万维词典

【Dutch】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search
See also: dutch

英语(English)

Wiktionary
Dutch edition of Wiktionary

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (abbreviation): Du.

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English Duch (German, Low German, Dutch), from Middle Low German dütsch, düdesch (German, Low German, Dutch) and Middle Dutch dūtsch, duutsc (German, Low German, Dutch), from Proto-West Germanic *þiudisk, from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz (of one’s people), derived from *þeudō (people), from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂. Doublet of Deutsch, thede, and tuath.

Compare Middle English thedisch (native, endemic) from Old English þēodisċ (of one’s people), Old Saxon thiudisk (German Low German düütsch (German)), Old High German diutisc (modern German deutsch (German)), modern Dutch Duits (German) alongside elevated Diets (Dutch) (a secondary distinction, fully accepted only in the 19th century). See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.

The pejorative sense is said to come from the ingenuity of poor Germanic immigrants settling in the Anglosphere in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: dŭch, IPA(key): /dʌtʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌtʃ

形容词(Adjective)

Dutch (not comparable)

  1. Of or pertaining to the Netherlands, the Dutch people or the Dutch language.
  2. (archaic, regional, fossil word) Pertaining to Germanic-speaking peoples on the European continent, chiefly the Dutch, the Germans, and the Goths; Teutonic; Germanic. Especially refers to Germans, and specific use to established German-speaking communities in parts of the USA.
  3. (obsolete, fossil word, derogatory) Substitute, inferior, ersatz.
  4. (dated) Thrifty.
  5. (South Africa, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Pertaining to Afrikaner culture (Cape Dutch).

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

专有名词(Proper noun)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Dutch

  1. The main language of the Netherlands and Flanders (i.e., the northern half of Belgium); Netherlandic.
  2. (archaic) German; the main language of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria, Alsace, Luxembourg).

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Hindi: डच (ḍac)

名词(Noun)

Dutch pl (plural only)

  1. (collective) The people of the Netherlands.
    The Dutch will vote on the matter next month.
  2. (South Africa, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Afrikaner people (Cape Dutch)
  3. (collective) The Pennsylvania Dutch people,

下义词(Hyponyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

Dutch (third-person singular simple present Dutches, present participle Dutching, simple past and past participle Dutched)

  1. To treat cocoa beans or powder with an alkali solution to darken the color and lessen the bitterness of the flavor.
    • 2015, Deb Wise, Incredibly Decadent Desserts: 100 Divine Treats Under 300 Calories:
      Dutch processed is made from cocoa beans that have been treated with an alkalized solution. You'll get a deeper color and a great chocolaty flavor, but more importantly, the process of Dutching the chocolate renders the powder neutral.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


本页面最后更新于2021-01-09 10:20,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器