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【que】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

que (countable and uncountable, plural ques)

  1. (US, informal, rare) Clipping of barbeque.
    • 2009 December 25, Nick Cramer, in My "homemade" Italian meatball recipe - for Nick and Meir, in soc.culture.jewish.moderated, Usenet:
      Then about 1950 two German brothers who had a meat market began cooking BBQ in their market to use up left over meat. One got the idea to smoke a brisket as he was smoking sausage one weekend. He left it all weekend in his smokehouse and on Monday as they were serving their que, pork, sausage & chicken, he cut a slice []
    • 2010 September 22, Nanzi (username), in Re: Yoy guys are killing this group, in alt.food.barbecue, Usenet:
      Instead please join in the sharing of que methods and recipes, or questions.
    • 2011, Kathy Reichs, Spider Bones: A Novel →ISBN, page 57
      The back route I favor involves a long stretch on Highway 74 and brings me close enough to Lumberton for a barbeque detour. That was my target today. Being already in Lumberton, it only made sense to score some “que.”
  2. (South Asia) Alternative form of queue

变位词(Anagrams)


Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin quid.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. that, what, which

关联词(Related terms)


Catalan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin quem, accusative of quī.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (relative) that, which
  2. (relative) that, who, whom
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Conjunction

que

  1. (relative) that
  2. (in comparisons) than

衍生词(Derived terms)

副词(Adverb)

que

  1. how; used to indicate surprise, delight and such.
    Que bonic és viure!
    How nice it is to live!

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Fala

词源(Etymology)

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid (that), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

Conjunction

que

  1. that (connecting noun clause)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      I si “a patria do homi é sua lengua”, cumu idía Albert Camus, o que está claru é que a lengua está mui por encima de fronteiras, serras, rius i maris, de situaciós pulíticas i sociu-económicas, de lazus religiosus e inclusu familiaris.
      And if “a man’s homeland is his language”, as Albert Camus said, what is clear is that language is beyond borders, mountain ranges, rivers and seas, above political and socio-economic situations, of religious and even family ties.
  2. than (used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é cuestión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu:
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as:

衍生词(Derived terms)


French

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin quod, conflated with Latin quid and possibly conflated with Latin quia.

Conjunction

que

  1. that (introduces a noun clause and connects it to its parent clause)
    Je vois que tu parles bien français.
    I see that you speak French well.
  2. (used with ne) only (ne ... que parses roughly as "(do[es]) not / nothing ... other than")
    Je ne mange que des fruits.
    I eat only fruits.
    • c. 1656–1662, Blaise Pascal, “Dossier de travail - Fragment n° 19 / 35”, in Pensées [Thoughts]‎[1]:
      Nous souhaitons la vérité et ne trouvons en nous qu’incertitude. Nous recherchons le bonheur et ne trouvons que misère et mort.
      We hope for truth and find in ourselves only uncertainty. We search again for happiness and find only misery and death.
  3. Substitutes for another, previously stated conjunction.
    Si le temps est beau et que tout le monde est d'accord, nous mangerons en plein air.
    If the weather is nice and if everyone likes the idea, we'll eat outside.
  4. when, no sooner.
    Il était à peine parti qu'elle a téléphoné à la police.
    No sooner had he left when she called the police.
  5. Links two noun phrases in apposition forming a clause without a (finite) verb, such that the complement acts as predicate.
    • 1874, Barbey d'Aurevilly, ‘Le Bonheur dans le crime’, Les Diaboliques:
      —Quelle grande bête, avec tout son esprit, que votre marquise, pour vous avoir dit pareille chose! — fit la duchesse [].
      ‘What a beast your marquess is, for all her spirit, for having told you such a thing!’ said the duchess.
    • 1918, Jean Giradoux, Simon le pathétique:
      —Quelle belle fleur que la rose! dit-elle soudain, alors qu'aucune rose n'était en vue […].
      ‘What a beautiful flower the rose is!’ she said suddenly, though no rose was in sight.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Unlike its English counterpart, que (sense 1) cannot be omitted in Standard French.
  • Ne...que, though it may look like a negative structure, is not a true negative. The partitive article is used after it and does not change into de as with other negatives.
  • When using ne...que, que normally precedes what it's restricting:
    Il ne mange les pâtes que le samedi
    He only eats pasta on Saturday
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin quam.

Conjunction

que

  1. than (introduces a comparison)
    Il est plus grand que son père.
    He is taller than his father.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

代词(Pronoun)

que ? (interrogative)

  1. (slightly formal, accusative) The inanimate direct-object interrogative pronoun.
    Que pensez-vous de cette peinture ?
    What do you think of that painting?
  2. (slightly formal, nominative) The inanimate subject or predicative interrogative pronoun.
    Qu'est-il arrivé ?What happened?
    Que me vaut cette visite ?To what do I owe this visit?
    Que sommes-nous ?What are we?

同义词(Synonyms)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Latin quem, accusative of qui.

代词(Pronoun)

que ?

  1. (accusative, relative) The direct object relative pronoun.
    C'est un homme que je connais très bien.
    He's a man whom I know very well.
    Je viens de lire la lettre que vous m'avez envoyée.
    I've just read the letter that you sent me.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Galician

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid.

Conjunction

que

  1. that

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin quid.

形容词(Adjective)

que

  1. what; which (interrogative only)
    ¿Que camisa queres?Which shirt do you want?

副词(Adverb)

que

  1. how; what (comparative)
    que lástimahow sad
  2. used to express an adjective; how [mostly not translated]
    que feo¡[how] ugly!
    que alto¡[how] tall!
    que bonito¡[how] cool!

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. what (interrogative only)
    ¿Que ves?What do you see?
  2. that, which

词源3(Etymology 3)

名词(Noun)

que f (plural ques)

  1. Name of the letter q.

Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

que (plural que-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter Q/q.

查看更多(See also)


Indo-Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese que, from Old Portuguese que, from Latin quid (what), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. that; which
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      [] , que da-cá su quião que ta pertencê a êll.
      [] , to give him his share which belongs to him.

Interlingua

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

que

  1. that

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. what (interrogative)
    Que tu prefere?What do you prefer?

衍生词(Derived terms)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

que

  1. Nonstandard spelling of quē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of qué.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of què.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle French

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin quia.

Conjunction

que

  1. that

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin quid.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. what
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 61:
      si en fut tant dolent qu'il ne sçavoit que dire
      then he was so sad that he didn't know what to say

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: que

Novial

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (interrogative) who

Occitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin quem, accusative of quī.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (relative) that, which
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin quid, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis.

Conjunction

que

  1. (relative) that
  2. (in comparisons) than

Old French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin quid, quis.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (interrogative) what, who
  2. (indefinite) (that) which

Conjunction

que

  1. that

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle French: que

Old Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin quid, quis.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (interrogative) what, who
  2. (indefinite) (that) which

派生词(Descendants)

Conjunction

que

  1. that

Old Portuguese

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • , (abbreviation, in manuscripts)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin quid (what), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid.

Conjunction

que

  1. that (introduces a connecting clause)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Fala: que
  • Galician: que
  • Portuguese: que
    • Indo-Portuguese: que

Portuguese

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • q (abbreviation)
  • (abbreviation, obsolete)

词源(Etymology)

From Old Portuguese que, from Latin quod, conflated with Latin quid (what), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis. Cognate with English who.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

que

  1. that (connecting noun clause)
  2. that (introducing the result of the main clause)
    Está tão frio que os canos congelaram.
    It is so cold that the pipes froze
  3. than (used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison)
    O inverno é mais frio que o verão.
    Winter is colder than summer.
  4. (only in subordinate clauses) seeing as; since; for; because (introduces explanatory clause).
    Espere um pouco que a chuva já vai parar.
    Wait a little: for the rain is about to stop.
    • 1878, Machado de Assis, O Machete (short story):
      Nas horas de lazer, tratava Inácio do querido instrumento e fazia vibrar todas as cordas do coração, derramando as suas harmonias interiores, e fazendo chorar a boa velha de melancolia e gosto, que ambos estes sentimentos lhe inspirava a música do filho.
      In his times of leisure, Inácio took care of the loved instrument and made all heartstrings vibrate, outpouring his inner harmonies, and making the good old woman cry with melancholy and pleasure: for both these feelings the son’s music inspired in her.
  5. (only in subordinate clauses) and (indicating the consequences of an action, often threateningly)
    Quebre as regras que você será punido.
    Break the rules and you will be arrested.

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:que.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. (interrogative) what (used to ask for a specification)
    Que livro é esse?
    What book is this?
  2. (relative) which; that; who (of those mentioned)
    Li uma notícia que era muito desagradável.
    I read news that was very unpleasant.
  3. (indefinite) what thing
  4. what a (preceding nouns); how (preceding adjectives) (indicates surprise, delight, or other strong feelings)
    Que jogador!
    What a player!
    Que belo!
    How beautiful!

同义词(Synonyms)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From Latin quod, conflated with Latin quid from Proto-Indo-European *kʷid, compare *kʷis. Cognate with English who.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

que

  1. that
    Él dice que está triste.
    He says that he/she is sad.
    Synonym: q (Internet slang, text messaging)
  2. than
    Llego más tarde que tú.
    I am arriving later than you.
  3. indicating a reason, roughly because
    ¡Ve más lento, que es resbaloso!
    Slow down, (because) it is slippery!
  4. indicating desire or permission (used with the subjunctive)
    Que te vaya bien
    good luck to you.
    Que Dios me perdone
    may God forgive me.

代词(Pronoun)

que

  1. who; that
    la estrella que está en la película
    the star who is in the movie
    Synonym: q (Internet slang, text messaging)
  2. that; whom
    la mujer con la que yo hablé
    the woman with whom I spoke
  3. that; which
    la casa que yo quiero
    the house that I want

Preposition

que

  1. than
  2. like, as

Particle

que

  1. to

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • con el que, con la que (with which)
  • del que, de la que (of which, from which)
  • para el que, para la que (for which)
  • por el que, por la que (for which, by which, through which)
  • a que
  • aunque
  • quehacer
  • queísmo
  • que te que

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Vietnamese

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Vietic *k-vɛː; cognate with Muong que and Tho [Cuối Chăm] kʰwɛː¹.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

(classifier cái, cây) que

  1. small stick

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