万维词典

【大きい】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search

Japanese

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
See also 大きな

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

/opoki//oɸoki//oɸokiki//owokiː//oːkiː/

Appears in the Muromachi period, 1337 to 1573 C.E..[1]

From older adjective 大(おお)き (ōki, ancient reading opoki), derived as the attributive form ōki (ancient opoki) of cognate adjective ōshi (ancient oposi; attributive opoki appearing already in the Man'yōshū of 759 C.E.,[2] meaning both “large” or “many”, spelled as 多(おお)し (ōshi) or 大(おお)し (ōshi), modern Japanese (おお) (ōi, many)), in turn derived from Old Japanese adjective opo (“indistinct; of uncertain size, shape, or amount”; read as ō in modern Japanese, spelled as or ).[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "大きい"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 大きく おきく
おき
[óꜜòkìkù]
[òókíꜜkù]
Terminal (終止形) 大きい おき [òókíꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 大きい おき [òókíꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 大きくない おきくない
おきくない
[óꜜòkìkùnàì]
[òókíꜜkùnàì]
Informal past 大きかった おきかった
おきかった
[óꜜòkìkàttà]
[òókíꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 大きくなかった おきくなかった
おきくなかった
[óꜜòkìkùnàkàttà]
[òókíꜜkùnàkàttà]
Formal 大きいです おきいです [òókíꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 大きくて おきくて
おきくて
[óꜜòkìkùtè]
[òókíꜜkùtè]
Conditional 大きければ おきければ
おきければ
[óꜜòkìkèrèbà]
[òókíꜜkèrèbà]

形容词(Adjective)

(おお)きい (ōkii-i (adverbial 大(おお)きく (ōkiku), historical kana おほきい)

  1. big
  2. broad, immense

用法注意(Usage notes)

(おお)きい (ōkii) and (おお)きな (ōkina) are essentially the same word. However, while ōkii can be used both attributively and to end a sentence, ōkina can only be used attributively, and must be followed by a noun or noun phrase.

  • Correct grammar:
    あの(くるま)(おお)きい。/ あの(くるま)(おお)きいです
    Ano kuruma wa ōkii. / Ano kuruma wa ōkii desu.
    That car is big.
  • Incorrect grammar:
    あの(くるま)(おお)きな。/ あの(くるま)(おお)きなです。
    Ano kuruma wa ōkina. / Ano kuruma wa ōkina desu.
    *That car is a big __.

Since (おお)きな (ōkina) can only be used attributively, a noun always follows it.

Inflection

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 339), text here
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

本页面最后更新于2021-01-25 16:02,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器