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【preposition】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: préposition

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English preposicioun, from Old French preposicion, from Latin praepositio, praepositionem, from praepono (to place before). Compare French préposition. So called because it is placed before the word with which it is phrased, as in a bridge of iron, he comes from town, it is good for food, he escaped by running.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: prĕp-ə-zĭsh'ən, IPA(key): /ˌpɹɛpəˈzɪʃən/

名词(Noun)

preposition (plural prepositions)

  1. (grammar, strict sense) Any of a class of non-inflecting words typically employed to connect a following noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word: a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 9, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 495:
      And in (121) below, we see that when a wh-NP is used as the Object of a Preposition, the whole Prepositional Phrase can undergo WH MOVEMENT:
      (121) (a)      [To whom] can I send this letter —?
      (121) (b)      [About what] are they quarrelling —?
      (121) (c)      [In which book] did you read about it —?
    • 2014 June 1, “Net Neutrality”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 1, episode 5, HBO:
      I love this girl. “On which I can get my hands” — even in her darkest moment, she cannot bring herself to end a sentence with a preposition.
  2. (obsolete) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.
    • 1811 [1516], Robert Fabyan, Sir Henry Ellis, editor, The New Chronicles of England and France[1], page 116:
      [] he made a longe preposicion & oracion cōcyrnynge y allegiaūce which he exortyd his lordes to owe
Hypernyms
相关搭配(Coordinate terms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

pre- +‎ position

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • pre-position

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːpəˌzɪʃən/

动词(Verb)

preposition (third-person singular simple present prepositions, present participle prepositioning, simple past and past participle prepositioned)

  1. To place in a location before some other event occurs.
    It is important to preposition the material before turning on the machine.

翻译(Translations)


Finnish

名词(Noun)

preposition

  1. genitive singular of prepositio

Interlingua

名词(Noun)

preposition (plural prepositiones)

  1. (grammar) A word that is used in conjunction with a noun or pronoun in order to form a phrase.

Swedish

名词(Noun)

preposition c

  1. a preposition (part of speech)

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of preposition 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative preposition prepositionen prepositioner prepositionerna
Genitive prepositions prepositionens prepositioners prepositionernas

关联词(Related terms)

  • prepositionell
  • prepositionsadverbial
  • prepositionsattribut
  • prepositionsuttryck

来源参考(References)


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