万维词典

【acronym】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from German Akronym, from Ancient Greek ἄκρον (ákron, end, peak) and ὄνυμα (ónuma, name), equivalent to acro- (high; beginning) +‎ -onym (name).[1] Modelled after Homonym and Synonym, first attested in German in the early 1900s[2] and in English in 1940.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈæk.ɹə.nɪm/

名词(Noun)

acronym (plural acronyms)

  1. (linguistics) An abbreviation formed by the initial letters of other words, sometimes exclusively such abbreviations when pronounced as a word (as "laser") rather than as individual letters (initialisms such as "TNT").
    • 1940, W. Muir & al. translating L. Feuchtwanger's Paris Gazette, iii, xlvii, p. 518:
      Pee-gee-enn. It's an acronym, that's what it is. That's what they call words made up of initials.
    • 2014 September 23, "Choosing a Primary School: A Teacher's Guide for Parents", The Guardian:
      Some teachers festoon every spare inch of wall with vocabulary choices or maths techniques to use, which look great at first, but to some children might appear quite daunting. You'll probably see unfamiliar acronyms such as Walt (We Are Learning To). Be sure to ask what they stand for and how they are used in practice.
  2. (linguistics) An abbreviation formed by the beginning letters or syllables of other words (as "Benelux").
    • 1950, Simeon Potter, Our Language, p. 163:
      Acronyms or telescoped names like nabisco from National Biscuit Company.

用法注意(Usage notes)

The broader sense of acronym inclusive of initialisms (as "TNT") is sometimes proscribed,[3] but is the term's original and more common meaning.[1][3] Within Wiktionary, however, the template {{acronym of}} is used for the more restrictive sense of the word and is distinguished from {{initialism of}}. The status of an acronym's pronunciation is not always obvious, as some initialisms have gained interstitial vowels to ease their expression (as /ˈwɪzdəl/ for "WSDL")[4] and others are pronounced alternatively as words or initialisms (as /ˈsiːkwəl/ or /ɛskjuːɛl/ for "SQL").[5]

Acronyms in all senses may variously be written in all capital letters (as "UNESCO" or "WYSIWYG") or in lower case (as "scuba" or "sitcom"), according to the degree to which they have come to be seen as words separate from their derivation. American style guides tend to favor the use of capital spelling for pronounced acronyms of four letters or fewer (as "NATO") whereas British style guides tend to favor standard capitalization of pronounced acronyms as though they were a standard word ("Nato"). Acronyms formed from beginning syllables are sometimes written in camel case (as "EpiPen" or "CHiPs"), although this may be precluded by style guides. Mixed capitalization is also sometimes used when acronyms include words usually left uncapitalized in title case but which have been included for pronunciation or clarity (as "VaR" for "Value at Risk"); in other cases, the standard acronym capitalizes such minor words as well (as "TOEFL" for the "Test of English as a Foreign Language").

Like all abbreviations, acronyms were formerly usually punctuated with full stops or periods to mark the divisions between the original words (as "U.S.A." or "P.R.C.") but this punctuation is increasingly omitted, particularly in the case of acronyms treated as generic words (as "radar" and "sonar") and in acronyms formed from syllables rather than letters. Folk etymologies frequently imagine acronyms for such common words as "fuck", "shit", and "posh" but the earliest English acronym listed by the OED is a form of "abjad" in 1793[6] and they did not become common until the world wars of the early 20th century.

同义词(Synonyms)

下义词(Hyponyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

acronym (third-person singular simple present acronyms, present participle acronyming or acronymming, simple past and past participle acronymed or acronymmed)

  1. To form into an acronym.

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "acronym, n.", in the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ Gerhard Stilz, Studien zur englischen Philologie, Nummer 21, Niemeyer., 1905
  3. 3.0 3.1 "acronym" in Merriam–Webster Online, Springfield: Merriam–Webster.
  4. ^ http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/lol/acronym.html
  5. ^ S.Q.L or Sequel: How do you pronounce SQL? http://www.vertabelo.com/blog/notes-from-the-lab/sql-or-sequel. Retrieved on May 19, 2016.
  6. ^ "abjad, n.", in the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

变位词(Anagrams)


本页面最后更新于2021-04-25 15:41,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器