万维词典

【reciprocal】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

Latin reciprocus, possibly from a phrase such as reque proque (back and forth, to and fro), from re- (back), prō (forwards) and -que (and).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈsɪpɹək(ə)l/

形容词(Adjective)

reciprocal (not comparable)

  1. Of a feeling, action or such: mutual, uniformly felt or done by each party towards the other or others; two-way.
    reciprocal love; reciprocal duties
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Let our reciprocal vows be remembered.
  2. Mutually interchangeable.
    • (Can we date this quote by I. Watts and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      These two rules will render a definition reciprocal with the thing defined.
  3. (grammar) expressing mutual action, applied to pronouns and verbs; also in a broad sense: reflexive
  4. (mathematics) Used to denote different kinds of mutual relation; often with reference to the substitution of reciprocals for given quantities.
  5. Done, given, felt, or owed in return
    a reciprocal invitation to lunch

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

reciprocal (plural reciprocals)

  1. (arithmetic) The number obtained by dividing 1 by another given number; the result of exchanging the numerator and the denominator of a fraction.
    0.5 is the reciprocal of 2.
  2. (grammar) A construction expressing mutual action.
    • 2008, Ekkehard König, ‎Volker Gast, Reciprocals and Reflexives: Theoretical and Typological Explorations
      Depending on where reciprocalization applies (syntax vs. lexicon), the relevant reciprocal verbs are claimed to exhibit specific properties, in particular: (i) syntactic reciprocals are fully productive whereas lexical reciprocals have only limited productivity; []

同义词(Synonyms)

翻译(Translations)


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