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【this】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: This, thîs, and þis

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English this, from Old English þis (neuter demonstrative), from North Sea Germanic base *þa- "that", from Proto-Germanic *þat, from Proto-Indo-European *tód, extended form of demonstrative base *to-; + North Sea Germanic definitive suffix -s, from Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that).

Cognate with Scots this (this), Saterland Frisian disse (this), West Frisian dizze (this), German dies, dieses (this).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: thĭs, IPA(key): /ðɪs/, /ðəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɪs

Determiner

this (plural these)

  1. The (thing) here (used in indicating something or someone nearby).
    This classroom is where I learned to read and write.
  2. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone just mentioned).
    They give the appearance of knowing what they're doing. It's this appearance that lets them get away with so much.
  3. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone about to be mentioned).
    When asked what he wanted for his birthday, he gave this reply: “[…]”
  4. (informal) A known (thing) (used in first mentioning a person or thing that the speaker does not think is known to the audience). Compare with "a certain ...".
    I met this woman the other day who's allergic to wheat. I didn't even know that was possible!
    There's just this nervous mannerism that Bob has with his hands, and it drives me crazy.
  5. (of a time reference) Designates the current or next instance.
    It's cold this morning.
    I plan to go to London this Friday.

关联词(Related terms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

副词(Adverb)

this (not comparable)

  1. To the degree or extent indicated.
    I need this much water.
    Do we need this many recommendations?
    We've already come this far, we can't turn back now.

翻译(Translations)

代词(Pronoun)

this (plural these)

  1. The thing, item, etc. being indicated.
    This isn't the item that I ordered.
    • This is the excellent foppery of the world, that, when we are sick in fortune,—often the surfeit of our own behaviour,—we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and the stars [] — Shakespeare, King Lear, Act 1. Scene 2.

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

this (plural thises)

  1. (philosophy) Something being indicated that is here; one of these.
    • 2001, James G. Lennox, Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology, page 151:
      Terms like 'house', 'sphere', 'animal', and 'human' do not refer to other thises distinct from these ones here — they refer to the sort of thing these ones here are.
  2. (computing) Referring to the current context in a programming environment in C-like languages.

感叹语(Interjection)

this

  1. (Internet slang) Indicates the speaker's strong approval or agreement with the previous material.
同义词(Synonyms)

变位词(Anagrams)


中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Determiner

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

代词(Pronoun)

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

副词(Adverb)

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Determiner

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (these)

代词(Pronoun)

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (these)

Quechua

词源(Etymology)

onomatopoeia

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

this

  1. the sound a cat makes when preparing to attack something
  2. the sound of damp wood burning

来源参考(References)

  • “this” in Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua (2006) Diccionario quechua-español-quechua, 2nd edition, Cusco: Edmundo Pantigozo, page 207.

Scots

Determiner

this (plural thir)

  1. this
  2. Doric form of thir (these)
    This plants is deid.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

代词(Pronoun)

this (plural thir)

  1. this
  2. Doric form of thir (these)

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