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【sine】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Sine, Síne, síně, Sìne, sìne, -sine, and SINE

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Sine function

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin sinus (bosom), a translation of Arabic جَيْب(jayb, bosom), a misidentification of the notation جب (jb), written without vowel diacritics, standing for Arabic جِيبَ(jība, sine), in turn from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, sine, chord, bowstring) through the similar Sanskrit जीव (jīva, sine, chord, life, existence). Doublet of sinus.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

sine (plural sines)

  1. (trigonometry, mathematics) In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

用法注意(Usage notes)

In various branches of mathematics, the sine of an angle is determined in various ways, including the following:

  • The y-coordinate of the point on the unit circle at the given anticlockwise angle from the positive x-axis.
  • The sum of the real or complex power series

         

    where x is in radians.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


Ainu

Ainu cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sine
    Ordinal : sine ikinne

发音(Pronunciation)

数字化(Numeral)

sine (Kana spelling シネ)

  1. one

Cebuano

词源(Etymology)

Apocope of English cinema, from French cinéma, shortening of cinématographe (term coined by the Lumière brothers in the 1890s), from the Ancient Greek κίνημα (kínēma, movement) + the French suffix -graphe.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne

名词(Noun)

sine

  1. (dated) a cinema; a movie theater
  2. a movie; a film

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:sine.

衍生词(Derived terms)


Danish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /siːnə/, [ˈsiːnə], [ˌsiːnə]

代词(Pronoun)

sine

  1. plural of sin

查看更多(See also)


Finnish

(index si)

词源(Etymology)

sini +‎ -e

名词(Noun)

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

sine

  1. bluing (blue pigment used for coloring clothes when washing)
  2. blueprint (paper-based reproduction usually of a technical drawing), diazo print, ammonia print

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative sine sineet
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
singular plural
nominative sine sineet
accusative nom. sine sineet
gen. sineen
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
inessive sineessä sineissä
elative sineestä sineistä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
adessive sineellä sineillä
ablative sineeltä sineiltä
allative sineelle sineille
essive sineenä sineinä
translative sineeksi sineiksi
instructive sinein
abessive sineettä sineittä
comitative sineineen
Possessive forms of sine (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person sineeni sineemme
2nd person sineesi sineenne
3rd person sineensä

变位词(Anagrams)


Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish sine, siniu, comparative form of sen (old).

形容词(Adjective)

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean: older

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

名词(Noun)

sine f (genitive singular sine, nominative plural siní)

  1. nipple
变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • sine siain (uvula)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sine shine
after an, tsine
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)


Latin

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈsi.ne/, [ˈs̠ɪ.nɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈsi.ne/, [ˈsiː.nɛ]

词源1(Etymology 1)

The function of this preposition was previously done with the use of sē, sēd (see sē-, sed), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (self), thus meaning "by itself", "without". Some still refer the si- in sine to this root, others refer it to Proto-Indo-European *só (this), whence si (if). And as sometimes nesi was also written, with -ne being (not), sine might literally mean "not this". Compare with nisi.

Others yet refer sine to Proto-Indo-European *seni (for oneself, without), itself maybe related to *swé or a locative of *senH. Thus cognate with Ancient Greek ἄτερ (áter, without), Old English sundor.

Preposition

sine (+ ablative)

  1. without
    Sum sine regno.
    I am without a kingdom.
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Catalan: sense
  • Franco-Provençal: sen
  • French: sans
  • Friulian: cence
  • English: sans

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

sine

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sinō

Middle Dutch

Determiner

sine

  1. inflection of sijn:
    1. feminine nominative/accusative singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Neapolitan

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinɛ/, /ˈsinɐ/

Particle

sine

  1. yes

Norwegian Bokmål

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse sínir.

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

来源参考(References)

  • “sin” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

查看更多(See also)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse sínir.

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

来源参考(References)


Old French

名词(Noun)

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of cisne

名词(Noun)

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of signe

Old Irish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, itself from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /sʲi.nʲe/

名词(Noun)

sine m

  1. nipple, teat

Inflection

Usual declension:

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sineL siniL
Vocative sini sineL siniu
Accusative sineN sineL siniuH
Genitive siniL sineL sineN
Dative siniuL sinib sinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

A variant dental-stem declension can also be found.

Masculine d-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sinidL, sine sinid
Vocative sine sinidL, sine sineda
Accusative sinidN sinidL, sine sineda
Genitive sined sined sinedN
Dative sinidL sinedaib sinedaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

派生词(Descendants)

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sine ṡine unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)


Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

sine

  1. inflection of siny:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin , as with mine, tine.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

sine (stressed reflexive-accusative form of el, ea, ei, and ele)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") himself, herself, itself, themselves

同义词(Synonyms)

  • se (unstressed form)

Scottish Gaelic

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

名词(Noun)

sine f (genitive singular sine, plural sinean)

  1. (anatomy) nipple, teat

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from English gin.

名词(Noun)

sine f

  1. gin (drink)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Irish sine (old age, seniority, antiquity), from sen (old).

名词(Noun)

sine f

  1. oldness
  2. old age

词源4(Etymology 4)

See the etymology of the main entry.

形容词(Adjective)

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean (old)

Mutation

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
sine shine
after "an", t-sine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)


Westrobothnian

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

sine n sg

  1. (possessive pronoun): dative neuter singular of sänn

变化形式(Declension)

Possessive pronoun
 Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   sänn   si   sätt
 Accusative  (säänn)   siin
 Dative   sinom   sännar   sine
 Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   siin   siin   siin
 Accusative
 Dative   sinom   sinom   sinom

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