万维词典

【relative】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle French relatif, from Late Latin relātīvus, from Latin relātus, perfect passive participle of referō (to carry back, to ascribe), from re- (again) + ferō (to bear or carry).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛl.ə.tɪv/
    • (US, Canada) IPA(key): (flapped) [ˈɹɛl.ə.ɾɪv], (enunciated) [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv][note 1]
  • Rhymes: -ɛlətɪv

形容词(Adjective)

relative (not comparable)

  1. Connected to or depending on something else; comparative.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, BBC Sport:
      For Liverpool, their season will now be regarded as a relative disappointment after failure to add the FA Cup to the Carling Cup and not mounting a challenge to reach the Champions League places.
  2. (computing, of a URL, URI, path, or similar) Expressed in relation to another item, rather than in complete form.
    The relative URL /images/pic.jpg, when evaluated in the context of http://example.com/docs/pic.html, corresponds to the absolute URL http://example.com/images/pic.jpg.
  3. (grammar) That relates to an antecedent.
  4. (music) Having the same key but differing in being major or minor.
  5. Relevant; pertinent; related.
    relative to your earlier point about taxes, ...
  6. Capable to be changed by other beings or circumstance; conditional.

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • relative to

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

relative (plural relatives)

  1. Someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption.
    Why do my relatives always talk about sex?
  2. (linguistics) A type of adjective that inflects like a relative clause, rather than a true adjective, in certain Bantu languages.

同义词(Synonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

Notes

  1. ^ In General American and Canadian English, the flapped [ɾ] pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.ɾɪv] is more common than the aspirated [tʰ] pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv]; but in the derived adverb relatively, the aspirated pronunciation [ˈɹɛl.ə.tʰɪv.li] is more common, though the flap-t version can still be heard, especially in casual speech.

变位词(Anagrams)


Danish

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Esperanto

副词(Adverb)

relative

  1. relatively

French

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. feminine singular of relatif

变位词(Anagrams)


German

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. feminine plural of relativo

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

From relātīvus +‎ .

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

relātīvē (not comparable)

  1. (Late Latin) relatively

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

A regularly declined form of relātīvus.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

relātīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of relātīvus

Norwegian Bokmål

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Norwegian Nynorsk

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. inflection of relativ:
    1. definite singular
    2. plural

Swedish

形容词(Adjective)

relative

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of relativ.

本页面最后更新于2020-12-30 09:45,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器