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【ham】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Ham, HAM, hám, hâm, hầm, häm, Häm, håm, and hạm

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A baked ham (cured thigh of hog)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg). Cognate with Dutch ham (ham), dialectal German Hamme (hind part of the knee, ham), dialectal Swedish ham (the hind part of the knee), Icelandic höm (the ham or haunch of a horse), Old Irish cnáim (bone), Ancient Greek κνήμη (knḗmē, shinbone). Compare gammon.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham (countable and uncountable, plural hams)

  1. (anatomy) The region back of the knee joint; the popliteal space; the hock.
  2. (countable) A thigh and buttock of an animal slaughtered for meat.
  3. (uncountable) Meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food.
    a little piece of ham for the cat
    • 2012, Audra Lilly Griffeth, A King's Daughter, →ISBN:
      She put some ham in the beans and cut up some sweet potatoes to boil.
  4. The back of the thigh.
  5. (Internet, informal, uncommon) Electronic mail that is wanted; mail that is not spam or junk mail.
    Antonym: spam
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English hām.

名词(Noun)

ham (uncountable)

  1. Obsolete form of home.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Persists in many old place names, such as Buckingham.

来源参考(References)

  • ham” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Of uncertain origin, though it is generally agreed upon that it first appeared in print around the 1880s. At least four theories persist:

  • It came naturally from the word amateur. Deemed likely by Hendrickson (1997), but then the question would be why it took so long to pop up. He rejects the folk etymology of Cockney slang hamateur because it originated in American English.[1]
  • From the play Hamlet, where the title character was often played poorly and/or in an exaggerated manner. Also deemed likely by Hendrickson, though he raises the issue that the term would have likely been around earlier if this were case.
  • From the minstrel's practice of using ham fat to remove heavy black makeup used during performances.[2]
  • Shortened from hamfatter (inferior actor), said to derive from the 1863 minstrel show song The Ham-fat Man.[3] William and Mary Morris (1988) argue that it's not known whether the song inspired the term or the term inspired the song, but that they believe the latter is the case.

名词(Noun)

ham (plural hams)

  1. (acting) An overacting or amateurish performer; an actor with an especially showy or exaggerated style.
    Synonyms: hambone, hamfatter, overactor, tear-cat
  2. (radio) An amateur radio operator.
    Synonym: radio amateur
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

ham (third-person singular simple present hams, present participle hamming, simple past and past participle hammed)

  1. (acting) To overact; to act with exaggerated emotions.

同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Hendrickson, Robert (1997) The Facts on File encyclopedia of word and phrase origins, New York: Facts on File, →ISBN
  2. ^ Morris, William (1988) Morris dictionary of word and phrase origins, New York: Harper & Row, →ISBN
  3. ^ "ham", Online Etymology Dictionary

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch ham, from Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɦam/
  • Hyphenation: ham

名词(Noun)

ham (plural hamme, diminutive hammetjie)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)

Caribbean Hindustani

词源(Etymology)

Compare Hindi हम (ham, we).

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. I

来源参考(References)

  • Beknopt Nederland-Sarnami Woordenboek met Sarnami Hindoestani-Nederlanse Woordenlijst[1] (in Dutch), Paramaribo: Instituut voor Taalwetenschap, 2002

Catalan

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

词源(Etymology)

From Latin hamus.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham m (plural hams)

  1. fishhook

Cebuano

词源(Etymology)

From English ham, from Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. ham; meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food

Chamorro

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kami, from Proto-Austronesian *kami. Cognates include Indonesian kami and Tagalog kami.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. we, us (exclusive)

用法注意(Usage notes)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[2], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse hamr, Proto-Germanic *hamaz, *hamô

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham c (singular definite hammen, plural indefinite hamme)

  1. slough, skin
变化形式(Declension)
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Older hannem, from Old Norse hǫnum, the dative of hann (he).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. (personal) objective of han
查看更多(See also)

Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɦɑm/
  • Hyphenation: ham
  • Rhymes: -ɑm

名词(Noun)

ham f (plural hammen, diminutive hammetje n)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • beenham
  • schouderham

Fiji Hindi

词源(Etymology)

From Hindi हम (ham, we, I).

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. I (1st person singular personal pronoun)
    Ham khelegaa!
    I will play!

Fyer

词源(Etymology)

Related to Gerka ram (water).

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []
  • Václav Blažek, A Lexicostatistical comparison of Omotic languages, in In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology, page 122

Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham m

  1. h-prothesized form of am

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. Alternative form of hem (them)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham (plural hamen or hames)

  1. (Early Middle English, Northern) Alternative form of hom (home)

词源3(Etymology 3)

名词(Noun)

ham (plural hames)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (back of the knee)

词源4(Etymology 4)

名词(Noun)

ham (plural hames)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (pasture)

Middle French

名词(Noun)

ham m (plural hams)

  1. village

Montol

词源(Etymology)

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

名词(Noun)

hàm

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

North Frisian

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. him third-person singular, masculine, objective
  2. it third-person singular, neuter, objective

替代形式(Alternative forms)


Norwegian Bokmål

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse hann.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ham

  1. him

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse hamr.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham m (definite singular hammen, indefinite plural hammer, definite plural hammene)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)
衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse hamr

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham m (definite singular hamen, indefinite plural hamar, definite plural hamane)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Old English

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Germanic *haimaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōim- (village), *ḱóymos, *(t)ḱoimos.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

hām m

  1. home, house
    Hǣlend cōm tō Lazares hām.Jesus came to Lazarus' home.
  2. property, estate, farm
  3. village; community

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • In early Old English, the dative singular was always hām, not the expected form hāme.
变化形式(Declension)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Middle English: hom
    • English: home
    • Northumbrian: hyem
    • Scots: hame

副词(Adverb)

hām

  1. home, homeward
    hām gānto go home
    hām cumanto come home
    hām ċierranto turn home
    hām bringanto bring home

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Germanic *hammaz. Cognate with Old Frisian ham, Middle Low German hamme (Low Low German Hamm).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham m

  1. Alternative form of hamm (enclosure)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Proto-Germanic *hammō.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ham f

  1. Alternative form of hamm (inner knee)

Old French

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Frankish *haim (home, village).

名词(Noun)

ham m (oblique plural hans, nominative singular hans, nominative plural ham)

  1. village

派生词(Descendants)


Old Frisian

Ēn hām.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *haim. Cognates include Old English hām and Old Saxon hēm.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

hām m

  1. home

派生词(Descendants)

  • North Frisian: hamm
  • Saterland Frisian: Heem
  • West Frisian: hiem

来源参考(References)

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28

Rohingya

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. work

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • hammwa
  • kuham

Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from Hungarian hám.

名词(Noun)

ham n (plural hamuri)

  1. harness
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Onomatopoeic.

感叹语(Interjection)

ham!

  1. woof, the sound a barking dog makes

查看更多(See also)


Ron

词源(Etymology)

Related to Gerka ram (water).

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. (most dialects, including Mangar, Bokkos, Daffo-Butura, Shagawu) water

同义词(Synonyms)

  • àyîn (Monguna)

来源参考(References)

  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []

Serbo-Croatian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

A loan from Hungarian hám.

名词(Noun)

hȃm m (Cyrillic spelling ха̑м)

  1. harness

Sha

词源(Etymology)

Related to Gerka ram (water).

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Tal

词源(Etymology)

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

名词(Noun)

hàm

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

Tambas

词源(Etymology)

Related to Gerka ram (water).

名词(Noun)

ham

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Turkish

词源(Etymology)

From Persian خام(xâm).

形容词(Adjective)

ham (comparative daha ham, superlative en ham)

  1. raw

Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

ham (𫺧, 𫻎)

  1. greedy
  2. eager; keen

衍生词(Derived terms)

Derived terms

West Frisian

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

名词(Noun)

ham c (plural hammen, diminutive hamke)

  1. ham

查看更多(Further reading)

  • ham (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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