万维词典

【-s-】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English -s, -es, from Old English -es (-'s, masculine and neuter genitive singular ending), which survives in many old compounds. In more recent coinage, from contraction of the derived clitic -'s in compounds. For more, see -'s.

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix used to link elements in some compounds, equivalent to the possessive clitic -'s.
    hogshead, kingsman, yearsworth, womenswear

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Afrikaans

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch -s-.

Interfix

-s-

  1. An interfix used to link elements in some compounds, originally a genitival interfix.
    aanleerder (learner) + ‎-s- + ‎woordeboek (dictionary) → ‎aanleerderswoordeboek
    staat (state) + ‎-s- + ‎kaping (hijacking, privateering) → ‎staatskaping

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Use of the -s- interfix in Afrikaans is based on patterns in the existing vocabulary. It is frequently used after the -ing, -ie and the -er suffixes. It is seldom used following mass nouns.
  • The -s- is not used when the previous element end on s: poskantoor. It is not used when the next element begins with s: stadspoort, but stadsaal (no interfix).

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Albanian

Interfix

-s-

  1. a consonant that sometimes appears as a ligature between the elements of a compound word.
    plotë (full, adjective) + ‎-s- + ‎-oj (verbal suffix) → ‎plotësoj (I complete; I satisfy, fulfill)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Interfix

-s-

  1. Interfix inserted in some compounds.

用法注意(Usage notes)

The usage of fuge-s is phonetically motivated. It is applied on a per-modifier basis, meaning that if the first root generates fuge-s in one compound, it will usually do so in all compounds, even if the second already begins with an s, as in dødsstraf (død + straf) or affaldssæk (affald + sæk).

衍生词(Derived terms)


Dutch

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix used to link elements in some compounds.
    dood (dead) + ‎-s- + ‎kist (chest) → ‎doodskist
    ezel (donkey) + ‎-s- + ‎brug (bridge) + ‎-etje (diminutive suffix) → ‎ezelsbruggetje

衍生词(Derived terms)


Elfdalian

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix indicating that the former part is a characteristic of the latter.

衍生词(Derived terms)


German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix used to link elements in some compounds.
    Arbeit (work) + ‎-s- + ‎Zimmer (room) → ‎Arbeitszimmer (workroom, study)

衍生词(Derived terms)

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Navajo

Interfix

-s-

  1. a consonant that sometimes appears as a ligature between the elements of a compound word.
    bįįh + ‎-s- + ‎tsoh → ‎bįįstsoh

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Norwegian Bokmål

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix indicating that the former part is a characteristic of the latter.

衍生词(Derived terms)


Norwegian Nynorsk

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix indicating that the former part is a characteristic of the latter.

衍生词(Derived terms)

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Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

Interfix

-s-

  1. Genitival interfix indicating that the former part is a characteristic of the latter.

衍生词(Derived terms)

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