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【under】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: ûnder and under-

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰér (under) and *n̥tér (inside). Akin to Old High German untar (under), Latin infrā (below, beneath) and inter (between, among).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈʌndə(ɹ)/, [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈʌndɚ/, [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]
  • (Northern England) IPA(key): /ˈʊndə/
  • Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: un‧der

Preposition

under (1)

under

  1. In or at a lower level than.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      The little boys in the front bedroom had thrown off their blankets and lay under the sheets.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess[1]:
      Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall.  Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime.
    • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
      Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. [] Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
  2. As a subject of; subordinate to.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      He was then denied by a magnificent tackle from captain Terry as Liverpool continued to press - but Chelsea survived as the memories of the nightmare under Villas-Boas faded even further into the background.
    • 2011 December 14, Angelique Chrisafis, “Rachida Dati accuses French PM of sexism and elitism”, in Guardian[3]:
      Dati launched a blistering attack on the prime minister, François Fillon, under whom she served as justice minister, accusing him of sexism, elitism, arrogance and hindering the political advancement of ethnic minorities.
    He served in World War II under General Omar Bradley.
  3. Less than.
  4. Below the surface of.
  5. (figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force).
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France [4]
      England's World Cup dreams fell apart under a French onslaught on a night when their shortcomings were brutally exposed at the quarter-final stage.
    to collapse under stress; to give in under interrogation
  6. As, in the character of.
    • 2013, The Huffington Post, JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith's 'The Cuckoo's Calling' Is Actually By Harry Potter Author [5]
      J.K. Rowling has written a crime novel called 'The Cuckoo's Calling' under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.
    he writes books under the name John Smith

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

副词(Adverb)

under (not comparable)

  1. In a way lower or less than.
    • (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. In a way inferior to.
    • (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (informal) In an unconscious state.
    It took the hypnotist several minutes to make his subject go under.

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

翻译(Translations)

形容词(Adjective)

under (comparative more under, superlative most under)

  1. Being lower; being beneath something.
    • 1611, Bible (King James Version), 1 Corinthians ix. 27
      I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection.
    • 1825, Thomas Moore, The Minster Boy
      The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain / Could not bring his proud soul under.
    • 1835, J G. Peters, A treatise on equitation, or the art of horsemanship, page 179:
      The advantages he gains are of double security to him ; first, by the support of his haunches, being at all times more under than before, he learns to be more active with his hind-quarters
    • 1908, Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, The American golfer, volume 1-2, page 10:
      If you allow the right hand to turn under more than the left, a pull will result, and if the left is more under than the right, a sliced ball will surely follow.
    • 2009, Doris Lessing, Briefing for a Descent Into Hell, page 30:
      The waves are so steep, they crash so fast and furious I'm more under than up.
  2. (medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated.
    Ensure the patient is sufficiently under.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

变位词(Anagrams)


Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /on(ˀ)ər/, [ɔnɐ], [ɔnˀɐ] or (as an adverb or at the end of a phrase) IPA(key): /onˀər/, [ˈɔnˀɐ]

Preposition

under

  1. under
  2. underneath
  3. below
  4. during

副词(Adverb)

under

  1. under

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, cognate with English wonder, German Wunder.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /onˀər/, [ˈɔnˀɐ]

名词(Noun)

under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)

  1. wonder
  2. marvel
  3. miracle
Inflection
关联词(Related terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Clipping of underdel or underside.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)

  1. bottom (part)
Inflection

词源4(Etymology 4)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

under

  1. present tense of unde

Latin

动词(Verb)

under

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of undō

Norwegian Bokmål

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition

under

  1. below; beneath
  2. during
  3. under
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love).

名词(Noun)

under n (definite singular underet or undret, indefinite plural under or undere or undre, definite plural undera or underne or undra or undrene)

  1. wonder, marvel, miracle
衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Akin to English under.

Preposition

under

  1. below, beneath, under
  2. during
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love). Akin to English wonder.

名词(Noun)

under n (definite singular underet, indefinite plural under, definite plural undera)

  1. wonder, marvel, miracle
衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Old Dutch

Preposition

under

  1. under

来源参考(References)


Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *under. Compare Old Saxon undar, Old High German untar.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

under

  1. under

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle English: under

Old Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą.

名词(Noun)

under n

  1. wonder, miracle
  2. wonderment, awe, marvel

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)


Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Swedish undir, from Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition

under

  1. under; below; beneath
  2. during, at the same time as
    Under lektionen pratade de hela tiden
    During the lesson, they talked all the time

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Swedish under, from Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love).

名词(Noun)

under n

  1. wonder, miracle
    Undrens tid är inte förbi.
    The age of miracles isn't over.
变化形式(Declension)
Declension of under 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative under undret under undren
Genitive unders undrets unders undrens
关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


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