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【Appendix:Italian pronunciation】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See Italian phonology at Wikipedia for a thorough look at the sounds of Italian. In addition, the Wikipedia help page for IPA for Italian has some useful English approximations.

Italian consonants
Type Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental/
Alveolar
Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/ [ɱ] /n/ [n̠ʲ] /ɲ/ [ŋ]
Stop /p//b/ /t/, [t̪]/d/, [d̪] [k̟][ɡ̟] /k//ɡ/
Affricate /ts/, [t̪͡s̪]/dz/, [d̪͡z̪] /tʃ/, [t͡ʃ]/dʒ/, [d͡ʒ]
Fricative /f//v/ /s//z/ /ʃ/
Approximant /j/ /w/
Lateral /l/ [l̠ʲ] /ʎ/
Trill /r/
Italian vowels
Type Front Back
Close /i/ /u/
Close-mid /e/ /o/
Open-mid /ɛ/ /ɔ/
Open /a/, [ä]
Italian suprasegmentals
Symbol Meaning
ˈ Primary stress
ˌ Secondary stress
ː Long vowel or
geminated consonant[1]

Notes

  1. ^ Consonant gemination may also be transcribed by doubling the IPA symbol (e.g. cotto /ˈkɔtto/~/ˈkɔtːo/). Also, Italian features syntactic gemination: è buono /ɛ‿bˈbwɔːno/.

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