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection
Nominative had
Definite accusative hadı
Singular Plural
Nominative had hadlar
Definite accusative hadı hadları
Dative hada hadlara
Locative hadda hadlarda
Ablative haddan hadlardan
Genitive hadın hadların

Upper Sorbian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

名词(Noun)

had m

  1. snake, serpent

Welsh

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Celtic *sato-, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁-tó-, past participle of *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

had m pl or m sg (singulative hedyn, plural hadau)

  1. seed, seeds (collectively)
  2. semen, sperm

关联词(Related terms)


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