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【sic】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: SIC, siç, sić, and šić

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: sĭk, IPA(key): /sɪk/
  • Rhymes: -ɪk
  • Homophones: sick, Sikh (one pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

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From Latin sīc (thus, so).

副词(Adverb)

sic (not comparable)

  1. Thus; thus written; used to indicate, for example, that text is being quoted as it is from the source.
    • 1971, H. E. Wilkie Young; Elie Khadouri[e], quoting William Taylor, “Narratives of Identity: The Syrian Orthodox Church and the Church of England”, in Middle Eastern Studies, volume 7, quoted in Mosul in 1909, page 229:
      When it is all over they merge and go in a body to visit [...] the Telegraph Office – with plausible expressions of regret and excuses for the mob ‘which’ they say ‘is deplorably ignorant and will not be restrained when its feelings are strongly moved’ – sic, the fact being that the mob’s feelings will never be ‘moved’ unless it is by one of them.
    • 2003, Monika Fludernik, The Fictions of Language and the Languages of Fiction, Routledge, →ISBN, page 468:
      Bolinger, Dwight (1977) ‘Pronoun and repeated nouns.’ Lingua18:1-34 [Quoted sic in Toolan 1990. Neither in Lingua 18, nor in the 1977 volume of that journal.]
    • 2006, Christina Scull; Wayne G. Hammond, JRR Tolkien companion & guide, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, →ISBN:
      Joseph Wright, his predecessor in the chair, called him ‘a firstrate Scholar and a kind of man who will easily make friends’ at Oxford (quoted, sic, in E.M. Wright, The Life of Joseph Wright (1932), p. 483).
    • 2010, Paul Booth, Digital Fandom: New Media Studies, Peter Lang →ISBN, page 127
      Jim’s Interests: General: Working out, hanging out at the local bars, expanding my mind, eating Tuna Sandwhiches...or so I’m told and poker... Television: ... this show that’s on Thuresday nights at 8 :30pm... I can’t place the name of it but it has this crazy interview style thing...[all sic]
    • 2012, Milton J. Bates, The Bark River Chronicles: Stories from a Wisconsin Watershed, Wisconsin Historical Society →ISBN, page 271
      whole bussiness: Quoted sic in George F. Willison, Saints and Strangers (New York: Reynal and Hitchcock, 1945)
用法注意(Usage notes)

Sic is frequently used to indicate that an error or apparent error of spelling, grammar, or logic has been quoted faithfully; for instance, quoting the U.S. Constitution:

The House of Representatives shall chuse [sic] their Speaker ...

Sic is often set off from surrounding text by parentheses or brackets, which sometimes enclose additional notes, as:

  • 1884, James Grant, Cassell’s old and new Edinburgh, page 99:
    This I may say of her, to which all that saw her will bear record, that her only countenance moved [sic, meaning that its expression alone was touching], although she had not spoken a word []

Because it is not an abbreviation, it does not require a following period.

关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

sic (third-person singular simple present sics, present participle siccing, simple past and past participle sicced)

  1. To mark with a bracketed sic.[1]
    E. Belfort Bax wrote “… the modern reviewer’s taste is not really shocked by half the things he sics or otherwise castigates.”[1][2]

词源2(Etymology 2)

Variant of seek.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

sic (third-person singular simple present sics, present participle siccing, simple past and past participle sicced)

  1. (transitive) To incite an attack by, especially a dog or dogs.
    He sicced his dog on me!
    • 2019, Merchant, Brian, “Click Here to Kill: The dark world of online murder markets”, in Harper’s Magazine[1], volume 2020, number January:
      I was interviewing the victims of a harebrained scheme to sic contract killers on an innocent woman
  2. (transitive) To set upon; to chase; to attack.
    Sic ’em, Mitzi.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • The sense of “set upon” is most commonly used as an imperative, in a command to an animal.
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 “sic, adv. (and n.)” Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition 1989. Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ E. Belfort Bax. On Some Forms of Modern Cant. Commonweal: 7 May 1887. Marxists’ Internet Archive: 14 Jan. 2006

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

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词源(Etymology)

From Latin sīc (thus, so).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

sic

  1. sic (thus)

用法注意(Usage notes)

Same usage notes as in English apply.


French

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词源(Etymology)

From Latin sīc (thus, so).

副词(Adverb)

sic

  1. sic (thus)

用法注意(Usage notes)

Same usage notes as in English apply.

查看更多(Further reading)


Latin

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • sīce (non-apocopated)
  • seic (standard in Republican spelling)
  • seice

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

Regular apocope of sīce, from +‎ -ce, from Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that) and Proto-Indo-European *ḱe- (demonstrative particle). See also components for cognates.

副词(Adverb)

sīc (not comparable)

  1. thus, so, like this, in this way
    • 45 BC, Cicero, Tusculanae Disputationes, Book II.42
      Ut ager, quamvis fertilis, sine cultura fructuosus esse non potest, sic sine doctrina animus.
      Just as the field, however fertile, without cultivation cannot be fruitful, likewise the soul without education.
    1. as stated or as follows, to this effect
    2. (as a correlative to ut, quōmodo etc.)
    3. (with restrictive or conditional force, also with ut or )
    4. in such a (good or bad) way, like that, so much

同义词(Synonyms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Aromanian: shi
  • Asturian:
  • Catalan: , així
  • Corsican:
  • Dalmatian: sai
  • Franco-Provençal: si, -se (in asse, ense)
  • English: sic
  • French: si, ainsi
  • Friulian:

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  • sic in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sic in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sic in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • that is the way of the world; such is life: sic vita hominum est
    • the facts are these; the matter stands thus: res ita est, ita (sic) se habet
    • convince yourself of this; rest assured on this point: sic habeto
    • convince yourself of this; rest assured on this point: sic volo te tibi persuadere
    • to represent a thing dramatically: sic exponere aliquid, quasi agatur res (non quasi narretur)
    • anger is defined as a passionate desire for revenge: iracundiam sic (ita) definiunt, ut ulciscendi libidinem esse dicant or ut u. libido sit or iracundiam sic definiunt, ulc. libidinem
    • I felt quite at home in his house: apud eum sic fui tamquam domi meae (Fam. 13. 69)
  • sic in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

Portuguese

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副词(Adverb)

sic (not comparable)

  1. sic (used to indicate that a quoted word has been transcribed exactly as found in the source text)

Scots

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English sich, from Old English swelc.

形容词(Adjective)

sic (not comparable)

  1. such
    • 1869, Robert Burns, “The Tree of Liberty”, in Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, volume III (Posthumous Poems) (in English), Kilmarnock, Scotland: Printed by James M‘Kie, OCLC 892088677, page 360:
      I’d gie my ſhoon frae aff my feet, / To taſte ſic fruit, I ſwear, man. / Syne let us pray, auld England may / Sure plant this far-famed tree, man; / And blythe we’ll ſing, and hail the day / That gave us liberty, man.

代词(Pronoun)

sic

  1. such

Serbo-Croatian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Upper German Sitz.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

sȉc m (Cyrillic spelling си̏ц)

  1. (regional) seat (of a vehicle)

同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

  • sic” in Hrvatski jezični portal

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