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【it】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English it, hit ( > dialectal English hit (it)), from Old English hit (it), from Proto-Germanic *hit (this, this one), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- (this, here). Cognate with West Frisian it (it), Saterland Frisian et, 't (it), Low German it (it), Dutch het (it), German es (it), Latin cis, hic. More at he.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • hit (dialectal)
  • i' (colloquial)
  • itt (obsolete)

代词(Pronoun)

it (subjective and objective it, reflexive and intensive itself, possessive determiner and pronoun its)

  1. The third-person singular personal pronoun that is normally used to refer to an inanimate object or abstract entity, also often used to refer to animals.
    Put it over there.
    Take each day as it comes.
    I heard the sound of the school bus - it was early today.
  2. A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to a child, especially of unknown gender.
    She took the baby and held it in her arms.
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter IV:
      A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction.
    • 1859, Wilkie Collins, The Woman in White[1]:
      I could only encourage Mrs. Clements to speak next of Anne's early days [] "There was nobody else, sir, to take the little helpless creature in hand," replied Mrs. Clements. "The wicked mother seemed to hate it—as if the poor baby was in fault!—from the day it was born. My heart was heavy for the child, and I made the offer to bring it up as tenderly as if it was my own."
      "Did Anne remain entirely under your care from that time?"
      "Not quite entirely, sir. Mrs. Catherick had her whims and fancies about it at times, and used now and then to lay claim to the child, as if she wanted to spite me for bringing it up.
    • 2005, Marcus Zusak, The Book Thief, part 10:
      The sky was dripping. Like a tap that a child has tried its hardest to turn off but hasn't quite managed.
  3. Used to refer to someone being identified, often on the phone, but not limited to this situation.
    It's me. John.
    Is it her?
    It is I, your king.
  4. The impersonal pronoun, used without referent as the subject of an impersonal verb or statement. (known as the dummy pronoun or weather it)
    It is nearly 10 o’clock.
    It’s 10:45 [read ten-forty-five].
    It’s very cold today.
    It’s lonely without you.
  5. The impersonal pronoun, used without referent in various short idioms.
    stick it out
    live it up
    rough it
  6. The impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder for a delayed subject, or less commonly, object; known as the dummy pronoun or, more formally in linguistics, a syntactic expletive. The delayed subject is commonly a to-infinitive, a gerund, or a noun clause introduced by a subordinating conjunction.
    It is easy to see how she would think that. (with the infinitive clause headed by to see)
    I find it odd that you would say that. (with the noun clause introduced by that)
    It is hard seeing you so sick. (with the gerund seeing)
    He saw to it that everyone would vote for him. (with the noun clause introduced by that)
    It is not clear if the report was true. (with the noun clause introduced by if)
  7. All or the end; something after which there is no more.
    Are there more students in this class, or is this it?
    That's it—I'm not going to any more candy stores with you.
  8. (chiefly derogatory, offensive) A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to an animate referent who is transgender or is neither female nor male.
    • 1993, Bruce Coville, Aliens Ate My Homework, pages 72–73:
      "Oh, don't be silly. I am neither male nor female. I'm a farfel." [] "It. Refer to me as an it."
      "That seems pretty rude," I said nervously.
      "Not as rude as calling me a he or a she," it said.
  9. (obsolete) Followed by an omitted and understood relative pronoun: That which; what.
    • 1643, Thomas Browne, Religio Medici, II.2:
      In briefe, I am content, and what should providence add more? Surely this is it [= it which] wee call Happinesse, and this doe I enjoy [...].
用法注意(Usage notes)
衍生词(Derived terms)
查看更多(See also)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Determiner

it

  1. (obsolete) its
    • 1611, Authorized King James Version of the Bible, first edition, Leviticus 25:5:
      That which groweth of it owne accord of thy haruest, thou ſhalt not reape, neither gather the grapes of thy Uine vndreſſed: for it is a yeere of reſt vnto the land. (replaced by "its" in the 1769 Oxford Standard Text)

名词(Noun)

it (plural its)

  1. One who is neither a he nor a she; a creature; a dehumanized being.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1
      His master glanced up quickly, and removed the letter from his hands. "I'm surprised at you, James," he remarked severely. "A secretary should control itself. Don't forget that the perfect secretary is an it: an automatic machine—a thing incapable of feeling.…"
    • 1995, Neil Weiner, Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius, Shattered innocence (page 8)
      Too often, children become an "it" in their homes and their humanness is devalued.
  2. The person who chases and tries to catch the other players in the playground game of tag.
    In the next game, Adam and Tom will be it
    • 2000, Katherine T. Thomas, Amelia M. Lee, Jerry R. Thomas, Physical education for children (page 464)
      When there are only two children left who haven't been tagged, I will stop the game, and we will start over with those children starting as the Its.
  3. (Britain, uncountable) The game of tag.
    Let's play it at breaktime.
  4. (uncountable) Sex appeal, especially that which goes beyond beauty.
    • 1904, Rudyard Kipling, "Mrs Bathurst"
      'Tisn't beauty, so to speak, nor good talk necessarily. It's just It. Some women'll stay in a man's memory if they once walked down a street
    • 1927, Dorothy Parker:
      And she had It. It, hell; she had Those.
  5. (euphemistic) Sexual activity.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 14:
      The great advantage of English public school life lies of course in the quality of tutelage it provides. Adrian had received a decent and broad English education in the area of his loins... He had quickly happened upon the truth which many lonely contemporaries would never discover, the truth that everybody, simply everybody, was panting for it and could, with patience, be shown that they were panting for it. So Adrian grabbed what was to hand and had the time of his life genitally—focusing exclusively on his own gender of course, for this was 1973 and girls had not yet been invented.
    caught them doing it
  6. A biological force that inhabits living beings, according to the vitalist approach of Georg Groddeck.

形容词(Adjective)

it (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Most fashionable.
    • 2007 September, Vibe, volume 15, number 9, page 202:
      Going away for the weekend and feel the need to profile en route? This is the "it" bag.
    • 2010, David Germain, Hilarious ‘Kick-Ass’ delivers bloody fun, Associated Press
      With Hit Girl, Moretz is this year's It Girl, alternately sweet, savage and scary.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation.

专有名词(Proper noun)

it

  1. Abbreviation of Italy.
  2. Abbreviation of Italian. (language)
衍生词(Derived terms)
查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pulleyblank, Edwin G. (1995) Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar

变位词(Anagrams)


Azerbaijani

Other scripts
Cyrillic ит
Roman it
Perso-Arabic ایت

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *it, *ït (canine).

名词(Noun)

it (definite accusative iti, plural itlər)

  1. dog

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • itbaz (caninophile)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • it” in Obastan.com.

Charrua

名词(Noun)

it

  1. fire

来源参考(References)

  • Rodolfo Maruca Sosa, La nación charrúa (1957)

Chuukese

名词(Noun)

it

  1. name

Crimean Tatar

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *it, *ït.

名词(Noun)

it

  1. dog

同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Irish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Contraction

it (triggers lenition)

  1. (Munster) Contraction of i do (in your).
    Buail it phóca é.
    Put it in your pocket.

关联词(Related terms)


Latin

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

it

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of

Latvian

Particle

it

  1. used to assign accentuation to expression
    it sevišķiespecially
    it nekasnothing at all
    it nekurnowhere at all
    it nemaznot at all
    itas if

Middle Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. Alternative form of het

中古英语(Middle English)

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. Alternative form of hit

Determiner

it

  1. Alternative form of hit

来源参考(References)


Middle Low German

词源(Etymology)

From Old Saxon it, from Proto-Germanic *hit.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. (third person singular neuter nominative) it
  2. (third person singular neuter accusative) it

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Low German: et, it
  • Plautdietsch: et

Min Nan

For pronunciation and definitions of it – see (“one; each; every; etc.”).
(This character, it, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Northern Sami

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈih(t)/

动词(Verb)

it

  1. second-person singular present of ii

Old Irish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (second-person singular form) at

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (second-person singular form) IPA(key): /it/
  • (third-person plural form) IPA(key): /id/

动词(Verb)

it

  1. inflection of is:
    1. second-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person plural present indicative

Old Saxon

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *it.

代词(Pronoun)

it n

  1. it

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle Low German: it
    • Low German: et, it
    • Plautdietsch: et

Piedmontese

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. you (singular)

Sathmar Swabian

副词(Adverb)

it

  1. not

来源参考(References)

  • Claus Stephani, Volksgut der Sathmarschwaben (1985)

Turkish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Ottoman Turkish ایت(it), from Old Turkic ıt(ıt, dog), from Proto-Turkic *īt, *ıyt, *ɨt, *it.

名词(Noun)

it (definite accusative iti, plural itler)

  1. (often derogatory) dog
  2. (derogatory) scoundrel, detestable person, cur
用法注意(Usage notes)

Not historically derogatory, and still used as the primary term for "dog" in the countryside. Usually, if a dog is a stray or feral, it can be referred to as "it" as well. The more usual word is köpek, which is also pejorative and derogatory when used for a person.

变化形式(Declension)
Inflection
Nominative it
Definite accusative iti
Singular Plural
Nominative it itler
Definite accusative iti itleri
Dative ite itlere
Locative itte itlerde
Ablative itten itlerden
Genitive itin itlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular itim itlerim
2nd singular itin itlerin
3rd singular iti itleri
1st plural itimiz itlerimiz
2nd plural itiniz itleriniz
3rd plural itleri itleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular itim itlerim
2nd singular itsin itlersin
3rd singular it
ittir
itler
itlerdir
1st plural itiz itleriz
2nd plural itsiniz itlersiniz
3rd plural itler itlerdir

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

it

  1. second-person singular imperative of itmek (to push)

Turkmen

词源(Etymology)

From Old Turkic ıt(ıt, dog), from Proto-Turkic *īt, *ıyt, *ɨt, *it.

名词(Noun)

it (definite accusative idi, plural itler)

  1. dog

变化形式(Declension)


Uzbek

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *ɨt, *it.

名词(Noun)

it (plural itlar)

  1. dog

Volapük

Determiner

it

  1. (with a personal pronoun) self; myself; yourself; himself; herself; itself; ourselves; themselves; emphasises the identity or singularity of the modified noun phrase

Welsh

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. (literary) second-person singular of i

West Frisian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Frisian hit, from Proto-Germanic *hit.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

it

  1. it (third-person singular neuter pronoun)
Inflection
查看更多(Further reading)
  • it (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Frisian thet, from Proto-Germanic *þat.

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

it

  1. neuter singular of de

Zhuang

Zhuang cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : it

词源(Etymology)

From Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚, “one”). Cognate with Thai เอ็ด (èt), Lao ເອັດ (ʼet), Shan ဢဵတ်း (ʼét), Ahom 𑜒𑜢𑜄𑜫 (ʼit), Bouyei idt.

发音(Pronunciation)

数字化(Numeral)

it (old orthography it)

  1. one

用法注意(Usage notes)

Used with ngeih rather than song.

同义词(Synonyms)


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