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【short shrift】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From short +‎ shrift (act of going to or hearing a religious confession; confession to a priest). Shrift is derived from Middle English shrift (confession to a priest; act or instance of this; sacrament of penance; penance assigned by a priest; penitence, repentance; punishment for sin)[and other forms],[1] from Late Old English scryft, Old English sċrift (penance, shrift; something prescribed as punishment, penalty; one who passes sentence, a judge), from sċrīfan (of a priest: to prescribe absolution or penance; to pass judgment, ordain, prescribe; to appoint, decree) (whence shrive),[2] from Proto-Germanic *skrībaną (to write), from Latin scrībō (to write), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ- (to scratch, tear).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

short shrift (countable and uncountable, plural short shrifts)

  1. (countable, chiefly Roman Catholicism, historical) A rushed sacrament of confession given to a prisoner who is to be executed very soon. [from late 16th c.]
  2. (countable, by extension) A short interval of relief or time.
  3. (chiefly uncountable, figuratively) Sometimes preceded by the: a quick dismissal or rejection, especially one which is impolite and undertaken without proper consideration.
    The bank gave me short shrift when I applied for a loan.
    • 2019 April 14, Alex McLevy, “Winter is Here on Game of Thrones’ Final Season Premiere (Newbies)”, in The A.V. Club[1], archived from the original on 18 December 2020:
      "Winterfell" does a lot of work in a short amount of time, but unlike some previous episodes that engaged in significant table setting, it never feels too rushed or like characters are being given short shrift in the effort to hurry to the next beat.
    • 2020 March 12, Jennifer Senior, “We need to flatten the curve. Trump and Fox are behind it.”, in The New York Times[2], New York, N.Y.: The New York Times Company, ISSN 0362-4331, OCLC 971436363, archived from the original on 3 February 2021:
      But [Donald] Trump's biggest crime Wednesday night was the short shrift he gave to what should have been his core message: Keep your distance.

翻译(Translations)

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来源参考(References)

  1. ^ short shrift, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. ^ Compare “shrift, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1914; “shrift, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present; “shrive, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1914; “shrive, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

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