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【je】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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Albanian

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

je

  1. second-person singular present indicative of jam

Bassa

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

je

  1. jealousy
  2. a kind of lizard

来源参考(References)


Blagar

名词(Noun)

je

  1. canoe

来源参考(References)


Bourguignon

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • i (normal form)

词源(Etymology)

The traditional form is i but je is found as early as in the first recorded texts in Bourguignon. However nowadays, it is rare to find it, most speakers saying i as it is a typical feature of Bourguignon.

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. (rare) Alternative form of i

关联词(Related terms)


Czech

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈjɛ]

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Slavic *jь, *ja, *je, originally from Proto-Indo-European *eno-, *ono-, *no-.[cs 1]

代词(Pronoun)

je (personal pronoun, accusative case)

  1. third-person plural accusative of on
  2. third-person plural accusative of ona
  3. third-person plural accusative of ono
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Formerly jest, from Proto-Slavic *estь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.[cs 1]

动词(Verb)

je

  1. third-person singular present indicative of být

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rejzek, Jiří (2007) Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Version 1.0 edition, Prague: Leda

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. subjective unstressed form of jij (you (singular))
    Wat doe je daar?What are you doing there?
  2. objective unstressed form of jij (you (singular))
    Ik doe dit wel voor je.I'll do this for you.
  3. subjective unstressed form of jullie (you (plural), y'all)
    Wat doe je daar?What are you doing there?
  4. objective unstressed form of jullie (you (plural), y'all)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je.I'll do this for you.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • When je is the unstressed subjective form of jullie, it is construed with a singular verb. Compare:
Het is gevaarlijk, maar jullie moeten weten wat je doet.
It’s dangerous, but you must decide what you’re doing.
Inflection


词源2(Etymology 2)

Determiner

je (second person, possessive)

  1. possessive unstressed form of jij (you (singular)): your (singular)
    Neem je boek en maak die oefening.Take your book and do that exercise.
  2. possessive unstressed form of jullie (you (plural), y'all): your (plural), y'all's
    Neem je boeken en maak die oefening.Take your books and do that exercise.
Inflection


词源3(Etymology 3)

代词(Pronoun)

je (second person, reflexive)

  1. reflexive of jij (you (singular)): yourself
    Heb je je gewassen?Did you wash yourself?
  2. reflexive of jullie (you (plural), y'all): yourselves
    Hebben jullie je goed voorbereid?Have you all prepared yourselves well?
Inflection



Esperanto

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

je

  1. An all-purpose preposition.

用法注意(Usage notes)

The preposition je can replace any other preposition and remain grammatically correct, albeit more ambiguous. It is usually clear what meaning is intended based on context.

It is most useful for prepositional phrases not involving a literal physical connection, and instead, the correct preposition in the source language is mandated by convention only:

"He bets on the horses." (He doesn't place his money on the physical body of the horse.)
"I typed it on the computer." (It was actually typed using the computer.)
"She'll be here in a minute." (She'll be here within or after a minute.)

Without context, Donu ĝin je mi could mean any of the following:

Donu ĝin je [al] mi. — “Give it to me.”
Donu ĝin je [el] mi. — “Give it from me.”
Donu ĝin je [kun] mi. — “Give it with me.”

Without context, La kato saltis je la tablon could mean any of the following:

La kato saltis je [sur] la tablon. — “The cat jumped onto the table.”
La kato saltis je [malsuper] la tablon. — “The cat jumped under the table.”
La kato saltis je [malantaŭ] la tablon. — “The cat jumped behind the table.”

关联词(Related terms)

  • je la tria
  • je mia bedaŭro

French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French jo, from Vulgar Latin *eo, from Latin ego, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Near cognates include Spanish yo and Italian io. Further cognates include Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Russian я (ja), English I, German ich, etc.

See cognates in regional languages in France : Angevin je, Bourbonnais-Berrichon je, Bourguignon je or i, Champenois ju, Franc-Comtois i, Gallo je, Lorrain je, Norman je, Orléanais je, Picard ej, Poitevin-Saintongeais jhe, Tourangeau je, Franco-Provençal je and jo, Occitan ieu (Gasconian jo), Catalan jo, Corsican eo.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ʒə/
  • (informal) IPA(key): (before a voiced segment) /ʒ/, (before an unvoiced segment) /ʃ/
  • Rhymes:

代词(Pronoun)

je (first person singular, plural nous, object me, emphatic moi)

  1. I

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • When several pronouns are included in the same sentence, it is considered impolite to say the pronoun je first; it must be the last one, and tu must be said after third persons (this applies also for toi and moi):
    • Nous irons, Rose, toi et moi.
      We will go, Rose, you and I.

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Garo

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. that which
  2. whatever
  3. whoever

来源参考(References)

  • Burling, R. (2003) The Language of the Modhupur Mandi (Garo) Vol. II: The Lexicon[1], Bangladesh: University of Michigan, page 56

German

词源(Etymology)

Old High German io.

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

je

  1. ever
    • 1930, Paul Joachimsen, Der Humanismus und die Entwicklung des deutschen Geistes, in: Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte, 8, page 467:
      Und nun kommt die Reformation selbst. Die größte geistige Umwälzung, die je ein Volk des Abendlandes erlebt hat.
      And now comes the Reformation itself. The largest spiritual upheaval that was ever experienced by a nation of the Occident.
  2. per
  3. (with “desto”, “umso” or (dated) “je) the
    je mehr, desto besserthe more the better
    je früher, umso besserthe sooner the better

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • je länger je lieber (the longer it lasts, the more I like it)
  • je nach
  • je nachdem

Haitian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French les œils (the eyes)

名词(Noun)

je

  1. eye

同义词(Synonyms)


Icelandic

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Shortening of Jesús (Jesus).

感叹语(Interjection)

je

  1. oh my!

词源2(Etymology 2)

From English yeah.

感叹语(Interjection)

je

  1. (slang) yeah (indicating enthusiastic appreciation, etc.)

词源3(Etymology 3)

名词(Noun)

je n (genitive singular jes, nominative plural je)

  1. (obsolete) Name of the letter J, j.
变化形式(Declension)
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (name of J, j): joð

Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

je (plural je-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter J/j.

查看更多(See also)


Igbo

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

je

  1. go
  2. walk

衍生词(Derived terms)


Lashi

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

je

  1. more (comparative)

来源参考(References)

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Lower Sorbian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • nje (after a preposition)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. accusative of wóni

Marshallese

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Micronesian *tia, from Proto-Oceanic *tian, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tian, from Proto-Austronesian *tiaN.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

je

  1. belly
  2. stomach
  3. innard

来源参考(References)


Middle French

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. Alternative form of ie

Middle Low German

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

  1. Alternative form of .

Norwegian Nynorsk

代词(Pronoun)

je (accusative meg)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by eg

查看更多(See also)


Old French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Vulgar Latin *eo, from Latin ego.

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. I
    • circa 1176, Chrétien de Troyes, 'Cligès':
      qant je vos voi de tel meniere
      when I see you in such a state

派生词(Descendants)

  • Bourguignon: i, je
  • Gallo: je
  • Lorrain: i, idj, jge, dje,
  • Middle French: ie, je, i', j'
  • Norman: je
  • Picard: ej, jou
  • Walloon: dji

Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

je

  1. accusative of one
  2. accusative of ono

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

je

  1. third-person singular present indicative of jeść

Serbo-Croatian

词源1(Etymology 1)

Shortened from jȅst (is).

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

je ? (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. is (clitic third-person singular present of bȉti (to be))

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

je (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. of her (clitic genitive singular of òna (she))
  2. to her (clitic accusative singular of òna (she))
变化形式(Declension)

Slovak

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

je

  1. third-person singular of byť
  2. third-person singular of jesť

Slovene

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

  1. third-person singular present of bíti

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

jẹ́

  1. third-person singular present of jẹ́sti

Swahili

Particle

je

  1. well? now? (used to call attention to a question)

用法注意(Usage notes)

Je precedes the question, and is more commonly used in writing (to supplement for what is usually conveyed by tone of voice in speech).

副词(Adverb)

-je

  1. A clitic placed at the end of a verb, meaning how.
    umelalaje?
    how did you sleep?

Turkish

名词(Noun)

je (definite accusative jeyi, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J.

查看更多(See also)


Turkmen

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

je (definite accusative jeni, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J.

变化形式(Declension)


Welsh

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

je f (plural jeau, not mutable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J.

查看更多(See also)


Westrobothnian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse ér, from a variant of Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ɟéː], [ʝéː], [ʝíː]

代词(Pronoun)

je c pl (accusative je, dative jerom, possessive masculine jeern, feminine jera, neuter jere)

  1. (personal) you (second person plural)
    gev e ått fåren jere
    give it to that sheep of yours
    annäjerä
    either of you
  2. (formal) you

变化形式(Declension)



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