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【は】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai HA.svg
U+306F, は
HIRAGANA LETTER HA

[U+306E]
Hiragana
[U+3070]

Japanese

Stroke order
3 strokes

词源1(Etymology 1)

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.[1][2]

发音(Pronunciation)

Syllable

(romaji ha)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ha). Its equivalent in katakana is (ha). It is the twenty-sixth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ha-gyō a-dan, row ha, section a).
衍生词(Derived terms)
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

/pa//ɸa//wa/

From Old Japanese. Used in the oldest Japanese writings, including the Man'yōshū finished some time after 759 CE.[1][2] Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *pa.

The spelling was preserved as (usually read as ha) in the script reform, rather than changed to (wa) as would otherwise be expected from the phonetics.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

(wa

  1. unique topic marker, often untranslatable
    Antonym:
    これ(いぬ)です。
    Kore wa inu desu.
    This [the topic, about which we are speaking] is a dog.
    今日(きょう)(あめ)ですね。
    Kyō wa ame desu ne.
    It seems like it is raining today.
    今日(きょう)(あめ)()ています。
    Kyō wa ame ga futteimasu.
    It is raining today.
    (literally, “Today is rain is falling.”)
  2. what about, where is (used without a predicate to ask for more information about something)
    中田(なかだ )
    Nakada wa?
    Where's Nakada?
    じゃ、意味(いみ )
    Ja, imi wa?
    So, what's the meaning?
  3. Inserted between two verbs for emphasis.
    そう(おも)ないでしょうか。
    Sō omotte wa inai deshō ka.
    Do you not think so?
    ()るとは(おも)ない
    kateru to wa omotte wa inai
    does not think that one can win
    (あらわ)れて()えた
    arawarete wa kieta
    disappeared as soon as it appeared
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Note that English has no direct counterpart. For illustrative purposes, it may be translated as "as for", "speaking of", or a similar phrase. For example, "As for this, it is a dog". This often does not produce very natural English, however.
  • When inserted between two verbs for emphasis, is usually used with negatives and after a (te) form. This has given rise to ではない (de wa nai), the now standard negative form of (da).
  • (mo) vs (ha): see (mo).
  • always replaces (o) and (ga), but may follow other particles.
衍生词(Derived terms)
查看更多(See also)
查看更多(Further reading)

词源3(Etymology 3)

感叹语(Interjection)

(ha

  1. (dated, humble) Used to show agreement or obedience: yes
    、さようでございます。
    Ha, sayō de gozaimasu.
    Yes, exactly.
    (しょう)()いたしました。
    Ha, shōchi itashimashita.
    Yes, as you wish.

词源4(Etymology 4)

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
[noun] a feather (including synthetic feathers, as on a modern shuttlecock)
[noun] a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
[noun] a fletching on an arrow
[noun] (archery) when a bow is strung, the distance between the grip and the serving (nocking point) on the bowstring
[noun] the thin, flange-like overhanging part of a tea ceremony kettle
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of bird feathers
[counter] counter for birds
[counter] counter for leporids
Alternative spellings
, ,
3
[noun] leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
3
[noun] tooth
S
[noun] any sharp and thin cutting implement: a blade, edge
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as は.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , .)

Etymology 5

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
6
[suffix] group, faction, (political) wing, school
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as は.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , .)

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

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