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【John】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: john

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (male given name): Jon
  • (Gospel of St John): Joh. (abbreviation, rare)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English John, Johan, Johannes, from Anglo-Norman Jehan, Johan, and also Old English Iohannes, both from Latin Iōhannēs (variant of Iōannēs), from New Testament Greek Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), from Hebrew יוֹחָנָן(Yōḥānān), perhaps contracted from a former יְהוֹחָנָן(Yəhōḥānān, God is gracious).

发音(Pronunciation)

专有名词(Proper noun)

John (plural Johns)

Wikipedia-logo.svg John on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
Wikisource-logo.svg John on Wikisource.Wikisource
Wiktionary has an Appendix listing books of the Bible

  1. A male given name from Hebrew; very popular since the Middle Ages.
    • 1852 D. H. Jacques, "A Chapter on Names", The Knickerbocker, or, New-York Monthly Magazine, Volume XL, August 1852, page 114:
      John is a most excellent name, and Smith is a surname which is worthy of respect and honor, but wo to the man on whom they are conjoined! For John Smith to aspire to senatorial dignities or to the laurel of a poet is simply ridiculous. Who is John Smith? He is lost in the multitude of John Smiths, and individual fame is impossible.
    • 1920, John Collings Squire, "Initials", Life and Letters: Essays, Hodder & Stoughton, pages 233-235:
      The name I refer to is John. It has been borne by many illustrious men and an innumerable multitude of the obscure. - - - It is as fixed as the English landscape and the procession of seasons. It never becomes wearisome or tarnished. Nothing affects it; nothing can bring it into contempt; it stands like a rock amid the turbulent waves of human history, as fine and noble a thing now as it was when it first took shape on human lips. It is a name to live up to; but if one who bears it sinks into disrepute it falls not with him, but rather stays in the firmament above him, shining down upon him like a reproachful star.
    1. (informal) Used generically for a man whose actual name may not be known.
      a John Doe murder case; the dreaded Dear John letter; if we were to ask John Q. Public his opinion
    2. (informal) Used frequently to form an idea personified, as in John Bull, John Barleycorn (see derivations below).
  2. (biblical) Persons of the Christian Bible: John the Baptist; and names possibly referring to one, two or three persons, frequently called "Saint": John the Apostle, John the Evangelist and John of Patmos (also called John the Divine or John the Theologian).
  3. (biblical) The Gospel of St. John, a book of the New Testament of the Bible. Traditionally the fourth of the four gospels.
  4. (biblical) One of the books in the New Testament of the Bible, the epistles of John (1 John, 2 John and 3 John).
  5. A patronymic surname, from given names.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (name used to address a man whose actual name is not known (standard)): sir
  • (name used to address a man whose actual name is not known(colloquial or slang)): boy (especially to a younger man), bro (US, New Zealand), gov or guv (British), guvnor (British), Mac (US), man (especially US), mate (British, Australian), mister, son (to a younger man), buddy (Canada)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Cebuano: John

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

查看更多(See also)


名词(Noun)

John (plural Johns)

  1. (Britain, military, slang) A new recruit at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
    • 1842, The United Service Magazine
      I and the other "Johns," as I soon discovered all new-comers at Sandhurst were, and are still, styled, although at the time I was unconscious of it, managed to troop in after the A company, but although not two minutes after them, found all the different messes already seated and hard at work.
    • 2017, Verity McInnis, Women of Empire:
      To avoid bullying, first-year “Johns” (from Johnny Raw) “fagged” for senior classmen known as “Regs.” Fagging included making beds, running messages, and smuggling contraband.
  2. (US, slang, archaic) Alternative letter-case form of john: a toilet, lavatory, outhouse, or chamber pot.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Cebuano

词源(Etymology)

From English John, from Middle English Johannes, John, Johan, from Anglo-Norman Jehan, Johan, from Latin Iōhannēs (variant of Iōannēs), from New Testament Greek Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), from Biblical Hebrew יוֹחָנָן(Yōḥānān), perhaps contracted from a former יְהוֹחָנָן(Yəhōḥānān, God is gracious).

专有名词(Proper noun)

John

  1. a male given name from Hebrew

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:John.


Danish

词源(Etymology)

A contraction of Johannes, later reinforced by the English John.

专有名词(Proper noun)

John c

  1. A male given name.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • [1] Danskernes Navne: 44 136 males with the given name John (compared to 3 492 named Jon) have been registered in Denmark between about 1890 (=the population alive in 1967) and January 2005, with the frequency peak in the 1950s. Accessed on March 20th, 2011.

Faroese

发音(Pronunciation)

专有名词(Proper noun)

John m

  1. A male given name.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • son of John: Johnsson
  • daughter of John: Johnsdóttir

变化形式(Declension)

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative John
Accusative John
Dative Johni
Genitive Johns

中古英语(Middle English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Anglo-Norman Johan, Jehan, and also Old English Iohannes, both from Latin Iōhannēs, Iōannēs, from Koine Greek Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), from Hebrew יוֹחָנָן(Yōḥānān).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /dʒɔːn/, /ˈdʒɔːhan/, /dʒɔːˈhanɛs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːn

专有名词(Proper noun)

John

  1. A male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English John.
  2. A patrynomic surname, from given names.
  3. An appellation for a generic individual, especially of lower social standing.
  4. An appellation for a priest.
  5. John the Baptist or John the Apostle/John the Evangelist (biblical figures)

关联词(Related terms)

  • Jankin, Jackin (diminutive)
    • English: Jack
    • Scots: Jock
      • Scottish Gaelic: Seoc

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian

词源(Etymology)

Medieval contraction of Johannes later reinforced by the English John. Used as a spelling variant of the more traditional Jon.

专有名词(Proper noun)

John

  1. A male given name.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Kristoffer Kruken - Ola Stemshaug: Norsk personnamnleksikon, Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo 1995, →ISBN
  • [2] Statistisk sentralbyrå, Namnestatistikk: 20 361 males with the given name John (compared to 16 263 named Jon) alive in Norway on January 1st 2011, with the frequency peak in the 1920s. Accessed on March 29th 2011.

Scots

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English John, Johan, from Anglo-Norman Johan, Jehan, and also Old English Iohannes, both from Latin Iōhannēs, Iōannēs, from Koine Greek Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), from Hebrew יוֹחָנָן(Yōḥānān).

发音(Pronunciation)

专有名词(Proper noun)

John

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English John.

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • (diminutive) Jock, Jaik, Jockie, Jaikie

查看更多(See also)


Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From English John. First recorded in Sweden in 1729. Used as a spelling variant of the traditional Swedish Jon.

专有名词(Proper noun)

John c (genitive Johns)

  1. A male given name.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Roland Otterbjörk: Svenska förnamn, Almqvist & Wiksell 1996, →ISBN
  • [3] Statistiska centralbyrån: 66 757 males with the given name John (compared to 5 963 named Jon) alive in Sweden on December 31st, 2010, with the frequency peak in the 1910s. Accessed on March 29th, 2011.

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