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【here】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Here, hère, and herë

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English her, from Old English hēr (at this place), from Proto-Germanic *hē₂r, from *hiz +‎ *-r, from Proto-Indo-European *kís, from *ḱe + *ís. Cognate with the English pronoun he, German hier, Dutch hier, her, Icelandic hér, Faroese, Norwegian, Danish her, Swedish här.

副词(Adverb)

here (not comparable)

  1. (location) In, on, or at this place.
    Synonym: right here (emphatic)
    You wait here while I fetch my coat.
    Flu season is here.
    Ms. Doe is not here at the moment.
  2. (location) To this place; used in place of the more dated hither.
    Please come here.
  3. (abstract) In this context.
    Derivatives can refer to anything that is derived from something else, but here they refer specifically to functions that give the slope of the tangent line to a curve.
  4. At this point in the argument, narration, or other, usually written, work.
    Here endeth the lesson.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

See here/translations § Adverb.

名词(Noun)

here (uncountable)

  1. (abstract) This place; this location.
    An Alzheimer patient's here may in his mind be anywhere he called home in the time he presently re-lives.
    Here is where I met my spouse twelve years ago.
  2. (abstract) This time, the present situation. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Quotations

  • 1922, Francis Herbert Bradley, The Principles of Logic, page 52:
    For time and extension seem continuous elements; the here is one space with the other heres round it
  • 2001, Kauhiko Yatabe; edited by Harumi Befu, Sylvie Guichard-Anguis, “Objects, city and wandering: the invisibility of the Japanese in France”, in Globalizing Japan: Ethnography of the Japanese Presence in Asia, Europe, and America, page 28:
    More than ever, the here is porous.
  • 2004, Denis Wood, Five Billion Years of Global Change: A History of the Land, page 20:
    We can't see it because it is an aspect of our seeing, it is a function of our gaze: the field of the here is established in — and by — our presence.

翻译(Translations)

See here/translations § Noun.

形容词(Adjective)

here (not comparable)

  1. Filler after a noun or demonstrative pronoun, solely for emphasis.
    John here is a rascal.
  2. Filler after a demonstrative pronoun but before the noun it modifies, solely for emphasis.
    This here orange is too sour.

感叹语(Interjection)

here

  1. (slang) Used semi-assertively to offer something to the listener.
    Here, now I'm giving it to you.
  2. (Ireland, Britain, slang) Used for emphasis at the beginning of a sentence when expressing an opinion or want.
    Here, I'm tired and I want a drink.

翻译(Translations)

See here/translations § Adjective.

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

here m (plural heren, diminutive heertje n)

  1. (archaic) inflected form of heer (lord)

变位词(Anagrams)


Hungarian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ ˈhɛrɛ]
  • Hyphenation: he‧re
  • Rhymes: -rɛ

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Uralic *kojera (male animal).[1][2][3] Cognates include Mansi χār (χār).

名词(Noun)

here (plural herék)

  1. (anatomy) testicle, testis (the male sex and endocrine gland)
  2. drone (a male bee or wasp, which does not work but can fertilize the queen bee)
  3. (derogatory) loafer, drone (someone who doesn't work; a lazy person, an idler)
变化形式(Declension)
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative here herék
accusative herét heréket
dative herének heréknek
instrumental herével herékkel
causal-final heréért herékért
translative herévé herékké
terminative heréig herékig
essive-formal hereként herékként
essive-modal
inessive herében herékben
superessive herén heréken
adessive herénél heréknél
illative herébe herékbe
sublative herére herékre
allative heréhez herékhez
elative heréből herékből
delative heréről herékről
ablative herétől heréktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
heréé heréké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
herééi herékéi
Possessive forms of here
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. herém heréim
2nd person sing. heréd heréid
3rd person sing. heréje heréi
1st person plural herénk heréink
2nd person plural herétek heréitek
3rd person plural heréjük heréik
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Shortened from lóhere (clover).[3]

名词(Noun)

here (plural herék)

  1. clover
变化形式(Declension)
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative here herék
accusative herét heréket
dative herének heréknek
instrumental herével herékkel
causal-final heréért herékért
translative herévé herékké
terminative heréig herékig
essive-formal hereként herékként
essive-modal
inessive herében herékben
superessive herén heréken
adessive herénél heréknél
illative herébe herékbe
sublative herére herékre
allative heréhez herékhez
elative heréből herékből
delative heréről herékről
ablative herétől heréktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
heréé heréké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
herééi herékéi
Possessive forms of here
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. herém heréim
2nd person sing. heréd heréid
3rd person sing. heréje heréi
1st person plural herénk heréink
2nd person plural herétek heréitek
3rd person plural heréjük heréik

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Entry #333 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰyes- (yesterday)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

副词(Adverb)

here (not comparable)

  1. yesterday

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

hērē

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of hēreō

来源参考(References)


Middle Dutch

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Dutch hēro, hērro.

名词(Noun)

hêre m

  1. lord, high-ranked person
  2. God, the Lord
    • 1249, Schepenbrief van Bochoute, Velzeke, eastern Flanders:
      Descepenen van bochouta quedden alle degene die dese lettren sien selen i(n) onsen here.
      The aldermen of Bochoute address all who will see this letter by our lord.
  3. ruler
  4. leader
  5. gentleman (respectful title for a male)
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)
  • Dutch: heer
  • Limburgish: hieër

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Dutch *heri, from Proto-Germanic *harjaz.

名词(Noun)

hēre n

  1. army, band of troops
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)

查看更多(Further reading)


中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English here, from Proto-West Germanic *hari, from Proto-Germanic *harjaz (army; commander).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

here

  1. a military force; a troop, host, or army
  2. a group of people; a team, band, throng, or mass
  3. any group or set of things or creatures
  4. fighting, battle; conflict between armed forces
  5. (rare) participation in the armed forces
替代形式(Alternative forms)
派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English heora, hira, genitive of hīe (they).

Determiner

here

  1. their
替代形式(Alternative forms)
关联词(Related terms)
  • he (they)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • English: her (obsolete)
  • Yola: aar

来源参考(References)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old English hēore, hȳre (pleasant), from Proto-Germanic *hiurijaz (familiar; mild).

形容词(Adjective)

here

  1. pleasant, gentle
  2. noble, excellent
替代形式(Alternative forms)
派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Old English hǣre, hēre and Old French haire, itself from Germanic.

名词(Noun)

here (plural heres or heren or here)

  1. haircloth
替代形式(Alternative forms)
派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

Etymology 5

名词(Noun)

here (plural heren)

  1. Alternative form of herre (lord)

Etymology 6

名词(Noun)

here (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of hire (wages)

Etymology 7

名词(Noun)

here (plural heres)

  1. Alternative form of hare (hare)

Etymology 8

Determiner

here

  1. Alternative form of hire (her)

代词(Pronoun)

here

  1. Alternative form of hire (her)

Etymology 9

副词(Adverb)

here

  1. Alternative form of her (here)

Etymology 10

名词(Noun)

here (plural heres)

  1. Alternative form of heir (heir)

Etymology 11

名词(Noun)

here (plural heres)

  1. Alternative form of yeer (year)

Etymology 12

形容词(Adjective)

here

  1. comparative degree of he (high)

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *hari, from Proto-Germanic *harjaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈxe.re/, [ˈhe.re]

名词(Noun)

here m (nominative plural herġas)

  1. an army (especially of the enemy)
    Sēo fierd þone here ġeflīemde.The [English] army put the [Danish] army to flight. (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

相关搭配(Coordinate terms)

派生词(Descendants)


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