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【animal】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Animal and animâl

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK, US) enPR: ăn'ĭməl, IPA(key): /ˈænɪməl/

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit). Displaced native Middle English deor, der (animal) (from Old English dēor (animal)), Middle English reother (animal, neat) (from Old English hrīþer, hrȳþer (neat, ox)).

名词(Noun)

animal (plural animals)

  1. (sciences) A eukaryote of the clade Animalia; a multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall (distinguishing it from plants and fungi) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms (distinguishing it from plants).
    A cat is an animal, not a plant. Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants.
    Synonyms: beast, creature
    • 1650, Thomas Browne, “Of the Cameleon”, in Pseudodoxia Epidemica:[], 2nd edition, London: [] A. Miller, for Edw[ard] Dod and Nath[aniel] Ekins,[], OCLC 152706203, 3rd book, page 133:
      It cannot be denied it [the chameleon] is (if not the moſt of any) a very abſtemious animall, and ſuch as by reaſon of its frigidity, paucity of bloud, and latitancy in the winter (about which time the obſervations are often made) will long ſubſist without a viſible ſuſtentation.
  2. (loosely) Any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human.
    Synonym: beast
  3. (loosely, colloquial) Any land-living vertebrate (i.e. not fishes, insects, etc.).
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
  4. (figuratively) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person.
    My students are animals.
    Synonyms: brute, monster, savage
  5. (informal) A person of a particular type.
    He's a political animal.
  6. Matter, thing.
    a whole different animal
下义词(Hyponyms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

See animal/translations § Noun.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin animālis, from either anima (breath, spirit) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it.

形容词(Adjective)

animal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to animals.
    animal instincts
    Synonyms: beastly, bestial
  2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes.
    animal passions
    Synonyms: animalistic, beastly, bestial, untamed, wild
  3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    • 2003, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004), page 47:
      To explain what activated the flesh, ‘animal spirits’ were posited, superfine fluids which shuttled between the mind and the vitals, conveying messages and motion.
  4. (slang, Ireland) Excellent
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • animal at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • animal in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • animal in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

变位词(Anagrams)


Asturian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal.

形容词(Adjective)

animal (epicene, plural animales)

  1. animal

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

animal (masculine and feminine plural animals)

  1. animal

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animals)

  1. animal

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Cebuano

词源1(Etymology 1)

From English animal, from Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animālis, from anima (breath, spirit).

名词(Noun)

animal

  1. animal
  2. (derogatory) a contemptible person
  3. (sometimes humurous), a crazy person

形容词(Adjective)

animal

  1. (sometimes humurous), crazy
  2. contemptible, deserving contempt
  3. ruthless; without pity or compassion; cruel, pitiless

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Spanish animal, from Latin animal.

感叹语(Interjection)

animal

  1. (vulgar) used as an expression of disgust, anger, etc.

French

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal. Compare the archaic inherited doublet aumaille and its variant armaille, both from the Latin neuter plural animālia.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animaux)

  1. animal
    Synonyms: bête, bestiole

衍生词(Derived terms)

形容词(Adjective)

animal (feminine singular animale, masculine plural animaux, feminine plural animales)

  1. animal
    Synonym: bestial
    Antonym: végétal

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Galician

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal.

形容词(Adjective)

animal m or f (plural animais)

  1. animal

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animais)

  1. animal

Haitian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French animal, from Latin animal.

名词(Noun)

animal

  1. animal
    Synonym: zannimo

Interlingua

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

Kabuverdianu

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese animal.

名词(Noun)

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

Latin

词源(Etymology)

From animāle, nominative neuter singular of animālis.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

animal n (genitive animālis); third declension

  1. animal
  2. living creature

变化形式(Declension)

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative animal animālia
Genitive animālis animālium
Dative animālī animālibus
Accusative animal animālia
Ablative animālī animālibus
Vocative animal animālia

同义词(Synonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

  • animal in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • animal in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • animal in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • animal in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • animate and inanimate nature: animata (animalia) inanimaque (not inanimata)
    • domestic animals: animalia quae nobiscum degunt (Plin. 8. 40)

中古英语(Middle English)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /aniˈmaːl/, /aˈnimal/

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from Old French animal, from Latin animal.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

animal (plural animales)

  1. An animal (considered to include humans)
派生词(Descendants)
来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from Latin animālis.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

形容词(Adjective)

animal

  1. Related to the soul or spirit of a living being (i.e. sentience or sapience)
派生词(Descendants)
来源参考(References)

Middle French

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animaux or animaulx)

  1. animal
    Synonym: beste

Papiamentu

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese animal and Spanish animal.

名词(Noun)

animal

  1. beast
  2. animal

Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal. See also alimária, an inherited doublet.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

animal m or f (plural animais, comparable)

  1. (biology) animal (relating to animals)
    • 2000, Julio S. Inglez de Sousa et al., Enciclopédia agrícola brasileira: E-H, Editora da Universidade de São Paulo, page 225:
      Em anatomia animal o termo é de uso muito comum, []
      The term is very commonly used in animal anatomy, []
  2. (Brazil, slang) cool; awesome
    • 2015, Juliana Rosenthal K., Save the Day, Buqui, page 52:
      É, tava animal mesmo — Bia mal consegue falar.
      Yeah, it really was wild — Bia can barely speak.

Inflection

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:animal.

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animais)

  1. (biology) animal (any member of the kingdom Animalia)
    • 2020, Petrônio Braz, Léxico dos Gerais, Chiado Books, page 481:
      Primatas — Animais mamíferos, da ordem Primata, que compreende os macacos, antropóides e o homem.
      Primates — Mammalian animals, of the order Primata, which comprises monkeys/apes, anthropoids and man.
  2. (non-scientific usage) animal (an animal other than a human, especially a vertebrate)
    • Daniela Ikawa, Valor humano intrínseco e redistribuição social in 2007, Flávia Piovesan, Daniela Ikawa, Direitos Humanos: Fundamento, Proteção e Implementação, volume 2, Juruá Editora, page 44:
      Separar os dois grupos — humanos e animais requereria, dentro dos limites da teoria relativa à dor e ao sofrimento, []
      Separating the twe groups — humans and animals would require, within the limits of the theory relating to pain and suffering, []
    Synonyms: besta, bicho
  3. (colloquial) twat; idiot; moron
    • 1979, Wilson Bacelar de Oliveira, Os meus fantasmas, Editora Comunicação, page 490:
      Escute aqui, seu animal, então você brigou com o companheiro?
      Listen up, you dumbass, so you fought with [your] mate?
    Synonyms: idiota, retardado, burro, imbecil, débil mental, besta
  4. (colloquial) beast (a cruel person)
    • 2007, Creso Balduíno, O verso do ser, Editora Revan, page 170:
      Josuel é um animal repulsivo, uma besta humana.
      Josuel is a repulsive beast, a human beast.
    Synonym: monstro

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:animal.

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • animalizar (to animalize)
  • animalzão (augmentative)
  • animalzinho (diminutive)

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French animal, from Latin animal. Doublet of nămaie.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

animal m or n (feminine singular animală, masculine plural animali, feminine and neuter plural animale)

  1. animal, animalistic
  2. brutal

变化形式(Declension)

副词(Adverb)

animal

  1. brutally

名词(Noun)

animal n (plural animale)

  1. animal

变化形式(Declension)


Romansch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal.

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animals)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) animal

同义词(Synonyms)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin animal. See also alimaña, an inherited doublet.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /aniˈmal/, [a.niˈmal]
  • Rhymes: -al

形容词(Adjective)

animal (plural animales)

  1. animal

名词(Noun)

animal m (plural animales)

  1. animal

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

变位词(Anagrams)

查看更多(Further reading)


Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

From English animal.

名词(Noun)

animal

  1. animal (members of Kingdom Animalia that are not humans)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:25:
      God i kamapim ol kain kain animal bilong ples na ol bikpela na liklik animal bilong bus. God i lukim olgeta dispela samting i gutpela, na em i amamas.
      →New International Version translation
    Synonym: abus
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

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