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【he】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English he, from Old English , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) enPR: , IPA(key): /ˈhiː/, (unstressed) IPA(key): /hi/, /i/
  • (US) enPR: , IPA(key): /hi/, [hi], [çi]
  • Rhymes: -iː

代词(Pronoun)

he (third-person singular, masculine, nominative case, oblique him, reflexive himself, possessive his)

  1. (personal) A male person or animal already known or implied.
    • 1620, Giovanni Bocaccio, John Florio, transl., The Decameron, Containing an Hundred Pleaſant Nouels: Wittily Diſcourſed, Betweene Seuen Honourable Ladies, and Three Noble Gentlemen[1], Isaac Iaggard, →ISBN, Nouell 8, The Eighth Day:
      [] purſued his vnneighbourly purpoſe in ſuch ſort: that hee being the ſtronger perſwader, and ſhe (belike) too credulous in beleeuing or elſe ouer-feeble in reſiſting, from priuate imparlance, they fell to action; and continued their cloſe fight a long while together, vnſeene and vvithout ſuſpition, no doubt to their equall ioy and contentment.
    • July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises[2]
      Though Bane’s sing-song voice gives his pronouncements a funny lilt, he doesn’t have any of the Joker’s deranged wit, and Nolan isn’t interested in undercutting his seriousness for the sake of a breezier entertainment.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:he.
  2. (personal, sometimes proscribed, see usage notes) A person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant.
    The rulebook clearly states that "if any student is caught cheating, he will be expelled", and you were caught cheating, were you not, Anna?
  3. (personal) An animal whose gender is unknown.
  4. A genderless object regarded as masculine, such as certain stars (e.g. Sun, Mercury, Mars, Jupiter) or certain ships.
    Antonyms: she, it
    • 1770, A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 3rd edition, p. 125:
      JUPITER is the largest of all the Planets, his Orbit lies between the Orbits of the Earth and Mars, and at the cast Distance of 426 Millions of Miles from the Sun, he goes round him in 11 Years, 314 Days and 12 Hours; []
    • 2019, Sabaton, Bismarck:
      He [= the ship Bismarck] was made to rule the waves across the seven seas []
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • He was traditionally used as both a masculine and a gender-neutral pronoun, but since the mid 20th century generic usage has sometimes been considered sexist and limiting.[1][2] It is deprecated by some style guides, such as Wadsworth.[3] In place of generic he, writers and speakers may use he or she, alternate he and she as the indefinite person, use the singular they, or rephrase sentences to use plural they.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

See he/translations § Pronoun.

查看更多(See also)
来源参考(References)
  1. ^ he” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ When Words Collide: A Media Writer's Guide to Grammar and Style (2007, →ISBN
  3. ^ The Pocket Wadsworth Handbook, 2009 MLA Update Edition →ISBN, page 81: [A]void using the generic he or him when your subject could be either male or female. [...] Sexist: Before boarding, each passenger should make certain that he has his ticket. / Revised: Before boarding, passengers should make certain that they have their tickets.

Determiner

he

  1. (African-American Vernacular) Synonym of his

名词(Noun)

he (countable and uncountable, plural hes)

  1. (uncountable) The game of tag, or it, in which the player attempting to catch the others is called "he".
  2. The player attempting to catch the others in this game.
  3. (informal) A male.
    Is your cat a he or a she?

词源2(Etymology 2)

Transliteration of various Semitic letters, such as Phoenician 𐤄(h), Hebrew ה(h), Syriac ܗ(h, ), and Old South Arabian 𐩠(h).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

he

  1. The name of the fifth letter of many Semitic alphabets (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic and others).
    • 1658, Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society 2007, page 210:
      The same number in the Hebrew mysteries and Cabalistical accounts was the character of Generation; declared by the Letter He, the fifth in their Alphabet.
    • 1988, Christina Pribićević-Zorić, translating Milorad Pavić, Dictionary of the Khazars, Vintage 1989, p. 7:
      This Nehama claimed that in his own hand he recognized the consonant “he” of his Hebrew language, and in the letter “vav” his own male soul.
  2. The name of the first letter of the Old South Arabian abjad.
翻译(Translations)
查看更多(See also)
查看更多(Further reading)

词源3(Etymology 3)

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. (uncommon, usually reduplicated) An expression of laughter.
    Synonyms: ha, hehe (more common)
    • 1897, Charles Dudley Warner, Hamilton Wright Mabie, Charles Henry Warner, Lucia Isabella Gilbert Runkle, Library of the World's Best Literature: A-Z, page 1791:
      If e'er he went into excess, / 'Twas from a somewhat lively thirst; / But he who would his subjects bless, / Odd's fish!—must wet his whistle first; / And so from every cask they got, / Our king did to himself allot / At least a pot. / Sing ho, ho, ho! and he, he, he! / That's the kind of king for me.
    • 1921, Norman Davey, The Pilgrim of a Smile, page 247:
      "Well, what is your next tale?" said Sumner, a little brusquely. "He, he! he, he! . . . he, he!" chuckled the bottle, "the text tale I'm going to tell you in a very funny one. It will make you laugh. There's a lady in it—he, he!—a very comic affair."

变位词(Anagrams)


Aukan

名词(Noun)

he

  1. paca (large South and Central American rodent)

来源参考(References)


Breton

词源(Etymology)

Compare Welsh ei.

Determiner

he

  1. her
    he zadher father

Catalan

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

he

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of haver

Classical Nahuatl

词源(Etymology)

A natural expression.

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. an expression of physical pain; ouch.

来源参考(References)

  • Alonso de Molina (1571) Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana y mexicana y castellana, Editorial Porrúa, page 22r

Danish

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. (onomatopoeia) Signifies a laugh, especially one that is slightly mischievous.

查看更多(See also)


Dutch

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. Misspelling of .
  2. Misspelling of .

Esperanto

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. interjection used to attract someone's attention, hey
  2. interjection expressing irony

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • he ho

查看更多(See also)


Fasu

名词(Noun)

hẹ or hȩ́ (Fasu)

  1. water
  2. river
    he Aiyo : the River Aiyo
  3. lake
    he Kutupu : Lake Kutubu
  4. liquid

同义词(Synonyms)

  • hi (Namumi)

来源参考(References)


Finnish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Finnic *hek, from Proto-Finno-Permic *sej. Cognates include Northern Sami sii. The word is inflected as plural, but there is no plural marker in the nominative, except in dialects (het).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈhe/, [ˈhe̞]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: he

代词(Pronoun)

he

  1. (personal) they (always plural, only of people)
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In standard Finnish, he is practically never omitted, despite the verb showing both the person and the number. (compare the usage of hän, "she" / "he")
变化形式(Declension)
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (dialectal): het
  • (dialectal): hyö
  • (colloquial): ne

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Phoenician 𐤄‎(h‎) and/or Hebrew ה‎‎.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈhe(ː)/, [ˈhe̞(ː)]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: he

名词(Noun)

he

  1. he (fifth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)
变化形式(Declension)
Inflection of he (Kotus type 21/rosé, no gradation)
nominative he het
genitive hen heiden
heitten
partitive hetä heitä
illative hehen heihin
singular plural
nominative he het
accusative nom. he het
gen. hen
genitive hen heiden
heitten
partitive hetä heitä
inessive hessä heissä
elative hestä heistä
illative hehen heihin
adessive hellä heillä
ablative heltä heiltä
allative helle heille
essive henä heinä
translative heksi heiksi
instructive hein
abessive hettä heittä
comitative heineen
Possessive forms of he (type rosé)
possessor singular plural
1st person heni hemme
2nd person hesi henne
3rd person hensä

German Low German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • hee
  • (in other dialects, including Mecklenburgisch Western Pomeranian and Low Prussian) hei
  • (in other dialects, including Sauerländisch) hai
  • (in other dialects, including regional Westphalian and East Frisian as rare alternative form)

词源(Etymology)

From Old Saxon , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

he m (genitive sin, dative 1 em, dative 2 en, dative 3 jüm, accusative 1 em, accusative 2 en)

  1. (in some dialects, including, Münsterland, Mecklenburgisch, Western Pomeranian and Low Prussian, personal) he (third-person singular masculine pronoun)
    (Low Prussian) He ös to lat.
    He is too late.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Which dative is employed depends on dialect, not on function.
  • Some dialects might consider any of the inflected forms obsolete.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • G. Ungt, Twee Geschichten in Mönstersk Platt. Ollmanns Jans in de Friümde un Ollmanns Jans up de Reise, 1861. The text has dative em and accusative em and en, and on page 22 the author notes: "Hier und in vielen Fällen steht der Dativ em statt des Accusativ en (ihm statt ihn) nach der Bequemlichkeit, die sich diese Mundart erlaubt." (Here and in many other places stands the dative em instead of the accusative en ...)

Hadza

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

he

  1. to say, to tell
    Synonyms: î, hiyagga

Hawaiian

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Article

he (indefinite)

  1. a, an
    he wahine au
    I am a woman
    he wahine kāna
    s/he has a wife

Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

he (plural be-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter H/h.

查看更多(See also)


Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

he

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

Kholosi

词源(Etymology)

Cognate with Sindhi ھِي(, this).

代词(Pronoun)

he

  1. it (proximal)

来源参考(References)

  • Eric Anonby; Hassan Mohebi Bahmani (2014) , “Shipwrecked and Landlocked: Kholosi, an Indo-Aryan Language in South-west Iran”, in Cahier de Studia Iranica xx[3], pages 13-36

Kikuyu

词源(Etymology)

Hinde (1904) records kuha as an equivalent of English give in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also Swahili kupa, etc. as its equivalents.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

he (infinitive kũhe)

  1. to give

衍生词(Derived terms)

(Proverbs)

  • mwana ndaheanagwo

关联词(Related terms)

(Nouns)

  • kĩhe(e)o 7
  • maheeo 6

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 26–27. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 361. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

Lakota

Particle

he

  1. question-marking particle used by females in formal speech
    Mázaškaŋškaŋ tóna he?what time is it?

用法注意(Usage notes)

Informally, both men and women use this question-marking particle. When speaking formally, however, only women use it. In a formal setting, men use huwó, hwo, or huŋwó.

同义词(Synonyms)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

he

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maori

Article

he

  1. a, an, some: indefinite article

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

he (accusative him or hine, genitive his or hisen, possessive determiner his)

  1. Third-person singular masculine pronoun: he
  2. it; used also of inanimate objects
  3. (impersonal) Third-person singular impersonal pronoun: one; you
用法注意(Usage notes)

In addition to referring to male humans and animals, this pronoun was used for inanimate objects belonging to the masculine grammatical gender early in Middle English. As grammatical gender obsolesced, this pronoun continued to refer to inanimate objects.

替代形式(Alternative forms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Scots: he
  • English: he

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English hīe, .

代词(Pronoun)

he (accusative hem or he, genitive heres or heren, possessive determiner here)

  1. Third-person plural nominative pronoun: they
  2. Third-person plural accusative pronoun: them
替代形式(Alternative forms)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

词源3(Etymology 3)

代词(Pronoun)

he

  1. Alternative form of heo (she)

词源4(Etymology 4)

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. Alternative form of hey (hey)

Etymology 5

名词(Noun)

he

  1. Alternative form of heye (hedge)

Etymology 6

形容词(Adjective)

he (comparative her, superlative hest)

  1. Alternative form of heigh (high)

Etymology 7

动词(Verb)

he (third-person singular simple present heth, present participle hende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle hed)

  1. Alternative form of hyen (to go quickly)

Middle Low German

词源(Etymology)

From Old Saxon , from Proto-Germanic *hiz.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

  1. (third person singular masculine nominative) he

变化形式(Declension)


North Frisian

代词(Pronoun)

he

  1. Alternative form of hi

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

 m (accusative hine, genitive his, dative him)

  1. he
  2. it (when the thing being referred to is masculine)

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle English: he
    • Scots: he
    • English: he

Old Saxon

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *hiz.

代词(Pronoun)

 m

  1. he

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

  • German Low German: he

Portuguese

动词(Verb)

he

  1. Obsolete spelling of é

Scots

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English he, from Old English , from Proto-Germanic *hiz (this, this one).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /hi/, /hɪ/
  • Rhymes: -iː

代词(Pronoun)

he (third-person singular, masculine, nominative case; accusative him, reflexive himsel, possessive his)

  1. he

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Arabic هَا(); related to Portuguese eis.

副词(Adverb)

he

  1. (poetic, dated) here is
  2. (biblical, dated) behold (+ aquí)
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Takes pronoun suffixes, e.g. heme (here I am), and is mostly used together with aquí, ahí, allí.
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

he f (plural hes)

  1. he; the Hebrew letter ה

词源3(Etymology 3)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

he

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of haber.

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

Related to häva.

动词(Verb)

he (present her, preterite hedde, supine hett, imperative he)

  1. (regional, colloquial) to put

动词变化形式(Conjugation)


Turkish

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

he (definite accusative heyi, plural heler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter H.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Particle

he

  1. Alternative form of ha

感叹语(Interjection)

he

  1. Alternative form of ha

Westrobothnian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse þat n, from Proto-Germanic *þat (neuter of *sa (that)), from Proto-Indo-European *tód (neuter of *só (that)). Akin to English that.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [he], [hɛ] (example of pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

he n (dative dy or di, genitive diss)

  1. (demonstrative) that
  2. (personal) it

Conjunction

he

  1. that
  2. as, when, simultaneously as

用法注意(Usage notes)

The prepositions å/a, fyri, i, ti, åt/at, /ve, fȯr, onna and unnär govern the accusative for direction, and dative for location or relation, while diss is used like the when comparing things.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Contraction of hȯrä or hvo.

副词(Adverb)

he

  1. how
  2. what

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Norse hefja, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

he (present he or hev or häv, preterite hov, supine hyvi or hevi or hävi)

  1. put

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