万维词典

【a】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Letter a.svg
a U+0061, a
LATIN SMALL LETTER A
`
[U+0060]
Basic Latin b
[U+0062]
U+FF41, a
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER A

[U+FF40]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF42]

(Translingual)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Approximate form of Greek upper case Α (a, “alpha”) that was the source for both common variants of a Modification of capital A.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter, most languages): IPA(key): /ɑː/, /a/

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. Used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent an open front unrounded vowel.

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查看更多(Further reading)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation of atto-, from Danish atten (eighteen).

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. atto-, prefix for 10-18 in the International System of Units.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Latin annum or annus.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. Year as a unit of time, specifically a Julian year or 365.25 days.

词源4(Etymology 4)

Abbreviation of are, from French are.

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. An are, a unit of area one hundredth of a hectare; ares.

Etymology 5

Abbreviation of acceleration

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. (physics) acceleration

Other representations of A:

演示(Gallery)


英语(English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Runic letter ᚫ (a, “ansuz”), source for Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letters replaced by a

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter a and split of Middle English and Old English lower case letter æ.

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚪ (a, “āc”) Old English lower case letter a from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case letter a of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (a, āc), derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚫ (æ, “æsc”) Old English lower case letter æ from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ, æsc), also derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter name)
    The current pronunciation resulted from the Great Vowel Shift. Before the early part of the 17th century, the pronunciation was similar to that in other languages.
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /æ/, /ɑː/, /eɪ/, etc.

字母(Letter)

a (lowercase, uppercase A, plural as or a's)

  1. The first letter of the English alphabet, written in the Latin script.
用法注意(Usage notes)
衍生词(Derived terms)
查看更多(See also)

数字化(Numeral)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The ordinal number first, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a (plural aes)[1]

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.
翻译(Translations)
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English a, an, from Old English ān (one; a; lone; sole). The "n" was gradually lost before consonants in almost all dialects by the 15th century.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /ə/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ,
  • Homophone: her (non-rhotic, unstressed)

Article

a (indefinite)

  1. One; any indefinite example of; used to denote a singular item of a group. [First attested prior to 1150][2]
    There was a man here looking for you yesterday.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get []
    • 2005, Emily Kingsley (lyricist), Kevin Clash (voice actor), “A Cookie is a Sometime Food”, Sesame Street, season 36, Sesame Workshop:
      Hoots the Owl: Yes a, fruit, is a [sic], any, time, food!
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      Anna, do you have a pen? — Yes. I have a pen in my bag. I have a (stressed) …
  2. Used in conjunction with the adjectives score, dozen, hundred, thousand, and million, as a function word.
    I've seen it happen a hundred times.
  3. One certain or particular; any single. [First attested between around 1150 and 1350][2]
    We've received an interesting letter from a Mrs. Miggins of London.
  4. The same; one. [16th Century][2]
    We are of a mind on matters of morals.
  5. Any, every; used before a noun which has become modified to limit its scope;[1] also used with a negative to indicate not a single one.[3]
    A man who dies intestate leaves his children troubles and difficulties.
    He fell all that way, and hasn't a bump on his head?
  6. Used before plural nouns modified by few, good many, couple, great many, etc.
  7. Someone or something like; similar to;[3] Used before a proper noun to create an example out of it.
    The center of the village was becoming a Times Square.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In standard English, the article a is used before consonant sounds, while an is used before vowel sounds; for more, see the usage notes about an.
翻译(Translations)
查看更多(See also)
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. To do with separation; In, into. [First attested before 1150][2]
    Torn a pieces.
  2. To do with time; Each, per, in, on, by. [First attested before 1150][2]
    I brush my teeth twice a day.
  3. To do with status; In. [First attested before 1150][2]
  4. (archaic) To do with position or direction; In, on, at, by, towards, onto. [First attested before 1150][2]
    Stand a tiptoe.
  5. (archaic) To do with process, with a passive verb; In the course of, experiencing. [First attested before 1150][2]
  6. (archaic) To do with an action, an active verb; Engaged in. [16th century][2]
  7. (archaic) To do with an action/movement; To, into. [16th century][2]
  8. (obsolete) To do with method; In, with. [First attested before 1150][2]
  9. (obsolete) To do with role or capacity; In. [First attested before 1150][2]
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • (position, direction): Can also be attached without a hyphen, as aback, ahorse, afoot. See a-
  • (separation): Can also be attached without hyphen, as asunder. See a-
  • (status): Can also be attached without hyphen, as afloat, awake. See a-.
  • (process): Can also be attached with or without hyphen, as a-changing
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词源4(Etymology 4)

From Middle English a, ha contraction of have, or haven.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (archaic or slang) Have. [between 1150 and 1350, continued in some use until 1650; used again after 1950]
    I'd a come, if you'd a asked.
    Oi'd a gen im a clout, if oi'd been theer.
    from Robert Holland, M.R.A.C., A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Part I--A to F., English Dialect Society, London, 1884, 1
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Now often attached to preceding auxiliary verb. See -a.
衍生词(Derived terms)

Etymology 5

From Middle English a, a reduced form of he (“he”)/ha (“he”), heo (“she”)/ha (“she”) and ha (“it”) (as well as of hie, hie (“they”)).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (obsolete outside England and Scotland dialects) He, or sometimes she, it. [1150-1900][2] (clarification of this definition is needed)

Etymology 6

From Middle English of, with apocope of the final f and vowel reduction.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. (archaic or slang) Of.
    The name of John a Gaunt.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Often attached without a hyphen to preceding word.

Etymology 7

From Northern Middle English aw, alteration of all.

发音(Pronunciation)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

副词(Adverb)

a (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) All. [First attested from 1350 to 1470.]

形容词(Adjective)

a (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) All. [First attested from 1350 to 1470.]

Etymology 8

Symbols

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. Distance from leading edge to aerodynamic center.
  2. specific absorption coefficient
  3. specific rotation
  4. allele (recessive)
  5. (stenoscript) (a) an initial letter ⟨a⟩
    (b) the long vowel /eɪ/ at the end of a word, or before a final consonant that is not j, v, z (the consonant is not written; [ɛə˞] counts as /eɪr/)
    (c) the words a, an or abbreviation A.M.
    (d) the prefix ad-

Etymology 9

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. (crosswords) across
    Do you have the answer for 23a?

Etymology 10

Particle

a

  1. Alternative form of -a (empty syllable added to songs, poetry, verse and other speech)
    • 2001, Louis F. Newcomb, Car Salesman: A Legacy, iUniverse (→ISBN), page 91:
      “I show a you right a here I can fuck a you.” “Is she crazy?” I asked Wyman.

Quotations

Additional quotations for any terms on this page may be found at Citations:a.

来源参考(References)

  • Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “a”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 1.
  • Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN)
  • “a” in Christine A. Lindberg, editor, The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, 2002, →ISBN, page 1.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Gove, Philip Babcock, (1976)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Brown, Lesley, (2003)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lindberg, Christine A. (2007)

查看更多(Further reading)


Abau

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

名词(Noun)

a

  1. house

Afar

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

á

  1. this, these (masculine)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “a”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[4], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Albanian

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. or
  2. there

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Albanian *(h)an, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en (there). Cognate with Latin an (yes, perhaps). Interrogative particle, usually used proclitically in simple sentences.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a

  1. probably, perhaps
  2. whether

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Standard Albanian Latin-script alphabet.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “a part. ('whether'), conj. ('or')”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 1

Ama

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. tree

Anguthimri

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (transitive, Mpakwithi) to pull

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 184

Aragonese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illa.

Article

a f sg

  1. the
    a luenga aragonesathe Aragonese language

Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to, towards

衍生词(Derived terms)

名词(Noun)

a f

  1. a (the name of the letter A, a)

Azerbaijani

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a lower case (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Bambara

Article

a

  1. the (definite article).

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah (expression of surprise)
  2. eh (expression of reluctance)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. they, them (plural)
  2. he, she, they (singular)

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (they): u

Basque

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Basque alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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名词(Noun)

a (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

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Bavarian

Article

a

  1. a

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. also, too, as well

Belizean Creole

Preposition

a

  1. of

来源参考(References)

  • Crosbie, Paul, ed. (2007), Kriol-Inglish Dikshineri: English-Kriol Dictionary. Belize City: Belize Kriol Project, p. 19.

Cameroon Pidgin

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative spelling of I (1st person singular subject personal pronoun)

Catalan

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • no saber ni la a
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词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. in, at; indicating a particular time or place
    Sóc a Barcelona.
    I am in Barcelona.
  2. to; indicating movement towards a particular place
    Vaig a Barcelona.
    I'm going to Barcelona.
  3. to; indicating a target or indirect object
    Escric una carta a la meva àvia.
    I'm writing my grandmother a letter.
  4. per
  5. by
    dia a dia.
    day by day.
用法注意(Usage notes)

When the preposition a is followed by a masculine definite article, el or els, it is contracted with it to the forms al and als respectively. If el would be elided to the form l’ because it is before a word beginning with a vowel, the elision to a l’ takes precedence over contracting to al.

The same occurs with the salat article es, to form as except where es would be elided to s’.

衍生词(Derived terms)

Chayuco Mixtec

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

a

  1. or

来源参考(References)

  • Pensinger, Brenda J. (1974) Diccionario mixteco-español, español-mixteco (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 18)‎[5] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: El Instituto Lingüístico de Verano en coordinación con la Secretaría de Educación Pública a través de la Dirección General de Educación Extraescolar en el Medio Indígena, pages 3, 110

Chibcha

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. open mouth
  2. smell, taste

来源参考(References)

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

Chuukese

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it

形容词(Adjective)

a

  1. he is
  2. she is
  3. it is

关联词(Related terms)

Present and past tense Negative tense Future Negative future Distant future Negative determinate
Singular First person ua use upwe usap upwap ute
Second person ka, ke kose, kese kopwe, kepwe kosap, kesap kopwap, kepwap kote, kete
Third person a ese epwe esap epwap ete
Plural First person aua (exclusive)
sia (inclusive)
ause (exclusive)
sise (inclusive)
aupwe (exclusive)
sipwe (inclusive)
ausap (exclusive)
sisap (inclusive)
aupwap (exclusive)
sipwap (inclusive)
aute (exclusive)
site (inclusive)
Second person oua ouse oupwe ousap oupwap oute
Third person ra, re rese repwe resap repwap rete



Cimbrian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • an (Sette Comuni)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain.

Article

a (oblique masculine an)

  1. (Luserna) a, an
    Maria iz a lavròunaren.Maria is a Lavaronese.

来源参考(References)


Coatepec Nahuatl

名词(Noun)

a

  1. water.

Cornish

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a

  1. Marks the following verb to the preceding subject.

Preposition

a

  1. of (expressing separation, origin, composition/substance or a quality)
  2. of (between a preceding large number and a following plural noun to express quantity)
  3. from (indicating provenance)

Inflection


Corsican

词源(Etymology)

From the earlier la.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

a f (masculine u, masculine plural i, feminine plural e)

  1. the (feminine)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Before a vowel, a turns into l'

代词(Pronoun)

a f

  1. her, it (direct object)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Before a vowel, a turns into l'

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • a” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Czech

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. and

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • a in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. at

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Danish alphabet, written in the Latin script.
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词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

名词(Noun)

a n (singular definite a'et, plural indefinite a'er)

  1. The name of the letter A or a.
Inflection

词源3(Etymology 3)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (unofficial but common)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/, [ˈaˀ]
  • Rhymes: -a, Rhymes: -æː

Preposition

a

  1. of, of...each, each containing
  2. at
  3. to, or

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /æː/, [ˈæːˀ]
  • Rhymes: -æː

动词(Verb)

a

  1. imperative of ae

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /aː/

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.
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词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle Dutch â, from Old Dutch ā, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • aa (especially in names)
  • ie

名词(Noun)

a f (plural a's, diminutive aatje n)

  1. (archaic) a stream or water
关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Middle Dutch jou, from Old Dutch *jū, a northern (Frisian?) variant of *iu, from Proto-Germanic *iwwiz, a West Germanic variant of *izwiz. Doublet of u.

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (Brabant) you
同义词(Synonyms)

Egyptian

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Manuel de Codage transliteration of .

Emilian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ego (I).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a (personal, nominative case)

  1. I
  2. we
  3. you (plural)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Becomes aj- before a vowel (proclitic).
  • Becomes -ja when acting as an enclitic.

关联词(Related terms)


Esperanto

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Esperanto alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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名词(Noun)

a (accusative singular a-on, plural a-oj, accusative plural a-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

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Estonian

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Estonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a

  1. Abbreviation of aasta; year

Conjunction

a

  1. (colloquial, in fast speech) but

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查看更多(Further reading)


Fala

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Portuguese á, from Latin illa (that).

Article

a f (plural as, masculine o, masculine plural os)

  1. feminine singular of the definite article o
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin ad (to).

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

Faroese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin a

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Finnish

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Finnish alphabet, written in the Latin script.
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词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. (music) A (note)
用法注意(Usage notes)

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

变化形式(Declension)

French

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a m or f (plural as)

  1. a, the name of the Latin-script letter A

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Quebec eye-dialect spelling of elle.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a f

  1. (Quebec, colloquial) alternative form of elle (she)
    C'te fille-là, a'a l'air cute.
    This girl, she looks cute.

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir
    Elle a un chat.
    She has a cat.

查看更多(See also)

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Fula

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.
用法注意(Usage notes)

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (second person singular subject pronoun; short form)
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • Used in all conjugations except the affirmative non-accomplished, where the long form is used instead.

查看更多(See also)

  • aɗa (second person singular subject pronoun; long form), hiɗa (variant used in the Pular dialect of Futa Jalon)
  • aan (emphatic form)

Galician

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad (to, toward).

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a̝/

Preposition

a

  1. to, toward; indicating direction of motion
  2. introducing an indirect object
  3. used to indicate the time of an action
  4. (with de) to, until; used to indicate the end of a range
    de cinco a oitofrom five to eight
  5. by, on, by means of; expresses a mode of action
    aon foot
  6. for; indicates price or cost
用法注意(Usage notes)

The preposition a regularly forms contractions when it precedes the definite article o, a, os, and as. For example, a o ("to the") contracts to ao or ó, and a a ("to the") contracts to á.

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin illa, feminine of ille (“that”).

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a̝/

Article

a f (masculine singular o, feminine plural as, masculine plural os)

  1. (definite) the
用法注意(Usage notes)

The definite article o (in all its forms) regularly forms contractions when it follows the prepositions a (“to”), con (“with”), de (“of, from”), and en (“in”). For example, con a (“with the”) contracts to coa, and en a (“in the”) contracts to na.

Also, the definite article presents a second form that could be represented as <-lo/-la/-los/-las>, or either lack any specific representation. Its origin is in the assimilation of the last consonant of words ended in -s or -r, due to sandhi, with the /l/ present in the article in pre-Galician-Portuguese period. So Vou comer o caldo or Vou come-lo caldo are representations of /ˈβowˈkomelo̝ˈkaldo̝/ ("I'm going to have my soup"). This phenomenon, rare in Portuguese, is already documented in 13th century Medieval Galician texts, as the Cantigas de Santa Maria.[1]

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /ˈa/

名词(Noun)

a m (plural as)

  1. a (name of the letter A, a)

词源4(Etymology 4)

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. accusative of ela

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Vaz Leão, Ângela (2000), “Questões de linguagem nas Cantigas de Santa Maria, de Afonso X”, in Scripta[1], volume 4, issue 7, DOI:10.5752/P.2358-3428, retrieved 16 November 2017, pages 11-24

German

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the German alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a n (strong, genitive a or as, plural a or as)

  1. Alternative form of A

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. Abbreviation of a-Moll.
  2. Abbreviation of Ar.

Gilbertese

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Oceanic *pat, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əpat, from Proto-Austronesian *Səpat.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

数字化(Numeral)

a

  1. four

Gothic

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Romanization of 𐌰

Grass Koiari

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Gun

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

à

  1. you (second-person singular personal pronoun)

Haitian Creole

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

Article

a

  1. the, definite article

用法注意(Usage notes)

This term only follows words that end with an oral (non-nasal) consonant and an oral vowel in that order, and can only modify singular nouns.

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Hawaiian

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /aː/

Conjunction

a

  1. and (used between sentences)
  2. until, up to

Preposition

a

  1. of, belonging to

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Used for acquired possessions, while o is used for possessions that are inherited, out of personal control, and for things that can be got into (houses, clothes, cars).

Hungarian

词源1(Etymology 1)

See az.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

a (definite)

  1. the
    a hölgythe lady
  2. (before some time phrases) this
    a héten(during) this week
用法注意(Usage notes)

Used before words starting with a consonant.

关联词(Related terms)
  • az, for words starting with a vowel sound

代词(Pronoun)

a (demonstrative)

  1. (in reduplicated constructions formed with postpositions) that
    A mellett a ház mellett vártam rá.I waited for him/her next to that house.

Determiner

a (demonstrative)

  1. (rare, only in some fixed phrases beginning with a consonant, as a counterpart of az, followed by no article) that
    Foglalja össze, miről szóltak az a heti beszédek és leckék.[1]Summarize what that week’s sermons and lessons were about.
    November 12-én, az a havi frissítőkedden jelenhet meg.It may be released on November 12th, on the Patch Tuesday of that month.
    Kérjük szíves tájékoztatásukat a tekintetben, hogy… (abban a tekintetben, see az)We kindly request your information in that [= the] aspect…

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (letter or phoneme itself): IPA(key): [ˈɒː][2]
  • (identifier or musical note): IPA(key): [ˈaː] (in the names of minor scales; see also A)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Hungarian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (music) designation of the sixth note from C and the corresponding tone
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ a heti at e-nyelv.hu
  2. ^ Siptár, Péter and Miklós Törkenczy. The Phonology of Hungarian. The Phonology of the World’s Languages. Oxford University Press, 2007. →ISBN, p. 280

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Icelandic

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a ?

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

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Ido

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (context pronunciation, letter name) IPA(key): /a/

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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名词(Noun)

a (plural a-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

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Preposition

a

  1. Apocopic form of ad

关联词(Related terms)

  • e (“and”)
  • o (“or”)

Igbo

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Igbo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

词源1(Etymology 1)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • e (neutral tongue position)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (indefinite) somebody, one, they, people (an unspecified individual).
    A gwara ya ka ọ bịa.
    He/she was told to come.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Often gets translated into English with the passive voice.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

à

  1. this, the (thing) here.
关联词(Related terms)

Indo-Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese a.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Sri Lankan Creole) IPA(key): /a/, /ə/

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3 (in German):
      [] , que da-cá su quião que ta pertencê a êll.
      [] , to give him his share which belongs to him.

Indonesian

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Indonesian alphabet, called id and written in the Latin script.

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Ingrian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Russian а (a).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑ/
  • Hyphenation: a

Conjunction

a

  1. and, but
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 17:
      A siä Jaakko, kuhu määt?
      And you Jaakko, where are you going?
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      keskipäivääl hää [päivyt] on kaikkiin ylemmääl, a siis alkaa laskiissa.
      on midday it [the Sun] is highest, and then it starts to descend.

来源参考(References)

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 1

Interlingua

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. to, at
  2. to, for (indicating purpose)
    sala a attenderwaiting room

衍生词(Derived terms)


Inupiaq

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. listen, hark
  2. oops (used to acknowledge an error)
  3. oh (used to express surprise)

Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish a, from Proto-Celtic *esyo (the final vowel triggering lenition), feminine Proto-Celtic *esyās (the final -s triggering h-prothesis), plural Proto-Celtic *eysom (the final nasal triggering eclipsis), all from the genitive forms of Proto-Indo-European *éy. Cognate with Welsh ei.

Determiner

a (triggers lenition)

  1. his, its
    a athair agus a mháthairhis father and mother
    Chaill an t-éan a chleití.
    The bird lost its feathers.

Determiner

a (triggers h-prothesis)

  1. her, its
    a hathair agus a máthairher father and mother
    Bhris an mheaig a heiteog.
    The magpie broke its wing.

Determiner

a (triggers eclipsis)

  1. their
    a n-athair agus a máthairtheir father and mother
    a dtithetheir houses
    a n-ainmneachatheir names
  2. (Connacht) our
  3. (Connacht) your (plural)
查看更多(See also)

Determiner

a (triggers lenition)

  1. how (used with an abstract noun)
    A ghéire a labhair sí!
    How sharply she spoke!
    A fheabhas atá sé!
    How good it is!

词源2(Etymology 2)

A reduced form of older do (itself a reanalysis of do used in past tenses, and also present in early modern verbs like do-bheirim (“I give”), do-chím (“I see”)), or from the preverb a- in early modern verbs like a-tú (“I am”), a-deirim (“I say”) in relative clauses.

Particle

a (triggers lenition except of d’ and of past autonomous forms)

  1. introduces a direct relative clause, takes the independent form of an irregular verb
    an fear a chuireann síolthe man who sows seed
    an síol a chuireann an fearthe seed that the man sows
    an síol a cuireadhthe seed that was sown
    nuair a bhí mé ógwhen I was young
    an cat a d'ól an bainnethe cat that drank the milk

来源参考(References)

  • Gerald O’Nolan (1920) Studies in Modern Irish[6], volume 1, pages 89, 93–94

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Irish a (“that, which the relative particle used after prepositions”), reanalyzed as an independent indirect relative particle from forms like ar a (“on which, on whom”), (“to which, to whom”), or early modern le a (“with which, with whom”), agá (“at which, at whom”) when prepositional pronouns started to be repeated in such clauses (eg. don té agá mbíon cloidheamh (…) aige, daoine agá mbíonn grádh aco do Dhia). Compare the forms used in Munster instead: go (from agá (at which)) and na (from i n-a (“in which”), go n-a (“with which”), ria n-a (“before which”) and later lena (“with which”), tréna (“through which”)).

Particle

a (triggers eclipsis, takes the dependent form of an irregular verb; not used in the past tense except with some irregular verbs)

  1. introduces an indirect relative clause
    an bord a raibh leabhar airthe table on which there was a book
    an fear a bhfuil a mhac ag imeachtthe man whose son is going away
关联词(Related terms)
  • ar (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers eclipsis, takes the dependent form of an irregular verb; not used in the past tense except with some irregular verbs)

  1. all that, whatever
    Sin a bhfuil ann.
    That's all that is there.
    An bhfuair tú a raibh uait?
    Did you get all that you wanted?
    Íocfaidh mé as a gceannóidh tú.
    I will pay for whatever you buy.
关联词(Related terms)
  • ar (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

来源参考(References)

  • Nicholas Williams (1994), “Na Canúintí a Theacht chun Solais”, in Kim McCone et al., editor, Stair na Gaeilge: in ómós do P[h]adráig Ó Fiannachta (in Irish), Coláiste Phádraig, Maigh Nuad, →ISBN, page 464: “Tháinig nós chun cinn sa 17ú haois freisin an réamhfhocal a dhúbláil: don té agá mbíonn cloidheamh..aige; daoine agá mbíonn grádh aco do Dhia (Ó Cuív, 1952b, 177), an tí ag a bhfuil a bheag do chuntabhairt aige (Williams, 1986, 155).”
  • Gerald O’Nolan (1934) The New Era Grammar of Modern Irish, The Educational Company of Ireland Ltd., page 56

词源4(Etymology 4)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. introduces a vocative
    A Dhia!
    O God!
    A dhuine uasail!
    Sir!
    Tar isteach, a Sheáin.
    Come in, Seán.
    A amadáin!
    You fool!

Etymology 5

Particle

a (triggers h-prothesis)

  1. introduces a numeral
    a haon, a dó, a trí...one, two, three...
    Séamas aJames the Second
    bus a seachtbus seven

Etymology 6

Originally a reduced form of do.

Preposition

a (plus dative, triggers lenition)

  1. to (used with verbal nouns)
    síol a churto sow seed
    uisce a ólto drink water
    an rud atá sé a scríobhwhat he is writing
    D’éirigh sé a chaint.
    He rose to speak.
    Téigh a chodladh.
    Go to sleep.

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
a n-a ha not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

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Istriot

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. at
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      A poûpa, a prùa a xì doûto bandere,
      At the stern, at the bow everything is flags,

Particle

a

  1. emphasises a verb; mandatory with impersonal verbs
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      A poûpa, a prùa a xì doûto bandere,
      At the stern, at the bow everything is flags,

Italian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ā (the name of the letter A).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/*
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: a

名词(Noun)

a f (invariable)

  1. a, the name of the Latin-script letter A

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad. In a few phrases, a stems from Latin a, ab.

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to
  4. Indicates the direct object, mainly to avoid confusion when it, the subject, or both are displaced, or for emphasis
    A me non importa.
    It doesn’t matter to me.
    (literally, “To me not important.”)
    A lei non piace, ma a lui piace molto.
    She doesn't like it, but he likes it very much.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • When followed by a word that begins with a vowel sound, the form ad is used instead.
  • When followed by the definite article, a combines with the article to produce the following combined forms:
a + article Combined form
a + il al
a + lo allo
a + l' all'
a + i ai
a + gli agli
a + la alla
a + le alle
派生词(Descendants)
  • Norwegian Bokmål: a

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. Misspelling of ha.

来源参考(References)


Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jersey Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʊ/, /ɑ/

字母(Letter)

a

  1. A letter of the Jersey Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

K'iche'

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

a

  1. masculine youth indicator

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. (interrogatory) indicator of a question

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. your

来源参考(References)


Kabuverdianu

字母(Letter)

a (uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Kabuverdianu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Kabyle

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

a

  1. this
    a rgaz a
    this man

Kalasha

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit अहम् (aham).

代词(Pronoun)

a (Arabic آ‎)

  1. I (1st-person personal pronoun)

查看更多(See also)


Koitabu

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Krisa

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

名词(Noun)

a m

  1. pig
    Nana a doma.
    I shot your pig.

来源参考(References)

  • Donohue, Mark and San Roque, Lila. I'saka: a sketch grammar of a language of north-central New Guinea. (Pacific Linguistics, 554.) (2004).

Ladin

词源(Etymology)

From Latin a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to

衍生词(Derived terms)


Lashi

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. not

来源参考(References)

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[7], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Latgalian

词源(Etymology)

Shortened from an older Baltic form , which is cognate with Lithuanian o (the same meaning).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a f

  1. but, however, while, signal

Particle

a f

  1. and, but, so, well

Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), likely through Etruscan.

发音(Pronunciation)

(letter name):

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. (sometimes with littera) the first letter of the Latin alphabet.
    littera athe letter a

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Etruscan [Term?].

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

ā f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter A.
相关搭配(Coordinate terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Alternative form of ab by apocope (not used before a vowel or h).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (earlier in New Latin)
  • ab

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

ā (+ ablative)

  1. (indicating ablation): from, away from, out of
  2. (indicating ablation): down from
  3. (indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of
  4. (indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with
  5. (indicating association): to, with
  6. (indicating location): at, on, in
  7. (time) after, since
用法注意(Usage notes)

Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent.

  • Liber ā discipulō aperītur.
    The book is opened by the student.
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Italian: a
    • Norwegian Bokmål: a
  • Norwegian Bokmål: a

词源4(Etymology 4)

Expressive.

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

ā

  1. ah

Latvian

词源(Etymology)

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

A

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Latvian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Ligurian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Ligurian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine o i
feminine  a e

Article

a f sg (plural e)

  1. the

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to
    Vàddo a câza.I'm going home. (literally, “I go to home.”)
  4. indicates the direct object, mainly to avoid confusion when it, the subject, or both are displaced, or for emphasis
    A mæ seu ghe fa mâ 'n bràsso.My sister's arm hurts. (literally, “To my sister an arm hurts.”)
a + article Combined form
a + o a-o
a + a a-a
a + i a-i
a + e a-e

Livonian

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.



Louisiana Creole French

词源(Etymology)

From French avoir (to have)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. to have

Lower Sorbian

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. and

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “a”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “a”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Lushootseed

字母(Letter)

a

  1. The second letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as an open back unrounded vowel.

Malay

发音(Pronunciation)

(letter name): IPA(key): /a/

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Maltese

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /aː/ (long phoneme)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

a (Zhuyin ˙ㄚ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of

a

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ā.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of á.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ǎ.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of à.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mandinka

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. he, him (personal pronoun)
    A m busaHe/she struck me.
    Y a busaThey struck him/her.
  2. she, her (personal pronoun)
  3. it (personal pronoun)

查看更多(See also)


Maori

Particle

a

  1. of
  2. (determinative particle for names)
  3. (particle for pronouns when succeeding ki, i, kei, and hei)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • When used in the sense of of, suggests that the possessor has control of the relationship (alienable possession).

Mezquital Otomi

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. expresses satisfaction, pity, fright, or admiration

词源2(Etymology 2)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (transitive) wake, awaken

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Proto-Otomi *ʔɔ, from Proto-Otomian *ʔɔ.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. flea
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • aꞌni
  • mfoxꞌa

来源参考(References)

  • Andrews, Enriqueta (1950) Vocabulario otomí de Tasquillo, Hidalgo[8] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 1
  • Hernández Cruz, Luis; Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 45)‎[9] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 3

Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Old Dutch ā, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō.

名词(Noun)

â f

  1. (rare) river, stream, water

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: a

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of an (mainly preconsonantal)

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (Late Middle English) Alternative form of I (I)

词源3(Etymology 3)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of heo (she)

词源4(Etymology 4)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 5

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Etymology 6

数字化(Numeral)

a

  1. (Northern, Early Middle English) Alternative form of oo (one)

Middle French

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old French a, from Latin ad.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • à (after 1550)

Preposition

a

  1. to; towards

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old French [Term?], from Latin habet.

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir

Middle Welsh

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. O (vocative particle)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers lenition)

  1. who, which, that

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. inserted before the verb when the subject of direct object precedes it

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. used to introduce a direct question
  2. whether, used to introduce an indirect question

词源4(Etymology 4)

Reduction of o (“from”).

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. used between a focused adjective and the noun it modifies
    • Pwyll Pendeuic Dyuet:
      bychan a dial oed yn lloski ni, neu yn dienydyaw am y mab
      it will be small vengeance if we are burnt or put to death because of the child

Etymology 5

From Old Welsh ha.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a (triggers aspiration)

  1. and

Etymology 6

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a (triggers aspiration)

  1. with

Etymology 7

From Proto-Celtic *ageti, third-person singular present indicative of *ago-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of mynet

Mutation

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal H-prothesis
a unchanged unchanged ha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Min Nan

For pronunciation and definitions of a – see .
(This character, a, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Mòcheno

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, a).

Article

a (oblique masculine an)

  1. a, an

来源参考(References)


Mopan Maya

Article

a

  1. the

来源参考(References)

  • Hofling, Charles Andrew (2011). Mopan Maya–Spanish–English Dictionary, University of Utah Press.

Mountain Koiari

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (singular)

来源参考(References)

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Murui Huitoto

副词(Adverb)

a

  1. Alternative spelling of aa

来源参考(References)

  • Shirley Burtch (1983) Diccionario Huitoto Murui (Tomo I) (Linguistica Peruana No. 20)‎[10] (in Spanish), Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 19

Nauruan

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. I (first person singular pronoun)
    • 2000, Lisa M Johnson, Firstness of Secondness in Nauruan Morphology (in English):
      a pudun
      1sing fall+Vn
      I fell
      []
      a nuwawen
      1pers.sing. go+Vn
      I did go. (I left.)
      []
      a kaiotien aem
      [1pers.sing.] [hear+Vn] [your words]
      I hear what you said.
      []
      a nan imoren
      1pers.sing. FUT health+Vn
      I shall be cured (get better).

Navajo

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Navajo alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    a = /a˨/
    ą = /ã˨/
    á = /a˥/
    ą́ = /ã˥/
    aa = /aː˨˨/
    ąą = /ãː˨˨/
    áa = /aː˥˨/
    ą́ą = /ãː˥˨/
    aá = /aː˨˥/
    ąą́ = /ãː˨˥/
    áá = /aː˥˥/
    ą́ą́ = /ãː˥˥/

查看更多(See also)


Neapolitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin de ab.

Preposition

a

  1. from (referring to a place)
  2. by (introducing the actor in the passive voice)
  3. to (implying necessity)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. in (locative: staying in a place of relative width)
  2. to (locative: moving towards a place of relative width)
  3. to (dative)

Nias

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

动词(Verb)

a (imperfective manga)

  1. (transitive) to eat

来源参考(References)

  • Sundermann, Heinrich. 1905. Niassisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Moers: Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, p. 15.

Norman

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (Guernsey) third-person singular present indicative of aver

Norwegian Bokmål

The letter a from the Norwegian alphabet.

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin a, from Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), likely through the Etruscan language, from Phoenician 𐤀(ʾ), from Proto-Canaanite Protoalef.svg, from Proto-Sinaitic Proto-semiticA-01.svg, from Egyptian 𓃾, representing the head of an ox.

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (definite singular a-en, indefinite plural a-er, definite plural a-ene)

  1. the letter a, the first letter of the Norwegian alphabet
    • 1999, Lars Roar Langslet, I kamp for norsk kultur, page 234:
      bruken av a i bestemt form i hunkjønnsord
      the use of a in the definite form of feminine words
    har man sagt a, må man si bif you have said A, you should say B
  2. indicates the first or best entry of a list, order or rank
    • 1919, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Samlede digter-verker I [Collected poetic works 1], page 454:
      [bokstavene begynte] at gaa sammen, to og to: a stod og hvilte under et træ, som hedte b
      [the letters began] to go together, two by two: a stood and rested under a tree called b
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker V, page 389:
      begynde paa Ø istedet for A
      start with Ø instead of A
    • 1886, Arne Garborg, Mogning og manndom I, page 172:
      jeg traf sammen med et par generalbanditter, gamle gutter, storartede ranglefanter, 1ste klasse 1 A med stjerne, deilige herremænd
      I met a couple of general bandits, old boys, great revelers, 1st class 1 A with a star, lovely gentlemen
    • 1939, Knut Hamsun, Artikler, page 99:
      historie er hvad A mener til forskel fra B, og hvad C igen mener til forskel baade fra A og B om den samme sag
      story is what A thinks differently from B and what C again thinks differently from both A and B about the same case
    oppgang Aapartment entrance A
    blodgruppe Ablood group A
    førerkort i klasse A(motorcycle) driver's license in class A
    øl i klasse Abeer in class A (with 0,0-0,7 volume percent alcohol)
    A postA post / priority mail
    A-aksjeclass A-share
    hepatitt Ahepatitis A
    Synonyms: A-, a-
  3. the highest grade in a school or university using the A-F scale
    • 2019, Helene Uri, Stillheten etterpå, page 14:
      jeg har gode karakterer. Bare A-er og B-er
      I have good grades. Only A's and B's
    få A til eksamen
    receive an A on an exam
  4. (music) designation of the sixth note from C and the corresponding tone
    • 1944, Børre Qvamme, Musikk, page 10:
      synge en riktig A uten hjelp av et instrument eller stemmegaffel
      sing a correct A without the aid of an instrument or tuning fork
    • 1973, Finn Havrevold, Avreisen, page 127:
      han slår énstrøken a på klaveret
      he strikes one stroke A on the piano
    • 1997, Tove Nilsen, G for Georg, page 42:
      så gal at man virkelig tror at svaler er g-nøkler og bass-nøkler og a’er og c’er som svever rundt hverandre og lager konsert i himmelen
      so crazy that you really think swallows are g-keys and bass-keys and a's and c's floating around each other and making a concert in the sky
    A-dur
    A major
    A-moll
    A minor
  5. (physics) symbol for ampere
  6. (physics) symbol for nucleon number
  7. (horology) symbol for avance
  8. symbol for anno
  9. short form of atom-
    a-bombe
    atom bomb (a-bomb)
    Synonym: a-

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Abbreviation of atto- (“atto-”).

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. atto-, prefix for 10-18 in the International System of Units.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Abbreviation of ar (“are”).

符号(Symbol)

a

  1. an are, a unit of area one hundredth of a hectare; ares
    Synonym: ar

词源4(Etymology 4)

From French à (to, on, in).

Preposition

a

  1. Alternative spelling of à
替代形式(Alternative forms)

Etymology 5

From Latin ā (from, away from, out of), alternative form of ab (“from, away from, out of, down from”).

Preposition

a

  1. (used in Latin expressions, before a consonant) from, of
    a posteriori, a prima vista, a priori, a tempo, a verbo, a viso, a vista
替代形式(Alternative forms)

Etymology 6

From Italian a (in, at, to).

Preposition

a

  1. (used in Italian expressions, before a consonant) from, of, with
    a battuta, a cappella, a due, a dato, a konto
  2. weak form of av (of)

Etymology 7

From Old Norse hana (her), accusative form of hón (“she”), from Proto-Norse [script needed] (*hān-), from a prefixed form of Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one; some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one; single).

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (dialectal, used enclitically after a conjunction or subjunction) she
    • 1948, Helge Krog, Skuespill I, page 43:
      jagu slår a ja. Og det så det kjens. Forleden dag ga hun meg en knallende ørefik
      she can certainly punch. And so you feel it. The other day she gave me a popping slap to the ear
    • 1989, Bergljot Hobæk Haff, Den guddommelige tragedie:
      hu kunne ikke henge på seg så mye som et enrada perlebånd, uten at a måtte skotte opp i skyene for å høre hva den aller høyeste mente
      she could not put on as much as a single string of pearls, without having to shoot up into the clouds to hear what the very highest one meant
  2. (dialectal, about grammatically feminine animals or objects) it, she
    • 1899, Sfinx, Vi og Voreses, page 45:
      hos Hansens laa dem te klokka var ni, og 10 var a mange ganger ogsaa
      at Hansen's they laid until nine o'clock, and 10 she was many times too
    • 1954, Agnar Mykle, Lasso rundt fru Luna, page 476:
      hvor ligger a [duskeluen] henne?
      where is the hat?
    hvor er a katta di?
    where is your cat?
    Synonym: hun
  3. (dialectal, used enclitically) her; object form of hun (=she)
    hva gjorde du med a?
    what did you do to her?
    • 1847–1868, Halfdan Kjerulf, Av hans efterladte papirer, page 245:
      jeg [skrev] klaverstykker … en lille scherzo med nordisk motiv … «gjenta» og «Jørgen Matros», som gjør kur til ’a og «Ola Spelman» som hun foretrækker
      I [wrote] piano pieces… a small scherzo with a Nordic motif… «gjenta» and «Jørgen Matros», which makes cure for her and «Ola Spelman» which she prefers
    • 1875, Alexander Erbe, Fra skjærgaarden, page 23:
      [klokkeren] skulle da koste paa a amen
      [the clockmaker] would then cost her amen
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden I, page 6:
      jeg kan da gjerne skjære litt mat til a
      I could happily cut some food for her
    • 1931, Aksel Sandemose, En sjømann går i land, page 19:
      han stakk henne med kniven, riktig kylt’n midt i magan på a
      he stabbed her with the knife, really threw in the middle of her stomach
    • 2010, Helene Guåker, Kjør!:
      flere enn deg i hvert fall, di lørje, svarte jeg og så a midt i aua
      more than you at least, you skank, I answered and looked her in the eye
  4. (dialectal, about grammatically feminine animals or objects) it, her
    hvis katta stikker av, må du fange a!
    if the cat runs away, you need to catch her!
    • 1895, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Over Ævne II, page 136:
      naar kjærka ikke kan holde arbejderne i ave [age], aa faen skal vi saa me’a
      when the church can not keep the workers in duty, what the hell do we do with her then
    Synonym: henne
  5. (dialectal, used proclitically with a woman's name or female relation) she, her
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden V, page 96:
      ta a Guldborg
      consider Guldborg
    • 1921, Sigrid Undset, Samlede romaner og fortællinger fra nutiden V, page 64:
      har du glemt a mamma
      did you forget about mom
    • 2015, Rudolf Nilsen, Samlede dikt, page 88:
      a Paula kom plystrende hjem
      Paula came home whistling
    • 2015 March 12, Oppland Arbeiderblad[oa.no]:
      a tante Karen, mor hennes Reidun, hadde ordne med sengeplasser i stua, Booken på en divan og a Rita på flatseng på golvet
      aunt Karen, her mother Reidun, had arranged beds in the living room, Booken on a daybed and Rita on a flat bed on the floor

Etymology 8

From Danish ah (oh), likely from German ach (oh), from Middle High German ach, from Old High German ah. Also see ah and akk.

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. expression of surprise or horror
    • 1888, Herman Colditz, Kjærka, et Atélierinteriør:
      a, det er bare noe drit til han terracottaen
      oh, that is just some crap for that terracotta guy
    a, for noe tøv!
    oh, such nonsense!
  2. expression of admiration or happiness
    • 1897, Fridtjof Nansen, Fram over Polhavet I, page 345:
      a, kunde vi bare gi «Fram» slige vinger
      oh, if only we could give "Fram" wings like that
    a, det gjorde godt!
    oh, that felt good!
  3. used with the words yes and no to give a sense of impatience or rejection
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Fru Inger til Østråt, page 99:
      a nej, det kan være det samme
      oh no, it does not matter
    • 1874-1878, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Brytnings-år I, page 25:
      a ja, lad Schirmer tegne staburet
      oh yes, let Schirmer draw the storehouse
    • 1988, Arild Nyquist, Giacomettis forunderlige reise:
      verden er vakker, bestemor. Selv når det regner og blåser. A ja da.
      the world is beautiful, grandma. Even when it's raining and windy. Oh yes.
    a jo, men hold nå fred!
    oh yes, but keep quiet now

Etymology 9

Mostly likely from Norwegian ad (“against, on”), from Danish ad (by, at), from Old Danish at, from Old Norse at (at, to), from Proto-Germanic *at (at, toward, to), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (to, at).

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. expression of anger or sorrow, especially with a personal pronoun
    uff a meg!
    oh, my!
    huff a meg!
    oh, no!
替代形式(Alternative forms)

来源参考(References)

  • “a” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “a” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • a” in Store norske leksikon
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg a on the Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia.Wikipedia nb

变位词(Anagrams)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lowercase, uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Nynorsk alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (definite singular a-en, indefinite plural a-ar, definite plural a-ane)

  1. the letter a

词源2(Etymology 2)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah!
    Synonyms: ah, å

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Norse af, from Proto-Germanic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.

Preposition

a

  1. (dialect) alternative form of av
    • c. 1700, Kolsrud, Sigurd, quoting Jacob Rasch, “Eldste nynorske bibeltekst: Jacob Rasch c. 1700”, in Syn og Segn, volume 56, published 1950, page 110:
      fre a Gud okka far aa Jesu Christo den herræ.
      peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

来源参考(References)


Nupe

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /a/, (after /n/ or /m/)/ã/

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

à

  1. not (placed at the end of a clause to negate it)
    Mi de eshìgi à, mi ma de dàǹgi à.I don't have a dog, and I don't have a cat.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Clipping of

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

á

  1. Marks the perfective aspect, for actions that are completed

用法注意(Usage notes)

á, which is derived from the verb (to take), functions like a verb so that the word order in the present perfect tense is that of a serial verb construction.

  • Musa shi dùkùnMusa bought a pot
  • Musa á dùkùn shi.Musa has bought a pot. (literally, “Musa took a pot to buy”)

词源4(Etymology 4)

Clipping of

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

à

  1. Used to express the future tense (placed before verbs)
    A à lá èbi be nakànThey will use a knife to cut the meat

Occitan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. at
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a f (plural as)

  1. a (the letter a)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of aver

Old Danish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • aa (Jutlandic)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse á, from Proto-Germanic *ahwō.

名词(Noun)

ā (genitive ār, plural ār)

  1. (Scania) stream, river
派生词(Descendants)
  • Danish: å

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse á, from Proto-Germanic *ana.

Preposition

ā

  1. (Scania) on, in, at
派生词(Descendants)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

ā

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of ēgha

Old Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *ahu.

名词(Noun)

ā f

  1. river, stream, water

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle Dutch: â
    • Dutch: a

查看更多(Further reading)

  • ā, ē”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *aiw, from Proto-Germanic *aiwaz (eternity, age).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

ā

  1. ever, always

派生词(Descendants)


Old French

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Old French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • ad
  • à (not in manuscripts; occasionally used by scholars to differentiate between the preposition and the verb form)

Preposition

a

  1. to
  2. towards
  3. belonging to
    fil a putainson of a whore
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • French: à
    • Norwegian Bokmål: à, a

词源3(Etymology 3)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avoir

Old Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Celtic *sindom (this).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (relative pronoun): an

Article

a

  1. nominative/accusative singular neuter of in

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers eclipsis, takes a leniting relative clause using a deuterotonic or absolute verb form)

  1. that which, what

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

词源2(Etymology 2)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

a (triggers eclipsis, takes a nasalizing relative clause)

  1. when

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Proto-Celtic *esyo (m and n), *esyās (f), and *esōm (pl), from Proto-Indo-European *ésyo, genitive singular of *ís and *íd; compare Welsh ei (his, her, its), eu (“their”); Old High German iro (their); and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its), अस्यास् (asyā́s, her), and एषाम् (eṣā́m, their).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

a (predicative or áe) (triggers lenition in the masculine and neuter singular, an unwritten prothetic /h/ before a vowel in the feminine singular, and eclipsis in the plural)

  1. his, its
  2. her, its
  3. their

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a (his, her, its, their)
  • Scottish Gaelic: a (his, her, its); an (“their”)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Proto-Celtic (compare Welsh a, from Proto-Indo-European (compare Ancient Greek (ô), Latin ō).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. O (vocative particle)

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

Etymology 5

Particle

a (triggers an unwritten prothetic /h/ before a vowel)

  1. introduces a numeral
    a deichten
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: a

Etymology 6

From Proto-Celtic *exs.

Preposition

a (combined with plural article asnaib, combined with 1st singular possessive determiner asmo, combined with 3rd person possessive determiner assa)

  1. out of

For quotations using this term, see Citations:a/Old Irish.

Inflection
关联词(Related terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Irish: as
  • Manx: ass
  • Scottish Gaelic: à

来源参考(References)


Old Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin ad (to).

Preposition

a

  1. to; towards
派生词(Descendants)
  • Fala: a
  • Galician: a
  • Portuguese: a, ah
    • Indo-Portuguese: a

词源2(Etymology 2)

Article

a

  1. Alternative spelling of á

Ometepec Nahuatl

名词(Noun)

a

  1. water

Palauan

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Pre-Palauan *a, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *a.

Article

a

  1. a, the

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Pre-Palauan *a, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *a, from Proto-Austronesian *a.

Conjunction

a

  1. linking particle

Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /a/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Syllabification: a

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lowercase, uppercase A)

  1. The first letter of the Polish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a n (indeclinable)

  1. a, near-open central vowel
  2. (music) a (note)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a m inan

  1. (metrology) Abbreviation of ar.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Probably from Proto-Slavic *a (and, but).

Conjunction

a

  1. and, but, whereas (used contrastively)
    A ty?And you?
    Wolisz tabletki, a ja wolę zastrzyki.You prefer pills whereas I prefer injections.
  2. and (used to continue a previous statement or to add to it)
    walka między dobrem a złembattle between good and evil
  3. and then (used to say an event will occur if some requirement is fulfilled)
    Poszukasz, a znajdziesz.If you seek it, then you shall find it.
  4. and (used after a verb to indicate it will last a long time)
    pracować a pracowaćto work and work (for a long time)
  5. such and such (used when the speaker does not want to be more specific, when repeating an element)
  6. is (used to show some connection between two objects which are very different from each other)
  7. what about
    Ja jestem gotowy, a ty?I'm ready, what about you?

衍生词(Derived terms)

conjunctions

词源4(Etymology 4)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah! (used when the speaker has remembered or noticed something)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • a in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

letter
article, pronoun
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ɐ/
  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /a/
  • Hyphenation: a

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin a.

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

名词(Noun)

a m (plural as)

  1. Alternative spelling of á
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin illa (with the disappearance of an initial l; compare Spanish la).

Article

a

  1. feminine singular of o
Quotations

Additional quotations can be found at Citations:o.

查看更多(See also)
Portuguese articles (edit)
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Definite articles
(the)
o a os as
Indefinite articles
(a, an; some)
um uma uns umas

代词(Pronoun)

a f (third-person singular)

  1. Her, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ela).
    Encontrei-a na rua.I met her/it on the street.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Becomes -la after verb forms ending in -r, -s, or -z, the pronouns nos (“us”) and vos (“plural you”), and the adverb eis (“here is; behold”); the final letter causing the change disappears.
    After ver (“to see”): Posso vê-la? — “May I see her/it?”
    After pôs (“he/she/it put”): Ele pô-la ali. — “He put her/it there.”
    After fiz (“I made; I did”): Fi-la ficar contente. — “I made her/it become happy.”
    After nos (“us”): Ela deu-no-la relutantemente. — “She gave her/it to us reluctantly.”
    After eis (“here is; behold”): Ei-la! — “Behold her/it!”
  • Becomes -na after a nasal vowel or diphthong: -ão, -am [ɐ̃w̃], -õe [õj̃], -em, -êm [ẽj̃].
    Detêm-na como prisioneira. — “They detain her/it as a prisoner.”
  • In informal Brazilian Portuguese, the nominative form ela (“she”) is more commonly used.
    Eu a vi.Eu vi ela.: “I saw her/it.”
Quotations

Quotations can be found at Citations:a.

查看更多(See also)

See Template:Portuguese personal pronouns for more.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Portuguese a, from Latin ad (to) and ab (“from, away, by”).

Preposition

a

  1. to, introduces the indirect object
    Dê-o a mim.Give it to me.
    Meu coração pertence a você.My heart belongs to you.
    Synonym: para
  2. to; towards, indicates destination
    Vamos a Paris!Let’s go to Paris!
    Synonyms: para, até
  3. away, indicates a physical distance
    A vila fica a onze milhasThe village is eleven miles away.
    Comunicação à distância.Communication at a distance.
  4. with; by means of, using as an instrument or means
    Mataram o cão a pauladas.They bludgeoned the dog to death. (literally, “they killed the dog with bludgeonings”)
    A cavalo.On horseback.
    Livro escrito a lápis.A book written with a pencil.
    Synonyms: com, por meio de
  5. with; on, using as a medium or fuel
    Quadro pintado a óleo.A painting painted with oil.
    Fornalha a carvão.Coal furnace.
  6. by, using the specified measurement; in the specified quantity
    É mais barato comprar comida ao quilo.It is cheaper to by food by the kilogram.
    Os fracassos ocorrem às dezenas.Failures occur by the dozen.
  7. (preceded and followed by the same word) by, indicates a steady progression
    Calma lá. Resolva o problema passo a passo.Easy there. Solve the problem step by step.
    Synonym: por
  8. in the style or manner of; a la
    Ele puxou o temperamento ao pai.He inherited his temperament from his father.
    Camarão à grega.Greek-style shrimp.
    Synonym: ao modo de
  9. (limited use, see usage notes) at, during the specified period
    Dormimos à noite.We sleep at night.
    O filme começa às duas horas.The film starts at two o’clock.
    Synonyms: em, de
  10. (rare except in set terms) at; in, indicates a location or position
    Isso fica à frente do altar.This stays in front of the altar.
    Synonym: em
  11. indicates the direct object, mainly to avoid confusion when it, the subject, or both are displaced, or for emphasis
    A mim ele não engana.He doesn’t deceive me. (literally, “To me he doesn’t deceive.”)
  12. (Portugal, followed by a verb in the infinitive form) forms the present participle; in Brazil, the gerund is used instead
    Estou a preparar a canjaI am preparing the chicken soup
  13. (followed by an infinitive or present passive) to, forms the future participle
    Um trabalho a ser feito.A job to be done.
    Nada a fazer.Nothing to be done.
    Synonyms: para, por
用法注意(Usage notes)

When followed by a definite article, a is combined with the article to give the following combined forms:

In the sense of to (introducing the indirect object) usage with a personal pronoun can be replaced with an indirect pronoun (me, nos, te, vos, lhe, lhes):

  • Deram um livro a ele.Deram-lhe um livro.

In the sense of at (during the specified period) it can be used with:

Dia (“day”), manhã (“morning”), madrugada (“early morning”) use de (“of”) instead, which can optionally be used for tarde, noitinha and noite as well. Names of months, days of the month and of the week use em (“in”).

Quotations

Quotations can be found at Citations:a.

派生词(Descendants)
  • Indo-Portuguese: a
查看更多(See also)

词源4(Etymology 4)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. oh, expression of mild surprise
    A, tudo bem então.
    Oh, all right then.
Quotations

Quotations can be found at Citations:a.

Etymology 5

From homophone

动词(Verb)

a

  1. Misspelling of .
Quotations

Quotations can be found at Citations:a.

Etymology 6

From homophone à

Contraction

a

  1. Misspelling of à.
Quotations

Quotations can be found at Citations:a.


Rapa Nui

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈa/
  • Hyphenation: a

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Polynesian *a. Cognates include Maori a and Tongan ʻa.

Article

a

  1. the personal article, used before proper nouns

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *a. Cognates include Hawaiian ā and Maori ā.

Preposition

a

  1. along, towards

来源参考(References)

  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[11], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, page 102

Romani

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. oh, ah

来源参考(References)

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “a”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 134

Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Article

a (feminine singular possessive article)

  1. of (+ genitive)
    sora mea și a lui Alexandru
    my and Alexandru's sister
    cartea este a mea
    the book is mine
    Coordinate terms: (masculine/neuter singular) al, (masculine plural) ai, (feminine/neuter plural) ale

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad, from Proto-Indo-European *ád (near; at).

Preposition

a

  1. (used with infinitive verbs) the infinitive marker: to
    A fi.
    To be.
  2. (archaic) at (now almost completely replaced by la)
  3. (used only with a few perception verbs like suna, mirosi, arăta) like

词源3(Etymology 3)

From proto-Romanian, from a late Vulgar Latin *ae(t), from Latin habet[1].

动词(Verb)

(el/ea) a (modal auxiliary, third-person singular form of avea, used with past participles to form perfect compus tenses)

  1. modal auxiliary
    (he/she) has...
    A văzut acest film?
    Has he/she seen this film?
用法注意(Usage notes)

a is used instead of are to form the third-person singular perfect compus.

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)


Sassarese

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • ad (found before a vowel)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad, from Proto-Italic *ad, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 1989, Giovanni Maria Cherchi, “Primabéra [Spring]”, in La poesia di l'althri, Sassari: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, page 13:
      Lu branu a me no piazi
      I don't like spring
      (literally, “The spring to me is not pleasant”)
  2. at
    • 1989, Giovanni Maria Cherchi, “Dipididda [Departure]”, in La poesia di l'althri, Sassari: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, page 15:
      Lu disthinu di l’ommu ciamba pianu, ¶ ma caggi a una zerth’ora
      The fate of man changes slowly, but it arrives at some point
  3. in
    • 1989, Giovanni Maria Cherchi, “Un cuntaddu [A Tale]”, in La poesia di l'althri, Sassari: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, page 49:
      Erani amigghi cari, ma, girosi ¶ l’unu di l’althru, [] ¶ s’invintàbani umbè d’innamuraddi ¶ gariggendi a ca più fèmmini v'abìa.
      They were close friends, but, [being] jealous of one another, they would make up lots of lovers, competing for having the most girls.
      (literally, “They were dear friends, but, jealous one of the other, they invented lots of lovers, competing in who had the most girls.”)
  4. Used to convey an accusative
    • 1989, Giovanni Maria Cherchi, “Lu Trabagliu [Work]”, in La poesia di l'althri, Sassari: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, page 23:
      Abà zappu una terra asciutta e tóstha ¶ azzuppendi a la rocca, ¶ a la prunizza.
      Here I hoe dry, hard land, clashing against rock and thornbush.

来源参考(References)

  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Satawalese

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /a/

代词(Pronoun)

a (third-person singular)

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it

来源参考(References)

Kevin M. Roddy (2007), "A Sketch Grammar Of Satawalese, The Language Of Satawal Island, Yap State, Micronesia"


Scots

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Scots alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English a, from Old English ān (one; a; lone; sole).

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

a

  1. a, an (indefinite article)
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Unlike English, this form can be used before both consonant and vowel sounds. However, this is not often the case in written Scots, probably due to the influence of English. [1]

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (before a vowel): an

来源参考(References)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Determiner

a

  1. Alternative form of a'

副词(Adverb)

a (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of a'

名词(Noun)

a (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of a'

来源参考(References)


Scottish Gaelic

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish a, from Proto-Celtic . Cognates include Irish a and Welsh a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. Used to mark a vocative; O
    Halò, a Ruairidh.Hello, (O) Roderick.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Irish a. Cognates include Irish a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

a

  1. (triggers lenition) his, its
  2. (triggers H-prothesis) her, its
查看更多(See also)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Irish a. Cognates include Irish a.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. who, which, that
    Cuin a chluinneas tu e?When will you hear it? (literally, “When [is it] that you will hear it?”)

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Old Irish a. Cognates include Irish a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers H-prothesis)

  1. Used before cardinal numbers not succeded by a noun
    A bheil agad a ceithir?Do you have four?

Etymology 5

From Old Irish a. Cognates include Irish a.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. Used to mark the infinitive of a verb; to
    Tha mi a' dol a chadal.I'm going to sleep.

Etymology 6

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

a (+ dative, triggers lenition)

  1. Reduced form of do
  2. Reduced form of de

Etymology 7

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

a (triggers lenition)

  1. Form of an used before bheil
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Less frequently, am may be used before bheil as well.

Etymology 8

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of e (he, it)

Etymology 9

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

a!

  1. ah!
替代形式(Alternative forms)

来源参考(References)

  • MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “a”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN
  • Colin Mark (2003) The Gaelic-English dictionary, London: Routledge, →ISBN, page 1
  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “a”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

See Translingual section.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (uppercase): A

字母(Letter)

a (Cyrillic spelling а)

  1. The 1st letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), followed by b.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Slavic *a (and, but).

Conjunction

a (Cyrillic spelling а)

  1. but, and (compare ȁli)
    učio sam c(ij)elo posl(ij)epodne, a ništa nisam naučioI studied for the whole afternoon, but I didn't learn anything
    a kako biste vi to napravili?and how would you do that?
  2. while (on the contrary), whereas
    stolovi su crveni, a stolice su zelenethe tables are red, whereas the chairs are green
  3. (with da ne) without (usually after negative verbs)
    ne mogu se uključiti u raspravu, a da ne napravim neredI cannot enter a discussion without making a mess
    odlazi, a da nije rekao ni zbogomhe's leaving without even saying goodbye
  4. (a ȉpāk) and yet
    pravi prijatelj zna sve o tebi, a ipak te volithe real friend knows everything about you, and yet he loves you
  5. (a kȁmoli) not to mention, let alone
    u moru loših v(ij)esti teško je ostati objektivan, a kamoli optimističanin the sea of bad news it's hard to stay objective, let alone optimistic
  6. (a + i + da) even if
    a i da jesam to napravio, ne bi to učinilo neku razlikueven if I did it, it wouldn't have made much of a difference
  7. (a + i) and so, and also, and too
    sviđaju mi se plavuše, a i ja se pokojoj svidimI like blondes, and some of them even like me
    bili su žalosni, a i ja samthey were sad, and so am I

词源3(Etymology 3)

Attested since the 15th century. Probably of onomatopoeic origin. Compare Slovene a, Russian а (a), Lithuanian õ, Latin ō and Ancient Greek (ô). These could all derive from Proto-Indo-European interjection ō (oh, ah), but each form in individual languages could easily be an independent, expressive formation.

感叹语(Interjection)

a (Cyrillic spelling а)

  1. oh, ah
    a da?oh really?

来源参考(References)

  • a” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • a” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 1, Zagreb: JAZU, page 1

Skolt Sami

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)


Slovak

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin a, form of A, from Etruscan 𐌀 (a), from Ancient Greek Α (A, alpha), from Phoenician 𐤀(ʾ, aleph), from Egyptian 𓃾.

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Slovak alphabet, written in the Latin script.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Slavic *a (and, but).

Conjunction

a

  1. and
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • a jednako
  • a predsa
  • a preto
  • a tak
  • a teda
  • a čo

查看更多(Further reading)

  • a in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
查看更多(See also)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. oh
同义词(Synonyms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a

  1. but

Particle

a

  1. contracted form of ali, particle used to form a yes- no question.

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a f (plural aes)

  1. Name of the letter A.
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin ad (to)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (obsolete) á
  • (obsolete) à

Preposition

a

  1. to
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Tenía en su casa una ama que pasaba de los cuarenta y una sobrina que no llegaba a los veinte, y un mozo de campo y plaza que así ensillaba el rocín como tomaba la podadera.
      He had in his house a housekeeper past forty, a niece under twenty, and a lad for the field and market-place, who used to saddle the hack as well as handle the billhook.
  2. by
  3. at
  4. Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
    Lo busca a usted.
    He is looking for you.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Personal a is not translated into English.
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)


Sranan Tongo

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. he, she, it
    • ca. 1765, Pieter van Dyk, Nieuwe en nooit bevoorens geziene Onderwyzinge in het Bastert, of Neeger Engels, zoo als het zelve in de Hollandsze Colonien gebruikt word [New and unprecedented instruction in Bastard or Negro English, as it is used in the Dutch colonies]‎[12], Frankfurt/Madrid: Iberoamericana:
      Odi mijn heer hoe fa joe tan gran tanki fo myn heer a komi ja fo loeke da pranasie wan trom.
      Good day, Sir, how are you? Many thanks to Sir, (that) he has come here to look at the plantation on this occasion.

Article

a (singular)

  1. the

用法注意(Usage notes)

Sranan Tongo makes no difference between singular and plural forms, except for pronouns and determiners and the definite article. Common nouns referring to a collection of similar items are usually treated as singular where in English they would be grammatically plural, and so are referred to with singular pronouns and determiners and the singular definite article.

Preposition

a

  1. at, to
    Synonym: na

Particle

a

  1. (copula) to be (used with a noun phrase as complement)
    Synonym: na

用法注意(Usage notes)

This particle is only used when the temporal aspect is unmarked, whether for timeless facts, or for statements where time is not considered relevant.


Sumerian

罗马化(Romanization)

a

  1. Romanization of 𒀀 (a)

Swahili

Particle

-a

  1. The genitive particle; adjectival particle; of

用法注意(Usage notes)

Inflection

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Swedish

Preposition

a

  1. from (very formal, seldom used outside written formal texts.)

用法注意(Usage notes)

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字母(Letter)

a (name a, uppercase form A)

  1. The first letter of the Swedish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Tagalog

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Hyphenation: a
  • IPA(key): /ʔa/, [ʔɐ]
  • IPA(key): /ˈaʔ/ (ouch)
  • Rhymes: -a, -aʔ

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah: an exclamation of pity, admiration or surprise
    A! Kailan namatay ang iyong ina?Ah! When did your mother die?
  2. oh (expression of understanding or realization)
    Synonym: aw

感叹语(Interjection)

â

  1. (informal) ouch (expression of pain)
    Synonyms: aray, aw

Particle

a

  1. Alternative form of ha (sentence-ending particle)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Tagalog alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Tarantino

Preposition

a

  1. in
  2. at
  3. to

Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

Imitative or onomatopoeia.

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. eh?
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:1:
      God, Bikpela i bin wokim olgeta animal, tasol i no gat wanpela bilong ol inap winim snek long tok gris. Na snek i askim meri olsem, “Ating God i tambuim yutupela long kaikai pikinini bilong olgeta diwai bilong gaden, a?”
      →New International Version translation

Tokelauan

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈa/
  • Hyphenation: a

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Polynesian *a. Cognates include Maori a and Tuvaluan a.

Article

a

  1. a personal article, used after the prepositions i and ki and before personal names or names of months
衍生词(Derived terms)
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词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Polynesian *qa. Cognates include Hawaiian a and Samoan a.

Preposition

a

  1. marks alienable possession; of
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来源参考(References)

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[13], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 1

Turkish

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Turkish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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名词(Noun)

a

  1. The name of the Latin script letter A/a.

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Turkmen

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /a/, /aː/

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Turkmen alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Upper Sorbian

Conjunction

a

  1. and
  2. the (establishing a parallel between two comparatives)
    starši a mudrišithe older, the smarter
    dlěje a hórjethe longer, the worse

Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from French a

字母(Letter)

a (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

a

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

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词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. (slang, Internet, text messaging) Abbreviation of anh.

Votic

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

字母(Letter)

a

  1. The first letter of the Votic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

词源2(Etymology 2)

感叹语(Interjection)

a

  1. ah!, oh!
  2. oops!
  3. ouch!

词源3(Etymology 3)

Conjunction

a

  1. but (Following a negative clause or sentence) On the contrary, but rather
  2. However, although, nevertheless, on the other hand

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来源参考(References)

  • "a" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat

Walloon

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ad.

Preposition

a

  1. at

Welsh

词源1(Etymology 1)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel): à
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): á
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): â
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ä

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Welsh alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script. It is followed by b.
衍生词(Derived terms)
Mutation
  • a cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word afal (“apple”):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
afal unchanged unchanged hafal
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
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名词(Noun)

a f (plural âu)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.
Mutation
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
a unchanged unchanged ha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (colloquial) first-person singular future of mynd
同义词(Synonyms)
  • af (literary)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Welsh a(c), from Proto-Brythonic *(h)a, from Proto-Indo-European *ad-gʰe (compare Welsh ag and Cornish ha).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

a (triggers aspirate mutation (but not always in colloquial language))

  1. and
同义词(Synonyms)
  • ac (used before a vowel)

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a (triggers soft mutation)

  1. (relative) that, which, who (used in 'direct' relative clauses, i.e. where the pronoun refers to the subject or the direct object of an inflected verb (as opposed to a periphrastic construction with bod, to be)).
    Y dyn a welais iThe man that I saw
用法注意(Usage notes)
  1. a is not used with the third person singular present of the verb bod, where the relative verb form sydd is used instead
    Mae'r dyn yn ifancThe man is young
    Not *Y dyn a yw'n ifanc but Y dyn sydd yn ifanc
  2. a is not used in indirect relative clauses, where the pronoun is part of a genitive or periphrastic construction. Instead the second relative pronoun y is used
    Oedd chwaer y dyn ymaThe man's sister was here
    "The man whose sister was here": not *Y dyn a oedd ei chwaer yma but Y dyn yr oedd ei chwaer yma

West Makian

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (stative) to be cooked
  2. (stative) to be done, finished
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
Conjugation of a (stative verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tia mia aa
2nd person nia fia
3rd person inanimate ia dia
animate maa
imperative —, a —, a

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

a

  1. (transitive) Alternative form of am (to eat)

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

Conjugation of a (directional verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tia mia aa
2nd person nia fia
3rd person inanimate ia dia
animate
imperative nia, a fia, a

用法注意(Usage notes)

The verb a ("to eat") takes the same verbal prefixes that directional verbs do.

来源参考(References)

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[14], Pacific linguistics

Yola

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English þe, from Old English þe.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Article

a

  1. the, in later times the.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English a, an, from Old English ān (one; a; lone; sole).

Article

a

  1. one
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 30:
      A chi of barach.
      A little barley.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Preposition

a

  1. Alternative form of an (on)
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 35:
      Aar's dhurth a heighe.
      There's dirt on high.

词源4(Etymology 4)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. Alternative form of thye (they)
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 32:
      A war cowdealeen wi ooree.
      They were scolding with one another.

来源参考(References)

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 21, 30, 35 & 32

Yoruba

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called á and written in the Latin script.

名词(Noun)

á

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter A.

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词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. we (first-person plural personal pronoun)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a high-tone /a/)

代词(Pronoun)

á

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a low- or mid-tone /a/)

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Yucatec Maya

代词(Pronoun)

a

  1. you (second-person singular pronoun)

Zazaki

字母(Letter)

a

  1. The first letter of the Zazaki alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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代词(Pronoun)

a f

  1. she

Zhuang

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Compare Chinese .

名词(Noun)

a (Sawndip forms 𮬨 or or ⿰下鳥 or , old orthography a)

  1. crow
同义词(Synonyms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

a (Sawndip form , old orthography a)

  1. (dialectal) mother

词源3(Etymology 3)

Particle

a (old orthography a)

  1. used to express question

Zou

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

a

  1. hen

来源参考(References)

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41

Zulu

字母(Letter)

a (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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