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【me】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English me, from Old English (me, originally dative, but later also accusative), from Proto-Germanic *miz (me), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Scots me (me), North Frisian me (me), Saterland Frisian mie (me), Dutch me, mij (me), Low German mi (me), German mir (me, dative), Icelandic mér (me, dative), Latin (me), Ancient Greek μέ (), ἐμέ (emé, me), Sanskrit मा (, me).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (first-person singular pronoun, referring to the speaker)

  1. As the direct object of a verb.
    Can you hear me?
  2. (obsolete, proscribed) Myself; as a reflexive direct object of a verb.
  3. As the object of a preposition.
    Come with me.
  4. As the indirect object of a verb.
    He gave me this.
  5. (US, colloquial, proscribed) Myself; as a reflexive indirect object of a verb; the ethical dative.
    • 1993 April 1, Harper's Magazine:
      When I get to college, I'm gonna get me a white Nissan Sentra.
  6. As the complement of the copula (be or is).
    It wasn't me.
    • 2017, Theresa May, “Andrew Neil interviews Theresa May: full transcript”, in The Spectator[1]:
      It's either me or Jeremy Corbyn.
  7. (colloquial, with and, proscribed) As the subject of a verb.
    Me and my friends played a game.
  8. (nonstandard, not with and) As the subject of a verb.
    • 1844, Charles Wilkes, Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition, volume II:
      One of them, whose sobriquet was Big-headed Blackboy, was stretched out before the fire, and no answer could be obtained from him, but a drawling repetition, in grunts of displeasure, of "Bel (not) me want to go.
    • 2005, Michael Chapman & Matthew Chapman, Teen Girl Squad (Homestar Runner), number 10:
      Strong Bad: Me gotta see that again.
用法注意(Usage notes)
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This section or entry lacks references or sources. Please help verify this information by adding appropriate citations. You can also discuss it at the Tea Room.

Me is traditionally described as the accusative pronoun, meaning it should be used as the object of verbs and prepositions, while the nominative pronoun I should be used as the subject of verbs. However, "accusative" pronouns are widely used as the subject of verbs in colloquial speech if they are accompanied by and, for example, "me and her are friends". This usage is traditionally considered incorrect, and "she and I are friends" would be the preferred construction.

Using me as the lone subject (without and) of a verb (e.g. "me want", "me like") is a feature of various types of both pidgin English and that of infant English-learners, and is sometimes used by speakers of standard English for jocular effect (e.g. "me likee", "me wantee").

Although in the spoken version of some dialects 'me' is commonly used as a possessive, in writing, speakers of these dialects usually write my.

Some prescriptivists object to the use of me following the verb to be, as in "It wasn’t me". The phrase "It was not I" is considered to be correct, though this may be seen as extreme and used for jocular effect.

同义词(Synonyms)
  • (subject of a verb): I; my ass (vulgar or slang)
  • (complement of the copula): I
  • (indirect object): us (Australia, UK)
  • (marking ownership): my; mine (archaic)
关联词(Related terms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Jamaican Creole: mi
  • Sranan Tongo: mi
翻译(Translations)

See me/translations § Pronoun.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Variant form.

Determiner

me

  1. (Britain regional, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, colloquial) Alternative form of my
    • a. 1918, Wilfred Owen, “The Letter”, in Douglas Kerr, editor, The Works of Wilfred Owen, page 54:
      There don't seem much to say just now. / (Yer what? Then don't, yer ruddy cow! / And give us back me cigarette!)
    • 1995, Nick Park, A Close Shave:
      Get off me cheese! Get off! Get off!
    • 2016, Alan Moore, Jerusalem, Liveright, page 99:
      "What have I ever done to prove me worth, or where I could at least say as I'd made a difference?"

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]

变位词(Anagrams)


Akan

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. I

Albanian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Albanian *me(t). Cognate to Ancient Greek μετά (metá, after, beyond; in the middle, between), Gothic miþ (miþ, with), Old Norse með.

Preposition

me (+accusative)

  1. with (accompanied by)
    Shkoj me tim vëlla.
    I'm going with my brother.
  2. with (possessing)
    E sheh djalin me sytë e kaltër?
    Do you see the guy with blue eyes?
  3. with (by means of)
    Preferoj të shkruaj me penë.
    I prefer to write with a pen.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Indo-European *manu, compare Ancient Greek μανός (manós, thin), Old Armenian մանր (manr, small). Alternatively it could represent a continuation of Proto-Indo-European *mṇi̯ō, to be compared with Latin minuō (lessen), Proto-Slavic *mьnь (smaller) and the like.

形容词(Adjective)

me m (feminine mee)

  1. insufficient, scanty, not full
衍生词(Derived terms)

Angloromani

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Inherited from Romani me.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. I
    Synonyms: mandi, tutti

Annobonese

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese mãe (mother).

名词(Noun)

me

  1. mother

来源参考(References)

  • 2005, John H. McWhorter, Defining Creole

Aragonese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin me. Akin to Spanish me and French me.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. me (first-person singular direct pronoun)
  2. (to) me (first-person singular indirect pronoun)

Asturian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • m' (before a vowel)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin , accusative singular of ego. As an indirect pronoun, possibly in part from Latin mihi (dative singular of ego), through a Vulgar Latin *mi.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. me (first-person singular direct pronoun)
  2. me (first-person singular indirect pronoun)

Breton

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Brythonic *mi, from Proto-Celtic *mī, from Proto-Indo-European *me (me). Cognate to Welsh mi.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. I, me

Carolinian

Conjunction

me

  1. and

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin (accusative of ego), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-.

代词(Pronoun)

me (enclitic, contracted 'm, proclitic em, contracted proclitic m')

  1. me (direct or indirect object)

变化形式(Declension)

关联词(Related terms)


Chuukese

Conjunction

me

  1. and

Preposition

me

  1. from

Cimbrian

Article

me

  1. (Sette Comuni) the; definite article for two declensions:
    1. dative singular masculine
    2. dative singular neuter

查看更多(See also)

Cimbrian definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative dar de / di 's / z de / di
Accusative in de / di 's / z de / di
Dative me dar me in

来源参考(References)

  • “me” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Cornish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • my (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. (Standard Cornish) I, me

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. objective unstressed form of ik (I)

Inflection


同义词(Synonyms)


Estonian

词源(Etymology)

Short form of meie, from Proto-Finnic *mek.

代词(Pronoun)

me (genitive me, partitive meid)

  1. we

变化形式(Declension)


Finnish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Finnic *mek, from Proto-Uralic *me. The word is inflected as plural, but there is no plural marker in the nominative, except in dialects (met).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈme/, [ˈme̞]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: me

代词(Pronoun)

me (stem mei-)

  1. we

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Although usually omitted in written language (the verb shows both the person and the number), the pronoun is in spoken language used very often. (compare the usage of minä (I))

Inflection

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


French

词源(Etymology)

From Middle French me, from Old French me, from Latin (accusative of ego), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Northern dialects have preserved a form mi for the indirect object (also found in Old French in the Oaths of Strasbourg), from Latin mihi, dative singular of ego, through a Vulgar Latin *mi, whereas in standard French, it has merged into me.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (personal, objective case)

  1. (direct object) me
  2. (indirect object) to me

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Galician

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. inflection of eu:
    1. accusative/dative
    2. reflexive

Guaraní

名词(Noun)

me

  1. male
  2. husband

Haitian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French mai (May)

名词(Noun)

me

  1. May

Hawaiian

Preposition

me

  1. with

Icelandic

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

me

  1. baa (representing the bleating sound sheep make)

Ido

词源(Etymology)

From English me, French me, Italian me, Spanish me, from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (first-person singular)

  1. I, me
    Me es tre felica.
    I am very happy.
    Ka vu parolas a me?
    Are you talking to me?

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • mea (my, mine)

名词(Noun)

me (plural me-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter M/m.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(See also)


Istriot

词源(Etymology)

From Latin , accusative singular of ego.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. objective of i; me; to me
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 40:
      Ti me pari oûna dea infra li dai,
      You seem to me a goddess among the gods,

Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin .

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (personal, objective case)

  1. (disjunctive, emphatic) me

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. Alternative form of mi

用法注意(Usage notes)

Used when followed by a third-person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

查看更多(See also)


Jamaican Creole

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. Alternative spelling of mi.

Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

me

  1. Rōmaji transcription of (hiragana)
  2. Rōmaji transcription of (katakana)

Jingpho

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Burmese မဲ (mai:)

名词(Noun)

me

  1. ballot

来源参考(References)

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31) , “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[3], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

Kein

名词(Noun)

me

  1. louse

查看更多(Further reading)


Latin

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-, *(e)me-n- (me). Cognate with Ancient Greek με (me), ἐμέ (emé, me), Sanskrit मा (, me), Old English me, Old Frisian mi, Old Saxon , Dutch mij, Old High German mih (German mich), Old Norse mik, Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌺 (mik). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin me, Greek με (me), Old Irish (Irish , Welsh mi), Proto-Slavic *mene (Old Church Slavonic мене (mene), Russian меня́ (menjá)), Lithuanian mi, Albanian mua.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

(personal pronoun)

  1. me, myself; accusative singular of ego
  2. by me, with me, from me; ablative singular of ego

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Portuguese: me
  • Romanian:
  • Sicilian: mi
  • Spanish: me

来源参考(References)

  • me in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • me in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Lolopo

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Loloish *ʔ-mwe³ (Bradley), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Sichuan Yi (mix), Burmese အမွေး (a.mwe:), Drung meul (body hair), Jingpho mun, Tedim Chin mul¹.

名词(Noun)

me 

  1. (Yao'an) body hair

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Loloish *s-mo¹ (Bradley). Cognate with Sichuan Yi (hmu), Burmese မှို (hmui), Gong มู๋, Naxi mul, Japhug tɤ jmɤɣ and Jingpho kämu.

名词(Noun)

me 

  1. (Yao'an) mushroom

Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

me (Zhuyin ˙ㄇㄜ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of ,
  5. Pinyin transcription of

me

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French mai

名词(Noun)

me

  1. May

Mengen

名词(Noun)

me

  1. (drinkable) water
  2. any liquid
  3. (non-tidal) stream, river

来源参考(References)


中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Old English , from Proto-Indo-European. More at English me.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (nominative I)

  1. me (first-person singular accusative pronoun)
  2. (reflexive) myself
派生词(Descendants)
  • English: me
  • Scots: me

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Determiner

me (nominative I)

  1. Alternative form of mi.

来源参考(References)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From man, men, by way of phonemic reduction in unstressed positions.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. Typically singular, indefinite pronoun: one, you (indefinite).
查看更多(See also)
来源参考(References)

Middle French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • m' (before a vowel)

词源(Etymology)

From Old French me.

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. me, first-person singular object pronoun
  2. to me, first-person singular indirect object pronoun

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (first-person singular object and indirect object pronoun): moy (with verbs in the imperative)

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: me

Nalca

名词(Noun)

me

  1. son
  2. child

Nauruan

Conjunction

me

  1. and

Neapolitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin .

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. me (accusative or dative or reflexive or prepositional)

相关搭配(Coordinate terms)

Number Person Nominative Accusative Dative Reflexive Possessive Prepositional
singular first-person io (i') me mìo, mìa, mieje, meje me, méne
second-person, familiar tu te tùjo, tòja, tùoje, tòje te, téne
second-person, formal vuje ve vuósto, vósta, vuóste, vóste vuje
third-person, masculine ìsso 'o, 'u (lo, lu) 'i, 'e (li, le) se sùjo, sòja, sùoje, sòje ìsso
third-person, feminine éssa 'a (la) 'e (le) éssa
plural first-person nuje ce nuósto, nòsta, nuóste, nòste nuje
second-person, plural vuje ve vuósto, vòsta, vuóste, vòste vuje
third-person, masculine ìsse 'i, 'e (li, le) llòro se llòro (invariable) llòro
third-person, feminine llòro 'e (le)

Norman

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (continental Normandy, Jersey)
  • maïr (Guernsey)

名词(Noun)

me f (plural mes)

  1. (Sark) sea

North Frisian

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. First-person singular, objective: me

Northern Kurdish

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. oblique form of em: us, we

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

me

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bûn
    Synonym: im

Norwegian Nynorsk

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Probably from Old Norse mit (we two, the both of us).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. we
    Kva skal me gjera?
    What shall we do?

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)


Novial

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. I; me
  2. (reflexive) myself

关联词(Related terms)


Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *miz, dative of *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *me. Cognate with Old Frisian mi, Old Saxon , Dutch mij, Old High German mih (German mich), Old Norse mik, Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌺 (mik). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin me, Greek με (me), Old Irish (Irish , Welsh mi), Proto-Slavic *mene (Old Church Slavonic мене (mene), Russian меня́ (menjá)), Lithuanian mi, Albanian mua.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

  1. (personal) accusative/dative of : (to) me

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle English: me
    • English: me
    • Scots: me

Old French

词源(Etymology)

From Latin , accusative of ego. As an indirect object pronoun, possibly in part from Latin mihi, dative singular of ego, through a Vulgar Latin *mi (compare the form mi in particular, found in early Old French in the Oaths of Strasbourg).

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. myself (first-person singular reflexive pronoun)
  2. me (first-person singular direct object pronoun)
  3. to me (first-person singular indirect object pronoun)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle French: me
    • French: me

Pali

替代形式(Alternative forms)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. enclitic genitive/dative/instrumental/ablative singular of ahaṃ

Pennsylvania German

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

Compare German einem.

Article

me m or n (indefinite)

  1. a, an

变化形式(Declension)

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative en en en
Accusative en en en
Dative me re me

Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. Alternative form of moje.

Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Old Portuguese me, from Latin (accusative of ego), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-. As an objective indirect pronoun, possibly in part from Latin mihi (dative of ego), through a Vulgar Latin *mi.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (personal pronoun)

  1. first-person singular objective direct personal pronoun; me
    Meus amigos me ligaram.
    My friends called me.
  2. first-person singular objective indirect personal pronoun; (to) me
    Dê-me o copo.
    Give me the glass.
  3. first-person singular reflexive pronoun; myself
    Este tipo de tratamento me faz querer me enforcar.
    This kind of treatment makes me want to hang myself.

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:me.

查看更多(See also)

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Prepositional Prepositional
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se si consigo
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco, com vós vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se si consigo
Indefinite se si consigo

Romani

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. I

派生词(Descendants)

  • Angloromani: me

查看更多(See also)


Scottish Gaelic

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From mar eisimpleir.

副词(Adverb)

me

  1. e.g.

Serbo-Croatian

代词(Pronoun)

me (Cyrillic spelling ме)

  1. of me (genitive singular of (I))
  2. me (accusative singular of (I))

变化形式(Declension)


Slovene

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

mẹ̑

  1. we (feminine and neuter plural, more than two)

Inflection

查看更多(See also)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From Latin (accusative singular of ego), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)me-. As an indirect object, possibly in part from Latin mihi (dative of ego), through a Vulgar Latin *mi.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

me (objective case)

  1. (personal) accusative of yo: me
  2. (personal, dative pronoun) dative of yo: to me, for me
  3. (personal, reflexive) reflexive of yo: myself

查看更多(See also)


Turkish

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

me

  1. baa (sound of a sheep)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

me

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter M.

查看更多(See also)


Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Compare Acehnese (tamarind).

名词(Noun)

(classifier cây, trái, quả) me ()

  1. tamarind

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

me

  1. mother
    Synonyms: mẹ, ma
    • 1936, Vũ Trọng Phụng, chapter 3, in Số đỏ, Hà Nội báo:
      Bà chủ vừa đặt con chó xuống vừa nhanh nhẩu nói: – À cậu tắm ! Cậu của me ngoan. Me đi vắng, ở nhà có đứa nào đánh cậu không ? Loulou Huýt! Huýt...
      The mistress of the house set down the dog and promptly said, "Ah, you are bathing! Mommy's son is nice. While mommy went away, did anyone hit you? Loulou, whee whee!"

Westrobothnian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse mið (middle; mark, sign.) Compare Swedish medel (means,) medel- (mid(dle)-.)

名词(Noun)

me m (definite singular men)

  1. superstition

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

me n (plural me)

  1. method

White Hmong

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

me

  1. little; small (size or quantity)

来源参考(References)

  • Heimbach, Ernest E. (1979) White Hmong — English Dictionary[4], SEAP Publications, →ISBN.

Zazaki

代词(Pronoun)

me

  1. me

查看更多(See also)


Zou

名词(Noun)

me

  1. curry

来源参考(References)


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