万维词典

【substantive】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Old French substantif.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsʌbstəntɪv/, /səbˈstæntɪv/

形容词(Adjective)

substantive (comparative more substantive, superlative most substantive)

  1. of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, "substantive information"
    • 2012 October 6, “The first presidential debate: Back in the centre, back in the game”, in The Economist[1]:
      In one sense the first debate achieved the worst of all worlds: it managed to be technical, even dull, without being substantive or especially honest.
    Synonyms: essential, in essence
  2. having substance; enduring; solid; firm; substantial
    • 1836 [1829], William Hazlitt, “Definition of wit”, in Literary Remains of the Late William Hazlitt[2], page 19:
      Once more then, strength and magnitude are qualities which impress the imagination in a powerful and substantive manner;
    Synonyms: meaty, substantial
    Antonym: superficial
  3. (law) applying to essential legal principles and rules of right; as, "substantive law"
    Antonyms: adjective, procedural
  4. (chemistry) of a dye that does not need the use of a mordant to be made fast to that which is being dyed
    Antonym: adjective
  5. Depending on itself; independent.
    • 1765 [1627], Francis Bacon, “New Atlantis”, in The Works of Francis Bacon[3], page 356:
      He therefore taking into consideration, how sufficient and substantive this land was to maintain itself without any aid at all of the foreigner,
  6. (grammar) used like a noun substantive
    Synonym: substantival
  7. (military, of a rank or appointment) actually and legally held, as distinct from an acting, temporary or honorary rank or appointment

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

substantive (plural substantives)

  1. (grammar) a word that names a person, place, thing or idea; a noun (sensu stricto) [from 16th c.]
    Synonyms: noun (sensu stricto), noun substantive
    Hypernym: noun (sensu lato)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • subst. (abbreviation used in lexicography and grammar)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

substantive (third-person singular simple present substantives, present participle substantiving, simple past and past participle substantived)

  1. (grammar, very rare) to make a word belonging to another part of speech into a substantive (that is, a noun) or use it as a noun
    Synonyms: substantivize, nominalize

French

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

substantive

  1. feminine singular of substantif

Interlingue

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

名词(Noun)

substantive

  1. noun

Latin

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

substantīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of substantīvus

Portuguese

动词(Verb)

substantive

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of substantivar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of substantivar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of substantivar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of substantivar

Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

substantive

  1. plural of substantiv

Spanish

动词(Verb)

substantive

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of substantivar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of substantivar.

本页面最后更新于2020-02-16 05:58,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器