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【macron】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: macrón, mácron, and Macron

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long) (English macro-).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

Examples
  • Latin pōpulus (poplar tree, indicates vowel length)
  • Mandarin chūzūchē (taxi, indicates first tone)

macron (plural macrons or macra)

  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters, usually to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long. [from 19th c.]
    Antonyms: breve, micron
    Coordinate terms: solidus, vinculum
    • 1889, Rebecca S[mith] Pollard, A Complete Manual: Pollard’s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling. Designed to Accompany Synthetic Readers and Spellers, New York, N.Y.: American Book Company, OCLC 18708150, page 75:
      We say such words belong to a Long family, because of the long macron hat the vowels wear. Like the other twin o's, one hat is enough for both, for these twins are always found together.
    • 1974, Floyd L. Moreland & Rita M. Fleischer, Latin: An Intensive Course, University of California Press, page 13:
      A macron is a mark placed above a long vowel to mark its quantity.
    • 1986, Peter V. Jones; Keith C. Sidwell, “Introduction”, in Reading Latin, volume 1 (Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 2, general note 1:
      All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.

用法注意(Usage notes)

The plural macra is rare.

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈmaː.krɔn/

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long).

名词(Noun)

macron m (plural macrons, diminutive macrontje n)

  1. (orthography) macron

Hypernyms

  • diakriet

French

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ma.kʁɔ̃/

名词(Noun)

macron m (plural macrons)

  1. macron

Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek

名词(Noun)

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

macron m (invariable)

  1. macron

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