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【positive】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Positive and positivé

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • +ve (abbreviation)

词源(Etymology)

From Old French positif, from Latin positivus, from the past participle stem of ponere (to place). Compare posit.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

positive (comparative more positive, superlative most positive)

  1. Not negative or neutral.
  2. (law) Formally laid down. [from the 14th c.]
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      In laws, that which is natural bindeth universally; that which is positive, not so.
  3. Stated definitively and without qualification. [from the 16th c.]
  4. Fully assured in opinion. [from the 17th c.]
    I’m absolutely positive you've spelt that wrong.
  5. (mathematics) Of number, greater than zero. [from the 18th c.]
    Antonym: nonpositive
  6. Characterized by constructiveness or influence for the better.
  7. Overconfident, dogmatic.
  8. (chiefly philosophy) Actual, real, concrete, not theoretical or speculative.
    • 1597 Francis Bacon, The Colours of Good and Evil
      The flower or blossom is a a positive good.
  9. (physics) Having more protons than electrons.
    A cation is a positive ion as it has more protons than electrons.
    Antonym: negative
  10. (grammar) Describing the primary sense of an adjective, adverb or noun; not comparative, superlative, augmentative nor diminutive.
    ‘Better’ is an irregular comparative of the positive form ‘good’.
  11. Derived from an object by itself; not dependent on changing circumstances or relations; absolute.
    The idea of beauty is not positive, but depends on the different tastes of individuals.
  12. Characterized by the existence or presence of distinguishing qualities or features, rather than by their absence.
    The box was not empty – I felt some positive substance within it.
  13. Characterized by the presence of features which support a hypothesis.
    The results of our experiment are positive.
  14. (photography) Of a visual image, true to the original in light, shade and colour values.
    A positive photograph can be developed from a photographic negative.
  15. Favorable, desirable by those interested or invested in that which is being judged.
    The first-night reviews were largely positive.
  16. Wholly what is expressed; colloquially downright, entire, outright.
    Good lord, you've built up a positive arsenal of weaponry here.
  17. Optimistic. [from the 20th c.]
    He has a positive outlook on life.
  18. (chemistry) electropositive
  19. (chemistry) basic; metallic; not acid; opposed to negative, and said of metals, bases, and basic radicals.
  20. (slang) HIV positive.
    • quoted in 2013, William I. Johnston, HIV-Negative: How the Uninfected Are Affected by AIDS (page 145)
      We certainly told him at that time that I was negative. We talked about transmission. We told him we don't do anything that would cause me to become positive.
  21. (New Age jargon) Good, desirable, healthful, pleasant, enjoyable; (often precedes 'energy', 'thought', 'feeling' or 'emotion').
    • 2009, Christopher Johns, Becoming a Reflective Practitioner, John Wiley & Sons, p. 15
      Negative feelings can be worked through and their energy converted into positive energy... In crisis, normal patterns of self-organization fail, resulting in anxiety (negative energy). Being open systems, people can exchange this energy with the environment and create positive energy for taking action...

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

名词(Noun)

positive (plural positives)

  1. A thing capable of being affirmed; something real or actual.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
  2. A favourable point or characteristic.
  3. Something having a positive value in physics, such as an electric charge.
  4. (grammar) A degree of comparison of adjectives and adverbs.
  5. (grammar) An adjective or adverb in the positive degree.
  6. (photography) A positive image; one that displays true colors and shades, as opposed to a negative.
  7. The positive plate of a voltaic or electrolytic cell.
  8. A positive result of a test.

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Danish

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. inflection of positiv:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

French

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. feminine singular of positif

动词(Verb)

positive

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of positiver
  2. second-person singular imperative of positiver

German

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. inflection of positiv:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. feminine plural of positivo

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

positīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of positīvus

Norwegian Bokmål

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. definite singular of positiv
  2. plural of positiv

Norwegian Nynorsk

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. definite singular of positiv
  2. plural of positiv

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /posiˈtibe/, [posiˈt̪iβe]

动词(Verb)

positive

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of positivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of positivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of positivar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of positivar.

Swedish

形容词(Adjective)

positive

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of positiv.

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