万维词典

【pin】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search
See also: PIN, pīn, pín, pǐn, pìn, pîn, and piņ

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
pins (sharpened steel wire with a head)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: pĭn, IPA(key): /pɪn/, [pʰɪn]
  • Rhymes: -ɪn
  • Homophone: pen (pin-pen merger)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn (pin, peg, bolt), from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- (protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge).

Cognate with Dutch pin (peg, pin), Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin). More at pintle.

No relation to classical Latin pinna (fin, flipper, wing-like appendage, wing, feather), which was extended to mean "ridge, peak, point" (compare pinnacle), and often confused with Latin penna (wing, feather). More at feather.

名词(Noun)

pin (plural pins)

  1. A needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
  2. A small nail with a head and a sharp point.
  3. A cylinder often of wood or metal used to fasten or as a bearing between two parts.
    Pull the pin out of the grenade before throwing it at the enemy.
  4. (wrestling, professional wrestling) The victory condition of holding the opponent's shoulders on the wrestling mat for a prescribed period of time.
  5. A slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  6. (informal, in the plural) A leg.
    I'm not so good on my pins these days.
  7. (electricity) Any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector.
    The UK standard connector for domestic mains electricity has three pins.
  8. A piece of jewellery that is attached to clothing with a pin.
  9. (US) A simple accessory that can be attached to clothing with a pin or fastener, often round and bearing a design, logo or message, and used for decoration, identification or to show political affiliation, etc.
    Synonyms: badge, lapel pin
  10. (chess) A scenario in which moving a lesser piece to escape from attack would expose a more valuable piece to attack.
  11. (golf) The flagstick: the flag-bearing pole which marks the location of a hole
  12. (curling) The spot at the exact centre of the house (the target area)
    The shot landed right on the pin.
  13. (dated) A mood, a state of being.
  14. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each person should drink.
  15. (medicine, obsolete) Caligo.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  16. A thing of small value; a trifle.
  17. A peg in musical instruments for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.
  18. (engineering) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
  19. The tenon of a dovetail joint.
  20. (Britain, brewing) A size of brewery cask, equal to half a firkin, or eighth of a barrel.
  21. (informal) A pinball machine.
    I spent most of my time in the arcade playing pins.
同义词(Synonyms)
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
查看更多(See also)

动词(Verb)

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. (often followed by a preposition such as "to" or "on") To fasten or attach (something) with a pin.
  2. (chess, usually passive) To cause (a piece) to be in a pin.
  3. (wrestling) To pin down (someone).
  4. To enclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
  5. (computing, graphical user interface, transitive) To attach (an icon, application, etc.) to another item.
    to pin a window to the Taskbar
  6. (computing, transitive) To fix (an array in memory, a security certificate, etc.) so that it cannot be modified.
    When marshaling data, the interop marshaler can copy or pin the data being marshaled.
  7. To cause an analog gauge to reach the stop pin at the high end of the range.
    Synonym: peg
    • 1979, Al Greenwood and Lou Gramm, "Rev on the Red Line" from Head Games:
      Now I need to pin those needles.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. Alternative form of peen

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pins)

  1. (electronics) lead
  2. pin (ornament)

Chuukese

形容词(Adjective)

pin

  1. holy

同义词(Synonyms)


Cimbrian

动词(Verb)

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of zèinan: am

Cornish

名词(Noun)

pin f (singulative pinen)

  1. pines

同义词(Synonyms)


Danish

动词(Verb)

pin

  1. imperative of pine

Dutch

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Germanic *pinnaz *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- 'protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge'. Cognate with English pin, Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin f (plural pinnen, diminutive pinnetje n)

  1. peg, pin

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation

名词(Noun)

pin

  1. Abbreviation of persoonlijk identificatienummer.

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pinnen
  2. imperative of pinnen

变位词(Anagrams)


French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French pin, from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine, pine tree

查看更多(Further reading)


Friulian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin pīnus.

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine tree

Indonesian

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch pin, from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- 'protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge'.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɪn]
  • Hyphenation: pin

名词(Noun)

pin

  1. pin
    1. (colloquial) a needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
      Synonym: peniti
    2. a slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  2. (colloquial) peg.
    Synonym: pasak

查看更多(Further reading)


Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

pin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ピン

Latvian

动词(Verb)

pin

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of pīt
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of pīt
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of pīt
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of pīt

Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

pin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pīn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pín.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pǐn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pìn.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun

动词(Verb)

pin (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To say
  2. To tell (a story).
  3. first-person singular realis form of pin

同义词(Synonyms)


Papantla Totonac

名词(Noun)

pin inan

  1. chili. chili pepper.

来源参考(References)

  • Crescencio García Ramos, Diccionario Básico Totonaco-Español Español-Totonaco (Xalapa, Academia Veracruzana de las Lenguas Indígenas, 2007)

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pini)

  1. pine

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(See also)


Romansch

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) pign
  • (Sursilvan) pégn
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) pegn

词源(Etymology)

From Latin pīnus.

名词(Noun)

pin m

  1. (Puter, Vallader) spruce, fir

同义词(Synonyms)


Seta

名词(Noun)

pin

  1. woman

来源参考(References)

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Spanish

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from English pin

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pines)

  1. pin, lapel pin
  2. (electricity) pin (any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from English PIN, acronym of personal identification number

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pines)

  1. PIN, PIN number

Swedish

词源1(Etymology 1)

Clipping of pinsam, with the same meaning.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

pin (comparative mer pin, superlative mest pin)

  1. (colloquial) embarrasing
    Så jäkla pin asså!
    So f--ing embarrassing!
变化形式(Declension)

Invariable, not used in the definite form.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From pina.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin

  1. pain, torment
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • om man vill vara fin, får man lida pin; vill man vara fin, får man lida pin

副词(Adverb)

pin (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) very, really, super-
    Synonyms: jätte-, väldigt
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • på pin kiv

词源3(Etymology 3)

Borrowed from English pin.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin n

  1. Alternative form of pins
用法注意(Usage notes)

The form with -s is recommended since it's easier to decline in Swedish.

来源参考(References)



Turkish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • pim (Van)
  • pindik (Çorum)
  • pine (Kahramanmaraş, Sivas, Yozgat, Nevşehir, Adana)
  • pinelik (Ankara, Gümüşhane, Kayseri)
  • pines (Trabzon, Rize, Tekirdağ, Ankara, Adana)
  • pineslik (Ankara)
  • pinez (Trabzon)
  • pinezlik (Giresun)
  • pinlik (Kastamonu, Çorum, Sinop, Samsun, Tokat, Kırşehir, Kayserii)
  • pinik (Sinop, Ordu, Gümüşhane, Sivas, Yozgat)
  • pinnek (Tunceli, Gaziantep, Sivas)
  • pon (Gümüşhane)
  • pun (Artvin, Bitlis)
  • pündük (Ordu)
  • püne (Adana)
  • pünes (Antalya)
  • pünlük (Ordu)
  • pünnük (Ordu)

词源(Etymology)

From Ottoman Turkish پین(pin), borrowed from a dialectal form of Armenian բույն (buyn, nest).

名词(Noun)

pin (definite accusative pini, plural pinler)

  1. (dialectal) coop for poultry

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection
Nominative pin
Definite accusative pini
Singular Plural
Nominative pin pinler
Definite accusative pini pinleri
Dative pine pinlere
Locative pinde pinlerde
Ablative pinden pinlerden
Genitive pinin pinlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinin pinlerin
3rd singular pini pinleri
1st plural pinimiz pinlerimiz
2nd plural pininiz pinleriniz
3rd plural pinleri pinleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinsin pinlersin
3rd singular pin
pindir
pinler
pinlerdir
1st plural piniz pinleriz
2nd plural pinsiniz pinlersiniz
3rd plural pinler pinlerdir

同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979) , “բոյն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • pin”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Vietnamese

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French pile.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

(classifier cục) pin

  1. a battery
  2. the amount of electricity that a battery holds
    Điện thoại tao hết pin rồi.
    My phone is dead.
    (literally, “My phone has run out of "battery".”)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Welsh

Pronunciation 1

词源(Etymology)

From Latin pīnus (compare Middle Irish pín).

Noun 1

pin m (uncountable)

  1. pine (tree or wood)

用法注意(Usage notes)

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pin to the superseded form pîn.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • pinwydd f pl

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • pin-afal

Pronunciation 2

名词(Noun)

pin m (plural pinnau)

  1. Superseded spelling of pìn.

用法注意(Usage notes)

Modern Welsh orthography uses pìn instead of the superseded form pin.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pin bin mhin phin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “pin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yapese

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Oceanic *papine, from Proto-Austronesian *bahi (woman).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

pin

  1. woman

本页面最后更新于2020-10-18 20:54,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器