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【rock】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Rock and röck

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English rocke, rokke (rock formation), from Old English *rocc (rock), as in Old English stānrocc (high stone rock, peak, obelisk), and also later from Anglo-Norman roc, roce, roque (compare Modern French roc, roche, rocher), from Medieval Latin rocca (attested 767), from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of uncertain origin, sometimes said to be of Celtic (in particular, perhaps Gaulish [Term?]) origin (compare Breton roc'h).[1]

名词(Noun)

rock (countable and uncountable, plural rocks)

Solid mineral aggregate.
A boulder.
A yellow diamond.
Several rocks of crack cocaine.
  1. A formation of minerals, specifically:
    1. (uncountable) The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust.
      • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
        Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. [] Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
      The face of the cliff is solid rock.
    2. A mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water.
      The ship crashed on the rocks.
    3. (Britain) A boulder or large stone; or (US, Canada) a smaller stone; a pebble.
      Some fool has thrown a rock through my window.
    4. (geology) Any natural material with a distinctive composition of minerals.
    5. (slang) A precious stone or gem, especially a diamond.
      Look at the size of that rock on her finger!
  2. A large hill or island having no vegetation.
    Pearl Rock near Cape Cod is so named because the morning sun makes it gleam like a pearl.
  3. (figurative) Something that is strong, stable, and dependable; a person who provides security or support to another.
    • 1611, King James Bible, Matthew 16:18,
      And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
    • 1991, Robert Harling and Andrew Bergman, Soapdish, Paramount Pictures,
      Celeste Talbert: She is my rock, my right hand.
  4. A lump or cube of ice.
    I'll have a whisky on the rocks, please.
  5. (Britain, uncountable) A type of confectionery made from sugar in the shape of a stick, traditionally having some text running through its length.
    While we're in Brighton, let's get a stick of rock!
  6. (US, slang) A crystallized lump of crack cocaine.
    Synonyms: crack rock, candy
    • 1995, “Dear Mama”, in Me Against the World, performed by 2Pac:
      I ain't guilty, ‘cause even though I sell rocks / It feels good puttin' money in your mailbox
    • 2014, Russell Brand, “Prologue”, in Revolution, →ISBN, page xiii:
      When I necked five-quid bottles of vodka, I did not read the label. When I scored rocks and bags off tumbleweed hobos blowing through the no-man's-land of Hackney estates, I conducted no litmus test.
  7. (US, slang) An unintelligent person, especially one who repeats mistakes.
  8. (South Africa, slang, derogatory) An Afrikaner.
  9. (US poker slang) An extremely conservative player who is willing to play only the very strongest hands.
  10. Any of several fish:
    1. The striped bass.
    2. The huss or rock salmon.
      We ordered rock and chips to take away.
  11. (US, basketball, slang) A basketball.
    Yo homie, pass the rock!
  12. (rock paper scissors) A closed hand (a handshape resembling a rock), that beats scissors and loses to paper. It beats lizard and loses to Spock in rock-paper-scissors-lizard-Spock.
  13. (informal, cricket) A cricket ball, especially a new one that has not been softened by use
  14. (CB radio slang) A crystal used to control the radio frequency.
    • 1980, Joseph J. Carr, The Complete Handbook of Radio Receivers (page 199)
      It was easily possible to double the cost of a CB rig just by adding all of the "rocks" necessary to do the job.
同义词(Synonyms)
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
Terms derived from rock (etymology 1)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ rock” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English rokken, from Old English roccian, from Proto-Germanic *rukkōną (compare obsolete Dutch rokken, Middle High German rocken (to drag, jerk), Modern German rücken (to move, shift), Icelandic rukka (to yank)), from Proto-Germanic *rugnōną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ruk-néh₂, from *h₃runk- (compare Latin runcāre (to weed), Latvian rũķēt (to toss, dig)).

动词(Verb)

rock (third-person singular simple present rocks, present participle rocking, simple past and past participle rocked)

  1. (transitive and intransitive) To move gently back and forth.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      To Edward […] he was terrible, nerve-inflaming, poisonously asphyxiating. He sat rocking himself in the late Mr. Churchill's swing chair, smoking and twaddling.
    Rock the baby to sleep.
    The empty swing rocked back and forth in the wind.
  2. (transitive) To cause to shake or sway violently.
    Don't rock the boat.
  3. (intransitive) To sway or tilt violently back and forth.
    The boat rocked at anchor.
  4. (transitive and intransitive, of ore etc.) To be washed and panned in a cradle or in a rocker.
    The ores had been rocked and laid out for inspection.
  5. (transitive) To disturb the emotional equilibrium of; to distress; to greatly impact (most often positively).
    Downing Street has been rocked by yet another sex scandal.
    She rocked my world.
  6. (intransitive) To do well or to be operating at high efficiency.
    • 2012 April 24, Phil Dawkes, “Barcelona 2-2 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport:
      The Blues' challenge had been rocking at that point, with Terry's centre-back partner Gary Cahill lost to injury and Barca having just levelled the tie through Busquets's neat, close-range finish from Isaac Cuenca's pull-back.
  7. (slang, transitive, euphemistic) to make love to or have sex with.
    • 1973, Noddy Holder, Jim Lea (lyrics and music), “Cum On Feel the Noize”, performed by Slade:
      Cum on feel the noize, girls, rock your boys.
    • 1974, Andy Kim (lyrics and music), “Rock Me Gently”:
      Rock me gently, rock me slowly, take it easy, don't you know, that I have never been loved like this before.
    • 1974, Harry Wayne Casey, Richard Finch (lyrics and music), “Rock Your Baby”, performed by George McCrae:
      Open up your heart / And let the loving start / Oh, woman, take me in your arms / Rock your baby.
    • 1980, Jonah Ellis, Alisa Peoples, Cavin Yarbrough (lyrics and music), “Don't Stop the Music”, in The Two of Us, performed by Yarbrough and Peoples:
      I just wanna rock you, all night long.
  8. (intransitive) To sway one's body as a stim.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
Terms derived from rock (etymology 2)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

名词(Noun)

rock (plural rocks)

  1. An act of rocking; a rocking motion; a sway.
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Shortened from rock and roll. Since the meaning of rock has adapted to mean a simpler, more modern, metal-like genre, rock and roll has generally been left referring to earlier forms such as that of the 1950s, notably more swing-oriented style.

名词(Noun)

rock (uncountable)

  1. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riffs, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums, and vocals.
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

rock (third-person singular simple present rocks, present participle rocking, simple past and past participle rocked)

  1. (intransitive) To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy.
    Let’s rock!
  2. (intransitive, slang) To be very favourable or skilful; excel; be fantastic.
    Chocolate rocks.
    My holidays in Ibiza rocked! I can't wait to go back.
  3. (transitive) to thrill or excite, especially with rock music
    Let's rock this joint!
  4. (transitive) to do something with excitement yet skillfully
    I need to rock a piss.
  5. (transitive) To wear (a piece of clothing, outfit etc.) successfully or with style; to carry off (a particular look, style).
    • 2011, Tim Jonze, The Guardian, 29 Apr 2011:
      Take today, where she's rocking that well-known fashion combo – a Tory Burch outfit offset with a whacking great bruise attained by smacking her head on a plane's overhead lockers.
    • 2012 May 8, “Rhianna dazzles at the Met Gala”, in The Sun newspaper[1]:
      Rihanna was the pick of the best bunch, rocking a black backless crocodile dress from Tom Ford’s Autumn 2012 collection
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (be very favourable or skilful): rule
反义词(Antonyms)
  • (be very favourable or skilful): stink, suck (the latter may be perceived as vulgar)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Middle English rok, rocke, rokke, perhaps from Middle Dutch rocke (whence Dutch rok), Middle Low German rocken, or Old Norse rokkr (whence Icelandic / Faroese rokkur, Danish rok, Swedish spinnrock (spinning wheel)). Cognate with Old High German rocko (distaff).

名词(Noun)

rock (countable and uncountable, plural rocks)

  1. (countable) Distaff.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?)
  2. (uncountable) The flax or wool on a distaff.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

Etymology 5

名词(Noun)

rock (plural rocks)

  1. Archaic form of roc (mythical bird)

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m (uncountable)

  1. rock, rock music

查看更多(Further reading)


Czech

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

名词(Noun)

rock m

  1. rock (style of music)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m (uncountable)

  1. rock (style of music)

Finnish

词源(Etymology)

Unadapted borrowing from English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock

  1. rock (style of music)

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of rock (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative rock rockit
genitive rockin rockien
partitive rockia rockeja
illative rockiin rockeihin
singular plural
nominative rock rockit
accusative nom. rock rockit
gen. rockin
genitive rockin rockien
partitive rockia rockeja
inessive rockissa rockeissa
elative rockista rockeista
illative rockiin rockeihin
adessive rockilla rockeilla
ablative rockilta rockeilta
allative rockille rockeille
essive rockina rockeina
translative rockiksi rockeiksi
instructive rockein
abessive rockitta rockeitta
comitative rockeineen
Possessive forms of rock (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person rockini rockimme
2nd person rockisi rockinne
3rd person rockinsa

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

Compounds


French

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ʁɔk/

名词(Noun)

rock m (uncountable)

  1. rock (style of music)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ ˈrokː]
  • Hyphenation: rock

名词(Noun)

rock (plural rockok)

  1. (music) rock (style of music)
    Synonym: rockzene

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rock rockok
accusative rockot rockokat
dative rocknak rockoknak
instrumental rockkal rockokkal
causal-final rockért rockokért
translative rockká rockokká
terminative rockig rockokig
essive-formal rockként rockokként
essive-modal
inessive rockban rockokban
superessive rockon rockokon
adessive rocknál rockoknál
illative rockba rockokba
sublative rockra rockokra
allative rockhoz rockokhoz
elative rockból rockokból
delative rockról rockokról
ablative rocktól rockoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rocké rockoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rockéi rockokéi
Possessive forms of rock
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rockom rockjaim
2nd person sing. rockod rockjaid
3rd person sing. rockja rockjai
1st person plural rockunk rockjaink
2nd person plural rockotok rockjaitok
3rd person plural rockjuk rockjaik

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • rockos
Compound words
  • dzsesszrock
  • rockalbum
  • rockbanda
  • rockcsillag
  • rockdal
  • rockegyüttes
  • rockénekes
  • rockfesztivál
  • rockgitár
  • rockgitáros
  • rockmusical
  • rockopera
  • rocksztár
  • rockvilág
  • rockzene
  • rockzenekar
  • rockzenész
Expressions
  • alternatív rock
  • progresszív rock
  • pszichedelikus rock

关联词(Related terms)


Italian

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m (uncountable)

  1. rock (style of music)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • rock in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m inan

  1. rock (style of music)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • rock in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rock in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m (uncountable)

  1. rock (style of music)

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

词源(Etymology)

From English rock.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

rock m (plural rocks)

  1. rock (music style)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /¹rɔk/, [¹rɔkː]
  • Rhymes: -ɔk

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Swedish rokker, from Middle Low German rock, from Old Saxon rok, from Proto-Germanic *rukkaz.

名词(Noun)

rock c

  1. a coat, an overcoat
变化形式(Declension)
Declension of rock 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rock rocken rockar rockarna
Genitive rocks rockens rockars rockarnas

同义词(Synonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

  • rockslag
  • söndagsrock
  • vinterrock
  • ytterrock

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from English rock.

名词(Noun)

rock c (uncountable)

  1. (music, uncountable) rock, rock and roll
变化形式(Declension)
Declension of rock 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative rock rocken
Genitive rocks rockens

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)


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