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【il】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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(Translingual)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

数字化(Numeral)

il

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing forty-nine (49).

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Azerbaijani

Other scripts
Cyrillic ил
Roman il
Perso-Arabic ایل

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *jɨl (year).[1] Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰘𐰃𐰞(yïl).[2]

名词(Noun)

il (definite accusative ili, plural illər)

  1. year
    uzun illərmany years (literally, “long years”)
    Mən on ildir ki məktəbi bitirmişəm.
    It's been ten years since I finished school.
    Synonym: sənə

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003) , “*jɨl”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Abuseitova, M. Kh; Bukhatuly, B., editors (2008) , “𐰖𐰃𐰞”, in TÜRIK BITIG: Ethno Cultural Dictionary, Language Committee of Ministry of Culture and Information of Republic of Kazakhstan

Bunak

名词(Noun)

il

  1. water

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Danish

名词(Noun)

il c

  1. (rare) haste, speed

动词(Verb)

il

  1. imperative of ile

Faroese

Iljar (soles).

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse il

名词(Noun)

il f (genitive singular iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilin iljar iljarnar
Accusative il ilina iljar iljarnar
Dative il ilini iljum iljunum
Genitive iljar iljarinnar ilja iljanna



French

词源(Etymology)

From Middle French il, from Old French il, from Vulgar Latin *illī, which is derived from Classical Latin ille.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /il/
  • (Quebec, informal) IPA(key): (preconsonental) /i/, (prevocalic) /j/
  • Homophone: île
  • Rhymes: -il

代词(Pronoun)

il (third-person singular, plural ils, accusative le, dative lui, emphatic lui)

  1. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
  3. (impersonal pronoun) Impersonal subject; it
    Il pleut.It’s raining.

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964) , chapter IL, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

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变位词(Anagrams)


Friulian

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illum, ultimately from ille.

Article

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

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Icelandic

Iljar (soles).

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse il, from Proto-Germanic *iljō.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

il f (genitive singular iljar, nominative plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
    Honum sagðist vera illt í ilinni.He said his sole hurt.

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • frá hvirfli til ilja

Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

il (plural ili, possessive ilua, possessive plural ilui)

  1. Apocopic form of ilu; he, him

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Interlingua

代词(Pronoun)

il

  1. personal pronoun used with impersonal verbs
    Il ha multe arbores illac.
    There are many trees there.

用法注意(Usage notes)

Optional.


Irish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish il, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-.

形容词(Adjective)

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. (literary) many

词源2(Etymology 2)

形容词(Adjective)

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. Alternative form of oll (great; huge, vast, immense)

变化形式(Declension)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
il n-il hil not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • "il" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “il” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “il” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

词源(Etymology)

From the older form lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, pages 123, 124

变位词(Anagrams)


Middle French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French il.

代词(Pronoun)

il m

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal, or referring to an unknown person)

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: il

Old French

词源(Etymology)

From Vulgar Latin *illī, from Latin ille.

代词(Pronoun)

il

  1. he (third-person masculine singular subject pronoun)
  2. they (third-person masculine plural subject pronoun)
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      S'il vos poent ataindre, ja vos areient tué.
      If they could range you, they would have already killed you.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle French: il
    • French: il

Old Irish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-; cognate with Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much), Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much), Sanskrit पुरु (puru, much).

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

il (equative lir, comparative lïa)

  1. much, many (usually as the first member of a compound, usually governs a plural noun)
    cosin taidbse ilwith much ostentation
    Is amlid do·rigéni Dia corp duini ó il-ballaib.Thus God has made man's body of many members.
    Is ferr precept oldaas labrad il-béelre.Preaching is better than speaking many languages.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 4d15
      In Belzefuth: is béss didu ind lïacc benir il-béim friss, et intí do·thuit foir ɔ·boing a chnámi, intí fora tuit-som immurgu at·bail-side.
      The Beelzebub: it is the custom, then, of the stone that many blows are hit on it, and he who falls upon it breaks his bones; however, he whom it falls on perishes

Inflection

As a preposed adjective, usually uninflected, but the following forms are found occasionally:

  • Nominative/accusative plural: ili
  • Dative plural: ilib

衍生词(Derived terms)

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
il unchanged n-il
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

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Old Norse

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *iljō, *ili (sole).

名词(Noun)

il f (genitive iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Icelandic: il
  • Faroese: il
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: il

来源参考(References)

il in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


Somali

名词(Noun)

il ?

  1. eye

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From ila (to hurry)

名词(Noun)

il c

  1. (archaic) gust; a strong, abrupt rush of wind
  2. (archaic) hurry

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of il 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilen ilar ilarna
Genitive ils ilens ilars ilarnas

Turkish

名词(Noun)

il

  1. province
    Synonym: vilayet

Tzotzil

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • 'il

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

il

  1. (transitive) to see

来源参考(References)


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