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【quick】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English quik, quic, from Old English cwic (alive), from Proto-West Germanic *kwik(k)w, from Proto-Germanic *kwikwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeyh₃- (to live), *gʷeih₃w- (to live).

Cognate with Dutch kwik, kwiek, German keck, Swedish kvick; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek βίος (bíos, life), Latin vivus, Lithuanian gývas (alive), Latvian dzīvs (alive), Russian живо́й (živój), Welsh byw (alive), Irish beo (alive), biathaigh (feed), Northern Kurdish jîn (to live), jiyan (life), giyan (soul), can (soul), Sanskrit जीव (jīva, living), Albanian nxit (to urge, stimulate). Doublet of jiva.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /kwɪk/, [kʷw̥ɪk]
  • Rhymes: -ɪk

形容词(Adjective)

quick (comparative quicker, superlative quickest)

  1. Moving with speed, rapidity or swiftness, or capable of doing so; rapid; fast.
    I ran to the station – but I wasn't quick enough.
    He's a quick runner.
  2. Occurring in a short time; happening or done rapidly.
    That was a quick meal.
  3. Lively, fast-thinking, witty, intelligent.
    You have to be very quick to be able to compete in ad-lib theatrics.
  4. Mentally agile, alert, perceptive.
    My father is old but he still has a quick wit.
  5. Of temper: easily aroused to anger; quick-tempered.
    He is wont to be rather quick of temper when tired.
    • 1549, Hugh Latimer, The Sixth Sermon Preached Before King Edward, April 6 1549
      The bishop was somewhat quick with them, and signified that he was much offended.
  6. (archaic) Alive, living.
  7. (now rare, archaic) Pregnant, especially at the stage where the foetus's movements can be felt; figuratively, alive with some emotion or feeling.
    • c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “Loues Labour’s Lost”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene ii]:
      she's quick; the child brags in her belly already: tis yours
    • 2012, Jerry White, London in the Eighteenth Century, Bodley Head 2017, p. 385:
      When sentenced she sought to avoid hanging by declaring herself with child – ironically, given her favourite deception – but a ‘jury of Matrons’ found her not quick.
  8. Of water: flowing.
  9. Burning, flammable, fiery.
  10. Fresh; bracing; sharp; keen.
  11. (mining, of a vein of ore) productive; not "dead" or barren

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

  • (moving with speed): slow

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

副词(Adverb)

quick (comparative quicker, superlative quickest)

  1. Quickly, in a quick manner.
    Get rich quick.
    Come here, quick!

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

quick (plural quicks)

  1. Raw or sensitive flesh, especially that underneath finger and toe nails.
  2. Plants used in making a quickset hedge
    • 1641, John Evelyn, diary entry September 1641
      The works [] are curiously hedged with quick.
  3. The life; the mortal point; a vital part; a part susceptible to serious injury or keen feeling.
    • 1550, Hugh Latimer, Sermon Preached at Stamford, 9 October 1550
      This test nippeth, [] this toucheth the quick.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, Church-History of Britain
      How feebly and unlike themselves they reason when they come to the quick of the difference!
  4. Quitchgrass.
  5. (cricket) A fast bowler.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

quick (third-person singular simple present quicks, present participle quicking, simple past and past participle quicked)

  1. (transitive) To amalgamate surfaces prior to gilding or silvering by dipping them into a solution of mercury in nitric acid.
  2. (transitive, archaic, poetic) To quicken.
    • 1917', Thomas Hardy, At the Word 'Farewell
      I rose as if quicked by a spur I was bound to obey.

来源参考(References)


French

词源(Etymology)

From English.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

quick m (plural quicks)

  1. quick waltz

查看更多(See also)


German

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Middle Low German quick, from Old Saxon quik, from Proto-West Germanic *kwik(k)w, from Proto-Germanic *kwikwaz; also a Central Franconian form. Doublet of keck, which see for more.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /kvɪk/, [kʋɪk]

形容词(Adjective)

quick (comparative quicker, superlative am quicksten)

  1. (rather rare, dated) lively
    • 1899, Theodor Fontane, chapter 12, in Der Stechlin:
      Die Wirtin des Hauses, Frau Hagelversicherungssekretär Schickedanz, hätte diesen gelegentlichen Aufenthalt der Nichte Hartwigs eigentlich beanstanden müssen, ließ es aber gehen, weil Hedwig ein heiteres, quickes und sehr anstelliges Ding war und manches besaß, was die Schickedanz mit der Ungehörigkeit des ewigen Dienstwechsels wieder aussöhnte.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Much more common than the simplex is the pleonastic compound quicklebendig.

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


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