万维词典

【German】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: german and Germán

英语(English)

Wiktionary
German edition of Wiktionary
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin Germānus, Germānī (“the peoples of Germānia”), as distinct from Gauls (in the writings of Caesar and Tacitus), and of uncertain ultimate origin (possibly Celtic/Gaulish).

Not related to german (closely related) or germane (from the Latin adjective germānus, through Old French).

Attested since at least 1520. Replaced the older terms Almain and Dutch (from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz) in English. Besides cognates of German, Almain, and Dutch, two other categories of words for the Germans in other languages are cognates of Saxon and descendants of Proto-Slavic *němьcь; see those entries for more.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

German (countable and uncountable, plural Germans)

  1. (countable) A native or inhabitant of Germany; a person of German citizenship or nationality.
  2. A member of the Germanic ethnic group which is the most populous ethnic group in Germany; a person of German descent.
  3. (historical) A member of a Germanic tribe.
    Synonym: Teuton
    Rome was sacked by Germans and the Western Roman Empire collapsed.
  4. A German wine.
    • 1996, Jim Ainsworth, Passport's Guide to Britain's Best Restaurants:
      The wine list harbours some great bottles, mature clarets and Burgundies as well as a clutch of fine Germans (gold-dust these days in restaurants) []
  5. (uncountable, US printing, rare, dated) A size of type between American and Saxon, 1+12-point type.
  6. (MLE, slang) A Germany-produced car, a “German whip”.
    • 2021 May 21, Big Tobz in Big Tobz & Blittz (lyrics), Fumez The Engineer (music), “Plugged In Freestyle”‎[1], 0:13–0:16:
      In my German, they calling me a baller (skrr)
      Got me feeling like Özil
  7. (Britain, slang) A prison warder
    • 1996, Angela Devlin, Prison Patter[2], Waterside Press, →ISBN:
      There are some 32 different terms for prison officers, from the humorously affectionate kanga(rhyming slang:kangaroo = screw) and the variants Scooby-Doo and Dr. Who via the mildly confrontational German (as if still the enemy over 50 years after World War II!) to the outright abuse of shit-parcel.

同义词(Synonyms)

Hypernyms

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

专有名词(Proper noun)

German

  1. (uncountable) An Indo-European (Indo-Germanic) language, primarily spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, South Tyrol, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and a small part of Belgium.
    Synonym: (rare) Deutsch
    Meronyms: Low German (Plattdeutsch), High German
    German has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
  2. A surname​.

衍生词(Derived terms)

Terms derived from German (noun)

翻译(Translations)

形容词(Adjective)

German (comparative more German, superlative most German or Germanest)

  1. Of or relating to the nation of Germany.
    • 2001, Donald L. Niewyk, The Jews in Weimar Germany, →ISBN, page 31:
      In Prussia, always the most progressive of the German states during the Weimar years and a stronghold of the two parties, Jews could be found in virtually all administrative departments [] .
  2. Of or relating to the natives or inhabitants of Germany; to people of German descent.
    Her German husband has blond hair.
    • 2005 May 23, Gavriel D. Rosenfeld, The World Hitler Never Made: Alternate History and the Memory of Nazism[3], Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 182:
      If Demandt's essay served as a strident example of the German desire for normalcy, a more subtle example was provided by a brief allohistorical depiction of a Nazi victory in World War II written by German historian Michael Salewski in 1999.
    • 1889, Theodore S. Fay, The three Germanys: glimpses into their history, vol. II, p. 1270 (inside the index):
      Goths, a German tribe, 9; allied with other tribes against Rome, 39; [...]
  3. Of, in or relating to the German language.
    Synonym: (rare) Deutsch
    Meronyms: Low German, High German
    Because the instructions were German, Yves couldn't read them.
    • 1816, George Henry Noehden, A Grammar of the German Language, 3rd edition, page 3:
      In this manner there existed, about the time of the Reformation, three grand divisions of the German language, viz. the Upper German (Ober Deutsch), the Low German (Nieder Deutsch, or Platt Deutsch), and lastly the High German (Hoch Deutsch).
    • 1838, Joseph Bosworth, A Dictionary of the Anglo-saxon Language, page xiii:
      To trace its progress, it will be necessary to enter into detail, and to examine the German language in its two great divisions, the Low and High German.
    • 1990, Charles V.J. Russ, Introduction, in: Charles V.J. Russ (ed.), The Dialects of Modern German: A Linguistic Survey, p. xviii (note: the work covers Frisian, Low and High German dialects):
      This volume is intended to provide a survey of the linguistic characteristics of modern German dialects [...]. These are defined geographically as those within the borders of the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Austria, the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, the German-speaking part of Switzerland, and Alsace in France ([..]).

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

Terms derived from German (adjective)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Basque

专有名词(Proper noun)

German ?

  1. A male given name

来源参考(References)

  • Xarles Bidegain, Izendegia, 1999, Elkarlanean, Donostia, →ISBN, page 190

German

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

German n (strong, genitive Germans, plural Germane)

  1. (organic chemistry) germane

变化形式(Declension)


Norman

专有名词(Proper noun)

German m

  1. A male given name

Serbo-Croatian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɡěrmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: Ger‧man

专有名词(Proper noun)

Gèrmān m (Cyrillic spelling Гѐрма̄н)

  1. German (member of a Germanic tribe)

变化形式(Declension)


本页面最后更新于2022-05-20 13:07,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器