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【not】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English not, nat, variant of noght, naht (not, nothing), from Old English *nōht, nāht (nought, nothing), short for nōwiht, nāwiht (nothing, literally not anything), corresponding to ne (not) + ōwiht, āwiht (anything), corresponding to ā (ever, always) + wiht (thing, creature).

Cognate with Scots nat, naucht (not), Saterland Frisian nit (not), West Frisian net (not), Dutch niet (not), German nicht (not). Compare nought, naught and aught. More at no, wight, whit.

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

not (not comparable)

  1. Negates the meaning of the modified verb.
    ‘Do they know?’ ‘I believe not (formal)
    Did you take out the trash? No, I did not.
    Not knowing any better, I went ahead.
  2. To no degree.
    That is not red; it's green.
  3. (understatement, litotes) Used to indicate the opposite or near opposite, often in a form of understatement.
    That day was not the best day of my life.
    It was not my favorite movie of all time.
    In the not too distant future my view on the matter might be not a million miles away from yours.

用法注意(Usage notes)

In modern usage, do-support requires that the form do not ... (or don’t ...) be preferred to ... not for all but a short list of verbs (be, have, can, shall, will, would, may, must, need, ought):

  • They do not sow. (modern) vs. They sow not. (KJB)

American usage tends to prefer don’t have or haven’t got to have not or haven’t, except when have is used as an auxiliary (or in the idiom have-not):

  • I don’t have a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (US)
  • I haven’t a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (outside US)
  • I haven’t been to Spain. (universal)

The verb need is only directly negated when used as an auxiliary, and even this usage is rare, especially in the US.

  • You don’t need to trouble yourself. (common)
  • You needn’t trouble yourself. (outside US, rare)
  • I don’t need any eggs today. (universal)

The verb dare can sometimes be directly negated.

  • I daren't do that.

The verb do, as a main verb, takes do not.

  • He does not do that.

In the imperative, all verbs, including be, take do not.

  • Don't do that.
  • Don't be silly. (not *Be not silly.)

In the infinitive, verbs must be negated directly. In this case not cannot appear after the verb; some authorities recommend placing it before to to avoid a split infinitive, but for most speakers the forms not to do and to not do are more or less interchangeable, with the latter being mostly informal.

  • The objective is not to lose or The objective is to not lose.
  • I wanted not to go or I wanted to not go. (Note the difference between this and I didn't want to go, where want is the verb being negated.)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

Conjunction

not

  1. And not.
    I wanted a plate of shrimp, not a bucket of chicken.
    He painted the car blue and black, not solid purple.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • The construction “A, not B” is synonymous with the constructions “A, and not B”; “not B, but A”; and “not B, but rather A”.

翻译(Translations)

感叹语(Interjection)

not!

  1. (slang, 1990s) Used to indicate that the previous phrase was meant sarcastically or ironically.
    I really like hanging out with my little brother watching Barney... not!
    Sure, you're perfect the way you are... not!

同义词(Synonyms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

not (plural nots)

  1. Alternative letter-case form of NOT

用法注意(Usage notes)

Boolean operators and states are commonly written in all uppercase in order to distinguish them from the ordinary uses of the words.

翻译(Translations)

Contraction

not

  1. (obsolete) Contraction of ne wot; not to know.

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • not at OneLook Dictionary Search

变位词(Anagrams)


Albanian

词源(Etymology)

From notoj.

名词(Noun)

not m

  1. swim

关联词(Related terms)

  • notoj (to swim), bën not (to swim)

Aromanian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Greek νότος (nótos).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

not m

  1. dry wind from the south

同义词(Synonyms)

  • iug

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

not

  1. Alternative form of anot to swim

词源3(Etymology 3)

From anot (I swim). Compare Italian nuoto, Portuguese nado.

名词(Noun)

not m

  1. swim, swimming

同义词(Synonyms)

  • notalui

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

词源1(Etymology 1)

From German Nut.

名词(Noun)

not c (singular definite noten, plural indefinite noter)

  1. (mechanics) A groove.
Inflection

词源2(Etymology 2)

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

From Norwegian not.

名词(Noun)

not c or n (singular definite noten or notet, plural indefinite noter or not)

  1. (fishing) seine net
    Synonym: snurpenot
Inflection
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • snurpenot

词源3(Etymology 3)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

not

  1. imperative of note

Icelandic

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

not n pl (plurale tantum)

  1. use

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • koma að notum (to be of use, to be useful)

关联词(Related terms)


Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch noot, from Middle Dutch note, from Old French note, from Latin nota. Doublet of nota.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈnɔt/
  • Hyphenation: not

名词(Noun)

not

  1. (music) note, a character, variously formed, to indicate the length of a tone, and variously placed upon the staff to indicate its pitch.
    Synonym: titi nada

Compounds

  • not angka
  • not balok
  • not bantu
  • not bendera
  • not garis
  • not seperdelapan
  • not seperempat
  • not spasi

查看更多(Further reading)


Luxembourgish

形容词(Adjective)

not

  1. strong/weak nominative/accusative neuter singular of no

中古英语(Middle English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Reduction of nought (from Old English nāwiht, nōwiht).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

not

  1. not (negates the accompanying verb)
    Þei ne bileveden hire not.They didn't believe her.
  2. not (to no degree, extent, or way)
    Þou art not weyke.You aren't weak.

派生词(Descendants)

  • English: not
  • Scots: nat (obsolete)

来源参考(References)

名词(Noun)

not (uncountable)

  1. nothing, nought
  2. (rare) nobody, no person
  3. (rare) nobody, no person

派生词(Descendants)

  • English: not
  • Scots: nat (obsolete)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse nót.[1]

名词(Noun)

not f (definite singular nota, indefinite plural nøter, definite plural nøtene)

  1. Alternative spelling of nót

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle Low German.[1]

名词(Noun)

not f (definite singular nota, indefinite plural noter, definite plural notene)

  1. Alternative spelling of nót

词源3(Etymology 3)

See the etymology of the main entry.

名词(Noun)

not

  1. (dialectal, Trøndelag and Northern Norway) Apocopic form of note

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 “not” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

变位词(Anagrams)


Old English

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • nōt

词源(Etymology)

From Latin nota.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

not m (nominative plural notas)

  1. a sign; mark; a mark made on an object

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)


Old Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse nót, from Proto-Germanic *nōtō.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

nōt f

  1. net, seine

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)


Romansch

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) notg

词源(Etymology)

From Latin noctem, accusative of nox, from Proto-Indo-European *nókʷts.

名词(Noun)

not f (plural nots)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) night

Scottish Gaelic

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

not m (genitive singular not, plural notaichean)

  1. Alternative form of nota

Swedish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old French note (noun), noter (verb), both from Latin nota.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

not c

  1. (music) note.
  2. a short message; note.
  3. (diplomacy) a formal message from a country to another country’s embassy.

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of not 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative not noten noter noterna
Genitive nots notens noters noternas

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

not c

  1. seine

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of not 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative not noten notar notarna
Genitive nots notens notars notarnas

变位词(Anagrams)


Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

From English North.

名词(Noun)

not

  1. North

Turkish

词源(Etymology)

From French note.

名词(Noun)

not (definite accusative notu, plural notlar)

  1. a short message; note
    Not: Seni seviyorum.PS: I love you.

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection
Nominative not
Definite accusative notu
Singular Plural
Nominative not notlar
Definite accusative notu notları
Dative nota notlara
Locative notta notlarda
Ablative nottan notlardan
Genitive notun notların

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