万维词典

【ma】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

ma (plural mas)

  1. (astronomy, usually in the plural) Abbreviation of milli-arcsecond.

词源2(Etymology 2)

The sound, which parents interpret as a reference to themselves, is very commonly made by infants.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Rhymes: -ɑː

名词(Noun)

ma (plural mas) (not generally used in the plural)

  1. (colloquial, and in direct address) mother, mama
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Often capitalized when used to refer to a specific person.
    Hey, Ma, I’d like you to meet my friend Jamie.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Abbreviation.

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. May
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Usually capitalised as Ma.

词源4(Etymology 4)

From my

Determiner

ma

  1. (dialectal, informal) Alternative spelling of my

Etymology 5

From Chinese (ma, “of course!”).[1]

Particle

ma (Singlish, Singapore, colloquial)

  1. Alternative form of mah
    • 1998 April 24, viken, “tcs shows”, in sg.rec.tv, Usenet:
      Singlish is acceptable in Singapore mah
    • 2015 April 17, Jalelah Abu Baker, “What's the difference between 'lah' and 'lor': Poet Gwee Li Sui's take on nuances of Singlish goes viral”, in The Straits Times[2]:
      I dun have mah.
    • 2017 April 30, Kim Hoh, Wong, “It Changed My Life: Migrant worker goes from painting condos to boss of own company”, in The Straits Times[3]:
      "I was already 32, so must get married mah," he says, using the Singlish word often used to express something which is obvious.

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Lee, Jack Tsen-Ta (2004) A Dictionary of Singlish and Singaporean English[1]

变位词(Anagrams)


'Are'are

Conjunction

ma

  1. and

来源参考(References)


Acehnese

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. mother

来源参考(References)


Afrikaans

名词(Noun)

ma (plural ma's)

  1. mom, mother

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Ajië

Conjunction

ma

  1. and

来源参考(References)


Alemannic German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German man, from Old High German man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-. Cognate with German Mann, Dutch man, English man, Icelandic maður, Swedish man, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌽𐌰 (manna).

名词(Noun)

ma m (Gressoney, Issime)

  1. man
  2. husband

来源参考(References)

  • “ma” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Anaang

动词(Verb)

  1. to love

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Cristiane Benjamin Santos, Aspectos morfossintáticos dos pronomes pessoais em Anaan (2007)
  • Bruce Connell, Lower Cross Wordlist

Anguthimri

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. (Mpakwithi) man

动词(Verb)

ma

  1. (transitive, Mpakwithi) to hear
  2. (transitive, Mpakwithi) to listen

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 187

Aromanian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin magis. Compare Romanian mai.

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. more

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Italian ma.

Conjunction

ma

  1. but, yet

Asturian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

ma f (plural mas)

  1. mother
    Synonym: madre

Bambara

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. sea cow

来源参考(References)


Breton

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. my

感叹语(Interjection)

ma

  1. good!

Conjunction

ma

  1. that
  2. if

同义词(Synonyms)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Vulgar Latin *mam, reduced form of Latin meam

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

ma

  1. feminine singular of mon

Chamorro

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. they

用法注意(Usage notes)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[4], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Cimbrian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle High German māne, from Old High German māno, from Proto-West Germanic *mānō, from Proto-Germanic *mēnô (moon). Cognate with German Mond, English moon.

名词(Noun)

ma m

  1. (Thirteen Communities) moon
替代形式(Alternative forms)

来源参考(References)

  • “ma” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

词源2(Etymology 2)

An unstressed pronunciation of månn (man). Compare German man, Dutch men for a similar construct.

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. (Luserna) one, you (indefinite pronoun)

来源参考(References)


Dama (Sierra Leone)

词源(Etymology)

Related to widespread words for "mother" and related respectful terms for women across West Africa.

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. mother-in-law

来源参考(References)

  • Dalby, T. D. P. (1963) , “The extinct language of Dama”, in Sierra Leone Language Review, volume 2, Freetown: Fourah Bay College, pages 50–54

Dorze

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. bee (insect)

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ma f (plural ma's, diminutive maatje n)

  1. (informal) mother

同义词(Synonyms)

查看更多(See also)


Efik

动词(Verb)

  1. love, like

查看更多(Further reading)


Estonian

代词(Pronoun)

ma (genitive mu, partitive mind)

  1. I; short form of mina

Finnish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑ/, [ˈmɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: ma

词源1(Etymology 1)

From maanantai.

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. Abbreviation of maanantai (Monday).

词源2(Etymology 2)

See minä.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑ/, [ˈmɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: ma

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. (personal, archaic, poetic) I
同义词(Synonyms)

French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French ma, from Latin mea.

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

ma f

  1. feminine singular of mon

关联词(Related terms)

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or mute h.
2 Also used as the polite singular form.

查看更多(Further reading)


Friulian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin magis.

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. 2nd-person singular pronoun: you
  2. 2nd-person plural pronoun: you
  3. 2nd-person singular possessive pronoun: your
  4. 2nd-person plural possessive pronoun: your

查看更多(See also)


Hawaiian

Preposition

ma

  1. in, at

Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

Probably related to más.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. today
    • 1975, Imre Kertész, Tim Wilkinson, transl., Sorstalanság, Budapest: Magvető Könyvkiadó (2016), →ISBN, page 5:
      Ma nem mentem iskolába. Azaz mentem, de csak, hogy hazakéredzkedjem az osztályfőnökömtől.
      I didn't go to school today. Or rather, I did go, but only to ask my class teacher's permission to take the day off.

名词(Noun)

ma (plural mák)

  1. today
  2. (attributively, before any time of day) this …… (morning etc.), to-…… (as in “tonight”)

变化形式(Declension)

Its plural and (single- and multiple-possession) possessive forms are hardly if ever used. The suffixed singular forms máig, mára, mához, máról, and mától are common, while mát, mának, mával, máért, mában, mánál, mába, mából occur mostly in a figurative sense, referring to the present time. The phrase a mai nap is commonly used in its literal sense, adding suffixes to nap instead of this term.

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ma mák
accusative mát mákat
dative mának máknak
instrumental mával mákkal
causal-final máért mákért
translative mává mákká
terminative máig mákig
essive-formal maként mákként
essive-modal
inessive mában mákban
superessive mán mákon
adessive mánál máknál
illative mába mákba
sublative mára mákra
allative mához mákhoz
elative mából mákból
delative máról mákról
ablative mától máktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
máé máké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
máéi mákéi
Possessive forms of ma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. mám máim
2nd person sing. mád máid
3rd person sing. mája mái
1st person plural mánk máink
2nd person plural mátok máitok
3rd person plural májuk máik

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

查看更多(Further reading)

  • ma in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Ido

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French mais, Italian ma, Spanish mas from Latin magis, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

同义词(Synonyms)


Interlingua

词源(Etymology)

From Italian ma. Compare Spanish mas.

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

Interlingue

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

Istriot

词源(Etymology)

From Latin magis.

Conjunction

ma

  1. but
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 68:
      Ma sulo i tuoi bai uoci, anema meîa,
      But only your beautiful eyes, oh soul of mine

Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin magis.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Rhymes: -a

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

ma f

  1. Abbreviation of mamma.

感叹语(Interjection)

ma

  1. (informal, emphatic) Indicates emotion or emphasis.
    Ma che carino! - Oh, how cute!
  2. (informal) Used to introduce a new topic or a question.
    Ma...tu sei di Roma? - So...you're from Rome?

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

ma

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jarawa

词源(Etymology)

Cognate to Önge mi (I; me).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. me; us (singular and plural first-person pronoun in the accusative case)

用法注意(Usage notes)

The pronoun mi can also be used in the accusative case, but it is less common than ma. When used in possessive constructions, the choice of pronoun is largely determined by vowel harmony.

查看更多(See also)

Jarawa pronouns
Person Default form Accusative form Prefixed form
1st mi ma m-
2nd ŋi ŋa ŋ-
ni na n-
ən ən-
3rd hi, əhi hiwa h-, hi-, ih-, he-, əh-
ən (for generic third-person)

来源参考(References)


Kavalan

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. only

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. daddy; father (term of address)

Keoru-Ahia

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Kikuyu

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 3 with a monosyllabic stem, together with rũkũ, and so on.

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. truth[2]

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. truly[2]

词源2(Etymology 2)

Particle

ma

  1. (for class 6) of
    maguta ma mbarĩki
    castor oil
    (literally, “oil of castor bean(s)”)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  2. 2.0 2.1 “ma” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Ladino

词源(Etymology)

From Old Spanish mas, from Latin magis.

Conjunction

ma (Latin spelling)

  1. but
    • 1979 July, Moshe Shaul, “Istoria i Dezvelopamiento del Djudeo-Espaniol”, in Aki Yerushalayim[5], page 11:
      La primera de eyas es ke el djudeo-espaniol kontiene un grande numero de arkaizmos o sea, palavras ke eran empleadas en Espania asta el siglo XV ma ke dezparesieron dezde entonses de su vokabulario, mientres ke en el djudeo-espaniol kontinuan a existir asta oy.
      The first of them is that Judeo-Spanish contains a large number of archaisms, or rather, words that were used in Spain until the 15th century but which disappeared after then from its vocabulary, while in Judeo-Spanish they continue to be used to this day.
    • 2020 January 29, Metin Delevi, “El 27 de Enero es el dia de memoria de las viktimas del Nazismo, del Olokosto…”, in Şalom[6]:
      Devemos de saver ke el antisemitizmo es una de las formas ekstremas del rasizmo ma ay otras formas de rasizmo i devemos de luchar kon todo modo forma del rasizmo.
      We must know that antisemitism is one of the extreme forms of racism, but there are other forms of racism and we must fight every form of racism.
    Synonym: ama
  2. why

Lala (South Africa)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

动词(Verb)

-má

  1. to stand

Livonian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

See etymology at Finnish me.

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. I; first person pronoun, referring to the speaker

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, →ISBN


Lower Sorbian

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

ma

  1. third-person singular present of měś

Maltese

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /maː/
  • Usually unstressed and then automatically shortened to /ma/.
  • Homophone: ma'

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Arabic مَا(, not).

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. not; used to negate verbs and pronominal adverbs
    Illum ma nixrobx.
    I do not drink today.
    Qatt ma nixrob.
    I never drink. / I do not ever drink.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Generally used together with the negative ending -x attached to the verb or pronominal adverb. This ending is absent, however, when another negative word is used, such as qatt (never), ebda (no, none), ħadd (nobody), xejn (nothing).

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Arabic مَا(, what).

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. (relative) Alternative form of li (who, which, that), used in some fossiled expressions
    L-ewwel ma tiekol, l-għajn.
    You eat with your eyes first.
    (literally, “The first that eats is the eye.”)
衍生词(Derived terms)

Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

ma (Zhuyin ˙ㄇㄚ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of ,
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of

ma

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maricopa

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. milk

中古英语(Middle English)

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. Alternative form of man

来源参考(References)


Neapolitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin magis. Compare Italian ma, French mais.

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

Nigerian Pidgin

词源(Etymology)

From English my.

Determiner

ma

  1. my

North Frisian

Preposition

ma

  1. (Mooring Dialect) with

Northern Ndebele

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

动词(Verb)

-má

  1. to stand

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Novial

Conjunction

ma

  1. but

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *maiz. Cognate with Old Frisian , Old Saxon mēr, Old Dutch mēr, Old High German mēr, Old Norse meir, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐍃 (mais).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

  1. more

形容词(Adjective)

(indeclinable)

  1. more (often + genitive)
    • The Life of Saint Margaret
      Sēo hāliġe fǣmne him andswarode and cwæþ, "Nis mē ālīefed þæt iċ þē tō seċġe, for þon þū neart nā wierðe mīne stefne tō ġehīerenne. Godes bebodu iċ wille ġehīeran and ġecȳðan. And þū, dēofol, ādumba nū, for þon þe iċ nylle nān word of þīnum mūðe ġehīeran."
      The holy virgin answered him and said, "I’m not allowed to tell you, because you don't deserve to hear my voice. God's commandments are what I want to hear and impart. And you, demon, be quiet now, because I don't want to hear one more word out of your mouth."

名词(Noun)

 ?

  1. more

Old French

词源(Etymology)

From Latin mea.

Determiner

ma f (masculine mon, plural mes)

  1. my (first-person singular possessive)

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: ma

Old Frisian

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. one

Old Irish

Conjunction

ma

  1. Alternative spelling of

Opao

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Orokolo

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Phalura

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit (ma, 1sg (base of oblique cases)).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ma (personal, Perso-Arabic spelling مہ)

  1. I (1sg nom, subject), me (1sg direct object)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • máa- (Forming one phonological word with following postposition or clitic, e.g. máathe 'me, to me' with the 'to'.)

来源参考(References)

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[7], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “(9691)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Pipil

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

  1. Subjunctive marker
    Nechilwijket ma nikinkwepili musta
    They told me to return it to them tomorrow
    Tikajkawat ma seseya pal tikwat
    We leave it to cool down so we can eat it
  2. Clipping of maka. (Negative imperative marker)
    Ma shina kiuni!
    Don't say that!

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • The particle ma helps disambiguating many of the subjunctive forms from the present indicative or imperative forms.

动词(Verb)

-má

  1. Clipping of -maka.

Pitjantjatjara

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. away

Pohnpeian

Conjunction

ma

  1. if

Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

ma

  1. third-person singular present indicative of mieć
    Andrzej ma 18 lat.Andrzej is 18 years old.

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. Alternative form of moja.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • ma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Samoan

Conjunction

ma

  1. and
  2. because

Preposition

ma

  1. with

Savi

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit मया (mayā) or another form of अहम् (aham, I).

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. I; first-person singular personal pronoun

来源参考(References)

  • Nina Knobloch (2020) A grammar sketch of Sauji: An Indo-Aryan language of Afghanistan[8], Stockholm University

Scots

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English mi, my, apocopated form of min, myn, from Old English mīn (my, mine), from Proto-Germanic *mīnaz (my, mine, pron.) (genitive of *ek (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *méynos (my; mine).

Determiner

ma

  1. my
    Synonym: wir

Scottish Gaelic

词源(Etymology)

From Old Irish , from Proto-Celtic *mā, *ma (compare Cornish and Breton mar), from Proto-Indo-European *meh₂.

Conjunction

ma

  1. if
    Ma tha thu ’g iarrraidh sin…If you want that…

用法注意(Usage notes)


Serbo-Croatian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ma/
  • Hyphenation: m‧a

感叹语(Interjection)

ma

  1. bah, whatever
  2. Placed at the beginning of a sentence to add intensity and surprise
    Ma kako?!How?!
    Ma gdje?Where in the world...?
    Ma da?Really?
    Ma to je on!That's definitely him!
  3. Placed at the beginning of a sentence to express dismissal and indignation
    Ma ne.No way.
    Ma daj.Oh come on.
    Ma kakvi.Impossible.
  4. Used to emphasize sarcasm
    Ma da!/Ma svakako!/Ma naravno!Yeah, sure.
    Ma nemoj.Oh you don't say?
    Ma nikad niste vi krivi.Of course it can never be your fault.

Situ

词源(Etymology)

Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma.

Particle

ma

  1. not, no; negative particle

查看更多(Further reading)

  • M. Prins, A Grammar of rGyalrong, Jiǎomùzú (Kyom-kyo) Dialects: A Web of Relations (2016) (and earlier A Web of Relations: A Grammar of rGyalrong, Jiǎomùzú (Kyom-kyo) Dialects, 2011)

Slovak

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. genitive/accusative of ja

Suri

名词(Noun)

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • 1999, Michael Bryant, Aspects of Tirmaga Grammar (in notes, as ma)
  • Michael Bryant, A Brief Grammar of the Suri Language (2011) (as )

Swazi

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

动词(Verb)

-́ma

  1. to stand
  2. to stop, to wait

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tahitian

Conjunction

ma

  1. and

Preposition

ma

  1. with

Tairuma

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. Alternative form of ma'a

来源参考(References)


Toaripi

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. (Toaripi, Kaipi, Sepoe) water

来源参考(References)


Tz'utujil

副词(Adverb)

ma

  1. not

Veps

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Finnic *maa, from Proto-Uralic *mëxe.

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. earth
  2. ground
  3. soil
  4. land, country, region
  5. state

Inflection

Inflection of ma
nominative sing. ma
genitive sing. man
partitive sing. mad
partitive plur. maid
singular plural
nominative ma mad
accusative man mad
genitive man maiden
partitive mad maid
essive-instructive man main
translative maks maikš
inessive mas maiš
elative maspäi maišpäi
illative ? maihe
adessive mal mail
ablative malpäi mailpäi
allative male maile
abessive mata maita
comitative manke maidenke
prolative madme maidme
approximative I manno maidenno
approximative II mannoks maidennoks
egressive mannopäi maidennopäi
terminative I ? maihesai
terminative II malesai mailesai
terminative III massai
additive I ? maihepäi
additive II malepäi mailepäi

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • kodima
  • kosmosma
  • kuivma
  • linma
  • sinižma
  • tagama
  • veraz ma
  • mail'm
  • makar
  • makondi
  • makovandez
  • maleveduz'pird
  • mapiduz'pird
  • mapolišk
  • mapähkim
  • maröunanvarjoičii
  • maujui
  • mavezieläi
  • mavoi
  • manaluine
  • manedustai
  • mankaivai
  • manmäričii
  • manparemboituz
  • manpidäi
  • manradai
  • manrehkaiduz
  • mansüvüded
  • mantedo
  • manvägituz
  • pämante

来源参考(References)


Vietnamese

Vietnamese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia vi

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

A Sino-Vietnamese word from .

From Proto-Vietic *-maː (genie; phantom; ghost; spirit)

名词(Noun)

(classifier con) ma

  1. ghost (spirit appearing after death)
衍生词(Derived terms)
Derived terms
  • đám ma
  • hồn ma
  • lắm thầy nhiều ma
  • ma chay
  • thây ma

名词(Noun)

(classifier con) ma

  1. (archaic) a demon
  2. (archaic) magic
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
Derived terms

Vilamovian

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. (indefinite) one, they (indefinite third-person singular pronoun)

Vilela

名词(Noun)

ma

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • Bernard Comrie, ‎Lucía Golluscio, Language Contact and Documentation (2015, →ISBN
  • Bartolomé Tavera-Acosta, En el sur: (Dialectos indígenas de Venezuela) (1907)

Warao

替代形式(Alternative forms)

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. my
    Ma rahe hakaya.
    My brother runs.
    Natu ma tatutuma iji minajara? [1]
    Granny, have you not seen my wives?
  2. me, accusative of iné
    Ma hube abuae.
    A snake bit me.
    Ihi ma isiko naonahara? [2]
    Don't you come with me?

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Vaquero 1965.274, 278
  2. ^ Romero-Figueroa 1985a.109

Wolof

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. me (first-person singular object pronoun)

查看更多(See also)


Xhosa

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

动词(Verb)

-̂ma

  1. (intransitive) to halt
  2. (intransitive) to stop

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

衍生词(Derived terms)


Zazaki

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Rhymes: -ma

代词(Pronoun)

ma

  1. we; us (first-person plural personal pronoun)

Zhuang

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Tai *ʰmaːᴬ (dog). Cognate with Thai หมา (mǎa), Northern Thai ᩉ᩠ᨾᩣ, Lao ໝາ (), ᦖᦱ (ṁaa), Tai Dam ꪢꪱ, Shan မႃ (mǎa), Tai Nüa ᥛᥣᥴ (máa), Aiton မႃ, Ahom 𑜉𑜠 (ma), Saek หม่า.

名词(Noun)

ma (classifier duz, Sawndip forms 𬌫, , 𬍄, , , , 𭸱, old orthography ma)

  1. dog

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Tai *ʰmaːᴬ (to come). Cognate with Thai มา (maa), Northern Thai ᨾᩣ (ma), Lao ມາ (), ᦙᦱ (maa), Tai Nüa ᥛᥣᥰ (mäa), Shan မႃး (máa), Aiton မႃ, Ahom 𑜉𑜠 (ma) or 𑜉𑜡 (maa) or 𑜉𑜡𑜠 (maaa).

动词(Verb)

ma (Sawndip forms , , , 𮜃, 𫹞, , old orthography ma)

  1. to come back; to return
查看更多(See also)

Zulu

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

动词(Verb)

-má

  1. (intransitive) to stand, to be standing
  2. (intransitive) to stand still, to not move
  3. (intransitive) to stop, to come to a standstill, to halt

Inflection

Tone H, latent i
Infinitive ukuma
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuma ukungemi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yima -me
Plural yimani -meni
Stative
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimi engimi ngimi angimi engingemi ngingemi
2nd singular umi omi umi awumi ongemi ungemi
1st plural simi esimi simi asimi esingemi singemi
2nd plural nimi enimi nimi animi eningemi ningemi
Class 1 umi omi emi akemi ongemi engemi
Class 2 bemi abemi bemi abemi abangemi bengemi
Class 3 umi omi umi awumi ongemi ongemi
Class 4 imi emi imi ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 5 limi elimi limi alimi elingemi lingemi
Class 6 emi emi emi awemi angemi engemi
Class 7 simi esimi simi asimi esingemi singemi
Class 8 zimi ezimi zimi azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 9 imi emi imi ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 10 zimi ezimi zimi azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 11 lumi olumi lumi alumi olungemi lungemi
Class 14 bumi obumi bumi abumi obungemi bungemi
Class 15 kumi okumi kumi akumi okungemi kungemi
Class 17 kumi okumi kumi akumi okungemi kungemi
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyema, ngima engimayo, engima ngima angimi engingemi ngingemi
2nd singular uyema, uma omayo, oma uma awumi ongemi ungemi
1st plural siyema, sima esimayo, esima sima asimi esingemi singemi
2nd plural niyema, nima enimayo, enima nima animi eningemi ningemi
Class 1 uyema, uma omayo, oma ema akemi ongemi engemi
Class 2 bayema, bema abemayo, abema bema abemi abangemi bengemi
Class 3 uyema, uma omayo, oma uma awumi ongemi ungemi
Class 4 iyema, ima emayo, ema ima ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 5 liyema, lima elimayo, elima lima alimi elingemi lingemi
Class 6 ayema, ema emayo, ema ema awemi angemi engemi
Class 7 siyema, sima esimayo, esima sima asimi esingemi singemi
Class 8 ziyema, zima ezimayo, ezima zima azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 9 iyema, ima emayo, ema ima ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 10 ziyema, zima ezimayo, ezima zima azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 11 luyema, luma olumayo, oluma luma alumi olungemi lungemi
Class 14 buyema, buma obumayo, obuma buma abumi obungemi bungemi
Class 15 kuyema, kuma okumayo, okuma kuma akumi okungemi kungemi
Class 17 kuyema, kuma okumayo, okuma kuma akumi okungemi kungemi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimile, ngimē engimile, engimē ngimile, ngimē angimanga engingemanga ngingemanga
2nd singular umile, umē omile, omē umile, umē awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
1st plural simile, simē esimile, esimē simile, simē asimanga esingemanga singemanga
2nd plural nimile, nimē enimile, enimē nimile, nimē animanga eningemanga ningemanga
Class 1 umile, umē omile, omē emile, emē akemanga ongemanga engemanga
Class 2 bemile, bemē abemile, abemē bemile, bemē abemanga abangemanga bengemanga
Class 3 umile, umē omile, omē umile, umē awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
Class 4 imile, imē emile, emē imile, imē ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 5 limile, limē elimile, elimē limile, limē alimanga elingemanga lingemanga
Class 6 emile, emē emile, emē emile, emē awemanga angemanga engemanga
Class 7 simile, simē esimile, esimē simile, simē asimanga esingemanga singemanga
Class 8 zimile, zimē ezimile, ezimē zimile, zimē azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 9 imile, imē emile, emē imile, imē ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 10 zimile, zimē ezimile, ezimē zimile, zimē azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 11 lumile, lumē olumile, olumē lumile, lumē alumanga olungemanga lungemanga
Class 14 bumile, bumē obumile, obumē bumile, bumē abumanga obungemanga bungemanga
Class 15 kumile, kumē okumile, okumē kumile, kumē akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Class 17 kumile, kumē okumile, okumē kumile, kumē akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāma engāma ngāma angimanga engingemanga ngingemanga
2nd singular wāma owāma wāma awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
1st plural sāma esāma sāma asimanga esingemanga singemanga
2nd plural nāma enāma nāma animanga eningemanga ningemanga
Class 1 wāma owāma āma akemanga ongemanga engemanga
Class 2 bāma abāma bāma abemanga abangemanga bengemanga
Class 3 wāma owāma wāma awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
Class 4 yāma eyāma yāma ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 5 lāma elāma lāma alimanga elingemanga lingemanga
Class 6 āma āma āma awemanga angemanga engemanga
Class 7 sāma esāma sāma asimanga esingemanga singemanga
Class 8 zāma ezāma zāma azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 9 yāma eyāma yāma ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 10 zāma ezāma zāma azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 11 lwāma olwāma lwāma alumanga olungemanga lungemanga
Class 14 bāma obāma bāma abumanga obungemanga bungemanga
Class 15 kwāma okwāma kwāma akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Class 17 kwāma okwāma kwāma akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingema ngingema ngingeme ngingeme
2nd singular ungema ungema ungeme ungeme
1st plural singema singema singeme singeme
2nd plural ningema ningema ningeme ningeme
Class 1 angema engema angeme engeme
Class 2 bangema bengema bangeme bengeme
Class 3 ungema ungema ungeme ungeme
Class 4 ingema ingema ingeme ingeme
Class 5 lingema lingema lingeme lingeme
Class 6 angema engema angeme engeme
Class 7 singema singema singeme singeme
Class 8 zingema zingema zingeme zingeme
Class 9 ingema ingema ingeme ingeme
Class 10 zingema zingema zingeme zingeme
Class 11 lungema lungema lungeme lungeme
Class 14 bungema bungema bungeme bungeme
Class 15 kungema kungema kungeme kungeme
Class 17 kungema kungema kungeme kungeme
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokuma engizokuma ngizokuma angizukuma engingezukuma ngingezukuma
2nd singular uzokuma ozokuma uzokuma awuzukuma ongezukuma ungezukuma
1st plural sizokuma esizokuma sizokuma asizukuma esingezukuma singezukuma
2nd plural nizokuma enizokuma nizokuma anizukuma eningezukuma ningezukuma
Class 1 uzokuma ozokuma ezokuma akazukuma ongezukuma engezukuma
Class 2 bazokuma abazokuma bezokuma abazukuma abangezukuma bengezukuma
Class 3 uzokuma ozokuma uzokuma awuzukuma ongezukuma ungezukuma
Class 4 izokuma ezokuma izokuma ayizukuma engezukuma ingezukuma
Class 5 lizokuma elizokuma lizokuma alizukuma elingezukuma lingezukuma
Class 6 azokuma azokuma ezokuma awazukuma angezukuma engezukuma
Class 7 sizokuma esizokuma sizokuma asizukuma esingezukuma singezukuma
Class 8 zizokuma ezizokuma zizokuma azizukuma ezingezukuma zingezukuma
Class 9 izokuma ezokuma izokuma ayizukuma engezukuma ingezukuma
Class 10 zizokuma ezizokuma zizokuma azizukuma ezingezukuma zingezukuma
Class 11 luzokuma oluzokuma luzokuma aluzukuma olungezukuma lungezukuma
Class 14 buzokuma obuzokuma buzokuma abuzukuma obungezukuma bungezukuma
Class 15 kuzokuma okuzokuma kuzokuma akuzukuma okungezukuma kungezukuma
Class 17 kuzokuma okuzokuma kuzokuma akuzukuma okungezukuma kungezukuma
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokuma engiyokuma ngiyokuma angiyukuma engingeyukuma ngingeyukuma
2nd singular uyokuma oyokuma uyokuma awuyukuma ongeyukuma ungeyukuma
1st plural siyokuma esiyokuma siyokuma asiyukuma esingeyukuma singeyukuma
2nd plural niyokuma eniyokuma niyokuma aniyukuma eningeyukuma ningeyukuma
Class 1 uyokuma oyokuma eyokuma akayukuma ongeyukuma engeyukuma
Class 2 bayokuma abayokuma beyokuma abayukuma abangeyukuma bengeyukuma
Class 3 uyokuma oyokuma uyokuma awuyukuma ongeyukuma ungeyukuma
Class 4 iyokuma eyokuma iyokuma ayiyukuma engeyukuma ingeyukuma
Class 5 liyokuma eliyokuma liyokuma aliyukuma elingeyukuma lingeyukuma
Class 6 ayokuma ayokuma eyokuma awayukuma angeyukuma engeyukuma
Class 7 siyokuma esiyokuma siyokuma asiyukuma esingeyukuma singeyukuma
Class 8 ziyokuma eziyokuma ziyokuma aziyukuma ezingeyukuma zingeyukuma
Class 9 iyokuma eyokuma iyokuma ayiyukuma engeyukuma ingeyukuma
Class 10 ziyokuma eziyokuma ziyokuma aziyukuma ezingeyukuma zingeyukuma
Class 11 luyokuma oluyokuma luyokuma aluyukuma olungeyukuma lungeyukuma
Class 14 buyokuma obuyokuma buyokuma abuyukuma obungeyukuma bungeyukuma
Class 15 kuyokuma okuyokuma kuyokuma akuyukuma okungeyukuma kungeyukuma
Class 17 kuyokuma okuyokuma kuyokuma akuyukuma okungeyukuma kungeyukuma
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngime ngingemi
2nd singular ume ungemi
1st plural sime singemi
2nd plural nime ningemi
Class 1 eme angemi
Class 2 beme bangemi
Class 3 ume ungemi
Class 4 ime ingemi
Class 5 lime lingemi
Class 6 eme angemi
Class 7 sime singemi
Class 8 zime zingemi
Class 9 ime ingemi
Class 10 zime zingemi
Class 11 lume lungemi
Class 14 bume bungemi
Class 15 kume kungemi
Class 17 kume kungemi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngema ngangema, angema, angangema
2nd singular wema wangema, awema, awangema
1st plural sema sangema, asema, asangema
2nd plural nema nangema, anema, anangema
Class 1 wema wangema, akema, akangema
Class 2 bema bangema, abema, abangema
Class 3 wema wangema, awema, awangema
Class 4 yema yangema, ayema, ayangema
Class 5 lema langema, alema, alangema
Class 6 ema angema, awema, awangema
Class 7 sema sangema, asema, asangema
Class 8 zema zangema, azema, azangema
Class 9 yema yangema, ayema, ayangema
Class 10 zema zangema, azema, azangema
Class 11 lwema lwangema, alwema, alwangema
Class 14 bema bangema, abema, abangema
Class 15 kwema kwangema, akwema, akwangema
Class 17 kwema kwangema, akwema, akwangema

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


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