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【joint】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Joint

英语(English)

A constant-velocity joint

词源(Etymology)

The noun is from Middle English joint (attested since the late 13th century), from Old French joint (joint of the body) (attested since the 12th century). The adjective (attested since the 15th century) is from Old French jointiz. Both Old French words are from Latin iūnctus, the past participle of iungō. See also join, jugular.

The meaning of "building, establishment", especially in connection with shady activities, appeared in Anglo-Irish by 1821 and entered general American English slang by 1877, especially in the sense of "opium den". The sense "marijuana cigarette" is attested since 1935.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /dʒɔɪnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪnt

形容词(Adjective)

joint (not comparable)

  1. Done by two or more people or organisations working together.
    The play was a joint production between the two companies.
    Synonyms: mutual, shared

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

joint (plural joints)

  1. The point where two components of a structure join, but are still able to rotate.
    This rod is free to swing at the joint with the platform.
    Synonyms: hinge, pivot
  2. The point where two components of a structure join rigidly.
    The water is leaking out of the joint between the two pipes.
  3. (anatomy) Any part of the body where two bones join, in most cases allowing that part of the body to be bent or straightened.
  4. The means of securing together the meeting surfaces of components of a structure.
    The dovetail joint, while more difficult to make, is also quite strong.
  5. A cut of meat.
    Set the joint in a roasting tin and roast for the calculated cooking time.
  6. The part or space included between two joints, knots, nodes, or articulations.
    a joint of cane or of a grass stem; a joint of the leg
  7. (geology) A fracture in which the strata are not offset; a geologic joint.
  8. (chiefly US slang, somewhat derogatory) A place of business, particularly in the food service or hospitality industries.
    It was the kind of joint you wouldn't want your boss to see you in.
    • 1996, Deirdre Purcell, Roses After Rain, p. 335:
      "...Where's the ladies' in this joint? I've to powder me nose."
    1. (slang, dated) A place of resort for tramps.
    2. (slang, US, dated) An opium den.
  9. (slang, with the definite article) Prison.
    I'm just trying to stay out of the joint.
  10. (slang) A marijuana cigarette.
    After locking the door and closing the shades, they lit the joint.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana cigarette
  11. (slang, dated) A syringe used to inject an illicit drug.
    • 1954, Listen (volumes 7-10, page 131)
      Captain Jack McMahon, chief of Houston's police narcotics division, holds tools of the “junkie” trade, including “joints” (syringes), needles, heroin, milk sugar (used to cut pure heroin), spoons for heating a shot of heroin (mixed with water), []
  12. (US, slang) The penis.[1]
    • 1957, Jack Kerouac, On the Road, New York: New American Library, Part 4, Chapter 1, p. 205,[1]
      Inez called up Camille on the phone repeatedly and had long talks with her; they even talked about his joint, or so Dean claimed.
    • 1969, Philip Roth, Portnoy’s Complaint, New York: Vintage, 1994, “Cunt Crazy,” p. 158,[2]
      There I was, going down at last on the star of all those pornographic films that I had been producing in my head since I first laid a hand upon my own joint . . .
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:penis

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

joint (third-person singular simple present joints, present participle jointing, simple past and past participle jointed)

  1. (transitive) To unite by a joint or joints; to fit together; to prepare so as to fit together
    to joint boards
    a jointing plane
    • 1697, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis.[], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson,[], OCLC 403869432:
      Pierced through the yielding planks of jointed wood.
    • 2014 August 17, Jeff Howell, “Home improvements: Repairing and replacing floorboards [print version: Never buy anything from a salesman, 16 August 2014, p. P7]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Property)[3]:
      But I must warn you that chipboard floors are always likely to squeak. The material is still being used in new-builds, but developers now use adhesive to bed and joint it, rather than screws or nails. I suspect the adhesive will eventually embrittle and crack, resulting in the same squeaking problems as before.
  2. (transitive) To join; to connect; to unite; to combine.
  3. (transitive) To provide with a joint or joints; to articulate.
    • 1691, John Ray, The wisdom of God manifested in the works of the creation
      The fingers are [] jointed together for motion.
  4. (transitive) To separate the joints; of; to divide at the joint or joints; to disjoint; to cut up into joints, as meat.
    • 1697, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis.[], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson,[], OCLC 403869432:
      He joints the neck.
    • 1603, Philemon Holland (translator), The Philosophie, commonly called, the Morals (originally by Plutarch)
      Quartering, jointing, seething, and rosting.
  5. (intransitive) To fit as if by joints; to coalesce as joints do.
    the stones joint, neatly.
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Tom Dalzell (ed.), The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American and Unconventional English, New York: Routledge, 2009, p. 574.

Dutch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English joint.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /dʒɔi̯nt/, /dʒoːi̯nt/
  • Hyphenation: joint

名词(Noun)

joint m (plural joints, diminutive jointje n)

  1. joint, marijuana cigarette (generally larger than a stickie)
    Synonyms: jonko, stickie, wietsigaret

French

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

joint m (feminine singular jointe, masculine plural joints, feminine plural jointes)

  1. past participle of joindre

词源2(Etymology 2)

From the past participle of the verb joindre, or from Latin iūnctus.

名词(Noun)

joint m (plural joints)

  1. seal
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Borrowed from English joint.

名词(Noun)

joint m (plural joints)

  1. (informal) joint, spliff (marijuana cigarette)

查看更多(Further reading)


Middle French

动词(Verb)

joint m (feminine singular jointe, masculine plural joins, feminine plural jointes)

  1. past participle of joindre

Old French

词源(Etymology)

Past participle of joindre, corresponding to Latin iūnctus.

名词(Noun)

joint m (oblique plural joinz or jointz, nominative singular joinz or jointz, nominative plural joint)

  1. join; place where two elements are joined together

动词(Verb)

joint

  1. past participle of joindre

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English joint.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

joint n (plural jointuri)

  1. joint (bar)
  2. joint (marijuana cigarette)
    Hai să fumăm un joint.Let's smoke a joint.

变化形式(Declension)


Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Sweden) IPA(key): /jɔɪnt/, /dʒɔɪnt/

名词(Noun)

joint c

  1. a joint, a marijuana cigarette

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of joint 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative joint jointen jointar jointarna
Genitive joints jointens jointars jointarnas

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