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【metal】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Metal, métal, and metál

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English metal, a borrowing from Old French metal, from Latin metallum (metal, mine, quarry, mineral), itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon, mine, quarry, metal).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

metal (countable and uncountable, plural metals)

  1. (heading) Chemical elements or alloys, and the mines where their ores come from.
    1. Any of a number of chemical elements in the periodic table that form a metallic bond with other metal atoms; generally shiny, somewhat malleable and hard, often a conductor of heat and electricity.
      • 2014 April 21, “Subtle effects”, in The Economist, volume 411, number 8884:
        Manganism has been known about since the 19th century, when miners exposed to ores containing manganese, a silvery metal, began to totter, slur their speech and behave like someone inebriated.
    2. Any material with similar physical properties, such as an alloy.
      • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co.,[], OCLC 752825175:
        But then I had the flintlock by me for protection. ¶ There were giants in the days when that gun was made; for surely no modern mortal could have held that mass of metal steady to his shoulder. The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window[].
    3. (astronomy) An element which was not directly created after the Big Bang but instead formed through nuclear reactions; any element other than hydrogen and helium.
      • 2003, Michael A. Seeds, Astronomy: The Solar System and Beyond, Thomson Brooks/Cole →ISBN
        Most of the matter in stars is hydrogen and helium, and the metals (including carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and so on) were cooked up inside stars.
      • 2008, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Geochemical Society, Oxygen in the solar system, Mineralogical Society of Amer →ISBN
        Thus, for the remaining elements, including oxygen, the solid phase appears to be important. In fact, at a metallicity of Z=0.02, and with a gas-to-dust ratio of 100, about half of the metals — including oxygen — are contained in the solid phase.
      • 2015, Alan Longstaff, Astrobiology: An Introduction, CRC Press →ISBN, page 350
        Metals include oxygen and carbon which means that water and organic molecules would have been abundant in the early universe, perhaps paving the way for the emergence of life within a couple of billion years of the Big Bang.
    4. Crushed rock, stones etc. used to make a road.
    5. (mining) The ore from which a metal is derived.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
    6. (obsolete) A mine from which ores are taken.
      • 1660, Jeremy Taylor, Ductor Dubitantium, or the Rule of Conscience
        slaves [] and persons condemned to metals
  2. (heraldry) A light tincture used in a coat of arms, specifically argent and or.
  3. Molten glass that is to be blown or moulded to form objects.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  4. (music) A category of rock music encompassing a number of genres (including thrash metal, death metal, heavy metal, etc.) characterized by strong drum-beats and distorted guitars.
  5. (archaic) The substance that constitutes something or someone; matter; hence, character or temper; mettle.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 2 Scene 1:
      LEONATO. Well, niece, I hope to see you one day fitted with a husband.
      BEATRICE. Not till God make men of some other metal than earth. Would it not grieve a woman to be over-mastered with a piece of valiant dust?
  6. The effective power or calibre of guns carried by a vessel of war.
  7. (Britain, obsolete, in the plural) The rails of a railway.
  8. (informal, travel, aviation) The actual airline operating a flight, rather than any of the codeshare operators.
    We have American Airlines tickets, but it's on British Airways metal.

反义词(Antonyms)

  • (any of a number of chemical elements in the periodic table that form a metallic bond with other metal atoms): nonmetal

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

形容词(Adjective)

metal (comparative more metal, superlative most metal)

  1. (music) Characterized by strong drum-beats and distorted guitars. [1970s and after]
  2. Having the emotional or social characteristics associated with metal music; brash, bold, frank, unyielding, etc.
    • 2008, Lich King, "Attack of the Wrath of the War of the Death of the Strike of the Sword of the Blood of the Beast", Toxic Zombie Onslaught.
      The beast will destroy everything in his path / With this song on the upcoming brawl / It sure is a long one and tough to pronounce but / It's the most metal title of all

关联词(Related terms)

动词(Verb)

metal (third-person singular simple present metals, present participle metalling, simple past and past participle metalled)

  1. To make a road using crushed rock, stones etc.

Aragonese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon).

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metals)

  1. metal

来源参考(References)


Asturian

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon).

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metales)

  1. metal

Breton

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metaloù)

  1. metal

Inflection


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From English metal.

名词(Noun)

metal m (uncountable)

  1. (music) metal

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon, metal, mine).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /metal/, [meˈtˢal]

名词(Noun)

metal n (singular definite metallet, plural indefinite metaller)

  1. metal

Inflection


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English metal.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛ.təl/
  • Hyphenation: me‧tal

名词(Noun)

metal m (uncountable)

  1. (music) metal (rock genre)
    Synonym: heavy metal

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • metalband

关联词(Related terms)


Italian

词源(Etymology)

From English metal.

名词(Noun)

metal m (invariable)

  1. (music) metal
    Synonym: heavy metal

关联词(Related terms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Middle French

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metaulx)

  1. metal

Occitan

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • metau

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon). Attested from the 12th century.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metals)

  1. metal

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Diccionari General de la Lenga Occitana, L’Academia occitana – Consistòri del Gai Saber, 2008-2016, page 380.

Old French

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum, see above

名词(Noun)

metal m (oblique plural metaus or metax or metals, nominative singular metaus or metax or metals, nominative plural metal)

  1. metal (material)

Old Spanish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed with apocope from Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metales)

  1. metal
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, 2r.
      Et es grand marauilla que el fierro que uence todos los otros metales por fortaleza que a en ſi uence lo eſta piedra por ſu ṕṕedat.
      And it is a great marvel that iron, which defats all other metals due to the strength it has, is defeated by this stone due to its property.
    • Idem, f. 21v.
      Et otroſſi ſi lo mezclan con eſtanno torna negro. ¬ ſi con plata lo mezclan recibe la blancura della ¬ aſſi faz con cada metal.
      And also, if they mix it with tin it becomes black, and if they mix it with silver it receives whiteness from it, and likewise with every metal.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Spanish: metal

Polish

词源(Etymology)

From Latin metallum.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

metal m inan

  1. metal
  2. (heraldry) metal

变化形式(Declension)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Old Portuguese metal, from Old Spanish metal, from Old Catalan metall, matall, from Latin metallum (metal, mine, quarry, mineral), from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon, mine, quarry, metal).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metais)

  1. (chemistry) metal (any of a number of elements that form a metallic bond with other metal atoms)
    Antonyms: não-metal, ametal
  2. metal (any of a number of a number of hard but malleable materials consisting of metallic atoms)
  3. (music) metal; heavy metal
    Synonym: heavy metal
  4. (poetic) money; wealth; riches
    Synonyms: riqueza, dinheiro
  5. (heraldry) white ((argent) or yellow (or) tincture on a coat of arms

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)


Romanian

名词(Noun)

metal n (plural metale)

  1. metal

Serbo-Croatian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /mětaːl/
  • Hyphenation: me‧tal

名词(Noun)

mètāl m (Cyrillic spelling мѐта̄л)

  1. (chemistry) metal

变化形式(Declension)


Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

词源(Etymology)

From Old Spanish metal, from Old French métal or Old Occitan metall, these from Latin metallum, from Ancient Greek μέταλλον (métallon, mine, quarry, metal).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /meˈtal/, [meˈt̪al]

名词(Noun)

metal m (plural metales)

  1. metal
  2. (heraldry) metal
  3. (music) metal

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Turkish

名词(Noun)

metal (definite accusative metali, plural metaller)

  1. metal

Turkmen

名词(Noun)

metal (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. metal

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