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【sheep】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

A domestic sheep

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English sheep, scheep, schep, schepe, from Old English sċēap, from Proto-West Germanic *skāp, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą (compare West Frisian skiep, North Frisian schäip, Dutch schaap, German Schaf), beside *keppô (compare Old Norse kjappi (buck), dialectal German Kippe (newborn calf)), of unknown origin. Perhaps from the same Scythian word (compare Ossetian цӕу (cæw, goat), Persian چپش(čapiš, yearling goat))[1] which was borrowed into Albanian as cjap, sqap (buck) and into Slavic (compare Polish cap). After Kroonen, *skēpą is instead from the root of Proto-Germanic *skabaną (to scratch) via Kluge's law.[2]

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • shoop (slang, chiefly humorous)
  • sheeps (plural, nonstandard or obsolete)

名词(Noun)

sheep (countable and uncountable, plural sheep)

  1. (countable) A woolly ruminant of the genus Ovis.
  2. (countable) A timid, shy person who is easily led by others.
  3. (countable, chiefly Christianity, chiefly plural) A religious adherent, a member of a congregation or religious community (compare flock).
    • 1990, Dave Mustaine, "Holy Wars... The Punishment Due", Megadeth, Rust in Peace.
      And fools like me, who cross the sea and come to foreign lands / Ask the sheep, for their beliefs do you kill on God's command?
  4. (uncountable) Sheepskin leather.
  5. (countable, speech recognition) A person who is easily understood by a speech recognition system; contrasted with goat.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Tok Pisin: sipsip (reduplication)
    • Rotokas: sipisipi
  • Abenaki: azib (from "a sheep")
  • Chuukese: siip
  • Coeur d'Alene: sip
  • Quiripi: sheeps
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

sheep

  1. (chiefly humorous) plural of shoop

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.vv. "*keppōn", "*skēpan" (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 213, 340
  2. ^ Guus Kroonen (2011), The Proto-Germanic n-stems: a study in diachronic morphophonology [1], Rodopi, →ISBN.

变位词(Anagrams)


中古英语(Middle English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old English scēap, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą beside *keppôn, of unknown origin.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

sheep (plural sheep)

  1. sheep

派生词(Descendants)


Scots

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English sheep, scheep, schep, schepe, from Old English scēap, from Proto-Germanic *skēpą.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

sheep (plural sheeps)

  1. sheep (woolly ruminant of the genus Ovis)

替代形式(Alternative forms)


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