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【infinitive】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Middle French infinitif, from Late Latin infinitivus (unlimited, indefinite), from Latin infinitus (unlimited, infinite).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɪnɪtɪv/, /ɪnˈfɪnətɪv/

名词(Noun)

infinitive (plural infinitives)

  1. (grammar) the infinitive mood or mode (a grammatical mood)
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 69:
      The MANNERS of acting, in grammar called modes or moods, are four; Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, Subjunctive or Conjunctive.
    • 1857, Henry Tindall, A grammar and vocabulary of the Namaqua-Hottentot language, p. 38:
      There are four moods, the Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, and Subjunctive. [...] the Infinitive is used to express a thing in a general manner.
  2. (grammar) A non-finite verb form considered neutral with respect to inflection; depending on language variously found used with auxiliary verbs, in subordinate clauses, or acting as a gerund, and often as the dictionary form.
  3. (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb.

Hypernyms

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

形容词(Adjective)

infinitive (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Formed with the infinitive.
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 70
      INFINITIVE MOOD or MANNER.
      To Have,   Avoir.
    • 1858, C. P. Mason, English grammar; including the principles of grammatical analysis, London, p. 32:
      In English there are four moods:–1. The Infinitive Mood. 2. The Indicative Mood. 3. the Imperative Mood. 4. The Subjunctive Mood.
  2. Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
    • a. 1823, Cunningham's Sermons (quoted in 1823, The Edinburgh Christian Instructor, volume 23, page 328)
      [] to search out in some higher region of infinitive space a spot where it was impossible for defilement to follow them []

French

形容词(Adjective)

infinitive

  1. feminine singular of infinitif

名词(Noun)

infinitive f (plural infinitives)

  1. infinitive clause, same as proposition infinitive

Italian

形容词(Adjective)

infinitive f

  1. feminine plural of infinitivo

Latin

名词(Noun)

īnfīnītīve

  1. vocative singular of īnfīnītīvus

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